Parliament ICT Lunchtime Friday
House of Lords - London
7 March 2014

Changing Times
A Perspective on Digital
Technology a...
People and Technology
My Background
Previously
• MoD Simulation Policy
• NATO Modelling & Simulation
Group
Now
• Independent Consultancy
• Acade...
Outline
• Training and Education in Defence
– An overview

• Simulation and Training
– Why Simulation and a bit of History...
Defence Training and Education
UK Armed Services (2013/14)
•
•
•
•
•

£33bn pa (4th in World)
152,440 UK Regular Forces personnel
90% Male and 10% Female...
Military/Civilian Personnel 2014 (215,790)

Source – MoD Statistical Release 2014
Nature of Defence Training and Education
• Scale - 215,790 Military/Civilian (2013/14)
• Depth – eg. Fighter Pilot, Nuclea...
Military Training
• The Military understands that training and
education is fundamental to their endeavour
• People are as...
Cost of Training and Education in Defence
•
•
•
•
•

Manpower
Platforms and Equipment
Fuel and Maintenance
Training Estate...
Simulation and Training
What is Simulation?
Typically a military training simulation is interactive,
with a “human in the loop”
eg. a flight simul...
Benefits of Simulation
Improve Training
Reduce Time to Train

Reduce Costs
Reduce Environmental Impact
Improve Safety
Military Training
Early Training Technology
1920s – Edwin A Link (born 1904)
• 1920 - First Flying Lesson
• 1926 - First Solo Flight
• 1929 - First Link Pilot Trainer
1940s
• The Link Trainer came
into widespread use
during WWII
• 10,000 trainers used to
improve safety and
shorten trainin...
Source - The UK Urban Exploitation Forums - Crail Airfield [HMS Jackdaw/HMS Bruce/JSSL]
1960s/70s
NH90 Helicopter (CAE)
Games!

Source – Half life Counter-Strike - http://youtu.be/mex00PAACyk?t=4m13s
Back to 2002
Dismounted Infantry Virtual Environment (DIVE)
•
•
•
•

MoD Research Project
Modified Half Life Counter-Strike (1999)
Up t...
Operation Flashpoint: Cold War Crisis & VBS (2001)
• Op Flashpoint - modern military
simulation multi-player game
• VBS – ...
Some Key Milestones
• MoD led a NATO commercial games workshop
in the Hague 2004
• Pan-Govt Games Group 2004
• MoD/DTI hos...
America's Army Medic Field Training - 2006

http://youtu.be/Pa15cvbMS9Y
Operational Joint Combat Operations Virtual Environment
(Op JCOVE)
–
–
–
–
–

Procured as a Service
Mobile and deployable ...
BBC Points West - 2010
Modern Simulation

BISim VBS - http://youtu.be/GFrGF54B0r0
Source - Wisconsin National Guard Public Affairs photo by Vaughn R. Larson
Access to Simulation

Numbers

1000’s

100’s

10’s

1990

2000

2010
Internet Users (% of the population) 2014

Source – Google/ITU's World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators database 2014
Military & Civilian Technology
Convergence?

Source:- Aeryon Labs & Amazon
Source - MSE Weibull
Mobile
Training
The Rise of
the Mobile in
Training

Source - iPad in Real Life: Erik Hess, F-5N Tiger II Pilot
Augmented Reality – 2008

• US Pilot in US Flight
Simulator
• UK Soldier on Salisbury
Plain with AR Sight
• Virtual Bombs ...
Source – Vogue (Google Glass) Sep 13
Digital and Online Classrooms
South Korea 2015

Florida 2015

Stanford University
2012 - 23,000 Graduates
Humans, Machines and Inbetweenies
New Interactions

Source – Metropolis 1927
Today
Interaction at Distance
Source – Musion
India Nov 2012 - Narendra Modi uses 3D Telecast to
Address Audiences in Four Cities

http://youtu.be/iCu9GXn5DCk
Wearable Computing,
Tracking and Sensors
Source - Wired - May 13 and http://youtu.be/baEYCberLUA
Raytheon's Second-Generation Exoskeleton (XOS 2)
Robotics
Autonomy

Simulation
Simroid Dental Training Humanoid Robot Communicates
with Trainee Dentists - 2011

http://youtu.be/WhzbFaNueKU
University of Southern California

Institute for Creative Technologies - 2013

http://youtu.be/ejczMs6b1Q4
arguing with the robot…

University of Manitoba, Winnipeg – 2013 - http://youtu.be/j6dyeuAXb1I
In our Lifetime?
• Google Chair Eric
Schmidt (6 Mar 14)
– “Robots will become
omnipresent in our lives
in a good way.”
– “...
Diluting the Human Experience?

andy.fawkes@thinke.co.uk
So What?
Technology
Change
Organisational Realities
Getting it Wrong

Photograph: Alamy
Some Innovation Enablers
Looking to the Arts - Minority Report (2002)
Carry out Trials with the User!
Some ICT Challenges and Opportunities
• ICT is now much more than Office Applications
– eg. Training, Education, Communica...
Source - http://youtu.be/itUMO7VLl0M
Questions?

