Manuela Cardoso Ppt

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Manuela Cardoso Ppt

  1. 1. The Water issue in Cape Verde: desalination and reuse of ETARs/RWTS’s water Manuela Cardoso CEA/ISCTE CEAUP
  2. 2. Emigration
  3. 3. Water Laws and Manager institutions
  4. 4. Managing entities of water and sewage sectors
  5. 5. Desalination stations <ul><li>Sal Island </li></ul><ul><li>Boavista Island </li></ul><ul><li>S. Vicente Island/Mindelo </li></ul><ul><li>Santiago Island/ Praia city </li></ul>ELECTRA
  6. 6. Desalination stations Praia Mindelo
  7. 7. Water Production by ELECTRA desalinated water (thousands of m3)
  8. 8. Coverage drinking water rate 2000-2006 <ul><li>Country 77,9%(2000) 84,9 (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Urban zones 75,9 (2000) 93,0 (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Rural zones 60,9% 77,0 (2006) </li></ul>
  9. 9. SANITATION <ul><li>Praia’s RWTS/ETAR – Does not reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Mindelo’s RWTS/ETAR </li></ul><ul><li>Reuses </li></ul><ul><li>1994-95 – Project Mise en value des </li></ul><ul><li>eaux usées recyclées de Mindelo </li></ul><ul><li>à fins agricoles </li></ul><ul><li>2003 - Project PARI (Project to reuse the </li></ul><ul><li>wastewater for Irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>SAL RWTS/ETAR – Reuses </li></ul>Agricultura Gardens Gardens
  10. 10. Sanitation <ul><li>Causes of Insufficient reuse of treated wastewater </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not secondary and tertiary treatment at Praia’s RWTS ( Residual Water Treatment Stations)/ ETARs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many malfunctions in the functioning of Mindelo’s RWTS/ETARs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced sewage network at Praia and Mindelo </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Fonte: Júlio César Morais http://caboindex.com/blog/barragem Poilão Dam
  12. 12. Fonte: Júlio César Morais http://caboindex.com/blog/barragem Poilão Dam
  13. 13. Water Origin Cape Verde <ul><li>Desalination stations – very important to drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>RWTSs/ETARs – Important to reused water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(agriculture and gardens) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poilão Dam – very important to agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Underground waters - Important to drinking water in rural zones </li></ul>

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