Adoption of FOSS for eGovernment in Sri Lanka


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This relates the current FOSS implementation status for eGovernment in Sri Lanka.

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Adoption of FOSS for eGovernment in Sri Lanka

  1. 1. Adoption of FOSS for eGovernment in Sri Lanka Wasantha Deshapriya Director Re-engineering Government ICTA
  2. 2. Agenda eSri Lanka and ICTA   Re­Engineering Goverenment (Re­Gov)  ICTA's Policy stance in relation to FOSS  Why FOSS  Adopted Methodology to overcome barriers –  SDSA  Project implemented or in the pipeline  Current Issues; Weaknesses and Strengths   ICTA FOSS Strategies  2
  3. 3. and  eSri Lanka is a multi­faceted, multi­donor,  multi­stakeholder based development initiative  Attempts to every business, every village and  transform the way govt works  Implemented by ICTA  Main Donors • Government of Sri Lanka • World Bank • Korean Exim Bank 3
  4. 4. Information and Commumication Technology Agency  Established by ICT Act  No 27 of 2003 of the  Government of Sri Lanka and strengthened by  subsequent amendment Act No.33 of 2008  Functions under the Presidential Secretariat  Established in 2003 but financially enabled in  2005 4
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  6. 6. Re-engineering Government Programme  Blue print study was carried out in 2004  Initial Action Plan and Road Map were  finalized in 2005 6
  7. 7. Re-Gov Principles  Re­Gov believes eGovernment as a way of  Administrative Reforms  Works under the directions of National  Administrative Reforms Council  Re­engineering the processes and  simplification of forms are identified as key  steps  ICT is used as a tool for Re­Engineering  Government 7
  8. 8. Internet Intranet Government to Business Government to Government Mobile G2B Country Portal G2G G2C S T e-Foreign Employment A K e-People Registry eLocal Government ENTERPRISE IT ARCHITECTU E e-Procurement E RE H Information Filing - eSamurdhi e-Motoring e-Pension O Bank Solution Solution Solution Solution Solution Solution Solution Solution Solution G Policy, L APPLICATION ARCHITECTURE e-Bill O E-HRM D standards V MANAGEMENT e-Tax E Security Education Health Taxation STANDARDS E R R Agency Specific Applicat ions N T A R N People Hub A Service Mgt C Cross-Agencies Applications N E People Hub S I Government Internal Applications F T One stop Services Internal Solutions| R I A Customer Relationship Business Intelligence O M N E Establishment TECHNICAL W Security INFRASTRUCTURE ARCHITECTURE BUSINESS F Hub O R R HR policy E-Government Supporting Infrastructure A K Lanka Gate M and HRD E Nation- Wide ICT Infrastructure Mobile Payment Credit Card W LIX. O LIX. Payment Gateway Gateway Land Establishment R INFORMATION ARCHITECT Hub CentralisedAlert Triggered K Monitoring Server Hub Monitoring Server NCS Command URE Applications CentreHelpdesk Databases Mainframe Customer’s Routers Servers Location Lanka Government Network Information Management MetaData Management Outsourcing Solutions Regional Telecom Network 8
  9. 9. Study Period Laksala Study Period e­Human Resource Management Disaster Management with Sahana Reengineering Government Road map Study Period e­Samurdhi e­National ID Card Study Period Document Conversion (BMD) Vehicle Revenue License Government Information Centre + Web Development + Web Hosting Study Period e­Divsional Secretariat Study Period e­Pensions Study Period e­Foreign Employment E­Local Government e­Local Study Period Land Register Government Web Portal e­Population Register Study Period ` Lanka Gate Lanka Government Network CM and CDBM Training – Senior Management, CIO, Middle Management & end Users eGovernment Policy, Technology Standards for government, Information Security eGovernment Blue Print study, Planning & Conceptualizing 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012  G2G G2B Enablers G2C     9
  10. 10. WHY FOSS???  Strategic Benefits • Developing local capacity/industry • Reducing imports/conserving foreign exchange • Enhancing national security • Accelerate adoption of Open Standards • Reducing copyright infringements • Enabling localization • Avoid Vendor locking 10
  11. 11. WHY FOSS??? Economic Benefits Increasing competition   Reducing Total Cost of Ownership (TCO)  Enhancing security  Achieving vendor independence 11
  12. 12. Why FOSS??? Social Benefits Increasing access to information  Enabling local communities to build their own content and  replicate it without any restrictions ICTA considers Strategic, Economic and  social benefits to the country Role of ICTA; not only strategic policy  maker (or influencer which ever is right) but also as an executers 12
  13. 13. Roles and Responsibilities of the ICTA: Provide  guidance  and  consultation  to  the  ● government  organizations  on  Open  Standards  compliance  and  Free  and  Open  Source  Software use. To  actively  engaged  in  activities  for  “leveling  ● the playing field”
  14. 14. ICTA's Policy stance in relation to FOSS Free and Open  Open  Source Software  Standard (FOSS) Pro­choice/Best  Software procured  Mandatory value/free­to­choose/ from outside vendors value­for­money Software developed  Mandatory Preferable internally by the ICTA  14
  15. 15. Methodology  Public Procurement • For replication the solution should have a zero license cost • Custom code developed for a particular solution is owned by ICTA, while ICTA should have access to any other source code for modification, enhancement and bug fixes • If the vendor wants to share the IP right of the custom code, that has to be negotiated (preferably a reduction in pricing) In­house development   • Work with University interns • Have a small but highly capable team of SW architects, SW 15 engineers who have mastered FOSS technology
