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1
Trends in Sensors,
Wearable Devices and
Internet of Things
Walt Maclay
President,
Voler Systems – Product Development
ww...
2www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
•  Trends
•  Examples of Sensors and
Applications
•  Sensor Innovation
•  Current Chall...
3
Growing Markets
1.  Wearable Devices
2.  Internet of Things (IoT)
3.  Digital & Home Health
•  This Talk: My Perspective...
4
Huge Market Potential
•  Market for Wearable Devices = 300 million
People over 5 Years Old in U.S.
•  Market for Home He...
5
Future of Wearable Devices
•  It’s Just a Fad
w  No One in Kansas will Ever use this Stuff
•  Explosive Growth is Almos...
6
Home Health and
Wearable Device Innovation
www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
Scanadu
Tricorder
Fit Bit
Activity Monitor
...
7
Evolutionary Change in
Wearable Devices
•  Successful Wearable Devices Now
w  Jewelry
w  Wrist Watches – 1 Billion Sol...
8
Future Wearable Devices
•  Will There be a New Class of Device?
•  Will Google Glass Succeed?
www.volersystems.com 408-2...
9
Future Of Home Health
•  Device For The Aging
w  Aging Population
w  Desire to Age In Place
w  Baby Boomers Familiar ...
10
Home Health Monitoring
•  Huge Potential Benefit
•  Worldwide in 2025*
•  $15 Trillion cost of treating chronic disease...
11
Existing Home Health
www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
Live!y – elder monitor
12
Future Home Health
•  Better Function
w  Smart Fall Monitors for Elderly
w  Better Passive Activity Tracking – Is Mom...
13www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
•  Trends
•  Examples of Sensors and
Applications
•  Sensor Innovation
•  Current Chal...
14
Sensor and Device Examples
www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
Scanadu
Tricorder
PuraCath
Catheter Serilizer
Active Mind
...
15
Example: Activity Monitor
•  Sensor: Accelerometer
•  Senses Each Step
•  App Converts Steps into
Calories Burned
•  Tr...
16
Example: “Tricoder”
•  Temperature Sensing
•  Heart Rate Sensing
•  ECG
w Heart Rate Variability
w Pulse Wave Transit...
17
Example: Home Dialysis
•  Ultraviolet Light Sterilization of
Connections
•  Connects Implanted Peritoneal Dialysis
Tube...
18
Example: Golf Game Tracking
•  Sensors
w GPS
w Accelerometer
w NFC
•  Records Swings
•  Records Travel of Ball
•  Co...
19www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
•  Trends
•  Examples of Sensors and
Applications
•  Sensor Innovation
•  Current Chal...
20
Sensors Critical To Advances
www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
21
•  Growth Of Sensors And Electronics
w Miniaturization
w Lower Cost
w Smarter Systems
•  Advances Create New Markets...
22
•  Automobiles
w  Since 1980s
w  Cars Are Now Full of Sensors
•  Smart Phones
w  Last Few Years
w  Smart Phones Mak...
23
Common Sensors Now
•  Temperature
•  Pressure
•  Vibration / Acceleration
•  Gyroscope
•  Magnetometer
•  Flow
•  Visio...
24
Future Of Sensors
www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
•  Chemical Sensors
•  Gene Detection Chips – Getting Better
•  Lab...
25
Fiber Optic Sensors
•  Advantages
w  Safe – No Wires to Sensor
w  Small – 0.25 mm Diameter
w  Operate in Harsh Envir...
26www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
•  Trends
•  Examples of Sensors and
Applications
•  Sensor Innovation
•  Current Chal...
27
Current Challenges
•  Wearables – Batteries a Major Limitation
•  Limitations in Sensors
•  Complex Needs of the Elderl...
28
Battery Limitations in Wearables
•  Slow Pace of Improvement
If Improved Like Semiconductors:
Size of a Pin Head, Could...
29
Limitations In Sensors
•  Low Cost Devices are Not as Accurate
w Non-linearity and Offset Errors
w Calibration or Aut...
