공공참여형GIS: 웹과앱에 활용하기

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공공참혀형GIS: 웹과 앱에 활용하기: 미국 환경단체, 학교, NGO는 위치기반정보를 어떻게 활용하나?

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  • This presentation will describe how local governments have applied internet /intranet technology to successfully achieve the effective use of GIS for local government and broadening GIS Benefits to other organizations in the municipality. We will show a internet GIS application which we developed as a demonstration case for Montgomery township school district.
  • Wells – Test results created for the Burlington County Health Department Geocoding or address matching searches for addresses similar to each other in the well testing data and the parcel data layer. It then places points at those locations with the well information attached Debris mapping done by the Highway Department - Comments were entered as debris was mapped. Later, previously mapped points were identified to prevent duplicate mapping.
  • Human Services Asked specific questions: OFFENSE = THEFT BY UNLAWFUL AND RACE = Caucasian AND GENDER = Male Visualized geographically: Summarized selected records by municipality and joined to municipal boundaries Comparisons: Caucasian vs. black offenses Total of 56 maps for this report
  • This presentation will describe how local governments have applied internet /intranet technology to successfully achieve the effective use of GIS for local government and broadening GIS Benefits to other organizations in the municipality. We will show a internet GIS application which we developed as a demonstration case for Montgomery township school district.
  • YMCA Pioneering Healthier Communities
  • Police Department Was Helping.
  • Volunteers from Rutgers!
  • Volunteers from Rutgers University, University of Miami and other Professionals
  • Volunteers from Rutgers University, University of Miami and other Professionals
  • 공공참여형GIS: 웹과앱에 활용하기