Source – Wikipedia
Digital Technology and Innovation - Parliament ICT Lunchtime Friday Talk - House of Lords - London - 7 March 2014
Digital Technology and Innovation - Parliament ICT Lunchtime Friday Talk - House of Lords - London - 7 March 2014
Digital Technology and Innovation - Parliament ICT Lunchtime Friday Talk - House of Lords - London - 7 March 2014
Digital Technology and Innovation - Parliament ICT Lunchtime Friday Talk - House of Lords - London - 7 March 2014
Digital Technology and Innovation - Parliament ICT Lunchtime Friday Talk - House of Lords - London - 7 March 2014
Digital Technology and Innovation - Parliament ICT Lunchtime Friday Talk - House of Lords - London - 7 March 2014
Digital Technology and Innovation - Parliament ICT Lunchtime Friday Talk - House of Lords - London - 7 March 2014
Digital Technology and Innovation - Parliament ICT Lunchtime Friday Talk - House of Lords - London - 7 March 2014
Digital Technology and Innovation - Parliament ICT Lunchtime Friday Talk - House of Lords - London - 7 March 2014
Digital Technology and Innovation - Parliament ICT Lunchtime Friday Talk - House of Lords - London - 7 March 2014
Digital Technology and Innovation - Parliament ICT Lunchtime Friday Talk - House of Lords - London - 7 March 2014
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A Perspective on Digital Technology and Innovation given to the Parliament ICT Team - House of Lords - London - 7 March 2014

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  • The Link family firm in Binghamton manufactured keyboard organs (Link Piano and Organ Company), and Ed Link was therefore familiar with such components as leather bellows and reed switches. He was also an amateur pilot, but dissatisfied with the amount of real flight training that was available, he decided to build a ground-based device to provide such training without the restrictions of weather and the availability of aircraft and flight instructors.
  • Digital Technology and Innovation - Parliament ICT Lunchtime Friday Talk - House of Lords - London - 7 March 2014

