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1
TERM REPORT
COMPOSITEMATERIALS
SUBMITTED BY:
NAME:
MAQSOOD AHMED
2K13-CHE-58
WASEEM AKHTAR
2K13-CHE-120
SUBJECT:
ENGG: MATERIAL
SESSION
2013 – 2017
DATE:
07thDecember,2016
2
ACKNOLEDGMENT
First of all we thankful to Almighty Allah who made us capable to be a part of
this institutionand to get knowledge fromhighly intellectual and professional
teachers. We are also thankful to our parent who are supporting usto study
here. We are thankful to ----------- who gave us knowledge and helped us to
attainthispositionto fulfill our tasks accurately ontime.
3
Abstract
Composite materials made from two or more constituent materials with significantly
different physical or chemical properties, that when combined, produce a material with
characteristics different from the individual components. The individual components
remain separate and distinct within the finished structure .composite material use in civil
engineering, building infrastructure, automotive industries/transportation, sports
industry, aircraft/military, submarine, ships, boats, biomedical, home appliances, ground
transportation, chemical industries etc.
4
TERM REPORT
ON
COMPOSITE MATERIALS
Table of Content
TOPIC Page No#
Introduction of Composite
Materials 03-03
Why we use Composite
Materials 04-04
Characteristics Of
CompositeMaterials 04-05
Application Of Composite
Materials 05-11
5
COMPOSITE MATERIALS
Introduction:
They are also called composition materials or shortened
to composites. They are materials made from two or more constituent materials with
significantly different physical or chemical properties, that when combined, produce a
material with characteristics different from the individual components. The individual
components remain separate and distinct within the finished structure. The new material
may be preferred for many reasons: common examples include materials which are
stronger, lighter or less expensive when compared to traditional materials.
Typical engineered composite materials include:
 Composite building materials such as cements, concrete
 Reinforced plastics such as fiber-reinforced polymer
 Metal Composites
 Ceramic Composites (composite ceramic and metal matrices)
Composite materials are generally used for buildings, bridges and
structures such as boat hulls, swimming pool panels, race car bodies, shower stalls,
bathtubs, storage tanks, imitation granite and cultured marble sinks and counter tops. The
most advanced examples perform routinely on spacecraft and aircraft in demanding
environments.
FRP composites are no longer considered "space-age" materials
utilized only for stealth bombers and space shuttles. This versatile material system has
become a part of everyday life.
6
Why use composites?
The biggest advantage of modern composite materials is that they are light as well as
strong. By choosing an appropriate combination of matrix and reinforcement material, a
new material can be made that exactly meets the requirements of a particular application.
Composites also provide design flexibility because many of them can be molded into
complex shapes. The downside is often the cost. Although the resulting product is more
efficient, the raw materials are often expensive. Composite
Some key characteristics of Composites Materials:
 Specific strength:
This is simply the rigidity or hardness of a material with regard to its weight. For example, a
number of composites such as fiberglass share comparable impact resistance (bangability) with
steel and titanium at a fraction of the weight employed.
 Expense:
Many composites can be manufactured with less cost than their traditional metal counterparts.
 Application:
Because composites are composed of 2 or more "phases", they can be formulated to meet the
needs of a specific application with considerable ease.
 Process ability:
As most of you know, metal processing requires high amounts of thermal energy (heat). Plastics
and plastic based composites require less heat to mold or process the products. There is a
constant desire to produce composites which can be processed at low temperatures but when
cured or set-up (paint drying or a mold cooling), they are very impact resistant and very heat
resistant or fire retardant.
7
Applications of composite materials:
 AIRCRAFT/MILITARY
Commercial, pleasure and military aircrafts, including components for
aerospace and related applications.
 APPLIANCE/BUSINESS
Composite applications for the household and office including
appliances, power tools, business equipment, etc.
 AUTOMOTIVE/TRANSPORTATION
The largest of the markets, products include parts for automobiles,
trucks, rail and farm applications.
 CIVIL INFRASTRUCTURE
A relatively new market for composites, these applications include the
repair and replacement of civil infrastructure including buildings, roads, bridges, piling, etc.
 CONSTRUCTION
Includes materials for the building of homes, offices, and architectural
components. Products include swimming pools, bathroom fixtures, wall panels, roofing,
architectural cladding.
 CONSUMER
Products include sports and recreational equipment such as golf clubs,
tennis rackets, snowmobiles, mobile campers, furniture, microwave cookware.
