Weimar Republic Test


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Weimar Republic Test

  1. 1. The Weimar Republic 1918-1933<br />Knowledge Test<br />Who was the first President of the Weimar Republic from 1918-1925? (1 mark)<br />Who were the Spartacists and what did they try to do in January 1919? (2 marks)<br />Name one of the leaders of the Spartacists who was killed in 1919? (1 mark)<br />What name was given to the bands of ex-servicemen who roamed Germany after the First World War often violently attacking politicians and people they disliked? (1 mark)<br />Why is the Weimar Republic so called? (1 mark)<br />What was the Reichstag? (1 mark)<br />Explain what is meant by the phrase ‘proportional representation’. Why does it lead to weak government? (2 marks)<br />In 1921 the Allied Reparations Commission finally agreed how much Germany had to pay in reparations. What was the final figure? (1 mark)<br />Why did so many Germans hate the creation of the ‘Polish Corridor’ by the Treaty of Versailles? (1 mark)<br />What is Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles better known as? (1 mark)<br />Look at the extract below and suggest who might have written it. (1 mark)<br />I want now to fulfil the vow I made to myself five years ago when I was a blind cripple in the military hospital: not to rest until the November criminals* are overthrown, until on the ruins of the wretched Germany of today there rises once more a Germany of power and greatness, of freedom and splendour. <br />*the November’s criminals: the politicians responsible for Germany’s surrender in November 1918.<br />In what year did Wolfgang Kapp try and overthrow the Weimar Republic in response to the Treaty of Versailles? (1 mark)<br />Why did Kapp’s putsch fail? (1 mark)<br />The following events all took place in 1923. Number them 1-5 in the order you think they happened. (2 marks)<br />Gustav Stresemann was appointed Chancellor and called off the campaign of passive resistance<br />French and Belgian troops invaded the German industrial region of the Ruhr<br />Adolf Hitler led a revolt in Munich to try and overthrow the government<br />The German government printed more money which quickly became worthless<br />German workers went on strike in the Ruhr<br />What political decision did Hitler make whilst in prison?<br />Name the two American plans that were drawn up in 1924 and 1929 to provide loans to help Germany repay its reparations. (2 marks)<br />In what year was the Treaty of Locarno signed by France and Germany? (1 mark)<br />In what year was Germany invited to join the League of Nations? (1 mark)<br />What didn’t happen in Germany between 1924 and 1929? Some historians say is evidence that people were reasonably happy with the Weimar Republic? (1 mark)<br />Who was the second President of the Weimar Republic from 1925-1934? (1 mark)<br />What event put an end to the economic recovery that Stresemann had helped to bring about between 1924 and 1929? (1 mark)<br />In what year did unemployment reach six million in Germany? As a result of this, 23 million Germans had almost no source of income. (1 mark)<br /><ul><li>Table showing the percentage of seats won by the biggest parties in elections to the Reichstag
  2. 2. Party19281930July 1932Nov 1932Nazi3%18%38%33%Nationalists14%7%6%9%Catholic Centre Party12%12%13%12%Social Democrats30%25%22%21%Communists11%13%15%17%</li></ul>Which party’s support remained most steady through these four elections? (1 mark)<br />Which party gained the biggest percentage of seats in each of the elections of 1930 and both in 1932? (1 mark)<br /> <br /> Which Nazi tactic led to support for the party decreasing over the course of 1932? (1 mark)<br />Name four tactics the Nazis employed to increase their support between 1929 and 1932. (4 marks)<br />Name two reactions that President Hindenburg made after 1929 to deal with the economic crisis that made his government so unpopular. (2 marks) <br /> Who persuaded President Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as Chancellor in the hope that they could control Hitler? (1 mark)<br /> On what date did President Hindenburg finally appoint Hitler as Chancellor? (1 mark)<br />Why was Hitler’s position weak in 1933? (2 marks)<br />501015065405Mark out of 40020000Mark out of 40<br />Answers<br />President Ebert.<br />Communist group.<br />They attempted a putsch in January 1919 to replace the Weimar government with a Communist one.<br />Rosa Luxemburg.<br />Karl Liebknecht.<br />Freikorps (Free corps)<br />During the Spartacist Putsch, Ebert’s government moved to Weimar where the constitution was agreed to. <br />German parliament. <br />The percentage of votes a party gets in an election then becomes the percentage of seats it gets in the Reichstag.<br />It leads to lots of little parties which makes it difficult for a party to get a majority in the Reichstag so it is difficult for new laws to be passed.<br />£6.6 billion.<br />It split Germany in two.<br />War Guilt Clause. <br />Hitler.<br />1920.<br />Ebert told the people to passively resist, so Berlin was paralysed with no one working. Kapp realised he could not succeed as people would not support him so he fled. <br />1 = French and Belgian troops invaded the German industrial region of the Ruhr<br />2 = German workers went on strike in the Ruhr<br />3 = The German government printed more money which quickly became worthless<br />4 = Gustav Stresemann was appointed Chancellor and called off the campaign of passive resistance<br />5 = Adolf Hitler led a revolt in Munich to try and overthrow the government<br />To get into power via political means, rather than trying a putsch. <br />Dawes Plan.<br />Young Plan.<br />1925. <br />1926. <br />There were no attempted putsches. <br />President Hindenburg. <br />Wall Street Crash- 1929 = Great Depression.<br />1932. <br />Catholic Party. <br />Nazi Party. <br /> Violence of the SA out many people off the Nazis. <br />Set up soup kitchens to feed the poor, radio broadcasts, poster campaign, flexible policies, SA disrupting Communist meetings, rallies, Hitler addressing crowds, Goebbels chartering planes to allow Hitler to speak in several places in one day. <br />Article 48 was used so he could pass laws without the Reichstag, but he was unsure what to do.<br />Wages were lowered and taxes rose. <br />Franz von Papen<br /> 30th January 1933. <br />Only 2 other members of the government were Nazis- 9 others were not.<br />President Hindenburg could sack Hitler at any time. <br />