CSO Engagement (Session 1 ACSC/APF 2012, Yuyun Wahyuningrum)

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CSO Engagement (Session 1 ACSC/APF 2012, Yuyun Wahyuningrum)

  1. 1. Civil Society Engagement in ASEAN: Appreciating the Journey, Cultivating Gains and Addressing the Challenges YUYUN WAHYUNINGRUM Senior Advisor on ASEAN and Human Rights (HRWG) Indonesia
  2. 2. It is about building a democratic dialogue in ASEAN Since the adoption of ASEAN Charter in 2008, even far before its adoption, much was said about engaging civil society, respecting human rights, promoting democracy and about good governance in ASEAN’s high-level statements and documents.
  3. 3. APPRECIATING THE JOURNEY  Civil society has not always a key component in the decisionmaking history of ASEAN, however, gradually but partially, it has been changed in recent years.  There is an increase of openness shown ASEAN and some member countries to allow the participation of wider stakeholders in their decision-making processes  There are emerging interests by civil society organisations (CSOs) to engage with ASEAN  Initial efforts to link ASEAN with the people in the region were already pursued since the late 1990s through the ASEAN People’s Assembly (APA)  In 2005 that civil society groups began to put their acts together to begin seeking direct access to ASEAN policy-making circle
  4. 4. Strategy: Simultaneous Approaches Regional Lobby, Net work & Advocacy ASEAN: Credible, Accessible, Responsive, Accountable, Transparent National Lobby, Net work, Advoc acy & Campaign  Top Down: Creation of demand in regional level through regional organizations.  ASEAN secretariat  ASEAN Representatives/Bodies  International Institutions  Bottom Up: Pushing for need of making ASEAN to be more people-centered  Individual member countries  CSOs/NGOs (Nat & Regional)
  5. 5. Element of CS’s Engageme nt: Shaping the issues &  Crossing-over, Member of the WG, Assistance for the Reps    Campaign: Media, International Community, public Annual CS Performance Report on AICHR Communication & Inputs Submission Relationship/Stakeholder Building Training and Workshops on ASEAN human rights mechanisms   Knowledge Building + Research Network-Building incl. Social Networking Lobby & Working behind the Scene priorities of ASEAN HR Mechanisms Standard Setting Agenda Setting Influencing the process, decision making & end-result Pressures: Bottomup, Top-down Opinion building
  6. 6. Curr ent Initia tives ASEAN Leaders ASEAN Secretariat ASEAN SecGen Sectorial Bodies Targets of CS Engagement Committee Permanent Representatives (CPR) AICHR AMM (Foreign Ministers Meeting) ACMW ACWC
  7. 7. ASEAN Civil Society Conferences/ASEAN Peoples Forums 2005-2012 Year Place The Name of the Event 2005 Shah Alam, Malaysia 1st ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC) 2006 Cebu, the Philippines 2nd ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC) 2007 Singapore 3rd ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC) 2009 Bangkok, Thailand 4th ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)/ 1st ASEAN Peoples’ Forum (APF) 2009 Hua Hin, Thailand 5th ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)/2nd ASEAN Peoples’ Forum (APF) 2010 Hanoi, Vietnam 6th ASEAN Peoples’ Forum (APF) 2011 Jakarta, Indonesia ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)/ ASEAN Peoples’ Forum (APF) 2011 2012 Phnom Penh, Cambodia ASEAN Civil Society Conference (ACSC)/ ASEAN Peoples’ Forum (APF) 2012 – March & November 2013 Brunei 2014 Myanmar
  8. 8. The ACSC/APF Process  Aimed at community building and solidarity amongst SEA peoples  Pushing for inclusion in place of exclusion: people’s participation, people-to-people regionalism  Aimed at engagement with ASEAN  Socializing ASEAN among its peoples  and the Institutionalization of engagement mechanisms and processes  Transparency and Accountability