  16. 16. Methodology.. Supervisory vendor development – Sw Development   Services Approach – SDSA • Having conducted a high level system study (essential to use  RUP), the internal architects designs the high level  architecture • R&D to find out the best product (Preferably FOSS)  considering social and economic factors (which promote  FOSS) and TCO • Highly modualrized solution is developed in modular  approach • ICTA procures SW development teams to develop such  systems in 3­6 months periods 16
  17. 17. Methodology.. SDSA...  SW development life cycle is closely  supervised by SW expert Groups under  the leadership of ICT • SW Architecture Expert Group • SW Design Expert Group • SW Testing Expert Group • SW Code Review Expert Group • SW QA Expert Group 17
  18. 18. Project implemented or being implemented (1) Performance Monitoring System 18
  19. 19. Projects implemented or being implemented (2) 19
  20. 20. Project implemented or being implemented (3)  Crop price portal 20
  21. 21. Project implemented or being implemented (4)  Lanka Gate – Middleware Infrastructure  and Country Portal for Information and  eServices  • Has four core modules • 1. Country Portal • 2. Lanka Interoperability Exchange • 3. Credit Card Payment Gateway • 4. Mobile Payment Gateway 21
  22. 22. Lanka Gate Initiative - Overall Architecture Visitors Citizens Businesses Government Open Standards Multiple Access Channels (eg. Web, Mobile, Email, etc.) Ot h e r Ap p lic a t io n s Sri Lanka Country Portal e­Gov e­Gov SOA Other CMS GIC Service 1 Service m portlets portlet portlet Architecture portlet portlet Enabling Web 2.0 Concepts Lanka Interoperability Exchange   Mobile Credit Card Services Service 1 Payment Service n Payment (eg. e­RL) Directory Gateway Gateway Services 22 Providers
  23. 23. Lanka Gate Overview Mobile Businesses Citizens Governme Visitors World Users nt over Employees Mobile Country Other Applicatio Client Portal ns Applicatio Lanka Interoperability ns Exchange Credit Card Mobile Messaging Other Payment Payment eServices eServices eServices eServices $ Credit Card Mobile Governme Banks Other 23 Payment Payment nt Businesses Services Services Providers Providers
  24. 24. Sneak Preview of Lanka Gate
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  29. 29. Cutting Edge Technologies Used in Lanka Gate  LIX  Country Portal * SOA architecture and Web   * Liferay enterprilse open source   Services portal * Enterprise Service Bus (WSO2   * JSR 168 portlets  ESB) * Atom and RSS  * Service Registry (Not old time   * Web Services UDDI, real web services registry   ­ WSO2 registry) * Apache Axis2  * PBEL (Apache ODE) * Struts2   * Complete interoperability with  * FOSS SDK to simplify portlet    many leading web services  development stacks (Microsoft, IBM, WSO2,  etc) 29
  30. 30. FOSS Projects in Pipe line 1) eRevenue License 2) Common eHRM 3) Common Fleet management 4) Common Grievance Handling System 5) Sahana Disaster Management System 30
  31. 31. Current Issues - Weakness Lack of general awareness on FOSS  Lack of FOSS technical capability  Low FOSS/Linux penetration in government  Vicious circle of quot;No FOSS solutions, No awareness and   believingquot; Low support from local IT industry  Inability to favour FOSS in procurement 
  32. 32. Positive notes – Strengths Google Summer of Code 2008 ­ Top Universities (World)  • University of Moratuwa FSF Award for Social Benefit (Wikipedia)  Apache: 100 of 1500 from SL (3rd US, EU)   Growing FOSS IT Industry  • WS02, Respere, Thinkcube, Virtusa, Eurocenter, hSenid, CeylonLinux, FOSSmart Sri Lankan built FOSS used globally  • Sahana, Apache AXIS, Apache Synaps, KBFX, etc Many Research publications, PhD students   ICTA having a small team of very best FOSS technologists   Global trends; growing no of countries using/mandating FOSS 32
  33. 33. ICTA Approach - Strategies Increasing Awareness   Focus on FOSS in Education  Encouraging Usage   Enabling Innovation Target Audiences  • ICT industry • Non-ICT industry • Government agencies • Teacher training institutes • Universities & tertiary educational institutes • Schools, Nenasalas and other tele-center models, General public 33
  34. 34. Increasing Awareness Targeted FOSS awareness campaigns   FOSS conferences & events (2 per year in at least 5  provinces)  Sponsorship (advertising, transport, handouts) of   FOSS awareness activities undertaken by the FOSS  community in Sri Lanka  Workshops by international FOSS experts  Translation, printing & large scale distribution of  FOSS­related handbooks and leaflets in Sinhala and  Tamil 34
  35. 35. Focus on FOSS Education Technical & financial assistance in ICT syllabus re­formulation  • Ministry of Education (GIT syllabus)  • Large­scale ICT training institutes such as Gateway, Informatics etc. Teacher training workshops  “FOSS­Ed on Wheels” (at least 2 initiatives based around Nenasalas   along the route) Workshops & installation drives in institutions  • Schools • Universities & other tertiary educational institutes • Teacher training institutes & other professional training institutes Grants to setup FOSS­based software certification training programs  Reimbursements for FOSS­based software certifications  35
  36. 36. Encourage Usage Setting up a FOSS help desk  Setting up FOSS­only labs in schools, universities   and educational institutes Setting up FOSS­based PCs in Nenasalas &   Telecenters Setting up a FOSS knowledge base for SMEs and   government organizations along with initial  deployment assistance Providing communications assistance for FOSS   support companies 36
  37. 37. Enabling Innovation Setting up FOSS R&D Centers of Excellence  Innovation grants for FOSS technology achievements  Entrepreneur assistance grants for FOSS start­up   companies in Sri Lanka Organizing FOSS­inclined Venture Capital Forums in   Sri Lanka to enable venture capital funding of FOSS  companies Incubation assistance for FOSS start­up companies in   Sri Lanka 37
  38. 38. Q&A Thank you! 38