Inclusive and Complete Streets


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Inclusive and Complete Streets

  1. 1. 1 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  2. 2. Livable Communities A livable community is one that has affordable and appropriate housing, supportive community features and services, adequate mobility options, which together facilitate personal independence and the engagement of residents in civic and social life. 2 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  3. 3. Americans 50+ are able to sustain mobility as they age More communities increase affordable and accessible mobility and housing options and community services to meet the needs of the 50+ population through engagement and influence of local level decision makers3 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  4. 4. Mobility Matters Transportation connects individuals with economic, social, cultural and civic activities Essential to maintain independence, freedom and emotional well- being4 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  5. 5. Source: Getting Current: Recent Demographic Trends in Metropolitan America, Metropolitan Policy Program at the Brookings Institute, 2009.5 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  6. 6. AARP, Across the States 2009: Profiles of6 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon Long-Term Care and Independent Living
  7. 7. Health Status Health and disability status is stronger predictor of mobilitythan age. Those 85+ in excellent physical condition are more mobile than younger persons in poor condition.Chronic conditions tend to rise with age. Over half of persons age 75+ have 2 – 4 chronic conditions Over one-fifth of persons age 75+ have 5 or more chronic conditions7 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  8. 8. Poverty Characteristics In 2007, 6 million persons 65+ (16.1%) were in poverty or“near poor.”In poverty: White 7.4% African American 23.2% Asians 11.3% Hispanics 17.1% Women 12.0%8 Men Wali Memon 6.6% Twitter: walimemon
  9. 9. Growth in Minority Elderly From 5.7 million in 2000 to 12.9 million in 2020 Increase between 2007 and 2030: White 68% Hispanic 244% African-American 126% American Indian 167% Asian 213%9 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  10. 10. Older Women Likely to Live Alone AsThey Age 55% of non-institutionalized older persons lived with their spouse. Nearly 39% of women 65+ live alone 19% of men 65+ live alone Half of women 75+ live alone10 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  11. 11. Geographic Location19.50% Cities 36.70% Suburbs (outside principal cities) Nonmetro63.30% Source: Administration on Aging “A Profile of Older Americans: 2008” 11 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  12. 12. Suburban America America is largely suburbanized Evolved around trolley, rail and highway access Housing tracts were once mini-communities but eventually bedroom communities (housing without services) Dispersed housing (sprawl) led to the car- dependence What happens when you get older in a car dependent culture? 12 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  13. 13. Growth of First Suburbs Home to nearly 20% of US population Older population increased nearly twice as fast in first suburbs as the nation as a whole from 1950 – 2000 “Non-families,” including the elderly living alone, are most prevalent household type Highest % of elderly in Rust Belt Highest # of elderly in NY, Boston, Chicago and LA metro areas13 Wali Memon Source: One-Fifth of America, Twitter: walimemon Brookings, 2006
  14. 14. Rural Challenges Persons age 60 and older account for nearly one-third of rural riders— far more than their 19% share of the rural population. Nearly 75% of households in rural areas do not have access to public transportation. Medical trips are a particular need.14 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  15. 15. Stranded Without Options More than one in five (21%) Americans age 65 and older do not drive (6.8 million). More than 50% of non-drivers age 65 and older - or 3.6 million Americans – stay home on any given day. Non-drivers take 15% fewer trips to the doctor than drivers. Where public transportation is available, older Americans make regular use of it.15 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  16. 16. 16 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  17. 17. Key Issues for Older Drivers Declining vision Decreased physical fitness and flexibility Decreased ability to focus attention Increased reaction time 17 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon 17
  18. 18. Driving Oneself Declines with Age 90% of trips by older persons are in personal automobiles. Drive Themselves: Age 50 – 74 73% Age 75+ 62% Passenger: Age 50 – 74 17% Age 75+ 27% Source: AARP Beyond 50.05, 200518 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  19. 19. 19 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  20. 20. Incomplete Streets 20 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon Photograph from Edward Stollof 20
  21. 21. Pedestrians Chance of Death if hit by a Motor Vehicle Older adults (65+) are 85%over-represented intraffic fatalities 45% 12.5% of population in 2007 14% of all vehicle 5% occupant 19% of pedestrian 20 m ph 30 m ph 40 m ph fatalities Source: NCHRP Report 500, Vol. 10: A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Pedestrians, 2004. Twitter: walimemon Wali Memon 21
  22. 22. Older adults (50+) report inhospitable roads47% say they cannot cross their main roads safely40% say they do not have adequate sidewalks in their neighborhoods International Communications Research Poll for AARP, 1,000 adults age 50+, July 2008 22 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  23. 23. Percent of respondents rating community feature“D” or “F” Well-designed and maintained streets 13% Transportation alternatives for people with disabilities or health problems 20% Sidewalks going to where you want to go 31% Walking or bike trails within half-mile of home 35% Dependable public transportation 38%23 Wali Memon Source: AARP, Beyond 50.05,walimemon Twitter: 2005.
  24. 24. Our Communities are Unprepared54%of American communities do not have the policies,program or services in place to promote quality of life,community engagement, and independent living of olderadults (N4A survey of 10K local governments, 2006).2/3 of planners and engineers have not yet begunconsidering the needs of older users in the multi-modalplanning (AARP Public Policy Institute/ITE online survey ofmore than 1K planners & engineers, 2008).24 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  25. 25. 25 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  26. 26. Source: TCRP Report 82 “Improving Public Transit Options for Older Persons”26 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  27. 27. Public Transportation Improvements Increased service reliability Accessible vehicles, stations, and stops Accessible service information Travel training Driver sensitivity training Neighborhood circulators/service routes27 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  28. 28. Specialized Transportation A 2007 Promark Research poll found that 61% of Americans believethat our transportation system needs more “Dial a Ride” or other specialforms of transportation for seniors and persons with disabilities. Respondents reported greater need for senior transportation than for roads, buses, bike trails, and sidewalks. Among those 65+, 71% believe that the transportation system needsmore special forms of transportation for the seniors and persons withdisabilities. 28 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  29. 29. 29 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  30. 30. Volunteer Programs As of 2007, there were at least 543 volunteer driver programs. Benefits of volunteer driver programs They operate where other services are not available or not accessible by older adults Generally less expensive Provide services beyond what traditional transportation services provide30 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  31. 31. Family of Travel Choices Are Needed - Walking and Bicycling Public Transportation Paratransit Human Services / Specialized Services Non-emergency Medical Transportation Volunteer Driver Programs − Safe Roads 31 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  32. 32. Complete Streets AARP Bulletin A Complete Street is safe, comfortable & convenient for travel by automobile, foot, bicycle, & transit regardless of age or ability 32 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon
  33. 33. Questions33 Wali Memon Twitter: walimemon