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07 cap standards-n-procedures

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slide deck used in Maldives SAMBRO CAP on a Map cickoff workshop: http://sahanafoundation.org/cap-on-a-map-kickoff-maldives/

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07 cap standards-n-procedures

  1. 1. Common Alerting Protocol Standard and Operating Procedures Nuwan Waidyanatha Director - Sahana Software Foundation nuwan[AT]sahanafoundation[DOT]org http://www.lirneasia.net/profiles/nuwan-waidyanatha Mobile: +8613888446352 (cn) +94773710394 (lk) CAP on a Map Kickoff Workshop – Improving Institutional Responsiveness to Coastal Hazards through Multi Agency Situational Awareness 2015 April 15 Nasandura Palace Hote, Male, Maldives
  2. 2. □ Why do we need CAP □ What is CAP? □ How do we use it? ■ CAP-Profile ■ Register of Alerting Authorities ■ Multi agency situational awareness □ Automation □ Pilots □ Users □ Conclusion □ Resources Outline
  3. 3. Letter from WMO on Enhanced Alerting Facilities
  4. 4. How is it done in your country? Let's take 05 minutes to discuss - what are the events (pick one)? - what are there jurisdictional boundaries? - who are the authorities responsible for detection, decision, and dissemination? - who receives the alerts and who publishes them? - when do they publish and when do intended recipients receive the alerts?
  5. 5. Typical vertical horizontal integration 5 Railway Financial Civil affairs … …… … National Provincial/Regional State/Regional County/Town/Village Land Earthquake Water Heath Firefighting Meteorological Traffic Diploma tic “Horizontal” Inf. Sharing “Vertical” A variety of means to public 1122 33 Management platformManagement platform Collecti on Collecti on WebsiteWebsite Feedback evaluation system Feedback evaluation system SMS release system SMS release systemProcessProcess Transm ission Transm ission StoreStore ControlControl National Emergency Early Warning & Alerting System
  6. 6. □How do we manage the subscribers and publishers? □How do we deliver early warnings in local language? □How do we use available technologies? □How do we disseminate alerts over multiple channels? □How do we interoperate with incompatible systems? □How do we effectively communicate the optimal content? □How do we address the communication strategy? □How do we accommodate upstream-downstream alerting? Problem to solve in alerting/warning systems
  7. 7. ANSWER: CAP for all-hazards all-media and multi-agency alerting and situational awareness Managed by the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) Recommended (X.1303) by the International Telecommunications Union Standardization Sector (ITU-T) – to align with ASN1 (Abstract Syntax Notation One) ISO standards notation Complies with the US National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) six principles of alerting, designed for : • Coordination (avoid duplication) • Consistency (believable) • Channels (Multiple) • Completeness (unabiguity) • Coverage (Geo-targetting) • Control (security)
  8. 8. All-hazards displaying on all-media TV SCROLLERSWEB ADSSPECIAL DEVICES Any City / Province / Country Radio Television Fax Cell / SMS SirensStorm Earthquake Fire Tsunami Volcano u
  9. 9. CAP (XML) → uses XSL to transform→ delivery method
  10. 10. Automated Standard Message “A <event> alert has been issued for <areaDesc> by <senderName>. Persons in this area are encouraged to <responseType>, and <instruction>. This event is rated as <severity>, and is <certainty>. Responsive action should be taken <urgency> . For more information about this event, visit <URI> or call <contact>.”
  11. 11. Example of Automated Standard Message “A Flood alert has been issued for North Western Province by Department of Irrigation and Water Resources. Persons in this area are encouraged to prepare, and stay away from demarcated flood zones. This event is rated as moderate, and is likely. Responsive action should be taken in future. For more information about this event, visit http://www.ndmc.gov.lk/ or call 2395521.”
  12. 12. SAMBRO Screen Shots
  13. 13. EMAIL
  14. 14. Tweet
  15. 15. The Feedback Control with Social Media Warning/ Alerting Broker SMS Email Self correcting feedback control
  16. 16. SHOW 1 MIN VIDEO
  17. 17. Exercise – SAMBRO message delivery 1) getting a feel for alerts in CAP format for the project focused coastal hazards (use the SimCAPTool) INSTRUCTIONS: - Form four groups and use the same example used in the discussion to now generate your alert message - Access: http://cap.ituprojects.org - Login with sd@gmail.com and 123 2) disseminate alerts in CAP format to the Restricted through multiple delivery modes for the chosen event
  18. 18. Resources 1) Video “Introduction to CAP”, Eliot Christian (WMO): http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=n0iKp60jjtY 2) Instructions for translating the video to local language: http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/www/ISS/Meetings/WIS-CAP_Geneva2011/video.zip 3) Video on the use of CAP in real-time biosurveillance pilot, Nuwan Waidyanatha (LIRNEasia): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G7WOq5giddI 4) CAP implementers workshop, WMO, Geneva, April 2011: http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/www/ISS/Meetings/WIS- CAP_Geneva2011/DocPlan.html 5) CAP Cookbook (wiki): http://www.incident.com/cookbook/index.php/Welcome_to_the_CAP_Cookbook 6) ITU-T recommendation X.1303: http://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-X.1303/en 7) TD No. 1556, Administrative Procedure for Registering WMO Alerting Identifiers (PWS-20): http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/amp/pwsp/documents/AIR_PWS-20.pdf 8) OASIS EDXL suite of standards (including CAP): http://www.oasis- open.org/standards#edxl
  19. 19. Thank You Nuwan Waidyanatha Nuwan [AT] sahanafoundation [DOT] org www.sahanafoundation.org

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