30
Complex Needs of the Elderly
•  Who Will Pay? - Often the Children
•  Stigma - I’m Not Sick –Make It Pretty or Cool
•  ...
31
Adoption by Healthcare Providers
•  What is the Standard of Care?
•  How Do We Change It?
•  How to Avoid Adoption of T...
32
Adoption by Doctors
•  Must Improve Outcomes and/or Make Doctors’
Lives Easier
•  Consider Two Medical Innovations of 1...
33
Islands of Data
•  Devices Collect Isolated Data
•  How to get it to the Doctor?
•  How to Collect from Many Devices?
•...
34
Are You Making a Medical Device?
•  Cell Phone App Can Be A Medical Device
w FDA Issued Guidelines for Mobile Apps in
...
35
Are These Medical Devices?
www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
Nike Fuelband
NO
Live!y – elder monitor
NO
Scanadu
YES
The...
36
Regulations are Out of Date
•  HIPAA
w Is There a Legal Way to Solve Islands of Data?
•  What Is a Medical Device?
w ...
37
Home Health and
Wearable Device Innovation
www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
Scanadu
Tricorder
Fit Bit
Activity Monitor...
38www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
Walt Maclay, Voler Systems
Walt@volersystems.com
Quality Electronic Design & Software
...
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Trends in Sensors, Wearable Devices and IoT

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Today, it is all about being connected and staying connected. Low-cost sensors are revolutionizing medical, home health and wearable devices, as well as other internet of things gadgets. Walt Maclay explains how these smart devices are benefiting from the ongoing development of low-cost high-volume sensors. Whether it is temperature, pressure, vibration, acceleration, flow, sound or vision, it is all about sensors. They are critical to many advances and to the rapid innovation we are seeing today. In this video, Walt Maclay presents the latest trends and challenges he sees for sensors, wearable devices and IoT.

Published in: Engineering
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Trends in Sensors, Wearable Devices and IoT

  1. 1. 1 Trends in Sensors, Wearable Devices and Internet of Things Walt Maclay President, Voler Systems – Product Development www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  2. 2. 2www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 •  Trends •  Examples of Sensors and Applications •  Sensor Innovation •  Current Challenges Agenda
  3. 3. 3 Growing Markets 1.  Wearable Devices 2.  Internet of Things (IoT) 3.  Digital & Home Health •  This Talk: My Perspectives from What People are Designing and Investing In •  Many Devices Not Medical (FDA Regulated) •  Low Investment in Medical Devices for Healthcare Providers www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  4. 4. 4 Huge Market Potential •  Market for Wearable Devices = 300 million People over 5 Years Old in U.S. •  Market for Home Health = 115 million Households in U.S. •  Market for the Aging = 40 million Over 65 in U.S. www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  5. 5. 5 Future of Wearable Devices •  It’s Just a Fad w  No One in Kansas will Ever use this Stuff •  Explosive Growth is Almost Here w  A Killer App will make Wearables Mainstream •  Evolutionary Change w  Wearables are Well Adopted §  Jewelry, Watches, Eyeglasses, Hearing Aides, Smart Phones w  Changes Will Make Them Better w  Interconnected Data Will Make Them Smarter www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  6. 6. 6 Home Health and Wearable Device Innovation www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 Scanadu Tricorder Fit Bit Activity Monitor Pebble Smart Watch Google Smart Glasses Sonitus in the Mouth Hearing Aid DetectionActivity TrackerWatch Eyeglasses Hearing Aid
