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  2. 2. Here are the SIX BASIC KNOTSthat every sailor should know how to tie: ● Overhand or thumb knot, is the simplest knot. It is used to stop the end of a rope from running ● Overhand or through a block or up the mast. thumb knot: ● The square knot is the best ● Square knot: known sailors knot. It is really just two overhand knots. It is useful for joining small ropes together, tying sail covers, reefing, lashing, and for tying in battens.
  3. 3. Other knots:● Figure eight: ● A figure eight knot is very quick and easy to tie. It is used like the overhand knot, as a stopper knot in the end of a line, or sheet, to prevent ropes from escaping.To tie a figure-8, start with an underhand loop by crossing the running end behind the standing part.
  4. 4. ● Form a small loop leaving● Bowline: enough rope for the desired loop size. ● Form a loop in the working end of the rope. Place it over Clove hitch: the post.
  5. 5. Types of Sailboats:The Modern Sloop: The most common type of small to midsizesailboat is the sloop. The rig is one mast and two sails. The main sailis tall and triangular.
  6. 6. Racing Sloop:Here’s another exampleof a sloop with aBermuda rig. This is thesailboat Puma in the2009. The sails aremuch bigger than foundon sailboats, but thegeneral rig is the same.
  7. 7. Fractional Sloop Rig:Here’s a small boat.This is still a Bermudarig, but the main sail isproportionally larger andthe rig smaller, for easeof handling andmaximum power.
  8. 8. Cat Rig:This Sailboat has gotonly one sail, while asloop always has twosails. Note that the mastis positioned very farforward, almost at thebow, making room for avery long-footedmainsail.
  9. 9. Cat-Rigged Racing Dinghy:Here’s another cat rig,which works well onsmall racing dinghieslike this Laser. With asmall boat and onesailor, a cat rig has theadvantages of beingsimple to trim and verymaneuverable whenracing.
  10. 10. Yawl:A yawl is very similar toa ketch. Themizzenmast is usuallysmaller and set fartheraft, behind the rudderpost, while in a ketchthe mizzenmast isforward of the rudderpost.
  11. 11. Schooner:A typical schooner alsohas two masts, but themasts are positionedmore forward in theboat. Unlike in a ketchor yawl, the forwardmast is smaller than theaft mast.
  12. 12. Parts of Boat• MAST(màstil): Is the basic • PORT (babor): It’s the leftpost that holds the big sail. part of the boat.• FLOC (floc): It’s the • BOW (proa): It’s the frontsmallest sail and is situated of the front of boat. • AFT (popa): It’s the• STARBOARD (estribor): behind part of the boat.It’s right part of the boat. • FIN (aleta): It’s the corner• TIMO (timó):It’s the which is behind of casc.essential part that controls • SCOTUS (escota):the direction of the boat. Controls the opening of the big sail and floc.
  13. 13. PARTS OF THE SAIL• MAJOR (major): It’s • DRISS (puny dethe biggest sail and is drisa): It’s the point thatsituated behind the floc. finishes the big sail.● ESPINNAKER(espinn • BALUMA (baluma): It’s aker): It’s a very the exterior part of the potent sail which is sail where the wind used in the biggest exits. boats. • GRÀTIL (gràtil): It’s the interior part of the sail where the wind enters.