    1. 1. 공공참여형 GIS (Public Participatory GIS) 웹과 앱에 활용하기 미국 환경단체 , 학교 , NGO 는 위치기반정보를 어떻게 활용하나 ? Wansoo Im, Ph.D. VERTICES
    2. 10. Tools USED <ul><li>Google SketchUp </li></ul><ul><li>Google Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Google Maps </li></ul><ul><li>Second Life </li></ul><ul><li>Image and Video Editing </li></ul><ul><li>Other Web-Sources </li></ul>
    3. 11. GIS in Public Participation <ul><li>The ability to produce maps creates tremendous power for community groups through effective visualization </li></ul><ul><li>Maps are attractive, can provide clarification to community problems, and are more likely to draw the attention of important government officials to issues </li></ul><ul><li>(Craig et al. 2002; Seiber et al. 2002; IAPAD 2007) </li></ul>March 2009
    4. 12. Potential Issues of Using GIS <ul><li>Lack of technological expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of awareness of GIS technology </li></ul><ul><li>Out-dated technology </li></ul><ul><li>High costs of development </li></ul><ul><li>Public unaware of GIS services/benefits </li></ul>
    5. 13. Five Components of GIS Source: http://ioc.unesco.org/oceanteacher/OceanTeacher2/02_InfTchSciCmm/01_CmpTch/03_GIS&SDI/01_Fundamentals/Components.html
    6. 14. Five Components of GIS Source: http://ioc.unesco.org/oceanteacher/OceanTeacher2/02_InfTchSciCmm/01_CmpTch/03_GIS&SDI/01_Fundamentals/Components.html
    7. 15. What is happening in GIS? <ul><li>Data exchange and interoperability standards </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of GPS and remote sensing imagery </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile/Wireless communication (two-way communication) </li></ul><ul><li>3D related visualization + 4D GIS </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia embedded GIS </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud Computing (virtualized, scalable, service) </li></ul>
    8. 16. What is happening in GIS? <ul><li>Public participatory GIS (consensus building) & Voluntary GIS </li></ul><ul><li>Collective Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Data ownership and sharing (inter- organizational agreement and governance) </li></ul><ul><li>More wide level of GIS professionals and users </li></ul><ul><li>More demands on GIS data </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing number of GIS (location enabled) applications </li></ul>
    9. 17. Currently Available US Census Google Map GIS Data Layers Community Asset Community Art Transit Property Database Community Health Indicator
    10. 18. Community Portal Development (1 st Phase) Via Interoperability Web Application US Census Homicide Google Map GIS Data Layers Community Asset Community Health Indicator Transit Community Art Property Database
    11. 19. Community Portal Development (2 nd Phase) Via Interoperability Property Database Community Health Indicator Community Asset GIS Data Layers Google Map Community Art US Census Transit Web Application Community Health Indicator Community Asset Google Map US Census Transit
    12. 20. Community Portal Development (3rd Phase) Via Interoperability Property Database Transit US Census Community Art Google Map GIS Data Layers Community Asset Web Application Community Health Indicator Transit US Census Google Map Community Asset
    13. 21. Community Portal Development (3rd Phase) Via Interoperability Property Database Transit US Census Community Art Google Map GIS Data Layers Community Asset Mobile/Web Application Community Health Indicator Transit US Census Google Map Community Asset
    14. 22. What is Happening <ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Interoperability…… </li></ul></ul>
    15. 23. Data Information Knowledge Service Process
    16. 26. GIS Example in Watershed Organizations
    17. 27. What has changed?
    18. 35. Benefits of Google Maps API <ul><li>Time and resources previously necessary to create aerial photos and basic street map layers are eliminated. </li></ul><ul><li>Lower entry barrier to GIS due to time and cost reduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Server requirements for hosting only the community specific data is minimal and performance </li></ul>
    19. 36. Benefits of Google Maps API <ul><li>The application can be easily duplicated for other organizations with similar project scopes. </li></ul><ul><li>People are already familiar with Google Maps. There is less reluctance to using the application and less time required for orientation to the tasks of data entry and upkeep. </li></ul>
    20. 37. IMRivers (Interactive Mapping Rivers) ‏ An Internet Mapping Portal for Watershed Communities
    21. 38. www.IMRivers.com <ul><li>Interactive mapping web portal designed for watershed and river environmental conservation groups </li></ul><ul><li>The project was conceived and developed by several environmental organizations with VERTICES when Dr. Im was invited to present the potential of Google Maps API for watershed organizations at the Alabama River Conference on March 7, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>The initial IMRivers project for Alabama was funded by the World Wildlife Fund via River Network </li></ul>
    22. 71. Lessons… <ul><li>Environmental conservation groups are fully aware of GIS and its potential to achieve their missions, but cost and technical difficulty of traditional GIS poses a barrier to smaller groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Maps API applications enable small non-profit environmental groups to utilizing interactive GIS-like mapping with almost no (or negligible) entry cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Custom applications can be built without any GIS knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Applications can be developed for a specific group by utilizing any existing or publicly available GIS data which can be easily duplicated for other groups </li></ul>
    23. 72. Lessons… <ul><li>Data collected by each member can be shared and utilized by the organization and communicated to government, public entities, and to other watershed organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Data will be geo-tagged automatically and metadata can be entered making it more valuable as a time-stamped and reusable record. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages public participation and education through visual communication of information and allowing them to participate easily in data collection. </li></ul>
    24. 73. Learning Geography by Using Paper Map:
    25. 85. Applying Interactive Maps to the Social Study Curriculum in the School System <ul><li>K,1-2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Helper </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grade 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tour of Montgomery Sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Native Americans in Montgomery Township </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grade 4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>European Explorers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Washington’s Retreat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Map of British Route </li></ul></ul></ul>
    26. 86. Applying Interactive Maps to the Social Study Curriculum in the School System <ul><li>Grade 5 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolution (American History) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pioneers Heading West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oregon Trail </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grade 6 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient Civilization (Pre-History) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egypt </li></ul></ul>
    27. 87. Suggestion from 3 rd Grade Teachers <ul><li>Location of calcite, fluorite, gypsum, hornblende, basalt, sandstone, limestone, marble, granite, feldspar, mica, in Montgomery, Somerset County, New Jersey, US, (zoom in-zoom out) </li></ul><ul><li>Ability for students to input mineral rock types and samples as they travel collecting rock samples. </li></ul><ul><li>Location of caves and sinkholes, fossil locations (Haddonfield, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Link to local geologists that we can email. </li></ul>
    28. 88. Suggestion from 3 rd Grade Teachers <ul><li>Students create an inventory of the Earth materials used in the construction of their home (inside and out) and compare with other classes in other regions of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Topographical maps of the US (zoom in-zoom out) </li></ul><ul><li>Site organized by content (curriculum unit) </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Earth Materials </li></ul>
    29. 89. Suggestion from 3 rd Grade Teachers <ul><li>Students create their own points of interest maps (soccer field, dancing school, home, school, restaurant, religious, Calculate distances between points. </li></ul><ul><li>Students input (or are provided speed limit data) maps and calculate driving time from point to point. </li></ul><ul><li>Bluebird (any bird) sightings from school and at home. </li></ul><ul><li>Types of trees Montgomery, Somerset County, New Jersey, US, (zoom in-zoom out). </li></ul>
    30. 90. Suggestion from 3 rd Grade Teachers <ul><li>Students input data -What’s blooming now at my house (connect with other schools). </li></ul><ul><li>Students input data- Connection between blossoms and sighting of pollinators (bees, butterflies). </li></ul><ul><li>Maps of power outages, power use versus time of day </li></ul><ul><li>Superposition of the Earth materials we study and Native American regions (Desert Southwest, Pacific Northwest, Great Plains, Eastern woodlands. </li></ul>
    31. 91. Suggestion from 3 rd Grade Teachers <ul><li>Water sources (natural and man-made). </li></ul><ul><li>Water source/availability versus Native American settlements. </li></ul><ul><li>Montgomery settlement- Why here? Soil quality, location, climate, ease of travel, water. </li></ul>
    32. 114. www.CenterForCommunityMapping.org <ul><ul><ul><li>Deer Populations and Impact: Project Deer Spotter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GIS in Curriculum Design </li></ul></ul></ul>
    33. 115. Lessons Learned <ul><li>EASY to; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duplicate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Data Validation (Control) </li></ul>
    34. 116. Lessons Learned <ul><li>Education & Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Work with Teachers involved in Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Time and Resource Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Continuation of the Project </li></ul>
    35. 121. <ul><li>In the Spring, we conducted an inventory of 193 intersections in town </li></ul><ul><li>Enormous undertaking, helped by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Volunteer Day grant from McGraw-Hill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The combined effort of over 30 volunteers (including the Mayor!) </li></ul></ul>Intersection Inventory
    36. 124. Safe Routes Map (cont)
    37. 125. Safe Routes Map (cont)
    38. 127. May 30 th , 2009 Woodbridge Township Pioneering Healthy Communities Community Mapping Walkability Audit Safe Routes to School
    39. 147. Community Mapping with Where 2.0 <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul>
    40. 168. Community Portal Development (3rd Phase) Via Interoperability Property Database Transit US Census Community Art Google Map GIS Data Layers Community Asset Mobile/Web Application Community Health Indicator Transit US Census Google Map Community Asset
    41. 169. Data Information Knowledge Service Process
    42. 171. &quot;Connecting People and Connecting Communities&quot;    - Empowering the Public and Communities with GIS Technology -
    43. 175. Wansoo Im, Ph.D. email: im@vertices.com http://www.ilovegeography.com Contact:

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