  9. 9. Leaders’ Interface Meeting with CS Year ACSC/APF Process (Track III/CS) 2005, Malaysi a ASEAN ISIS Process (Track II/Think Tank) 1st ACSC/ ASEAN Civil Society Conference in Shah Alam 15 Minute Meeting Mixed Delegation of 10 and 10 ASEAN Heads of State 2006, 2nd ACSC Philippin No Interface Meeting with es Leaders APA/ASEAN Peoples’ Assembly by ASEAN ISIS (process recognized by ASEAN Chair) in Manila No Interface Meeting with Leaders. Instead Reading of APA Chairman’s Report 2007, 3rd ACSC Singapo No Interface Meeting with re Leaders ACSC 2007 by SIIA Simon Tay (process recognized by ASEAN Chair) No Interface Meeting with Leaders. Instead Reading of ACSC 2007 Chairman’s Report
  10. 10. Leaders’ Interface Meeting with CS Year ACSC/APF Process (Track III/CS) 2009, Feb ruary, Ba ngkok 4th ACSC (within the 1st ASEAN Peoples’ Forum) 30 minute Interface between CS Delegation and ASEAN Heads of State Hua-Hin, Thailand was divided into two sections. The first 15 minutes was for the meeting with CS Delegates and the rest 15 minutes was for those who have been rejected by the Rep of Government (Myanmar and Cambodia) 2009 October, Cha-am 2nd ASEAN Peoples’ Forum/5th ASEAN Civil Society Conference 15 minutes, Interface Meeting between CS Delegation (some government appointed) and ASEAN Heads of State (optional) 2010 Hanoi 6th APF No Interface Meeting with Leaders. Instead CS Reps met with Chair of ASEAN, the Vice Prime Minister of Vietnam. Recognition of the process. ASEAN Chairman’s statement: 2 paragraphs appreciation of organizing of the APF and took note of
  11. 11. Leaders’ Interface Meeting with CS Year ACSC/APF Process (Track III/CS) 2011, J akarta •10 persons representing 10 countries •45 minutes (additional 15 mins from earlier agreement 30 mins) •4 speakers (extended from initially only one speaker allowed) •Time: 15:45 – •10+1 (HoS/G + Foreign Min), ASG + DSG Corp and Comm Affairs •Indonesia’s President greets all CS Delegates at the door •Indonesia’s President welcomes CS Delegates, makes speech and allows CS Delegate to speak •All delegates introduce themselves by mentioning the name and followed by “I am from ASEAN” •Indonesia’s President, Malaysia PM Najib, Razak, Thai PM Abishit Vejajiva, and PM Vietnam Nguyen Tan Dzung responded (see Annexes) •Indonesia’s President gives closing remarks and walks toward the CS Delegate and shakes their hand one by one. All leaders
  12. 12. Leaders’ Interface Meeting with CS Year ACSC/APF Process (Track III/CS) 2012, Phnom Penh • Head of States met representatives from GONGOs of 8 countries (absent: Indonesia and the Philippines) •30 minutes •Topic: gender and development 2013, Brunei
  13. 13. CSO Platforms in engaging ASEAN Name frequent Engaging the body ACSC/APF annually ASEAN Disability Forum (ADF) annually ASEAN Youth Forum annually ASEAN Grass-root People Assembly annually ASEAN Community Dialogue ASEAN SUMMIT Head of States/Governmen ts annually ASEAN Committee Permanent Representatives (CPR) CPR Civil Society Forum to AMM on human rights annually ASEAN Ministers Meeting (AMM) Foreign Ministers Informal Dialogue between CSO and ASG annually ASEAN Secretary General (ASG) Secretary General Jakarta Human Rights Dialogue in ASEAN annually ASEAN Human Rights Mechanisms AICHR, ACWC GO-NGO Forum on Social Welfare & Development annually ASEAN Senior Official Meeting on SWD SOM officials
  14. 14. Current CS Engagement with Human Rights Mechanisms AICHR  AICHR only want to meet with those who are affiliated with the ASEAN Charter  The newly adopted AICHR Guideline of Operation silent on CS engagement  After number of rejection and selectivity manner in engaging civil society, on June 22, AICHR conducted a regional consultation on AHRD  Consultation only happen in Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines  CS continue to submit inputs, reports, papers to AICHR  CS is a sensitive issue in AICHR, but during their visit to US, they met US-based CSOs ACWC  Started with Informal Dinner (2011), Informal Session (2011), JointWorkshop (2012), Formal Session (2012)  Informal Session: 9 out of 20 Reps attended  Informal Session: 16 out 20 Reps attended  Joint-Workshop: 18 out of 20 Reps attended  Formal Session: 20 Reps attended  Good Result, Good process, substantive discussion, cordial ambiance  Inputs from CS have been included in the reference documents of the ACWC  The initial suggestion to erase civil society” & international standards” in TOR ACWC has been put down  ACWC uses inputs from CS in formulating their positions