8
 CORROSION-RESISTANT EQUIPMENT
Products for chemical-resistant service such as tanks, ducts and hoods,
pumps, fans, grating, chemical processing, pulp and paper, oil and gas, and
water/wastewater treatment markets.
 ELECTRICAL
This encompassing market includes components for both electrical
and electronic applications such as pole line hardware, substation equipment, microwave
antennas, printed wiring boards, etc.
 MARINE
Products for commercial, pleasure and naval boats, submarine and ships.
 Composite Armor
Composite materials are saving lives and assets around the world, every day.
The lightweight and strong properties of composites make them an ideal fit for armor
applications
9
 Carbon Fiber in Sports
If one wants to be the best in sports, then chances are they need to use
carbon fiber. Be it in the sole of running shoes or used in the shaft of an arrow, carbon fiber
dominates the sporting goods world.
 Composites In Aerospace
The material of choice for aerospace is carbon fiber.
 Composites in Transportation
Composites is changing the way we travel and ship goods.
 Example of Composites
There are numerous examples of composites, many of which can be
seen around the house. Learn about what every day products are manufactured with FRP
composites.
10
 Aeros Corporation
Aeros is a new company building composite aircraft which can move
and install massive wind turbines.
 Automotive
The use of composites in automobiles and related products.
 Bicycles
The use of composites in bicycles and components.
 Biomedical
The use of composites in biological and medical products.
11
 Composites in UAVs
Composites make UAVs possible.lightweight composite materials are
used in Unmanned Areal Vehicles.
 Golf
The use of composites in golf equipment.
 Ground Transport
The use of composites in motorcycles, trains, trucks, etc
 Hockey
The use of composites in hockey equipment.
12
 Infrastructure
The use of composites in bridges, buildings & roads, etc.
 Introduction to FRP Composites
Fiber Reinforced Polymer(FRP Composites) is an extremely useful
material used in a wide range of industries and applications.
 Space
The use of composites on launch vehicles and satellites.
13
 787 Dreamliner
The new 787 Dreamliner will be the most advanced commercial airplane ever,
and it is composite materials that make it possible.
 Fiberglass Bathtubs and Spas
Fiberglass is the material of choice in bathtubs and spas, and for good reason.
14
References
 Introduction to engineering material book by smith venon john
 www.composite.about.com
 www.wikipedia.com
 www.explainthatstuff.com/composites
 http://www.geae.com/education/theatre/genx/
 http://www.geae.com/education/theatre/ge90/

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Composite material term report

  • 1. 1 TERM REPORT COMPOSITEMATERIALS SUBMITTED BY: NAME: MAQSOOD AHMED 2K13-CHE-58 WASEEM AKHTAR 2K13-CHE-120 SUBJECT: ENGG: MATERIAL SESSION 2013 – 2017 DATE: 07thDecember,2016
  • 2. 2 ACKNOLEDGMENT First of all we thankful to Almighty Allah who made us capable to be a part of this institutionand to get knowledge fromhighly intellectual and professional teachers. We are also thankful to our parent who are supporting usto study here. We are thankful to ----------- who gave us knowledge and helped us to attainthispositionto fulfill our tasks accurately ontime.
  • 3. 3 Abstract Composite materials made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties, that when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components. The individual components remain separate and distinct within the finished structure .composite material use in civil engineering, building infrastructure, automotive industries/transportation, sports industry, aircraft/military, submarine, ships, boats, biomedical, home appliances, ground transportation, chemical industries etc.
  • 4. 4 TERM REPORT ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS Table of Content TOPIC Page No# Introduction of Composite Materials 03-03 Why we use Composite Materials 04-04 Characteristics Of CompositeMaterials 04-05 Application Of Composite Materials 05-11
  • 5. 5 COMPOSITE MATERIALS Introduction: They are also called composition materials or shortened to composites. They are materials made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties, that when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components. The individual components remain separate and distinct within the finished structure. The new material may be preferred for many reasons: common examples include materials which are stronger, lighter or less expensive when compared to traditional materials. Typical engineered composite materials include:  Composite building materials such as cements, concrete  Reinforced plastics such as fiber-reinforced polymer  Metal Composites  Ceramic Composites (composite ceramic and metal matrices) Composite materials are generally used for buildings, bridges and structures such as boat hulls, swimming pool panels, race car bodies, shower stalls, bathtubs, storage tanks, imitation granite and cultured marble sinks and counter tops. The most advanced examples perform routinely on spacecraft and aircraft in demanding environments. FRP composites are no longer considered "space-age" materials utilized only for stealth bombers and space shuttles. This versatile material system has become a part of everyday life.
