Signe Cold Ravnkilde Ppt

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Signe Cold Ravnkilde Ppt

  1. 1. Between a Rock and a Hard Place - D ecentralisation and Struggle over Water Resources in Mali Signe Marie Cold-Ravnkilde, PhD. Candidate, Roskilde University of and Danish Institute for International Studies, DIIS
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Conflict over water resources and decentralisation in Mali </li></ul><ul><li>Water scarcity </li></ul><ul><li>2 events </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition over access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition over control </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Decentralisation in Mali <ul><li>Transfer of competences to municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>Local participation in natural resource management </li></ul><ul><li>Success story? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Lake Agoufou <ul><li>Between Gossi and Hombori municipalities </li></ul>
  5. 5. Geography - Facts <ul><li>Permanent in 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Before temporary pond </li></ul>
  6. 6. Demography – Facts <ul><li>3 ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Songhai </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sedentary cultivators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tuareg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>semi-nomadic camel herders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fulbe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>semi-nomadic herders and cultivators </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Seasonal mobility <ul><li>Seasonal mobility </li></ul><ul><li>wetlands and drylands Interdependence </li></ul>
  8. 8. Stakeholders and Interests Revenue and power Municipalities Planting of Bourgou NGO Liptako Gourma Control over land and rules Customary chiefs Access to water and pastures Temporary inhabitants <ul><li>Interests </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic and productive purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent Inhabitants </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Migrant Fulbe </li></ul><ul><li>Transgression of Bourgou </li></ul><ul><li>Network of power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chiefs, NGO Liptako Gourma, municipalities </li></ul></ul>Event 1
  10. 10. <ul><li>Conflict over Access </li></ul><ul><li>Contested ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Creation and Marginalisation of “outsiders”? </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralisation and exclusion </li></ul>Event 1
  11. 11. Event 2 <ul><li>Information signposts </li></ul><ul><li>Border regions administrative borders </li></ul><ul><li>Protests </li></ul><ul><li>Different claim making </li></ul>
  12. 12. Event 2 <ul><li>Conflict over control </li></ul><ul><li>Resurrection of historical conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Making of history to fix the present </li></ul>
  13. 13. Issues for Further Discussion <ul><li>Struggles over modes of belonging </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion and exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Identity formation </li></ul><ul><li>Realism </li></ul>
  14. 14. Thank you for your attention

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