The benefits and detrimental effects of internet on students email

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The benefits and detrimental effects of internet on students email

  1. 1. FACULTY OF EDUCATIONS AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 FACULTY OF EDUCATION AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 LEARNING SKILLS FOR OPEN DISTANCE LEARNERS THE BENEFITS AND DETRIMENTAL EFFECTS OF INTERNET ON STUDENTS Name : WAN ZAKARIA BIN WAN ROSLI Matric number : 781028135033001 NRIC : 781028-13-5033 Telephone number : 019-8195296 E-mail address : wwzack78@yahoo.com wwzack78@oum.edu.my Tutor’s name: EDMUND ROBERTSON LINANG Learning Centre: SEPTEMBER 2012 Semester 781028135033001 1
  2. 2. FACULTY OF EDUCATIONS AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 TABLE OF CONTENTS NUM TOPICS PAGES 1.0 INTRODUCTION 3 - 4 2.0 BENEFITS AND DETRIMENTAL EFFECTS OF INTERNET ON STUDENTS 2.1 BENEFITS OF INTERNET ON STUDENTS 2.1.1 The Internet is a universal digital library 2.1.2 The Internet is a fast way to reach Knowledge 2.1.3 The Internet is vital to enhancing exchanging cultures 2.1.4 It is exciting to get information on the Internet 2.1.5 It is enjoyable to communicate on the Internet 2.2 DETRIMENTAL EFFECTS OF INTERNET ON STUDENTS 2.2.1 Internet causes students to be far away from real life 2.2.2 Internet includes unnecessary, non-useful knowledge for students 2.2.3 Internet is full of scam and lies 2.2.4 Internet forces students to be alone 2.2.5 Internet creates addiction 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 3.0 SUGGESTIONS 12 4.0 CONCLUSION 13 5.0 REFERENCES 14 1.0 INTRODUCTION 781028135033001 2
  3. 3. FACULTY OF EDUCATIONS AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 In this year, 2012, the Internet is becoming even more popular among people of all walks of life. The Internet is part of our modern daily life. People tend to communicate more on the Internet, as depicted in most mass media. It is actually hard to imagine life without Internet. According to an article “Malaysia on Track to Achieving 50% Broadband Penetration by Year End” by Bernama on 12 March 2010, as of early 2010, Malaysia has 16.9 million Internet users, 30.4 million cell phone users and 7.4 million 3G subscribers. According to Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commissions (MCMC/SKMM – Suruhanjaya Kominikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia) chairman Khalid Ramli, 33.2% or 2.07 million Malaysian households had broadband as of the programme's launch. To begin with, one may look at the definition of Internet. As searched in Google, “Internet definition” has come out with this definition: an international computer network providing e-mail and information from computers in educational institutions, government agencies, and so forth. As the saying goes, everything will have its own benefits and detrimental effects. Again, as searched in Google, “benefits definition” has come out with this definition: an advantage or profit gained from something. “Detrimental definition” has come out with this definition: tending to cause harm. “Effects definition” has come out with this definition: a change that is a result or consequence of an action or other cause. And finally, “students definition” has come out with this definition: a person or people studying at a school or college. Students in Malaysia are now famous for being given the 1Malaysia laptop from the government as part of the National Broadband Initiative (NBI). Wikipedia has reported that: “Malaysia’s NBI is a government programme designed to make high-speed Internet accessible and affordable to the country’s citizens, with a special emphasis on rural areas, children and the poor. The public-private partnership, announced by Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak on March 24, 2010, combines the efforts of the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commissions and Telekom Malaysia (TM).” 781028135033001 3
  4. 4. FACULTY OF EDUCATIONS AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 Other than the 1Malaysia laptop programme, there has been numerous other programmes such as special prepaid broadband service and special broadband for civil servants offered by various telecommunications companies in the country. All of these have brought a big impact on people of all walks of life, especially students in schools and colleges. Nowadays, most schools and colleges are offering free wireless connections. Students may bring their own laptops and use these connections to surf the Internet. In this report, it will focus on the benefits and detrimental effects of Internet among students. Some suggestions on how to reduce the detrimental effects of Internet usage among students will also be discussed. 2.0 BENEFITS AND DETRIMENTAL EFFECTS OF INTERNET ON 781028135033001 4
