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Governments: Htun Lwin Oo, Myanmar Water Resources Ministry, WCCE, 16th January UN Water Zaragoza Conference 2015


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Governments: Htun Lwin Oo, Myanmar Water Resources Ministry, WCCE, 16th January UN Water Zaragoza Conference 2015

  1. 1. Water and Sustainable Development: From Vision to Action Mr. Htun Lwin Oo Secretary of National Water Resources Committee and Director General Directorate of Water Resources and Improvement of River Systems, Chief Member of JCCCN Myanmar
  2. 2. General Conditions of Myanmar National Water Resources Committee Implementation in Water Sector Capacity Building Way Forwards Main Supports 1 2 3 4 5 6 Contents 2
  3. 3. General Conditions of Myanmar1 3
  4. 4. - Situated in Southeast Asia, - Bet: Lat. 09˚32’ N and 28 ˚ 31’ , Lon. 92˚10’ E to 101˚ 11’E - Mainland Area - 677,000 sq-km - International Boundaries; Bangladesh, India, China, Laos, Thailand. - 90% of total rainfall occur during May to October and Natural Condition 4
  5. 5. Climate :Tropical Monsoon climate Three Seasons : Hot Season Rainy Season Cold Season Precipitation : Coastal areas (4000mm to 5600mm) Central dry zone (600mm and 1400mm) Topography : Mountainous Region, Central Dry Zone, Ayeyarwady Delta and Coastal Zone Main Rivers : (4) Main Rivers Natural Condition (Continue) 5
  6. 6. Population : Nearly 52 millions Major ethnic : Kachin, Kayah, group Kayin, Chin, Mon, Bamar, Rakhine, Shan Races : 135national races Industry : An Agriculture based country Social Condition 6
  7. 7. Water Resources in Myanmar Potential water resources volume 1082 km³ for surface water 495 km³ for groundwater Total Storage capacity of dam/reservoir 21283 million cubic meter Average annual rainfall 2435 mm Evaporation 1365mm Annual average flow into the rivers 900mm 7
  8. 8. Land and Water Uses in Myanmar 8
  9. 9. Challenges Concerning with Water Resources  Water related issues such as floods and scarcity  Impact of climate change  Unevenly distributed rainfall over the country and over the seasons  Water demand  Infrastructures  Capacity of people 9
  10. 10. National Water Resources Committee2 10
  11. 11.  Establishment on 25 July 2013  Water related Authorities and experts  Coordination and management for Myanmar water resources  Expert Group to support NWRC in technical point of views  Members of water experts from various background  Myanmar National Water Policy , Myanmar Water Framework Directive and Myanmar Drinking Water Quality Standard National Water Resources Committee 11
  12. 12. The Vision “ In 2020, Myanmar will become water efficient nation with well developed and sustainable water resources based on fully functional integrated water resources management system” The Mission “ To provide various level of government, which include all organs of State, Regions and Union Territories, with the most need overarching national water policy to perform and cooperate with each other in mutual trust and good faith by implementing such policy and further development of respective rules, regulations, procedure and legislation on their own ” 12
  13. 13. Union Ministers Deputy Ministers and Mayors State and Divisional Ministers Director Generals and others 1. Ministry of president office(1) 2. Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation 3. Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development 4. Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry 5. Ministry of Electric Power 6. Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development 1. Ministry of Border Affairs 2. Ministry of Transport 3. Ministry of Industry 4. Ministry of Health 5. Ministry of Construction 6. Mayor (Yangon) 7. Mayor (Mandalay) 1. Kachin State 2. Kayah State 3. Kayin State 4. Chin State 5. Mon State 6. Rakhine State 7. Shan State 8. Yangon Region 9. Mandalay Region 10. Magway Region 11. Sagaing Region 12. Bago Region 13. Ayeyarwady Region 14. Thanintharyi Region 1. General Administration Department 2. Water Resources Utilization Department 3. Irrigation Department 4. Environmental Conservation Department 5. Department of Hydropower Implementation 6. Department of Rural Development 7. Department of Fisheries 8. Department of Meteorology and Hydrology 9. Myanmar Maritime University 10. Advisor to President Office 11. Chairperson and Secretary of Expert Group Vice President (Chairperson) Union Minister (Ministry of Transport) (vice chairperson) Secretary of NWRC Expert Group NWRC Secretariat Organization Chart 13
  14. 14. Water and Energy Water and Food Water and Climate Change Water Quality and Pollution Control Water for People and Environment TWG 1 TWG 2 TWG 3 TWG 4 TWG 5 Thematic Working Groups of Expert Group 14
  15. 15.  1st meeting of NWRC on 4-11-2013. • Value Water • Use Water Sustainably • Develop Suitable Institution to Manage Water • Collect and Disseminate Information • Maintain a Social and Cultural Perspectives • Ensure Equitable Access to Water • Use Appropriate Technology • Try to Solve Causes not Symptoms • Take an Ecosystem Approach • Work as Multidisciplinary Teams Guiding Principles NWRC Meetings 15
  16. 16.  2nd meeting of NWRC on 10-3-2014. IWRM Planning Cycle NWRC Meetings 16
  17. 17.  Water Framework Directive  Water Law  Public Consultation meetings 1. 14-8-2014 ( Yangon) 2. 9-9-2014 ( Mandalay) 3. 27-9-2014 ( Pathein) 4. 7-10-2014 (Dewai) 5. 10-10-2014 (Myitkyina) Ongoing Function 17
