My research experience and some useful adademic material and tips


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My research experience and some useful tips

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My research experience and some useful adademic material and tips

  1. 1. My Research Experience & Some useful Academic Material and Tips ---Any use expected Reporter: Xingang Wang Chinese Academy of Sciences
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Reading and Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Problems and Ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Process </li></ul><ul><li>Checking Dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Editing Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Some books </li></ul>
  3. 3. Reading and Survey <ul><li>Source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Major and Interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Related Conference </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paper Selection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Reading – efficient-reading .pdf </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive reading Many </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Abstract and whole paper </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Area Feeling and interests </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not unique form --- arbitrary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple areas can be involved </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical reading Many </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>problems and area knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Reading and Survey <ul><li>Survey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To my experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Its form varies with different ones, appropriate for ones to </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>record problems </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>record ideas </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tips </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent papers’ discussion or conclusion gives problems Maybe little; worth to deal with </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Problems and Ideas <ul><li>Neglect some “problems” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Little flaws or inconsistency of some works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These ones cannot be solved in a refined way, consequently without a considerably big work. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Try to give outline of solving scheme. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Divide and conquer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refine problems. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not necessary to be good or perfect. Relief self from this. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Problems and Ideas <ul><li>Tip Motivating yourself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Once you get your courage up and believe that you can do important problems, then you can.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“They will go forward under incredible circumstances; they think and continue to think.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note that you want more in research, you can get more, although not the expected. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Writing Process <ul><li>A gradual process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing begins early: record of problems and ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The order that parts are presented is not important. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any time related (things) occur to you, write them down the instant. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When materials you present accumulate to some extent, an overall structure shall be present. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Writing Process <ul><li>A gradual process paper organization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Version control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Just appropriate for presentation, not to block ideas or thoughts; that is, do not let the control take off the time you shall take to present your ideas the instant. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maybe at some point, multiple choices can be given for some sub problem, or modification shall be done, hurry up to the best choice or the modification with a new version. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“Polish and polish” a formed paper 14steps.pdf </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Writing Process <ul><ul><li>Problem Formalization used often, such as based on the structure of graph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To my experience, it is useful to see everything as relationships between entities: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Between/Among elements in a set </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Between/Among sets </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Between elements in a set and other sets </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maybe (partially) based on the formalism or structures of former work (s) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Your Problem becomes one refined from some problem (s) related with the formal structure or the formalism. Mostly, the transformation is the most of your work. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Writing Process <ul><li>Tip Trust yourself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Writing has convention styles that need to be learned.” --- Scientific Writing.pdf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is not something like luck that one succeeds to publish a paper. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good writing takes times. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We believe that once a person becomes totally aware of his goals in wring papers, the quality of the papers he writes (at least as far as form is concerned) will drastically improve. How to write a paper.pdf </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Writing Process <ul><li>Word </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ not to use words if you don’t know what they mean” (WriteThinkLearn.ppt) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ be precise about each word you encounter in your academic reading” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sentence structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The style of elements (A necessary-to-read) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Writing Process <ul><ul><li>Stress position Very Important! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(The science of Scientific Writing. Pdf) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ It is a linguistic commonplace that readers naturally emphasize the material that arrives at the end of a sentence ” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expected: chances increase that the reader and the writer will perceive the same material as being worthy of primary emphasis. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Writing Process <ul><ul><li>Stress position Very Important! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(The science of Scientific Writing. Pdf) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary stress position </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formed by properly using semicolon or colon </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EX. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I think stress position is also related with the other reading customs ; these customs can be shown by the accent training in spoken English . </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Writing Process <ul><ul><li>Stress position Very Important! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(The science of Scientific Writing. Pdf) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Change in size from sentence to sentence” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a single word </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>or even extend to several lines </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ A reader reaches the beginning of a stress position when she knows there is nothing left in the clause or sentence but the materials presently being read.” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Writing Process <ul><ul><li>Stress position Very Important! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(The science of Scientific Writing. Pdf) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Three rhetorical principles” reader expectation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ grammatical subjects should be followed as soon as possible by their verb” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ every unit of discourse, no matter the size, should serve a single function or make a single point” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ information intended to be emphasized should appear at points of syntactic closure” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Writing Process <ul><ul><li>Some materials about standard parts of papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Abstract + Introduction + Mainbody + Conclusion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>related work related work </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>14steps.pdf </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to write the introduction. doc </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Writing Process <ul><ul><li>materials about standard parts of papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ask yourself: &quot;Can the reader understand every passage strictly from material up to that point?&quot; If not, add material or remove ideas around. Make sure there are not gaps in your logic arguments, and make sure that you are implicitly assuming that the reader understands something needed to follow your arguments, even though you have not stated it. The reader probably understand less than you think. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure that at each stage the reader has a road map of where he or she is going. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The reader must be able to see the big picture. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Check each paragraph for unity. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Writing Process <ul><ul><li>Some materials about standard parts of papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“Can the reader understand the gist of your paper by reading only the introduction and the conclusion. If not, rewrite them.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Difference between introduction and conclusion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“when you write the conclusion, have you merely restated what you said in the introduction? If so, think how you might present it somewhat differently in the light of the supporting evidence in the main body.” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Paper improved with reviewers expectation from a paper in consideration <ul><li>Following the suggestion given by a JMEMS editor to greatly reduce the risk of devastating negative result from the review process. How to avoid the reviewers’ axe .pdf </li></ul><ul><li>The suggestion is based on a premise that there are certain things rightfully angering reviewers, and once angered, the reviewers become both negative and aggressive in their judgments. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Paper improved with reviewers expectation from a paper in consideration <ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Believability Index Rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Material, more definite, more believable, more chosen to be put ahead; indefinite material or discussion to be put behind </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Check Dictionaries <ul><li>My Way </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Merriam-Webster Classic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collins English Usage and Examples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>While Writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  Merriam-Webster + Collins </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google the phrase you want to use </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Editing Tools <ul><li>I prefer latex to word </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The latter might affect your thinking in a not good way. For example: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In writing formulas, you have to use mathtype or other tools; for each formula, you have to change from keyboard to mouse, and then back; when you present materials with much formula density, you are badly affected. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To my experience, one can give material of issues in a much easier way by using latex than by using word. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Material links <ul><li>Links Portal </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  24. 24. Some books <ul><li>Two commonly suggested classic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>William Strunk, Jr. : The elements of style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mary-Claire: A Handbook for Scholars (hard to get one) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knuth’s mathematical writing presented of Mary-Claire and some words in the handbook </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Writing for computer science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to give elements of a paper in a normal way. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Words, sentences, paragraphs, algorithms, figures and tables, and etc. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Acknowledgements <ul><li>Thanks! </li></ul>