  5. 5. FACULTY OF EDUCATIONS AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 STUDENTS The Interned can be regarded as a tool or a resource. That tool or resource can bring benefits. It may also bring up detrimental effects. 2.1 BENEFITS OF INTERNET ON STUDENTS Modern society depends on the internet because of its ease of use. While some may find it might not benefit them, most would agree that Internet is actually a modern wonder or a miracle that can make life easier. The benefits of the Internet are as follows: 2.1.1 The Internet is a universal digital library Once upon a time, students tend to do their revision in a library. The Internet has become a place, a universal digital library (Isman et. al., 2004). The Internet is a separable part of today’s educational system. (Safdar, M. et. al., 2010). People depend on the Internet, so as students – students increasingly depend on the Internet, mainly for a variety educational purpose, including the Internet itself acting as a universal library. A majority of academic and research institutions provide Internet service to students, teachers, and researchers (Kaur, 2008). In these recent years, use of the Internet has also increased in most schools. Policymakers have given priority to invest in information and communications infrastructure in schools, colleges and universities. The infrastructures act as access points into the digital library. The Internet as a library is a big advantage because students can access the library anytime they want, without the time restrictions that traditional library has. This is a big benefit because students have their own learning styles and learning time. Students may visit this universal digital library with their friends, or with their teachers, or even with the guidance of their parents. This could be assisting our students to become an independent learners and life-long leaners. Visiting the real libraries can be fun, and visiting this universal digital library can be fun and beneficial too. After all, reading is a good and very beneficial hobby. 2.1.2 The Internet is a fast way to reach knowledge 781028135033001 5
  6. 6. FACULTY OF EDUCATIONS AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 The Internet is the fastest way to reach knowledge (Isman et. al., 2004). Internet is growing well around the world. It is impossible to count the number of networks which are linked to the Internet – and as the number keep on increasing (Sturges, 2002). The Internet is definitely a fast way to reach knowledge. One simply cannot depend on their teachers and lecturers all the time. The Internet can be accessed anytime and anywhere, thus providing a fast and easy way to reach knowledge. According to Jones (2002), College students and their teachers find the Internet convenient and useful for educational activities. Students are a unique population of internet users. It was recorded that students was the first group in USA who used the Internet for communication, recreation and file sharing (Jones, 2002). The Internet is definitely the fastest way to reach knowledge – it has become our learning buddies, and even our teachers, because it can provide knowledge. 2.1.3 The Internet is vital to enhancing exchanging cultures The Internet is important to enhancing cultures exchange (Isman et. al., 2004) as we live in a big multi-cultural world. Students were exposed to their own cultures and the cultures of societies around them. With the use of the Internet, students can learn other cultures from all around the world. We are never too old to learn something. We may even regard that we have a good culture, but we as learners can always learn something new from other cultures as well. The Internet may provide us with the tools to learn new cultures. We need not travel to a place far away just to learn new cultures and new things. This is another big benefit. Apart from learning new good cultures, we can save money and time on the process of learning the new good cultures. 2.1.4 It is exciting to get information on the Internet 781028135033001 6
  7. 7. FACULTY OF EDUCATIONS AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 The Internet itself is an interesting way on getting information (Isman et. al., 2004). This benefits our multiple personality students. All of the students will find out that it is exciting to get information from the Internet and it is a very interesting way to get information – compared to the traditional lectures, textbooks or chalk-and-talk methods. This can actually benefits both the students and the teachers. Students are more engaged if the teachers can provide them with a more exciting, interesting and enjoyable methods of getting information. Then, the teachers may ask the students to submit their homeworks via the Internet. This is both exciting and beneficial for both parties – students and teachers. The natural way of interactive communicating on the Internet is exciting to all users, especially students. Students may read and respond, for example by commenting on articles read. Students may also engage on writing or a photography contests on the Internet. All of these activities potentially lead to an exciting interaction on the Internet. According to a research by Isman et. al. (2004), majority of students in his research samples took help from their friends for solving problems in using the Internet. This proves that one can get information and help, provided he or she has a connection into the Internet world. In addition, according to the research, most participants stated that they are using the Internet to update their knowledge. This is a very exciting way to learn and upgrade ourselves. Good students can leap forward by themselves in terms of getting enough information on their current studies. It can bring no harm if we would like to increase our mastery level of our desired field of knowledge. 2.1.5 It is enjoyable to communicate on the Internet 781028135033001 7
