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Women in islam - ඉස්ලාමයේ කාන්තාව

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ඉස්ලාමයේ කාන්තාව
-පවත්නා ආකල්පයෙන් ඔබ්බට ගොස් දර්ශණයකින්-

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Women in islam - ඉස්ලාමයේ කාන්තාව

  1. 1. m;a ù we;af;a" ksjfia§ yd fiajd ia:dkj, ,sx.sl wmpdrj,go msßñ yd ldka;djkag wod, wdpdrO¾u ,lafjñks tfy;a mjqf,a kv;a;=jg wef.ka ,efnkakd jQ yd iïnkaO kS;sÍ;s odhl;ajh Tjqkaf.au ixialD;sh ;=, meiiqug ,la fkdùu lK.dgqjg lreKls bia,duh ldka;djg Wiia wOHdmkh ,nd iudcfha yd mjq,a ixia:dfõ iodpdrh /l .ekSug" .ekSug;a" ish uQ,sl j.lSï bgqlsÍfuka wk;=rej" iudcfhauqia,sï ldka;djkag yd msßñkag iuyr wdpdrO¾u yd kS;sÍ;s m%fhdackh Wfoid lghq;= lsÍug;a wjldYh i,id § we; uqia,sïbia,duh mkjd we;s w;r" we;eï úg ngysr cd;slhskag th ldka;djla Wmhk oE wE i;=jk w;r" mjqf,a kv;a;=jg wjYHmSvkhla f,i fmfkkq we; fomsßig wdl¾YKSh nfjka f;dr" úhoï oeÍu mqreIhskaf.a j.lSfïu mj;shsisrerg ;o fkdjk we÷ï we¢h hq;= w;r" úreoaO ,sx.slhskaiuÕ wiïu; yeisÍïj, ksr; ùug we;s wjia:djka je<elaúh bia,dufha újdyhhq;=h wêl wdl¾IKhlska hq;= fyhska" ldka;djka ;u ysiowdjrKh lsÍu wksjd¾H fõ ksjiska neyerj hk úg fuh ish orejkaag iqÿiq iylrefjla fyda iyldßhlawksjd¾H jkafka ldka;djf.a f.!rjh /l .ekSu Wfoidh wo fidhd§u foudmshkaf.a j.lSu jk w;r" újdy jk fofokdgu"iudcfha fj<| NdKavhla yd wiNH f,iska ldka;dj fhdodf.k thg tlÕùug fyda m%;slafIam lsÍfï iïmQ¾K ksoyi ;sfí ish;sîu fya;=fjka" Tjqka ,sx.sl wmpdrj,g ,lajkjd muKla leue;af;ka f;drj újdy jQ we;eï ;reKshkag tu újdyfhkafkdj Tjqkaf.a mjq,a Ôú; wvmK ù wdOHd;añl Ôú;h ksudj ñ§ug kì ;=udKka wjir ÿkafkahoel ;sîu lK.dgqjg lreKls wdorh yd lreKdj fukau wfkHdkH wjfndaOh u; bia,duh j;auka ldka;djkag mjikafka l=ulao@ mokï jQ iïnkaO;djhla f,i bia,duh wUq-ieñ iïnkaO;djh ú.%y lrhs w,al=¾wdkfha fufia i|yka fjhs( Tyqf.a i<l=Kq w;r Tng Tn ;=<skau iyldßhla ldka;djka ;u ia;%SNdjh wf.a lrñka" f.!rjkSh ueõfõh ta Tjqka u; idufha /£ bkakg" ^tfukau& Tyq Tn,dÔú;hla .; lsÍug leue;af;ka" Wiia pß;hlg ysñlï w;r ^yoj;a ;=<& tlsfkld flfrys wdorh yd lreKdj we;slshkakg iQodkñka" mjq,a ixia:dj fkdi,ld fkdyer hym;a lf<ah Ñka;khg bv fokakkag tys i,l=Kq we;¶wdOHd;añl Ôú;hla yd iunr f,!lsl Ôú;hlg m%sh lrkafkakï wehg ysñ tlu u. fmkaùu bia,duhhs ia:djr yd wdorfhka hq;a mjq,la f.dvke.Sfï j.lSu ieñhd yd ìß| hk fofokd i;=ju mj;shs mjqf,a uQ,sl;ajh ldka;djf.a whs;sjdislï" hq;=lï yd wef.a odhl;ajh ork iajdñhd i;=j ;SrKh .ekSfï whs;sh ;sfnk w;r" ta i|yd ìß|f.a woyia úuiSu" wef.a woyiaj,g ijka§uo Tyq úiska l, fmr i|yka jQ l=¾wdkSh mdGfha mejfik wdldrhg hq;=h wd.