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Walawalkar Smart Grid Value Proposition 2012


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Dr. Walawalkar\'s presentation @ Grid Week Asia

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Walawalkar Smart Grid Value Proposition 2012

  1. 1. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Capturing the value of Smarter Grids Dr. Rahul Walawalkar Vice President, Emerging Tech & Markets, Customized Energy SolutionsCustomized Energy Solutions Ltd. Customized Energy Solutions India Pvt. Ltd. A 501, GO Square1528 Walnut Street, 22nd FloorPhiladelphia, PA 19102 USA Presented at Aundh - Hinjewadi Link Rd, Wakad Pune, Maharashtra 411057 IndiaPhone: +1-215-875-9440 Phone: 91-989-205-4504Fax: +1-215-875-9490 © 2012 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 1
  2. 2. Analyze. Simplify. Implement.Electricity Generation and Population Growth © 2011 Customized 2 Energy Solutions Ltd. Source:
  3. 3. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Drivers for Smart Grid projectsOperational Improving Grid Reliability Improve transfer capacity Deployment of AMI & associated IT infra. Renewable integration Expansion of Demand ResponseSocial Lower energy prices Jobs growth Cleaner environment 3
  4. 4. Analyze. Simplify. Implement.Overview of a smarter electric grid Adapted from Walawalkar , Tongia et. al 2007
  5. 5. Analyze. Smart Grid: Simplify. Implement. Best Defined by FunctionalityObjectives of the smart grid are Enabling informed participation by customers Accommodating all generation and storage options Enabling new products, services, and markets Providing the power quality for the 21st century economy Optimizing asset utilization and operating efficiently Addressing disturbances through automated prevention, containment, and restoration Operating resiliently against all hazards Source: US Department of Energy 5 5
  6. 6. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Emerging Business ModelsElectric Supply Improved Asset Utilization & Reduced Price Risk Integration of Renewables, Distributed Generation & StorageTransmission & Distribution Utilities Smart Distribution Grids Transmission Investment that Can Adapt to Alternative Futures Operations = System Integration + MarketsConsumer Applications Vendor / Utility Partnerships & Competition Energy Management, Productivity, & Consumer Experience Apps Intelligent, Low-Energy Buildings Integrated DesignTransportation PHEVs, EREVs, & EVs with Smart Charging Reuse of Batteries on the Grid 6
  7. 7. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Challenges for Smart Grid DeploymentDefining and understanding business caseSystem planning & selection of right projectsRegulatory & policyConsumer acceptanceCulture and educationTechnical & Engineering DesignWorkforce training and education 7
  8. 8. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Capturing the value from smarter gridsCase 1: Renewable IntegrationCase 2: Demand Response © 2012 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 8
  9. 9. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. India – Wind and Solar Resource Availability13-17 GW of wind anticipated by 2013 Goal of 20 GW of solar by 2022 Solar Map © 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 9
  10. 10. Analyze. Simplify. Implement.Renewable Energy Cost Trends 10
  11. 11. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Challenges in integration of renewablesSource: Dr. Michael Milligan NREL /Customized Energy SolutionsApt, CMU © 2011 AWEA : Dr. Jay Ltd. 11
  12. 12. Analyze. Simplify. Implement.India Grid Frequency © 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 12
  13. 13. Analyze. Simplify. Implement.Regional wind power generation forecast for Germany and real observation data © 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 13
  14. 14. Analyze. Simplify. Implement.Integrating advanced wind forecasting & scheduling Internet CES-SecureRT or Private Network Wind Facility 1 Data Acquisition System -- Secure internet SCADA Facility Real Time Data (output, -- Database/interface wind, availability, etc) Internet Wind Facility n Internet w/ VPN based Internet Encryption FTP siteFacility WindOutput / Output State Load DispatchAvailability / Forecasts Center (SLDC)Wind Data (15 minute) Wind Customized’s Market Operations Center currently actively Forecast Provider manages over 2650 MW of generation, energy storage and demand response resources to maximize profits for our clients. © 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 14
  15. 15. Analyze. Simplify. Implement.India – Grid Frequency Analysis © 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 15
  16. 16. Analyze. Simplify. Implement.Role of Energy Storage in Renewable Integration Adapted from EPRI & AEP presentation Energy Solutions Ltd. © 2011 Customized 16
  17. 17. Analyze. Simplify. Implement.Role of Electricity Markets in understanding the valueProvides price transparency to quantity value proposition ofvarious EES technologiesMarket Design Access to various markets for energy, ancillary services capacity Generation Supply mix & Demand Curve Market size Locational factors Electric transmission network & interconnection 17
  18. 18. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Smart Grid (EES) Demonstration ProjectsMajor projects include: CAES demonstration (NY and CA), Renewable Integration (CA, TX, NM), PeakShaving, Community Energy Storage and demonstration of new technologies. Visit for additional details.
  19. 19. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Case Study 2: Why Demand Response (DR)?DR can reduce marginal costs of peak production Especially the case where generators are paid market clearing prices under uniform auctionsDR of 5% can mitigate market power, and reduceuneconomical investment in peaker units (as per studies) India has virtually no peaker units – we resort to load-shedding!DR might also manage variability in supply from renewablessuch as wind and solar PV 19
  20. 20. MW 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 1-Jan 13-Jan 25-Jan 6-Feb 18-Feb 1-Mar 13-Mar 25-Mar 6-Apr 18-Apr 30-Apr 12-May 24-May Days in Year 5-Jun 17-Jun 29-Jun 11-Jul 23-Jul 4-Aug 16-Aug 28-Aug Load Profiles 9-Sep 21-Sep 3-Oct Summer Months 15-Oct 27-Oct 8-Nov 20-Nov 2-Dec14-Dec26-Dec S1 S5 S9 S13 Analyze. S17 Simplify. S21 Implement. Day Hrs in
  21. 21. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Short Run Marginal Cost Curve & Price Duration Curve* This price duration curve shows only the wholesale energy prices corresponding to the generation component of customer’selectricity bill. T&D costs are added onto these wholesale energy costs.
  22. 22. Analyze. Simplify. Implement.Demand Response can help balance supply & demand Energy Efficiency © 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 22
  23. 23. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Potential benefits of demand responseIncreased competitionOperational savingsLower market pricesReduced price volatilityImproved grid reliabilityImproved customer optionsProviding ancillary servicesPositive environmental benefits 23
  24. 24. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Summary There is tremendous growth potential for renewableintegration as well as demand response in India Current grid and supply mix is not geared to tackle thepotential challenges that could impact power quality andreliability Smarter grids utilizing emerging technologies such asenergy storage and smarter regulation can help Need to learn from international experiences as well aschallenges faced by wind energy in recent years © 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 24
  25. 25. Analyze. Simplify. Implement. Contact US New York, NY Folsom, CA Philadelphia, PA Midlothian, VA Mumbai, India Richardson, TX Carmel, IN Pune, IndiaCustomized Energy Solutions Ltd. Dr. Rahul Walawalkar Customized Energy Solutions India Pvt. Ltd. 1528 Walnut Street, 22nd Floor Vice President, A 501, GO Square Philadelphia, PA 19102 USA Emerging Tech & Markets Aundh - Hinjewadi Link Rd, Wakad Pune, Maharashtra 411057 India Phone: +1-215-875-9440 Phone: 91-20-32407682 Phone: 91-20-32407682 Fax: +1-215-875-9490 Mobile: 91-989-205-4504 © 2011 Customized Energy Solutions Ltd. 25