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08-Management Information System

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08-Management Information System

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08-Management Information System

  1. 1. Management Information System Lecture Notes for Business Introduction By Fahmy Radhi
  2. 2. Management Information System (MIS) <ul><li>Interrelated components that collect, process, store and disseminate information to support decision making and Problem Solving </li></ul><ul><li>Information that rely on computer hardware and software for processing and disseminating information </li></ul>
  3. 3. Information System within an Organization
  4. 4. Functions of an Information System
  5. 5. Functions of an Information System <ul><li>Input – the collection of raw data for processing information system </li></ul><ul><li>Processing – the conversion of data into information for more meaningful </li></ul><ul><li>Output – the distribution of processed information </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback – output that is returned to help evaluate or correct input </li></ul>
  6. 6. MIS Activities <ul><li>MIS is activities to manage information for problem solving and decision making in an entity by managed the following activities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquiring information by gathering data and processed the data to be the valuable information efficiently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using the information in the most effective way </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discarding the information at the proper time </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Differences between Data and Information <ul><li>Data consists of facts and figures that are relatively meaningless to user. E.g. the number of hours worked for each employee in the company </li></ul><ul><li>Information is processed data that are more meaningfully. E.g. the hours works for each employee multiplied by the hourly rate, the out put information is the gross earning </li></ul>
  8. 8. Skills required in MIS <ul><li>Computer literacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>understanding of computer terminology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a recognition of the strength and weakness of the computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>an ability to use the computer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information literacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding how to use information at each step of problem solving process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding where information can be obtained </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding how to share information with other </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Computer-based information Subsystem <ul><li>Electronic data processing (EDP) – produces some information as by product of the accounting process called Accounting Information System (AIS) </li></ul><ul><li>Management information system (MIS) – the computer application should be implemented for the primary purpose of producing management information. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Computer-based information Subsystem <ul><li>Decision support system (DDS) – an information producing system aimed at a particular problem that a manager must solve and decision. </li></ul><ul><li>Office automation (OA) – facilities of computer and communication that increase productivities for manager and office worker in conducting their activities </li></ul><ul><li>Expert System (ES) – computer application that can be used by managers in problem solving and decision making </li></ul>
  11. 11. Computer-based information Subsystem
  12. 12. Functional Information Subsystem <ul><li>Human Resources Information System </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing Information System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing Intelligence Subsystem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial Engineering Subsystem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Financial Information System </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing Information System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing Research Subsystem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing Intelligence Subsystem </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Main Reason interest in MIS <ul><li>Increasing Complexity of Business Activities influenced by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International economic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worldwide Competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing complexity of Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shrinking time frames </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improving rapidly Computer Capabilities </li></ul>
  14. 14. Information Specialists <ul><li>System analyst is an expert who works with user in developing system at defining problems and in preparing written documentation of how the computer will assist in solving the problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Database administrator works with user and system analyst in creating the data needed to produce the information needed by users </li></ul>
  15. 15. Information Specialists <ul><li>Network specialist works with user and system analyst in establishing the data communication network that ties together widespread computing resources </li></ul><ul><li>Programmers use the documentation prepared by the system analyst to create the software program that lead the computer to transform data into information needed by users </li></ul><ul><li>Operators operates the computing equipment and using software program </li></ul>
  16. 16. Information Specialists

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