  15. 15. Engagement in AHRD drafting process Drafting Group on AHRD June 2011-Jan 2012 AICHR Meeting on AHRD Jan – June 2012 ASEAN Ministerial Meeting July 2012 AICHR Meeting on AHRD August-Oct 2012
  16. 16. CULTIVATING GAINS  Civil Society’s role is visible in ASEAN community building  Civil Society engagement improve the accountability of ASEAN. A critical and watchful civil society is a factor of paramount importance for good governance  Growing discussion on governance and government, people-oriented versus people-centered organization  ACSC should remain as one of the key platforms which civil society uses to exchange ideas and advance their inputs to ASEAN leaders and relevant policy-makers  Civil-Society should maintain its process as civil society-led and show willingness and readiness to engage with ASEAN and its Member Government  He organizing of ACSC should be improved from time to time through trying and experiencing
  17. 17. INCLUSION OF CSO’S INPUTS IN AHRD  Article 9: …. The process of such realisation shall take into account peoples’ participation, inclusivity and the need for accountability.  Article 22: ... All forms of intolerance, discrimination and incitement of hatred based on religion and beliefs shall be eliminated.  Article 27 (3) …Those who employ children and young people in work harmful to their morals or health, dangerous to life, or likely to hamper their normal development, including their education should be punished by law.  Article 36: …ASEAN Member States should adopt meaningful people-oriented and gender responsive development programmes aimed at poverty alleviation  and so on…
  18. 18. + Our Collective Knowledge in the last 8 years ASEAN’s Alternative Regionalism (Source: HRWG Study, 2011) •Particularly: Women & Youth, Indigenous People / Ethnic Minority, and CSOs •Against unjust FTA, privatization, •Reject neoliberal economic policies •Democracy •Human Rights •Transparency •Accountability •Mainly: ILO, UNFCCC, CEDAW, UNCRC, UNDRIP, &MDGs
  19. 19. ADDRESSING GAPS & CHALLENGES  How have we been following up our recommendations to ASEAN? Who should do this task? What would be the follow up mechanisms for this?  Lack of coherence between regional and national efforts  Paternalistic approach in civil society participation  Lack of accountability  Politicization of the participation, people’s voices and inclusion  Criminalization of dissents
  20. 20. CSO Platforms in engaging ASEAN Name frequent Engaging the body ACSC/APF annually ASEAN Disability Forum (ADF) annually ASEAN Youth Forum annually ASEAN Grass-root People Assembly annually ASEAN Community Dialogue ASEAN SUMMIT Head of States/Governmen ts annually ASEAN Committee Permanent Representatives (CPR) CPR Civil Society Forum to AMM on human rights annually ASEAN Ministers Meeting (AMM) Foreign Ministers Informal Dialogue between CSO and ASG annually ASEAN Secretary General (ASG) Secretary General Jakarta Human Rights Dialogue in ASEAN annually ASEAN Human Rights Mechanisms AICHR, ACWC GO-NGO Forum on Social Welfare & Development annually ASEAN Senior Official Meeting on SWD SOM officials
  21. 21. WAYS FORWARD: FOR DISCUSSION  Expanding spaces for civil society in ASEAN Process – there is a need to discuss how, where, when  We want an INCLUSIVE GOVERNANCE IN ASEAN which reflect the values of inclusivity, accountability, nondiscrimination, human rights-based approach, embodied best practices, gender equality, replicable at the national level, with verifiable indicators  Inclusive government indicators: freedom of information, access to participate in all levels matters,  Need to overcome the problem in organizing ACSC/APF at the national level. Take the issue as regional responsibility, our responsibility
  22. 22. Way Forward  There is a need to have a grand and long-term strategy on how to institutionalize the participation and involvement of civil society in ASEAN  Building up the blocks that have been initiated by the previous chair rather than making a new one

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