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Mississippi Gulf Coast Rail Revival: NCITEC White Paper Background - CAIT

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Major problems with Mississippi Gulf Coast cities include the following: high congestion on highways during peak hours, increased volume of commercial traffic and safety risks to other auto motor traffic, high level of vehicle emissions, and lack of public transportation options for the underserved. Coastal communities face extreme traffic congestion during hurricane evacuations, which is a major hurdle for federal, state and local emergency management agencies.
The primary objective of this project and white paper is to propose sustainable rail strategies for serving commuters transportation to major employers and patrons/visitors to casinos, beaches, and other places of tourist attraction within the coastal highway corridors.
The proposed commuter rail framework integrates intercity passenger rail service with local economies. Passenger rail/commuter intercity rail service is evaluated for East-West (E-W) Coastal corridor south of I-10 and North-South (N-S) Corridor along east of US-49 on the existing freight rail corridors. Technical feasibility and economic competitiveness evaluation are presented, which show that breakeven can be achieved within 6-7 years considering only direct revenues.

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Mississippi Gulf Coast Rail Revival: NCITEC White Paper Background - CAIT

  1. 1. @drwaheeduddin 1
  2. 2. Economic Viability and Environmental Sustainability Dimensions of Passenger Rail Service Integration for Commuter and Casino Traffic on the Gulf Coast A Proposal to Serve Gulf Coast Communities, Enhance Local Economy, and Create Jobs Waheed Uddin, PhD, PE Seth Cobb, Graduate Student University of Mississippi @drwaheeduddin October 2014
  3. 3. Dr. Patrick Sherry, NCIT Director, University of Denver Waheed Uddin, PhD, PE Professor and Director CAIT http://www.olemiss.edu/projects/cait/ncitec/ The University of Mississippi @drwaheeduddin 3Dr. Burak Eksioglu, Clemson University, South Carolina http://www.ncitec.msstate.edu/home/executive-committee/
  4. 4. • The Mississippi DOT’s strategic planning MULTIPLAN report indicate that most of Interstate- 10 corridor has average speeds (in both directions) at or below 55 mph (88 kmph). • The high commercial traffic volume increases congestion on highways, safety risks to other auto commuter traffic, and vehicular emissions. • Significant traffic volume from within Coastal counties on I-10 and US-90. Current Mobility Problems on Mississippi Gulf Coast @drwaheeduddin 4
  5. 5. Passenger Rail reduces number of cars on roads plus less driving miles per year per car Solution: Mass Transit Modes Intermodal integration increases rail share, frees lane space and reduces: o Congestion on roads and incidents o Congestion related wastage of fuel o Crashes and Stress on commuters o Harmful air pollutants (CO, PM, NOx and Ozone) o CO2 and GHG emissions @drwaheeduddin 5
  6. 6. Gulf Coast Passenger Rail Southwest Chief Passenger Rail Stopped after 2005 Hurricane Katrina@drwaheeduddin 6
  7. 7. Amtrak Sunset service served the Gulf Coast triweekly before it was suspended after 2005 Hurricane Katrina disaster. @drwaheeduddin 7 Amtrak Sunset Service from Florida to California
  8. 8. Environmental Degradation and Public Health Impacts of Transportation Modes 254 million road transport vehicles in U.S. Modal comparison of passenger transport emissions Credit: European Environment Agency/Allianz, SE 2.7 times less CO2 emission and 200 less cars on roads @drwaheeduddin 8
  9. 9. Existing Transportation Infrastructure on Mississippi Gulf Coast Map I-10 and US90 East – West; US49 North – South @drwaheeduddin 9
  10. 10. Total I-10 & US-90 Daily Traffic Volume: 46,247 West of Mississippi Total I-10 & US-90 Daily Traffic Volume: 49,690 East of Mississippi @drwaheeduddin 10
  11. 11. • Before and after rail service studies o Traffic volume demand and through traffic on Gulf Coast highways (Estimated 46 -49 thousand daily traffic volume East and West borders) o In-county commuter trips and auto traffic volume (Total 364,993 daily vehicle trips in three Gulf Coast counties) o Ridership estimation for rail service (About 10% vehicle trips or up to 34,000 vehicle users in these counties) o Revenue & economic development impacts (concessions at rail stations, jobs created due to revived rail service and integration with other local transport modes such as transit or privately owned short haul shuttle transport services). Solution: Revitalization of Passenger Rail Service @drwaheeduddin 11
  12. 12. Rail Alternatives for Mississippi Gulf Coast Seattle Monorail • Tram/Street Car – No; reduces capacity & occupies lanes on highways • BRT – Not suitable; reduces capacity & occupies lanes on highways • LRT – Not suitable; reduces capacity & occupies lanes on highways; high cost • Elevated Monorail – No; high capital costs @drwaheeduddin 12 Cleveland BRT