  7. 7. 7 Evolutionary Change in Wearable Devices •  Successful Wearable Devices Now w  Jewelry w  Wrist Watches – 1 Billion Sold Each Year Worldwide w  Eyeglasses w  Hearing Aides w  Smart Phones (Wearable?) •  What Makes These Successful? w  Beautiful or Inobtrusive w  Functional www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  8. 8. 8 Future Wearable Devices •  Will There be a New Class of Device? •  Will Google Glass Succeed? www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  9. 9. 9 Future Of Home Health •  Device For The Aging w  Aging Population w  Desire to Age In Place w  Baby Boomers Familiar with Electronics •  Lower Cost Distribution - Hearing Aids in Walmart •  Better Ways Of Doing Things - Tricorder •  Many Devices Will Not Be Medical Devices •  Remote Monitoring To Healthcare Provider w  Proven To Lower Cost and Improve Outcomes By Veterans Administration www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  10. 10. 10 Home Health Monitoring •  Huge Potential Benefit •  Worldwide in 2025* •  $15 Trillion cost of treating chronic disease w  10% to 20% cost reduction in 2025 through remote health monitoring •  50 million nurses for inpatient monitoring w  ½ to 1 hour per day saved for each nurse through remote health monitoring *McKinsey Global Institute analysis, May 2013 www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  11. 11. 11 Existing Home Health www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 Live!y – elder monitor
  12. 12. 12 Future Home Health •  Better Function w  Smart Fall Monitors for Elderly w  Better Passive Activity Tracking – Is Mom OK? §  Alzheimer’s Tracking w  Better Medication Adherence Monitoring •  Medical Sensors in Smart Phones Will Lead to: w  More Medical Apps •  Remote Health Monitoring – Growing •  Implanted Sensors – for Hearing, Now Available www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  13. 13. 13www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 •  Trends •  Examples of Sensors and Applications •  Sensor Innovation •  Current Challenges Agenda
  14. 14. 14 Sensor and Device Examples www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 Scanadu Tricorder PuraCath Catheter Serilizer Active Mind Golf Game Tracker Fit Bit Activity Monitor
  15. 15. 15 Example: Activity Monitor •  Sensor: Accelerometer •  Senses Each Step •  App Converts Steps into Calories Burned •  Tracks Quality of Sleep www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 Fit Bit
  16. 16. 16 Example: “Tricoder” •  Temperature Sensing •  Heart Rate Sensing •  ECG w Heart Rate Variability w Pulse Wave Transit Time (Blood Pressure) •  Oximetry (Blood Oxygen Level) •  Urine Analysis •  Stress www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 Scanadu
  17. 17. 17 Example: Home Dialysis •  Ultraviolet Light Sterilization of Connections •  Connects Implanted Peritoneal Dialysis Tube to Dialysate Bag and Drain Bag •  Sensors w UV Light w Enclosure Open www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 PuraCath
  18. 18. 18 Example: Golf Game Tracking •  Sensors w GPS w Accelerometer w NFC •  Records Swings •  Records Travel of Ball •  Complete Record of Game on Map of Golf Course www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 Active Mind
  19. 19. 19www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 •  Trends •  Examples of Sensors and Applications •  Sensor Innovation •  Current Challenges Agenda
  20. 20. 20 Sensors Critical To Advances www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  21. 21. 21 •  Growth Of Sensors And Electronics w Miniaturization w Lower Cost w Smarter Systems •  Advances Create New Markets Which Drives More Sensor Innovation Rapid Innovation In Sensors www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  22. 22. 22 •  Automobiles w  Since 1980s w  Cars Are Now Full of Sensors •  Smart Phones w  Last Few Years w  Smart Phones Make Sensors Wearable •  Future Market Driver For Sensors w  Home Health w  Wearable Devices w  Internet of Things Market Drivers for Sensors www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  23. 23. 23 Common Sensors Now •  Temperature •  Pressure •  Vibration / Acceleration •  Gyroscope •  Magnetometer •  Flow •  Vision, Microphones, Photodetectors •  Combination: Accelerometer, Gyroscope, and Magnetometer On A Chip www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  24. 24. 24 Future Of Sensors www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 •  Chemical Sensors •  Gene Detection Chips – Getting Better •  Lab on a Chip – for Fluids •  Paper Based - Disposable •  Fiber Optic Sensors •  Pressure, Temperature, Strain, Force, Displacement •  Non-contact Glucose Sensor? •  Big Data to Analyze Sensor Data •  Make Sensors Smarter with Software