ñl kS;shg mgyeks fohla lrkakg wK fkdlrk ;=re"ldka;djg wdOHd;añl jYfhka msßñka yd iu;ekla ,efnk ìß| Tyqg iydh oelaùu wjYH jkafkah fï i|yd fofokduw;r" wd.ñl hq;=lïo fomsßigu iudk fõ fuh b;d jeo.;a wjfndaOfhka" tlsfkldg ysñ f.!rjh ,nd foñka" lreKdfjkalreKla jkafka" uqia,sïjreka foúhkag fiajh lsÍu" Tjqkaf.a lemùfuka lghq;= l< hq;=hm<uqyïuoa ;=ud hq;=lu f,i i,lk ksid;a" fuf,dj Ôú;h;djld,sl tlla jk w;r" mrf,dj Ôú;h ;SrKh lrkakd jQ bia,dufha nyqNd¾Hd ixl,amhmÍlaIKhla f,i olsk ksid;ah tfyhska mrf,dj Ôú;hwruqKq lr .kakd jQ uqia,sïjrfhl=g fuf,dj Ôú;fha Okh"n,h" m%isoaêh .ek t;rï ;elSula ke; Y=oaO jQ w,al=¾wdkh uqia,sï msßñkag ldka;djka y;r fofkl= yd újdy ùugfuf,dj Ôú;h .ek ú.%y lrkafka flá yd wia:djr ;ekla wkque;sh we;s nj wm fndfyda fokd okakd lreKls tfy;a tf,if,ihs we;a; jYfhkau jeo.;a jkafka wmf.a pß;h" wka wh újdy jk l, ish¨u yd Nd¾Hdjkag tl yd iudkj ie,lSuiuÕ yeisfrk wdldrh yd foúhkaf.a odhdohka m%fhdackhg w;HjYH nj;a" ldka;djlg ish ieñhd fojk újdyhla.kakd wdldrhhs ta i|yd mjq,a ixia:dj i;=j jeo.;a lr.;af;a kï Èlalido ùfï fldkafoaishla újdy .súiqfï i|ykald¾HNdrhla ;sfnk w;r" ia:djr mjq,l" hym;a wdldrfhka lsÍug whs;shla ;sfnk nj;a fndfyda fokd fkdoks;syefok jefvk orejka" O¾ufha moku jk úYajdih tawdldrfhkau B<Õ mrïmrdjg /f.k hk Ndrlrejkah m%isoaO iEu iudchlu msßñka yd ldka;djka w;r wh:dwrdì m%ia:dmsre<l fufia i|yka fjhs iïnkaO;d" .Ksld fiajkh jeks foa mj;shs th iudcfha uEKshka jQ l,S tla mdGYd,djls¶ meje;aug ydkslr ksid fukau" ldka;djkaj yd <uhskaj whq;= f,i fhdod.ekSu je<elaùug" bia,duh fujeks nyqNd¾Hd kS;shla bia,dóh ixl,amhg wkqj" ujg ksjfia j.lSu Ndrj ilid we; ìß|g orefjl= m%iQ; lsÍug fkdyels kï" weh iqj;sfnk w;r" mjq, kv;a;= lsÍug wjYH wd¾Ól miqìu ieliSu l< fkdyels frda.hlska fmf<hs kï" hqoaO ksid fyda fjk;a fya;= ksid jekaoUqjka yd wkd:hska isáhs kï fyda wid¾:l újdy WORLD ASSEMBLY OF MUSLIM YOUTHmshdf.a j.lSu jqjo" ud;D;ajh yd .Dy md,kh fkdjeo.;af,i fyda wvq l=i,a ysñ l%shdjka f,i fyda bia,duh ms<sfkd.kshs Ôú;hla yuqfõ;a ta újdyfhau /£ isàug Nd¾Hdjg wjYH kï" SRI LANKA OFFICEwe;a; jYfhkau ud;D;ajh i;=j iudcfha k.d isgqùug jeo.;a nyq Nd¾Hd ixl,amh fïjdg úi÷ulsodhl;ajhla we;af;a" mjq,a ixia:djl ia:djrlsh yd