  8. 8. FACULTY OF EDUCATIONS AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 The Internet can be an enjoyable communication medium (Isman et. al., 2004). The Internet has a seductive power to lure people to engage and communicate using it (Sato, T., 2006). Some scientists labelled humans as “social animals”. That can be paraphrased into us humans as social beings. We are socially active and we are socializing every single day simply because that is our deep nature. We communicate because communicating among us is enjoyable. The Internet has made it more enjoyable for us to communicate. People from all walks of life are using You Tube, My Space, Friendster, Yahoo Mail, Hotmail, Facebook and Twitter to communicate. We may communicate face to face, but sometimes, we tend to communicate via the Internet because it is more enjoyable (Isman et. al., 2004). There are certain things such as elaborate homeworks, notes or digital photography that we cannot share and communicate face to face. The Internet medium makes it easy, fast and enjoyable. Students may communicate with their peers, as depicted in most learning channels in Astro. Students may also communicate with their teachers via e-mails. Some teachers offer tuition via e-mails. Perhaps this is enjoyable for both students and teachers. 2.2DETRIMENTAL EFFECTS OF INTERNET ON STUDENTS 781028135033001 8
  9. 9. FACULTY OF EDUCATIONS AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 Students who are using and dependent on the Internet may found themselves affected by the detrimental effects of the Internet. Those detrimental effects are as follows: 2.2.1 Internet causes students to be far away from real life The Internet has causes students to be far away from their real life (Isman et. al., 2004). A real life needs real communication. Sometimes, when a student highly depends on the Internet, he or she can only communicate via the Internet. This is totally not right with our natural face to face communication. Real life needs a proper communication where we sit and talk to our friends, teachers and family members. This detrimental effect may bring harm to our own social skills. While the Internet may be a source or a coach in guiding us to lead a real life, it may trap us into the unknown. For example, real life needs us to complete real assignments. The Internet has made it possible for some students to commit plagiarism in their assignments (Scanlon & Neumann, 2002). Most students in a study by Scanlon and Neumann (2002) agreed that plagiarism of any kind is wrong. However, the Internet seems to cause them to drift away from real life and real hard work. The ease of getting bits of information has led some students to be copycats. 2.2.2 Internet includes unnecessary, non-useful knowledge for Students Internet is a big wide place. The Internet includes too much unnecessary and non-useful knowledge for the learning community (Isman et. al., 2004). Students who cannot control themselves might end up reading things that are not related to their studies. Study matters might be boring at certain times, and young learners are very quick in losing focus in their studies. It can be said that they may get lost in all of the revisions that they are doing in the Internet – a universal digital library. 2.2.3 Internet is full of scam and lies 781028135033001 9
  10. 10. FACULTY OF EDUCATIONS AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 The Internet can be full of lies (Isman et. al., 2004). Some information can be a bit misleading while some needs more thorough investigation and research. It is a sad moment when some business transaction over the Internet is just a scam. Some students might want to buy a book on the Internet. While most transactions are valid, there might be liars and scammers in the Internet. Most victims would be the students – young learners who are just trying to learn about the real world. Some students might get the wrong message here – they might come to think that to make easy money on the Internet is by tricking other Internet users. This is a huge detrimental effect. And it looks like a domino effect. A proper guidance might be needed in such transactions over the Internet – as sometimes even the experts can be tricked and scammed. Not all information on the Internet is reliable or safe (Safdar, M. et. al., 2010). Sturges (2002) mentioned the unreliability of information on the Internet. There are not necessarily quality or authenticity checks on information on the Internet (Safdar, M. et. al., 2010). Misrepresented, fake, and pirated literature causes problems for researchers and students (Safdar, M. et. al., 2010), which is very sad indeed. Users, especially students may have privacy concerns. There are sites that many users may find offensive, as well as instructions for carrying out violent or illegal acts (Safdar, M. et. al., 2010). These are definitely dangerous and detrimental. 2.2.4 Internet forces students to be alone The Internet and the usage of the Internet may force students to be alone (Isman et. al., 2004). This is a very frightening notion. Students can be, physically, alone when using or too depending on the Internet. Some students might not realize this because they are too dependent on the Internet. Their online friends might make them into thinking that they are just fine, when in fact, they are very alone just with their laptops and the Internet. The Internet is supposed to be the additional curricular activities. However, those students and teachers who are sometimes highly dependent on the Internet may find 781028135033001 10