    1. 1. Parliament ICT Lunchtime Friday House of Lords - London 7 March 2014 Changing Times A Perspective on Digital Technology and Innovation Andy Fawkes
    2. 2. People and Technology
    3. 3. My Background Previously • MoD Simulation Policy • NATO Modelling & Simulation Group Now • Independent Consultancy • Academic Liaison
    4. 4. Outline • Training and Education in Defence – An overview • Simulation and Training – Why Simulation and a bit of History • Games! – How Video Games changed Military Training • Military and Civilian Technology Convergence – Digital Technology Convergence • Humans, Machines and Inbetweenies – New Interactions • So What? – Some ICT Challenges and Opportunities
    5. 5. Defence Training and Education
    6. 6. UK Armed Services (2013/14) • • • • • £33bn pa (4th in World) 152,440 UK Regular Forces personnel 90% Male and 10% Female 7% Black and Minority Ethnic 83% age 39 years old and younger Source – MoD Statistical Release 2014
    7. 7. Military/Civilian Personnel 2014 (215,790) Source – MoD Statistical Release 2014
    8. 8. Nature of Defence Training and Education • Scale - 215,790 Military/Civilian (2013/14) • Depth – eg. Fighter Pilot, Nuclear Reactor Operator • Breadth – eg. Apache Pilot through to Cook • Flexibility – Current and Contingency Operations • High Turnover
    9. 9. Military Training • The Military understands that training and education is fundamental to their endeavour • People are assessed by how well they do in Training • Career progression depends on training and education • Much of military life is spent training and exercising • Lessons Learnt are fed back
    10. 10. Cost of Training and Education in Defence • • • • • Manpower Platforms and Equipment Fuel and Maintenance Training Estate and Establishments Training Systems and Simulators • Approximately 20% of Defence Budget (£7-8bn)
    11. 11. Simulation and Training
    12. 12. What is Simulation? Typically a military training simulation is interactive, with a “human in the loop” eg. a flight simulator or driving simulator Source: Wikipedia; Pictures: Lockheed Martin, Royal Navy, CAE, PA
    13. 13. Benefits of Simulation Improve Training Reduce Time to Train Reduce Costs Reduce Environmental Impact Improve Safety
    14. 14. Military Training
    15. 15. Early Training Technology
    16. 16. 1920s – Edwin A Link (born 1904) • 1920 - First Flying Lesson • 1926 - First Solo Flight • 1929 - First Link Pilot Trainer
    17. 17. 1940s • The Link Trainer came into widespread use during WWII • 10,000 trainers used to improve safety and shorten training time for over 500,000 pilots
    18. 18. Source - The UK Urban Exploitation Forums - Crail Airfield [HMS Jackdaw/HMS Bruce/JSSL]
    19. 19. 1960s/70s
    20. 20. NH90 Helicopter (CAE)
    21. 21. Games! Source – Half life Counter-Strike - http://youtu.be/mex00PAACyk?t=4m13s
    22. 22. Back to 2002
    23. 23. Dismounted Infantry Virtual Environment (DIVE) • • • • MoD Research Project Modified Half Life Counter-Strike (1999) Up to 12 Networked Soldiers Copehill Down Scenario
    24. 24. Operation Flashpoint: Cold War Crisis & VBS (2001) • Op Flashpoint - modern military simulation multi-player game • VBS – based on Op Flashpoint with user-definable mission scenarios, and customized vehicles and equipment.
    25. 25. Some Key Milestones • MoD led a NATO commercial games workshop in the Hague 2004 • Pan-Govt Games Group 2004 • MoD/DTI hosted an “Exploiting Commercial Games For Defence” seminar in June 2005 (170 in attendance) • MoD sets up “Commercial-off-the-Shelf Exploitation” Unit in 2005 (QinetiQ) • Convoy Tactics Trainer deployed 2006 (VBS1)
    26. 26. America's Army Medic Field Training - 2006 http://youtu.be/Pa15cvbMS9Y
    27. 27. Operational Joint Combat Operations Virtual Environment (Op JCOVE) – – – – – Procured as a Service Mobile and deployable capability Mission Specific Training Game-Based Simulation Scenarios including: • CIED drills • Convoy Training Source:- Newman & Spurr
    28. 28. BBC Points West - 2010
    29. 29. Modern Simulation BISim VBS - http://youtu.be/GFrGF54B0r0
    30. 30. Source - Wisconsin National Guard Public Affairs photo by Vaughn R. Larson
    31. 31. Access to Simulation Numbers 1000’s 100’s 10’s 1990 2000 2010
    32. 32. Internet Users (% of the population) 2014 Source – Google/ITU's World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators database 2014
    33. 33. Military & Civilian Technology Convergence? Source:- Aeryon Labs & Amazon
    34. 34. Source - MSE Weibull
    35. 35. Mobile Training
    36. 36. The Rise of the Mobile in Training Source - iPad in Real Life: Erik Hess, F-5N Tiger II Pilot
    37. 37. Augmented Reality – 2008 • US Pilot in US Flight Simulator • UK Soldier on Salisbury Plain with AR Sight • Virtual Bombs landing on Real Terrain Source - QinetiQ
    38. 38. Source – Vogue (Google Glass) Sep 13
    39. 39. Digital and Online Classrooms South Korea 2015 Florida 2015 Stanford University 2012 - 23,000 Graduates
    40. 40. Humans, Machines and Inbetweenies New Interactions Source – Metropolis 1927
    41. 41. Today
    42. 42. Interaction at Distance
    43. 43. Source – Musion
    44. 44. India Nov 2012 - Narendra Modi uses 3D Telecast to Address Audiences in Four Cities http://youtu.be/iCu9GXn5DCk
    45. 45. Wearable Computing, Tracking and Sensors
    46. 46. Source - Wired - May 13 and http://youtu.be/baEYCberLUA
    47. 47. Raytheon's Second-Generation Exoskeleton (XOS 2)
    48. 48. Robotics
    49. 49. Autonomy Simulation
    50. 50. Simroid Dental Training Humanoid Robot Communicates with Trainee Dentists - 2011 http://youtu.be/WhzbFaNueKU
    51. 51. University of Southern California Institute for Creative Technologies - 2013 http://youtu.be/ejczMs6b1Q4
    52. 52. arguing with the robot… University of Manitoba, Winnipeg – 2013 - http://youtu.be/j6dyeuAXb1I
    53. 53. In our Lifetime? • Google Chair Eric Schmidt (6 Mar 14) – “Robots will become omnipresent in our lives in a good way.” – “The biggest thing will be artificial intelligence,”
    54. 54. Diluting the Human Experience? andy.fawkes@thinke.co.uk
    55. 55. So What?
    56. 56. Technology Change
    57. 57. Organisational Realities
    58. 58. Getting it Wrong Photograph: Alamy
    59. 59. Some Innovation Enablers
    60. 60. Looking to the Arts - Minority Report (2002)
    61. 61. Carry out Trials with the User!
    62. 62. Some ICT Challenges and Opportunities • ICT is now much more than Office Applications – eg. Training, Education, Communicating • Balancing User Demands with Enterprise Realities – Early Adopters and the “Race to be Second” • Rate of Technology Change – Humans and Machines and Sensors – Looking to Other Sectors • Engaging People – Looking to Arts and Entertainment • Continuous Cycle – Research – Implement - Evaluate
    63. 63. Source - http://youtu.be/itUMO7VLl0M
    64. 64. Questions? Source – Wikipedia

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