hym;a 658/83-1/1, Mahawila Gardens, Colombo-09orejka yod jvd .ekSfï uyÕ= j.lSu weh i;=jk ksidh mjqf,a uqyïuoa ;=ud m%:ufhka újdy jQ" l§cd ;=ñh iuÕ jir Tel: 0114616652 Fax:0112688606kv;a;=jg uqo,a bmehSu i|yd ldka;dj fhduq ùu ud;D;ajfha 25l újdy Ôú;hla f.jQ w;r" tu ld,h ;=< fjk;a újdyhla Email: wamy-lanka@sltnet.lkienE j.lSï .s,syS hdug fya;=jk w;r" ta fya;=fjka mjq,a lr.;af;a ke; wef.a wNdjfhka miq úúO fya;+ka ksid ldka;djka lssysm fofkl= újdy lr .;af;ah t;=udf.a mjq,a ixia:dj" wdorh" Website: www.wamysrilanka.comixia:dfõ ia:djrnj wysñ fjhs ngysr rgj,aj, ldka;djkaud;D;ajh ms<sn| ixl,amfhka wE;a ù uqo,a Wmhk hka;% njg lreKdj" f.!rjh yd lemùu u; f.dvke.=Kls 4 5
  2. 2. uqia,sï ldka;djka .ek ys;k l, Tng fudkjo fmdfrdkaÿ ù we; Tjqka tys iodl,a Ôj;a fj;s tys fiiq O¾uhkays ldka;djg ysñ ;ekyefÕkafka@ .=ma; ;srhlg uqjd jQ" mqreI mlaIfha mSvdjg WoHdkj, we;s w,xldrj;a ukaÈr iodld,slj i;=glskaf.dÿre jQ" ngysr f,dalfhka ;u ksoyi yd uqojd .ekSula hq;=h w,a,dyaf.a i;=gg Ndckh ùu Bg jvd Wiia jk fmr lS foaj O¾uh th my< jQ jljdkqfõ wrdìn,dfmdfrd;a;=fjka isákakshlao@ Tng uqia,sï iudch yd w;r" thu úch.%yKh fõ¶ yd wrdì fkdjk ckhdg uyÕ= úma,jhla úh uqia,sïne£ula fkdue;s kï uqia,sï ldka;dj .ek Tng ^w,al=¾wdka 91(71-72& orejkag ish ujf.a fomd uq, iaj¾.h ;sfnk nj bia,duh,efnkqfha udOH úiska m%p,s; l<d jQo" ienE ;;ajfhka mjik l," Ökfha lka*QIia o¾YKfhka ldka;djg m<uqjfndfyda ÿria jQo" RKd;aul m%;srejls tu m%pdrhka - "we;a; jYfhkau w,a,dyag hgy;a my;a jQ ish mshdg;a" wk;=rej iajdñ mqreIhdg;a" Tyqf.a úfhdafjkawêl msßila wdl¾IKh lr .ekSu" ksIamdok wf,úh msßñka yd ldka;djkao" úYajdijka; msßñka yd ldka;djkao" miq mq;dg;a wjk; jk f,i mjid we; ldka;djkafyda foaYmd,k mlaImd;S nj wruqKq lrf.k ie,iqï l< wjk; jk msßñka yd ldka;djkao" i;H l:d lrkakd jQ iajdêm;Hhg kqiqÿiq nj;a" iajNdjfhkau ÿ¾j, nj;a"tajdh msßñka yd ldka;djkao" bjis,sjka; msßñka yd ldka;djkao" myiqfjkau fkdu. hk nj;a" wkqjKlaldr nj;a yskaÿ Nla;su;a yd ksy;udkS msßñka yd ldka;djkao" oka fokakd oyfï u;hhs l,la hqfoõ yd l%sia;shdksjreka ldka;dj foi we;af;kau ke; tfyu wdl,amhla ;sfhkafka ne¨fõ udkj j¾.hdf.a msßySug fya;=j f,ihs Timaùu yduqia,sï ldka;djg bia,dï O¾ufhka ysñ jk ;ek .ek jQ msßñka yd ldka;djkao" Wmjdifha fhfok msßñka yd ldka;djkao" ;u mú;%;dj /l.kakd jQ msßñka yd ore m%iQ;sh foaj Ydmhla ksid isÿjk nj Tjqka úYajdi lr;swjfndaOhla ke;s ksihs ldka;djkao" w,a,dyaj ks;ru isysm;a