  11. 11. FACULTY OF EDUCATIONS AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 themselves forced to be alone. This is what is happening around us – our real life activities being substituted by online activities. A go-home Internet homework may be completed excellently, but we might be missing the social and humane points here. While technology assists and helps us in our daily life, we must try to understand and balance our social needs. This is to ensure our general physical and mental health. 2.2.5 Internet creates addiction All in all, one of the biggest detrimental effects on students is that it creates addiction (Isman et. al., 2004). The ever grooving of information and communication technology has shaped a new generation of youngsters who are very dependent on the Internet. While it is okay and it is right to be dependent on the Internet, it is not okay to be highly addicted to the Internet. According to Sato (2006), the explosive growth of the Internet in the last decade has had a huge impact on communication and interpersonal behaviour. In his rather serious research, the authority has had a difficult time in addressing this particular detrimental effect of the Internet. 3.0 SUGGESTIONS 781028135033001 11
  12. 12. FACULTY OF EDUCATIONS AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 This report dwells in the theme of good versus evil. While the Internet may have detrimental effects, it is all on us that make it beneficial or the other way around. It surely can bring more good than harm, provided we try to understand the system first. On the positive side, the Internet has many benefits. One of the biggest benefits is the Internet is a big universal digital library. As a first suggestion in this report, the policymakers, the authorities or the teachers should provide a library-like Internet facility that can be accessed by the students. Some students might not have a portable laptop, some might not have a personal computer, and most might not have a proper and stable Internet connection. This facility can be a new learning playground for the students. The facility should be monitored and maintained by a group of experts to make sure the proper and full use of it. It should also have wireless connections for students that already have their own laptops. Another suggestion that can be reported here is that the policymakers and the authorities may design a special programme that can help students keep track and organize their own learning needs. This is similar to the usage of text books, files, note books, exercise books and so forth, but organised into one software that is easy to use and utilize. Certain countries and states have begun their own trials and usage – all are for the benefits of the future generations. Parents can play a very big role here. They can be the educators for their children. In fact, most people believe that education starts from home, thus, parents must try to bring up the appropriate hardware to enable their children learn and fully use the Internet at an earlier age. Parents must show a good example for their children to follow. Parents must also be responsible to educate and guide their children in using the Internet. A proper checking and monitoring must be made, in order to keep their children safe and protected from abusing the Internet. In addition, this could tie the bonds between family units. This activity of surfing and learning from the Internet can benefit the whole family unit. 4.0 CONCLUSION 781028135033001 12
  13. 13. FACULTY OF EDUCATIONS AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 The Internet and computers have changed the manner all of us react to the world. When we need the Internet, we must be focused on what we want to achieve. As adults or teachers, one needs to guide young learners and students the proper etiquette and values in using the Internet – a universal digital world. The Internet is a good place if we treat it in a good manner. 5.0 REFERENCES 781028135033001 13
  14. 14. FACULTY OF EDUCATIONS AND LANGUAGES OUMH1103 Isman, A. & Dabaj, F. (2004). Attitudes of Students Towards Internet. The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 5 (4). Jones, S. (2002). The Internet goes to college: How students are living in the future with today's technology. Retrieved November 01, 2012, from http://www.great-web-design- tips.com/web-site-design-150.html Kaur, A. Internet use for entertainment and information. Retrieved November 1, 2012, from http://www.zonalatina.com/Z1data129.htm Safdar, M., Mahmood, K. & Qutab, S. (2010). Internet Use Behaviour and Attitude of College Students: a Survey of Leadership Colleges’ Network. Library Philosophy and Practice, Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln Sato, T. (2006). Internet Addiction among Students: Prevalence and Psychological Problems in Japan. Japan Medical Association Journal, 49 (7). Scanlon, P. M. & Neumann, D. R. (2002). Internet Plagiarism among College Students. Journal of College Student Development, 43 (3). Sturges, P. (2002). Public Internet access in libraries and information services. London: Facet. 781028135033001 14

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