  13. 13. 13 Rail Alternatives for Mississippi Gulf Coast • Commuter Rail – Yes; on existing rail lines and serving as intercity rail for rural cities Denver Commuter Rail Luxemburg Intercity/Commuter Rail To serve all coastal cities in Mississippi from Mobile to New Orleans
  14. 14. • Comprehensive Value Engineering (VE) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) o Capital improvement cost; shared use of rail tracks o Annual operational and maintenance costs o Annual revenues (fare, advertisement, sales tax for city/county, city and state gaming tax) o Other quantifiable benefits (safety of casino patrons, reduced congestion, less pollution and associated public health costs, reduction in carbon emissions; more patrons/visitors) • Economic impact analysis also considers fuel savings by car owners and additional external benefits of jobs creation/saving, employer participation, and transit connectivity. Revitalization of Passenger Rail Service @drwaheeduddin 14
  15. 15. Proposed Commuter Rail Lines: Casino Train E-W and Beach Train N-S 15 Casino Train E-W Beach Train N-S
  16. 16. Value Engineering and Life Cycle Benefit-cost Economic Analysis of Gulf Coast Rail Lines NCITEC 2013-33: Mississippi Gulf Coast Rail Restoration Study (Life Cycle Economic Analysis Assuming 5% Annual Discount Rate) Rail Alternative Commuter Rail E-W Commuter Rail N-S CL Length; Track 200 km; CSX rail track 110 km; ; KCS rail track Rail Infrastructure 6 train stocks; 10 stations 4 train stocks; 3 stations Initial Infrastructure Cost $335.2 Million $226.9 Million Riders per Day 20,000 10,000 Present Worth Cost-Benefit Analysis Cost Benefit Cost Benefit * See next slide for detailed present worth benefit cost analysis Breakeven Year (considering only direct revenues) Within 6 years Within 7 years @drwaheeduddin 16
  17. 17. Value Engineering and Life Cycle Benefit-cost Economic Analysis of Gulf Coast Rail Lines NCITEC 2013-33: Mississippi Gulf Coast Rail Restoration Study (Life Cycle Economic Analysis Assuming 5% Annual Discount Rate) Rail Alternative Commuter Rail E-W Commuter Rail N-S CL Length; Track 200 km; CSX rail track 110 km; ; KCS rail track Present Worth Cost-Benefit Analysis Cost Benefit Cost Benefit 1-Year Present Worth Analysis, $ Million 344 344 230 247.1 5-Year Present Worth Analysis, $ Million 375 1,489 247 1,030 10-Year Present Worth Analysis, $ Million 407 2,656 263 2,110 20-Year Present Worth Analysis, $ Million 450 4,287 286 2,907 50-Year Present Worth Analysis, $ Million 504 6,279 313 5,049 Breakeven Year Year 1 Year 1 (considering all revenue sources, fuel saving, and economic benefits) Benefit/Cost Ratio 1.0 1.1 Breakeven Year (considering only direct revenues) Within 6 years Within 7 years @drwaheeduddin 17 * Continued from previous slide for detailed present worth benefit cost analysis
  18. 18. Value Engineering and Life Cycle Benefit-cost Economic Analysis of Gulf Coast Rail Lines NCITEC 2013-33: Mississippi Gulf Coast Rail Restoration Study (Life Cycle Economic Analysis Assuming 5% Annual Discount Rate) Rail Alternative Commuter Rail E-W Commuter Rail N-S CL Length; Track 200 km; CSX rail track 110 km; ; KCS rail track Initial Infrastructure Cost $335.2 Million $226.9 Million Riders per Day 20,000 10,000 Breakeven Year (considering only direct revenues) Within 6 years Within 7 years CO2 Emission reduction (due to less cars on highways): 2,397 Tons per Year 1,253 Tons per Year Added Sales Tax Revenue Assumed: Annual 5% Annual 2.5% Annual 10% Added Casino Patrons & Visitors/Tourists: 1.48 Million (boost to state economy) Total Jobs created from commuter rails: 500 (added economic benefits) @drwaheeduddin 18 Data sources: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 2012; National Transit Database; Mississippi DOT * Continued from previous slide for life cycle analysis of Societal impacts
  19. 19. Highlights of Gulf Coast Commuter Rail Revival Call to Action  “Casino Train” in E-W corridor of the existing CSX rail from New Orleans to Mobile  “Beach Train” in N-S corridor of the existing KCS rail from Hattiesburg to Gulfport  Sustainable mobility for up to 34,000 vehicle users  Service for coastal residents to employers in north  Reduction in traffic congestion on I-10 & US-90  Reduction in emissions and public health hazards  Safe travel alternatives for casino patrons from within the coastal counties, New Orleans, and Mobile  Safe mass evacuation of coastal communities in case of a coastal hurricane disaster  Increase of 1.48 million casino patrons & revenue each year  Total 500 new jobs and boost to regional economy @drwaheeduddin 19 “Casino Train” “Beach Train” http://www.olemiss.edu/projects/cait/ncitec/NCITEC-WhitePaper-GC.pdf
  20. 20. Opportunities for ITS & Energy Harvesting Implementation For Commuter Rail Lines • Real-time Video Surveillance – Rail Tracks, Stations, Trains • Traveler’s Information System & Messages • Wi-Fi Availability – Cost included in “fare” • Energy Harvesting – Piezoelectric sensors on tracks • Coastal Evacuation – Mississippi DOT and Mississippi Emergency Authority @drwaheeduddin 20
  21. 21. @drwaheeduddin 21 White Paper Report available from CAIT-NCITEC web site or by contacting Dr. W. Uddin.

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