lrk msßñka yd ldka;djkao" Tjqkg w,a,dya CIudj yd Wiia jQ §ukdjka uqyïuoa ;=udf.ka jir oyilg miq 1586§" m%xY uq ¿ f,da l ck.yKfhka 20-25]la lf;da,sljre" ldka;djg wd;auhla ;sfío keoao hkak .ekuqia,sïjrekah ta jf.au hqfrdamfha fojk m%Odk wd.u" ilid we;¶ ^w,al=¾wdka 33(35& jdo l<y we;eï l%sia;shdksjre hlaIhska wdfõI ù we;ehsbia,dï O¾uhhs tfukau hqfrdamfha yd weußldfõ ldka;djkaj mKmsáka mq¿iaid oeuQy hqfrdamfha újdylbia,duh je<| .kakd whf.ka jeä fofkl= ldka;djka ldka;djg foam< whs;sh yd Èlalido ùfï whs;sh oykujknj Tn okakjdo@ tfukau ngysr rgj,aj, ldka;djka n,h fjkqfjka msßñka yd ldka;djka b;sydi.; Y;j¾Ih jk;=re ,nd.; fkdyels úh tjeks ;;ajhla u;"mSvkhg ,la jQ msßila f,iska Tjqkg uqia,sï ldka;djka .egqul ksr; ùula bia,dufha ke; ta fomsßif.au hqla;sh fidhd Tjqka igka lsÍug fm<öu mqÿuhla fkdfõwkqlïmd iy.; jk nj Tn okakjdo@ ngysr rgj,a odhl;ajh w;HjYHhfj; hk uqia,sï ldka;djka ;u wkkH;djh /l Y=oaO jQ w,al=¾wdkh fufia mjihs bia,dufha iudc l%uh óg jvd fjkia uqyqKqjrla.kakg;a ;u orejkag th ,nd§ug;a W;aiql jkafka wehs .kshs jvd;a id¾:l iudc m%;sixialrKhla f.k wdoehs Tn is;d ne¨fõo@ iuyr udOHj,ska m%p,s; "ñksiqks" tlu flfkl=f.ka Tnj ueõjd jQ uqyïuoa ;=udKka" mSä;" ÿ¾j, ckhdf.a whs;sjdislï Tjqkglrkakdla fuka" bia,dï O¾uh ldka;djg whqla;shla w,a,dyag ìh jkak ^Tyq& thska ^Tfí& iyldßh uejQ w;r" ,nd§ug iu;a úh ldka;dj iïnkaOfhka we;s w,al=¾wdkfhalrñka wehj mSvdjg ,la lrkafka kï" bka ñ§ hEu Tjqka fofokdf.ka ldka;djka yd msßñka úYd, msßila ìys jdlHhka tajd my< jQ jljdkqfõ ldka;djkaf.a whs;sjdislïisÿúh hq;= kuq;a" Bg m%;súreoaOj bia,dï O¾uh fj;g jQy ^uq¿ f,dalfhau& Tn Tfí whs;sjdislï wheÈkakd jQ ,nd §ug fukau" iudc l%uh yev .eiaùugo mokï úhTjqka wdl¾IKh fjkafka wehs oehs fudfyd;lg is;d w,a,dyag ìh jkak Tnj ìys l< .¾NdIhg ^ujg& foam< iïnkaO whs;sjdislïo" újdyh" Èlalidoh fukaune¨fõo@ ìhjkak w,a,dya ks;ru Tnj n,d isákafkah¶ wOHdmkh ,nd .ekSug;a Tjqkg ysñ whs;sjdislï tf,iskau ysñúh ^w,al=¾wdka 4(1& iudcfha mj;akd taldldÍ wdl,amfhka Tíng ixj¾Okh fjñka mj;sk rgj,aj," mSvkhg ,laùf.dia kQ;k hq.fha W.;a ldka;djg bia,duh ,ndfok "Tnf.ka we;euqkag w,a,dya w+êlj ,nd ÿka oE isák ldka;djka fuka fkdj" bia,duh wdrïNl hq.fha;ek;a" úúO iudc uÜgïj, fndfyda ldka;djka yd .ek wdYd fkdlrkak mqreIhskag Tjqka Wmhd.;a fohskao" ldka;djka ish wOHdmkh yd ksmqK;ajhka fya;=fjkamsßñkao bia,duh ms<s.ekSug fya;=jka uola úuid n,uq ldka;djkag Tjqka Wmhd.;a