  • 6. 6 Why use composites? The biggest advantage of modern composite materials is that they are light as well as strong. By choosing an appropriate combination of matrix and reinforcement material, a new material can be made that exactly meets the requirements of a particular application. Composites also provide design flexibility because many of them can be molded into complex shapes. The downside is often the cost. Although the resulting product is more efficient, the raw materials are often expensive. Composite Some key characteristics of Composites Materials:  Specific strength: This is simply the rigidity or hardness of a material with regard to its weight. For example, a number of composites such as fiberglass share comparable impact resistance (bangability) with steel and titanium at a fraction of the weight employed.  Expense: Many composites can be manufactured with less cost than their traditional metal counterparts.  Application: Because composites are composed of 2 or more "phases", they can be formulated to meet the needs of a specific application with considerable ease.  Process ability: As most of you know, metal processing requires high amounts of thermal energy (heat). Plastics and plastic based composites require less heat to mold or process the products. There is a constant desire to produce composites which can be processed at low temperatures but when cured or set-up (paint drying or a mold cooling), they are very impact resistant and very heat resistant or fire retardant.
  • 7. 7 Applications of composite materials:  AIRCRAFT/MILITARY Commercial, pleasure and military aircrafts, including components for aerospace and related applications.  APPLIANCE/BUSINESS Composite applications for the household and office including appliances, power tools, business equipment, etc.  AUTOMOTIVE/TRANSPORTATION The largest of the markets, products include parts for automobiles, trucks, rail and farm applications.  CIVIL INFRASTRUCTURE A relatively new market for composites, these applications include the repair and replacement of civil infrastructure including buildings, roads, bridges, piling, etc.  CONSTRUCTION Includes materials for the building of homes, offices, and architectural components. Products include swimming pools, bathroom fixtures, wall panels, roofing, architectural cladding.  CONSUMER Products include sports and recreational equipment such as golf clubs, tennis rackets, snowmobiles, mobile campers, furniture, microwave cookware.
  • 8. 8  CORROSION-RESISTANT EQUIPMENT Products for chemical-resistant service such as tanks, ducts and hoods, pumps, fans, grating, chemical processing, pulp and paper, oil and gas, and water/wastewater treatment markets.  ELECTRICAL This encompassing market includes components for both electrical and electronic applications such as pole line hardware, substation equipment, microwave antennas, printed wiring boards, etc.  MARINE Products for commercial, pleasure and naval boats, submarine and ships.  Composite Armor Composite materials are saving lives and assets around the world, every day. The lightweight and strong properties of composites make them an ideal fit for armor applications
  • 9. 9  Carbon Fiber in Sports If one wants to be the best in sports, then chances are they need to use carbon fiber. Be it in the sole of running shoes or used in the shaft of an arrow, carbon fiber dominates the sporting goods world.  Composites In Aerospace The material of choice for aerospace is carbon fiber.  Composites in Transportation Composites is changing the way we travel and ship goods.  Example of Composites There are numerous examples of composites, many of which can be seen around the house. Learn about what every day products are manufactured with FRP composites.
  • 10. 10  Aeros Corporation Aeros is a new company building composite aircraft which can move and install massive wind turbines.  Automotive The use of composites in automobiles and related products.  Bicycles The use of composites in bicycles and components.  Biomedical The use of composites in biological and medical products.
  • 11. 11  Composites in UAVs Composites make UAVs possible.lightweight composite materials are used in Unmanned Areal Vehicles.  Golf The use of composites in golf equipment.  Ground Transport The use of composites in motorcycles, trains, trucks, etc  Hockey The use of composites in hockey equipment.
  • 12. 12  Infrastructure The use of composites in bridges, buildings & roads, etc.  Introduction to FRP Composites Fiber Reinforced Polymer(FRP Composites) is an extremely useful material used in a wide range of industries and applications.  Space The use of composites on launch vehicles and satellites.
  • 13. 13  787 Dreamliner The new 787 Dreamliner will be the most advanced commercial airplane ever, and it is composite materials that make it possible.  Fiberglass Bathtubs and Spas Fiberglass is the material of choice in bathtubs and spas, and for good reason.
  • 14. 14 References  Introduction to engineering material book by smith venon john  www.composite.about.com  www.wikipedia.com  www.explainthatstuff.com/composites  http://www.geae.com/education/theatre/genx/  http://www.geae.com/education/theatre/ge90/