environmental policy in malaysia

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environmental policy in malaysia

  1. 1. FACULTY OF ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCE AND POLICY STUDY (HONS) POLICY ANALYSIS (ADS 654) PRESENTED BY: NORULAINI BT ZAMRI (2009470718) ZULIYANNA BT ZULKIFLI (2009649138) BAS 4C PRESENTED FOR : MISS JAMHIRAH BINTI ABDULLAH
  2. 2. introduction <ul><li>Malaysia is a one of the famous country in the world which has a good economic and development but Malaysia is bad in terms of environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Gross domestic product, Malaysia ranks 12 th . </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental performance index, Malaysia ranks 28 th in 2008 but we are not in the top 30 th in 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>The creation of the environmental policy is important to guide public to love the environment and to prevent and control any problems that may lead to the damage of environment. </li></ul>
  3. 3. History of environmental policy <ul><li>In the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm in 1972, malaysia had introduced its first ever environmental policy directives, ambarked on by the Third Malaysia Five-Year Plan, enacted the Environmental Quality Act in 1974 and established the Department of Environment in 1975. </li></ul><ul><li>During the era of the First Outline Perspective Plan, Malaysia had no specific environmental policy, but during the era of the Second Outline Perspective Plan that Malaysia introduced an environmental policy known as the National Policy on the Environment. </li></ul><ul><li>This Policy was approved by the cabinet ministers on October 2002 and provided guidance for environment and natural resource management under the Seventh Malaysia Plan onwards. </li></ul>
  4. 12. <ul><li>Decline in Fisheries Production, Malaysia, 1996-2008 </li></ul>Source: Department of Fisheries, 2008. 1996 (‘000 tones) 1997 (‘000 tones) 1998 (‘000 tones) 1999 (‘000 tones) 2000 (‘000 tones) 2001 (‘000 tones) Avarage 2002-08 (‘000 tones) Marine 1,126.6 1,169.0 1,215.2 1,248.4 1,285.7 1,257.5 1,223.0 Aquaculture 109.1 108.0 133.6 166.9 167.9 169.4 181.5 Total 1,235.7 1,277.0 1,348.8 1,415.3 1,453.6 1,426.9 1,404.5
  5. 19. Environment Institute of Malaysia (EiMAS)
  6. 20. Environmental Quality Council (EQC)
  7. 24. 1) Love Our River Campaign (Department of Irrigation and Drainage, Ministry of Agriculture)
  8. 25. CAMPAIGN PROGRAMMES
  9. 27. 2) Environmental Awareness Campaign 2007 (Department of Environment, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment) <ul><li>In Selangor, Environmental Awareness Campaign have been triggered by Dato’ Seri Azmi Bin Khalid, Minister Of Natural Resources And Environment and it was approved by the Chief Minister of Selangor during his official visit to the state </li></ul><ul><li>The scope of the implementation of the various awareness campaigns includes gotong-royong activities, waste management, river preservation, education and awareness, including cleaning the beach. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to the local community, students and society people like JKKK, NGO’s and others equally play an important role in the success of these activities.  </li></ul><ul><li>Based on resident involvement and high commitment by the authority, the Department proposed that this program should be continued in order to preserve the environment. </li></ul>
  10. 28. Environment Conserving Campaign
  11. 29. No Plastic Bag Program
  12. 30. Execution of No Plastic Bag Day is as follows:
  13. 32. The establishment of the policy:
  14. 33. Policy’s Strengths
  15. 34. Policy’s Weaknessess
  16. 36. Forest Area Opened for Logging Activities Source: Adapted from Forestry Statistics, Peninsular Malaysia, 2009, p. 15. Year Total Area Opened for Harvesting 1991 198,488 1992 187,122 1993 169,089 1994 160,222 1995 168,265 1996 164,245 1997 139,686 1998 114,998 1999 153,725 Average 2001-2009 119,864
  17. 37. River Water Quality, Malaysia, 2001-2008 Source: Adapted from Department of Environment, Environmental Quality Report, 2008, p. 50. Year / Category 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Very Polluted 13 14 9 9 15 7 7 7 Slightly Polluted 47 43 52 53 51 59 45 60 Clean 60 63 59 58 80 80 91 76 Total River Basin 120 100 120 120 146 146 143 143
  18. 40. CONCLUSION <ul><li>This Environmental Policy is still relevant to be continued because this is one of the good policy to be implement in our country. Through this policy we able to support tp preserve and conserve our old world. </li></ul><ul><li>Besides that, we can encourage public to be more appreciate the nature for our future generations. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to some weaknessess, this policy might have to be amended in order to achieve our nation’s aspiration of becoming a green country. </li></ul>
  19. 41. REFERENCES <ul><li>Department of Environment, 1997. “Environmental Quality Report 1996”. Kuala Lumpur: Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Aiken, S.R., Leigh, C.H., Leinbach, T.R. and Moss, M.R., 1982. “Development and environment in Peninsular Malaysia”. Singapore: McGraw-Hill International Book Company </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia, 1976. “Third Malaysia Plan 1976 – 1980”. Kuala Lumpur: Government Printers. </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia, 1996. “Seventh Malaysian Plan 1996-2000”. Kuala Lumpur: Government Printers. </li></ul><ul><li>Jamaluddin Md. Jahi, 1996. “Impak pembangunan terhadap alam sekitar”. Bangi: Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 249 pp </li></ul><ul><li>Maizatun Mustafa,2010. Environmental Law in Malaysia. Netherlands: Kluwer Law International. </li></ul><ul><li>Mohd. Nor, Y. (1991). Environmental policy making: problems and perspectives in Malaysia. </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 11, 129-142. </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Environment ( http://www.doe.gov.my ) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.env.go.jp/earth/coop/oemjc/malay/e/malaye1.pdf </li></ul>

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