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Y11 germany revision templates


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Y11 germany revision templates

  1. 1. Land Army Treaty of Versailles June 1919 Money BlameConsequences(short term/long term, social/economic/political effects on differentgroups or types of people, how affect attitudes towards the government)Possible questions:Why the Treaty of Versailles so unpopular in Germany? (9)What were the consequences of the Treaty of Versailles in Germany? (9)
  2. 2. Causes(long/short term causes) Story- why fail? Kapp Putsch 1920Consequences(short term/long term, social/economic/political effects on differentgroups or types of people, how affect attitudes towards the government)Possible questions:Why did the Kapp Putsch fail? (9)What were the consequences of the Kapp Putsch? (9)Explain the importance of the Kapp Putsch in challenging the government of the Weimar Republic. (9)
  3. 3. Causes (long/short term causes) Facts Hyperinflation Autumn 1923 Consequences(short term- how affect people day to day/long term- how affect attitudes towards government in long term, social/economic/political effects, effects on 3 different groups of people- e.g. upper, middle, lower class)Possible questions:Why was there an economic crisis in Germany in 1923? (12)Describe the ways in which the hyperinflation affected Germany. (9)How did hyperinflation damage the reputation of the Weimar Republic? (9)
  4. 4. Causes (long/short term causes) Story- why fail? Munich Putsch November 1923 Consequences(short term- role of Hitler‟s trial/long term- what Hitler do/decide in prison)Possible questions:Why did Hitler decide to launch the Munich (Beer Hall) Putsch in November 1923? (12)Describe why the Munich Putsch failed. (9)What effect did the Munich Putsch have on Hitler and his political views? (9)”The Munich (Beer Hall) Putsch was a total failure for the Nazi Party.“ Do you agree?(16)
  5. 5. Causes (long/short term causes) Facts/description Weimar Government reaction Great Depression 1929-1933Consequences(short term- how affect day to day life and employment/long term- howchange attitudes to government, political/social/economic affects, how affect differentgroups of people e.g. young, businessmen, farmers etc)Possible questions:How did the Great Depression affect the reputation of the Weimar Republic? (9)What were the consequences of the Wall Street Crash in Germany? (9)Why did the Great Depression make German people angry with the government? (9)How did the Great Depression help Hitler and the Nazi Party increase their support? (9)Describe how the Wall Street Crash damaged the Weimar Republic? (9)
  6. 6. Possible questions: Why was Hitler able to become Govern Politics Chancellor of Germany in 1933? ment (12) reactio Explain how the n Nazis increased their support between 1929-32. (12) How did the Great Depression affect the Nazis? (9) What role did the SA play in Hitler‟s rise to the chancellorship? (9) How What role did political intrigue Hitler play in Hitler‟s rise to the Chancello chancellorship? (9) r “Nazi propaganda Jan 1933 was the main reason why Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933.” Do you agree? (16)GreatDepres sion Nazi tactics
  7. 7. Story- what happened? Possible questions: Consequences(Short What happened on term- immediate the night of affects/long term- later the Long affects in future, or how Knives? (9) Why did affect different Hitler order people/groups in different the Night of the Long ways- ,Rohm, Germans, Knives? (12) Hitler, Himmler and SS, How did the Night of the Army, SA). Long Knives at Germany? (9) Night of the Long Knives JuneCauses- 1934range ofreasons whyHitler order it(long/shortterm causes)
  8. 8. Hitler’s consolidation of powerJanuary 1933- Hitler chancellor but in a weak positionObstacles to Hitler taking total control of GermanyArmy Army Generals Communists Courts German people President HindenburgMedia Nazi leaders No majority Reichstag SA State Governments Trade Unions The SA and SS imprison 4,000February 1933 Communists without trial and putMarinus van der Lubbe was found inside them into improvised concentrationthe Reichstag and confesses to starting camps. This would make it difficultthe fire. for the Communists to get moreAs he was a Dutch Communist, Hitler votes in the March elections.claimed he was part of a Communist plotto take over Germany and persuaded Hitler got 44% of the vote in theHindenburg (who hated Communism) to March elections- with no majoritypass an Emergency Decree to deal with he would struggle to pass any laws.the Communist threat. With the Enabling Act passed, Hitler:March 1933 • closed the Reichstag and banned allHitler proposes the Enabling Act- this other political parties (1 Party State)would allow him to make laws without any • closed down the trade unionsvoting in the Reichstag. • ended freedom of the press/media • abolished state governmentsHitler needed a 2/3rds majority to pass • put Nazis in control of the courtsthis law so he:• banned the Communists from voting Any resistance lead to imprisonment• made a deal with the Nationalists• in a concentration campintimidated the Reichstag using SA/SS Himmler‟s SS arrested and murderedJune 1934 dozens of SA leaders and RohmHitler saw the SA and Rohm as a threat. As a result,The Army Generals (who Hitler would one • the SA became less importantday need) knew Hindenburg was close to • the Nazi leaders were all loyaldeath but were also worried about the • the Army Generals would supportSA so Hitler made a deal with them- he Hitler once Hindenburg was deadwould remove Rohm and let the Army • the German people were scared ofgradually absorb the SA. Hitler and the SS. With Hindenburg dead there was noAugust 1934 way of getting rid of Hitler peacefully.President Hindenburg died. Hitler made Following the deal with the Armyhimself President as well as Chancellor. Generals, the Army took an oath ofNow he was known as the Fuhrer. loyalty to Hitler. August 1934- Hitler known as Fϋhrer andundisputed dictatorPossible questions:Describe the role of the Reichstag Fire in Hitler‟s consolidation of power 1933-34. (12)“The Enabling Act was the most important factor helping Hitler to gain total power.” Do you agree? (16)Describe the effects of the Reichstag Fire in February 1933 on Hitler‟s rise to power. (9)
  9. 9. Problem inherited Solution Positives Negatives Hyperinflation French in Ruhr Germany not trustedStresemann’s“golden years” Huge 1924-1929 reparations• Only chancellor for a briefperiod in late 1923 • Weak economyImportant due to his role asforeign ministerEvidence that this was a „golden era‟ Evidence that this was not a „golden era‟
  10. 10. Story-why fail? Consequences(Short term- what demonstrate or say about the government? Long term- what encourage?) Spart acist Possible questio Putsch ns: Why did Jan the Spartacis t Putsch 1919 fail? (9) Explain the importan ce of the Spartacis t PutschCauses (why in challenginhappen?) g the Weimar governme nt. (9)
  11. 11. Political WW1 violence problems Problems facing the Weimar Republic 1918-22 Constitution Treaty of VersaillesPossible questions:Why did the Weimar Constitution make it difficult to govern Germany effectively? (9)“The biggest problem Germany faced in the years 1919-23 was the Treaty of Versailles.” Do you agree? Explain your answer. (16)
  12. 12. Economic changes Political changes Stresemann’s “golden years” 1924-1929 Changes to the Nazi PartySocial changesPossible questions:“The Weimar Republic successfully recovered from its early problems in the years 3 reasons why the Nazis got just 3% of vote1924–28”. Do you agree? Explain your answer. (16)How did life change for Germans in the years 1924-29? (12)Describe Stresemann‟s role in helping Germany to recover in the years 1924–29. (9)Was the Weimar Republic strong until the Wall Street Crash in 1929? (16)How did the Nazi Party change in the years 1924-29? (9)