  25. 25. 25 Fiber Optic Sensors •  Advantages w  Safe – No Wires to Sensor w  Small – 0.25 mm Diameter w  Operate in Harsh Environments, No EMI w  Multiplex Sensors on One Fiber •  Disadvantages w  Support Electronics still Expensive w  Electronics Can Get Cheap in Volume www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  26. 26. 26www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 •  Trends •  Examples of Sensors and Applications •  Sensor Innovation •  Current Challenges Agenda
  27. 27. 27 Current Challenges •  Wearables – Batteries a Major Limitation •  Limitations in Sensors •  Complex Needs of the Elderly •  Adoption by Healthcare Providers •  Islands of Data •  Are You Making a Medical Device? •  Regulations Don’t Keep Up with Technology www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  28. 28. 28 Battery Limitations in Wearables •  Slow Pace of Improvement If Improved Like Semiconductors: Size of a Pin Head, Could Power Your Car, Cost 1 Cent •  Must Always Work Around Limitations w  Short Time Between Charging vs Small Size w  Limited Wireless Transmission Range §  ie Bluetooth instead of WiFi or Cellular w  Wireless Transmission in Short Bursts §  Devices Slow When Listening for Transmission w  Use of Accelerometers Instead of GPS www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  29. 29. 29 Limitations In Sensors •  Low Cost Devices are Not as Accurate w Non-linearity and Offset Errors w Calibration or Auto-calibration •  Challenging to Get Good Data w Need Well Designed Data Acquisition Electronics w Software Can Make Data Better •  Cameras – Lighting Often a Problem www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  30. 30. 30 Complex Needs of the Elderly •  Who Will Pay? - Often the Children •  Stigma - I’m Not Sick –Make It Pretty or Cool •  Must Be Incredibly Easy to Use w  Decline in Ability of Users •  Many Products Don’t Solve a Problem w  No Medication Adherence Device Works for Everyone. •  Biggest Issues Of The Elderly Not Addressed w  Isolation, Loneliness, No Sense Of Purpose www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  31. 31. 31 Adoption by Healthcare Providers •  What is the Standard of Care? •  How Do We Change It? •  How to Avoid Adoption of Technology That Costs More and Is Not Efficacious? www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  32. 32. 32 Adoption by Doctors •  Must Improve Outcomes and/or Make Doctors’ Lives Easier •  Consider Two Medical Innovations of 1846 w  Anesthesia w  Hand Washing •  Why Was Anesthesia Adopted Within Months? •  Hand Washing Still Not Fully Adopted www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  33. 33. 33 Islands of Data •  Devices Collect Isolated Data •  How to get it to the Doctor? •  How to Collect from Many Devices? •  Will The Solution Create Electronic Health Records (EHR)? w Highly Regulated •  HIPAA is a Problem - Patient Confidentiality w Severe Penalties for Violations www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  34. 34. 34 Are You Making a Medical Device? •  Cell Phone App Can Be A Medical Device w FDA Issued Guidelines for Mobile Apps in October 2013. w FDA Can Force A Company Out of Business for Violating Regulations •  Changing the “Instructions For Use” May Make It Not a Medical Device w Pulse Oximeter Example www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  35. 35. 35 Are These Medical Devices? www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 Nike Fuelband NO Live!y – elder monitor NO Scanadu YES Thermometer YES Zosano YES Azumio ?
  36. 36. 36 Regulations are Out of Date •  HIPAA w Is There a Legal Way to Solve Islands of Data? •  What Is a Medical Device? w Does the Definition Need to Change? •  Example: Tricorder was Science Fiction w Technology Has Advanced Since Regulations Were Written w Regulations Need to Catch Up www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844
  37. 37. 37 Home Health and Wearable Device Innovation www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 Scanadu Tricorder Fit Bit Activity Monitor Pebble Smart Watch Google Smart Glasses Sonitus in the Mouth Hearing Aid DetectionActivity TrackerWatch Eyeglasses Hearing Aid
  38. 38. 38www.volersystems.com 408-245-9844 Walt Maclay, Voler Systems Walt@volersystems.com Quality Electronic Design & Software Sensor Interfaces Wireless Motion Control Medical Devices Slides Are Available at www.volersystems.com

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