12-Basic Financial Statement

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12-Basic Financial Statement

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  • anyone who has "Prepare Trial Balance" training can send me the lesson to this email address.... Reshad.darwishy@outlook.com
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  • 12-Basic Financial Statement

    1. 1. BASIC FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
    2. 2. Introduction to Financial Statements <ul><li>Companies prepare interim financial statements and annual financial statements . </li></ul>2000 X
    3. 3. Introduction to Financial Statements <ul><li>Three primary financial statements. </li></ul>Income Statement Balance Sheet Statement of Cash Flows We will use a corporation to describe these statements.
    4. 4. Introduction to Financial Statements Describes where the enterprise stands at a specific date . Income Statement Balance Sheet Statement of Cash Flows
    5. 5. Introduction to Financial Statements Depicts the revenue and expenses for a designated period of time . Income Statement Balance Sheet Statement of Cash Flows
    6. 6. Introduction to Financial Statements Revenues result in positive cash flow. Expenses result in negative cash flow. Either in the past, present, or future.
    7. 7. Introduction to Financial Statements Net income (or net loss) is simply the difference between revenues and expenses. Income Statement Balance Sheet Statement of Cash Flows
    8. 8. Introduction to Financial Statements Depicts the ways cash has changed during a designated period of time . Income Statement Balance Sheet Statement of Cash Flows
    9. 9. <ul><li>Balance sheet – provides a snapshot of a firm’s financial position at one point in time. </li></ul><ul><li>Income statement – summarizes a firm’s revenues and expenses over a given period of time. </li></ul><ul><li>Statement of retained earnings – shows how much of the firm’s earnings were retained, rather than paid out as dividends. </li></ul><ul><li>Statement of cash flows – reports the impact of a firm’s activities on cash flows over a given period of time. </li></ul>The Annual Report
    10. 10. A Starting Point: Statement of Financial Position
    11. 11. Assets Assets are economic resources that are owned by the business and are expected to provide positive future cash flows.
    12. 12. Liabilities Liabilities are debts that represent negative future cash flows for the enterprise.
    13. 13. Owners’ Equity Owners’ equity represents the owner’s claim to the assets of the business.
    14. 14. The Accounting Equation Assets = Liabilities + Owners’ Equity $300,000 = $80,000 + $220,000
    15. 15. Balance Sheet: Assets <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Cash </li></ul><ul><li>A/R </li></ul><ul><li>Inventories </li></ul><ul><li>Total CA </li></ul><ul><li>Gross FA </li></ul><ul><li>Less: Dep. </li></ul><ul><li>Net FA </li></ul><ul><li>Total Assets </li></ul>2002 7,282 632,160 1,287,360 1,926,802 1,202,950 263,160 939,790 2,866,592 2001 57,600 351,200 715,200 1,124,000 491,000 146,200 344,800 1,468,800
    16. 16. Balance sheet: Liabilities and Equity <ul><li>Accts payable </li></ul><ul><li>Notes payable </li></ul><ul><li>Accruals </li></ul><ul><li>Total CL </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term debt </li></ul><ul><li>Common stock </li></ul><ul><li>Retained earnings </li></ul><ul><li>Total Equity </li></ul><ul><li>Total L & E </li></ul>2002 524,160 636,808 489,600 1,650,568 723,432 460,000 32,592 492,592 2,866,592 2001 145,600 200,000 136,000 481,600 323,432 460,000 203,768 663,768 1,468,800
    17. 17. Income statement <ul><li>Sales </li></ul><ul><li>COGS </li></ul><ul><li>Other expenses </li></ul><ul><li>EBITDA </li></ul><ul><li>Depr. & Amort. </li></ul><ul><li>EBIT </li></ul><ul><li>Interest Exp. </li></ul><ul><li>EBT </li></ul><ul><li>Taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Net income </li></ul>2002 6,034,000 5,528,000 519,988 (13,988) 116,960 (130,948) 136,012 (266,960) (106,784) (160,176) 2001 3,432,000 2,864,000 358,672 209,328 18,900 190,428 43,828 146,600 58,640 87,960
    18. 18. Other data <ul><li>No. of shares </li></ul><ul><li>EPS </li></ul><ul><li>DPS </li></ul><ul><li>Stock price </li></ul><ul><li>Lease pmts </li></ul>2002 100,000 -$1.602 $0.11 $2.25 $40,000 2001 100,000 $0.88 $0.22 $8.50 $40,000
    19. 19. Statement of Retained Earnings (2002) <ul><li>Balance of retained </li></ul><ul><li>earnings, 12/31/01 </li></ul><ul><li>Add: Net income, 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Less: Dividends paid </li></ul><ul><li>Balance of retained </li></ul><ul><li>earnings, 12/31/02 </li></ul>$203,768 (160,176) (11,000) $32,592
    20. 20. Statement of Cash Flows (2002) <ul><li>OPERATING ACTIVITIES </li></ul><ul><li>Net income </li></ul><ul><li>Add (Sources of cash): </li></ul><ul><li>Depreciation </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in A/P </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in accruals </li></ul><ul><li>Subtract (Uses of cash): </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in A/R </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in inventories </li></ul><ul><li>Net cash provided by ops. </li></ul>(160,176) 116,960 378,560 353,600 (280,960) (572,160) (164,176)

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