fohskao" fldgila fjhs tfy;a meiiqug ,la jQy uqyïuoa ;=udKka m%ldY l, mßÈ oekqu fi!Nd.Hh w,a,dyaf.ka wheÈkak we;a; jYfhkau ,eîu ish¨u uqia,sïjrekaf.a hq;=luls¶ t;=udKkaf.a ìß| Y=oaO jQ w,al=¾wdkfha yd uqyïuoa ;=udf.a y§ia¶ w,a,dya i;=j ish¨ fofhys oekqu ;sfnkafkah¶ wdhsId ;=ñh ^wehg w,a,dyaf.a ohdj w;afõjd& kì ;=udf.a^t;=udf.a m%ldY" l%shd yd wkqu; l< oE& j, ldka;dj ^w,al=¾wdka 4(32& m%ldYhka oyia .Kkska OdrKh fldg B<Õ mrïmrdjg.ek Okd;aul úia;rhla wvx.= fõ ldka;djkag ksis ;ek ;s<sK l< fY%aIaG ldka;djls lsú¢hla jQ weh fjo yd,nd foñka" ks;ru msßñka iuÕ iómj i|yka jk yd foúhkaf.ka ,enqKq W;=ï jQ O¾uh ish Ôú; bia,dóh kS;sh hkd§ lafIa;%hkayso .eUqre oekqula ;snqKqúYajdifha iylrejka yd ñ;%hska f,i ldka;djka .ek ld,h ;=, l%shd;aul l, uqyïuoa ;=udKkaf.a ^t;=udg ;eke;a;shls ish fm!oa.,sl .=Kdx. ;=<ska hym;ai|yka jk tlu O¾u .%ka:h Y=oaO jQ w,al=¾wdkhhs iduh w;afõjd& Ôú;h ieugu wdo¾Yhls t;=udKka fm!reI;ajhla fyn jQ ;eke;a;shls kì ;=udKkaf.a ldka;djkag isÿjk ish¨ wmrdO fy,d ÿqgq w;r" Tjqka u; wNdjfhka miq weh hqoaOhl kdhl;ajh oeÍu .eko fï tjeks WodyrK lsysmhla n,h whq;= f,i fhdod .ekSug úreoaO úh msßñka yd ljqre;a úreoaO;ajh m< lf<a ke; uOHu hq.fha fndfyda ldka;djkaf.ka ;uka hgf;a issák wh .ek w,a,dya m%Yak ldka;djka W.;a yd wd.ñl n,;, ysñ wh f,i "úYajdijka; msßñka yd ldka;djka" ñ;=rka lrkq we;ehs mejiSh ;jo" t;=udf.ka fufia mejiSh f.!rjmQ¾jlj iudch úiska ms<s.kq ,eìKs tfyhskaf,iska tlsfkldj wdrlaId lr;s ksjerÈ foa lsÍug;a" bia,dï O¾uh l%shd;aul lsÍfuka" Tjqka ;ukag ysñ ;ek ,ndjrÈka ñ§ug;a fmd<Uj;s i,d;h ^keuÿï& bgqlr;s "lsisÿ uqia,sïjrfhla" uqia,sï ldka;djla .ek .ekSug W;aiql lrkjd ñi" we;eï wka wd.ïj, jQjd fukaild;a ^jd¾Isl oka§u& ,nd fo;s Tjqka w,a,dyag yd whym;a yeÕSula we;s lr fkd.; hq;=hs wE ;=< Tyq th m%;sixialrKh lsÍug bÈßm;a fkdfj;s bia,duhg fmrTyqf.a ¥;hdg wjk; fj;s Tjqkg w,a,dya lreKdnr ms<sl=,a lrk tla .=Kdx.hla we;akï Tyq m%sh lrk ;j;a yd wo uqia,sï ldka;djg ;ukag ysñ whs;sjdislï N=la;sfjhs we;a; jYfhkau w,a,dya Yla;sjka;hdh .=Kdx.hla wef.ka olskq we; úYajdijka;hska w;r ú£ug fkdyels tlu ndOdj" bia,dóh fkdjk ixialD;Ska ydm%{djka;hdh úYajdijka; msßñka yd ldka;djkag isß;a úß;aj, n,mEu" wd.ñl oekqu uÈlu yd fyd|u ;eke;a;d" ish ìß|g yd mjqf,a whg fyd¢ka iajNdjfhkau ñksid i;= whym;a me;slv biau;= fjhsw,a,dya" my<ska .x.d .,kakd jQ iaj¾.h ,ndfok njg i,lkakdh¶ 1 2 3

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