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  1. 1. Brick Masonry History, types, manufacturing and properties. KUNDAN WAGH Roll No. - 201271
  2. 2. History of Bricks: Bricks are one of the oldest types of building blocks. They are an ideal building material because they are relatively cheap to make. A brick is a block of ceramic material used in masonry construction. The first sun-dried bricks were made in Mesopotamia (what is now Iraq).
  3. 3. Advantages of bricks : •Brick will not burn or melt. •Brick will not rot. •Brick will not rust & corrod. •It will not be damaged by high winds or rain. •Brick will not require constant maintenance.
  4. 4. General Characteristics of Bricks Brick is made of clay. There are three ways to form the shape and size of a brick: 1)extruded (stiff mud), 2)molded (soft mud) 3)dry- pressed.  The majority of brick are made by the extrusion method. Brick achieves its color through the minerals in the fired clay.
  5. 5. Bricks Manufacture - 4 stages Material preparation Manufacturing drying Firing 1)Preparation: material (clay) washed and grinding (fineness) 8 Sample of grinding machine for clay Sample of crushing machine
  6. 6. Brick 2)Manufacturing : Clay will grinded with 15% of water. The clay will be pushed through the mould base on the shape. After that, Clay will cut to get a standard size of brick using wire. Sometimes, bricks will produced using big mould that clay will be press that using hydraulic machine. 9
  7. 7. 3)Drying : Wet unit bricks will be drying in space or room with control temperature to make sure the bricks in complete dry. 10 Brick was compile before bring to the kiln
  8. 8. 4)Firing : Dry bricks, was compile in kiln to firing process with 600o C. This is for burn the carbon and sulfur that have remain. After that, temperature will increase to 900o C to get a vetrification process. Normally, vitrification process occurred around 800o C. Bricks become hard/strong after vitrification process. 11
  9. 9. Bricks Bricks manufacturing process flow
  11. 11. Manufacturing
  12. 12. Manufacturing
  13. 13. Setting
  14. 14. Firing Process
  15. 15. Packaging
  16. 16. PROPOERTIES OF BRICKS The most important properties of brick are 1) durability 2) color 3) texture 4) size variation 5) compressive strength 6) absorption.
  17. 17. Brick Work Brick shape in brick work To produce the variety of arrangmenet or special purpose in brick work 20
  18. 18. Brick Work Brick shape in brick work 21 Angle Brick
  19. 19. Brick Work Brick shape in brick work 22
  20. 20. Brick Work Brick arrangement in brick work 23
  21. 21. Brick work Brick arrangement in brick work 24
  22. 22. Brick Work Brick arrangement in brick work 25
  23. 23. Brick Work Brick arrangement in brick work 26
  24. 24. Brick work Brick arrangement in brickwork Some of the popular brick arrangement is: Brick edge Arrangement Brick head Arrangement American Arrangement English Arrangement Flemish Arrangement 27 American Arrangment
  25. 25. 28 Decorative of brick work Walk way
  26. 26. 29 Photo advantages of brick
  27. 27. The End 30