Rules Of Stress Prefixes And Suffixes

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Rules Of Stress Prefixes And Suffixes

  1. 1. Rules of word stress: prefixes and suffixes <ul><li>Focus: identifying the influence of suffixes on word stress </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 40 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation: give each students a student handout below. Besides, the students should have access to a dictionary that show stress patterns in words </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure: </li></ul><ul><li>Explain that some common word suffixes influence word stress. Some usually cause the syllable before the suffix to be stressed and others don't. Illustrate with: </li></ul><ul><li>O o o O o O o o o O oo </li></ul><ul><li>athlete but athletic infinite but infinity </li></ul><ul><li>(so the suffixes-ic and –ity cause the syllable before the suffix to be stressed) </li></ul><ul><li>O o O o o o </li></ul><ul><li>fashion and fashionable </li></ul><ul><li>(so the suffix-able doesn’t change the stress from that in the ‘root’ word) </li></ul><ul><li>If you feel that your students lack confidence in understanding stress markings in dictionaries, ask them to look up the six words and notes how stress is represented. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Continued <ul><ul><li>2. Give students the handout. Ask them to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Underline the suffixes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Give the ‘root’ word for each (you could just say ‘Find the word these come from’) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Say which ones are like –ic (i.e. the cause the syllable before the suffix to be stressed) and which ones are like-able (i.e. they don’t usually change stress placement). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage students to use their dictionaries, particularly for the last task. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the answers. Finally, say the words aloud, or play the recording, and students repeat. </li></ul></ul>Student handout historical consistency solidify managerial punishment rapidly politeness ability political presidency bottomless beautiful acidify investigation uniformity willingness powerless conservation purposeful government substantial immediately

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