  18. 18. National Water Forum 2014 was held on 21st October 2014 in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar and participated by water related Ministries, Departments/Agencies, NGOs and INGOs. National Water Forum 2014 18
  19. 19. Implementation in Water Sector3 19
  20. 20. WASH  encourages and support NGOs including women organisations  led WASH trainings in formal schools and monastic schools  celebrated Global Hand washing day together with UNICEF, Water Mothers and other organisations 20
  21. 21. Water Quality  Drinking water quality standards  Waste water and effluent standards  Water quality monitoring system  Groundwater potential study 21
  22. 22. Disasters in Myanmar 22
  23. 23. Measures for Disaster Management  Early warning System  Communication  infrastructures  Training 23
  24. 24.  to practice through Learning by doing projects (quick wins) in initializing IWRM. Demands for Water Sector Improvement  To built infrastructures with long term planning  to educate water user to save water and use it effectively and efficiently  to educate the staff from lowest level to highest level  To practice effective Integrated Water Resources Management and water governance 24
  25. 25.  IWRM strategic study for successful implementation of IWRM and water governance We are working for  Coordination and cooperation among water related Ministries and organizations  Statistical analysis and model study for long term planning of water resources  Management and systematic utilization of all water resources  Reduction of non-revenue water to recover the cost of water supply  Some suitable technology and improvement for water storage and supply system 25
  26. 26. Objectives of Implementation  more public participation  improvement in water sector  promoting IWRM Implementers  Authorities from Water Related Ministries and Agencies  Expert Group of NWRC  Regional Government  Local Communities  Stakeholders 26
  27. 27. Challenges Data sharing system cooperation between inter-Ministries and inter-agencies Budget Limitation Capacity and facilities of water related agencies Water level differences between wet and dry seasons 27
  28. 28. Triggers Legal framework National Water Policy, National Water Framework Directive, Water Law Internal and international cooperations Capacity Building Driver Political Economical Social Demographic Climate change 28
  29. 29. Tools for Implementation Planning tools Communication tools Mathematical models Stakeholders/consultation meetings Coordination Conflict resolution 29
  30. 30. Capacity Building4 30
  31. 31.  Well-prepared sectorial knowledge Importance of capacity Building  Capacity building at all levels  learning by doing.  IWRM in real world cases  Capacity building programme connected with projects 31
  32. 32.  Disciplinary knowledge in scientific field  Integrative requirements for the new water managers  Bridges to IWRM professionals to other disciplines Knowledge or Capacity Building 32
  33. 33. Human Right for Water “The Union, the Regions and States, and local bodies (governance institutions) must ensure access to minimum quality of portable water for essential health and hygiene to all its citizens, available within easy reach of each household.” National Water Policy states that : 33
  34. 34. Capacity Building in Myanmar  The present-day staff, future staff  Gate-keeper to high level civil servants  The most important challenge  Short, Medium and multi-year programme for young and senior professionals 34
  35. 35. Capacity Building in Myanmar (Continue)  Learning by Doing Projects  Data acquisition, data management and analysis  Sustainable green growth  Sound technical basis for administrative and political decision making 35
  36. 36. “Learning by Doing” quick win projects  Meiktila Lake Area Development as catalyst for Integrated Regional Master Planning  Bagan Multi-Purpose Pilot River Beautification  Pan Hlaing Control Sluice cum Navigation Lock  Feasibility Study on Mandalay-Bagan Navigability Improvement  Bago-Sittaung Canal Integrated Water System Analysis  Capacity Building 36
  37. 37. Strengthening existing capacity of key Ministerial departments Selection of candidates Creating of job and career opportunities Enhance awareness of local water users Develop capacity at Universities and/or Ministerial training centre Roll out capacity development through Training-of- trainers Capacity building on water governance through a dedicated programme According to IWRM study in Myanmar , the first steps towards improving capacity building will be Recommendation from IWRM Strategic Study 37
  38. 38. Planned Capacity Development Process M.Sc and Ph.D. scholarships to junior and mid level staff members Training of Trainers (TOTs) Staff development trainings Trainings for Government staff, individuals and NGOs Workshops/ Seminars Stakeholder Forum 38
  39. 39. Way Forwards5 39
  40. 40. Way Forwards  Formation of Hydro-informatics Center  Enacting the National Water Law  Building capacity for young generation  Implementation of the pilot projects that agreed between NWRC and the Netherlands  Implementation of Ayeyarwady Integrated River Basin Management Project with World Bank  Strengthening of cooperation with IWRM practicing countries 40
  41. 41. Main Supports6 41
  42. 42. Main Supports  Decision support system  Navigation improvement  Water related disaster mitigation  Water sector development  Economic development  Tradition of forming the river basin organizations  Better awareness on various water issues 42
  43. 43. Thank You