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Parts of speech1


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Parts of speech1

  1. 1. PARTS OF SPEECH Nouns - Verbs Pronouns - Adjectives -Adverbs Prepositions - Conjunctions Articles - Interjections Transition Words Billy
  2. 2. Parts of Speech  “Words, which are the building blocks of language. . .” (Warriner’s p. 35*) are explained in this Power Point Presentation. Examples are given to explain the use of different words. *Warriner, John E., Graham, Sheila Laws, Warriner’s English Grammar and Composition, 1st course, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich ,NY, 1977
  3. 3. NOUNS Nouns name persons, places, things or ideas. Example: 1. Explain nutrition issues 2. Dietitians and nutritionists do similar tasks
  4. 4. VERBS Verbs are a part of speech that: 1. Show action (example: to run). 2. State something (example: to be). 3. Show condition (example: It seems.). 4. Most verbs change their form to show time (ex: run/ran). 5. Others change to show number. (Ex.: One woman was there. More were not).
  5. 5. PRONOUNS take the place of nouns. They are replacement words.  Referring to persons or nouns:  I, my, mine, me, myself  You, your, yours, yourself, yourselves  He, his, him, himself  She, hers, her, herself  It, its itself  We, our, ours, us, ourselves  They, their, theirs, them, themselves  Who, whose, whom, whoever, whomever  Everybody, anybody, somebody  Everyone, anyone, someone  None, no one, no body  Referring to nouns:  This, one, each, some, any, all  That, either, neither, many, more, much, most  These, other, another, what, which  Those, both, several, few, whatever, whichever
  6. 6. Adjectives modify nouns or pronouns  Adjectives (adj.) modify, make clear or limit the meaning of other words.  Descriptive adj. usually answer the question “What kind?’  Limiting adj. usually answer the question “How many?”  Use a comma to separate a series or groups of adj. Example: The big, black, old horse trotted down the trail.
  7. 7. Adverbs  Adverbs tell How?, When?, Where?, How much?  Words ending in ‘-ly’ are usually adverbs. Example: The fox ran quickly into the woods. Clinical dietitians may further specialize.
  8. 8. Preposition  A preposition begins phrases that show relationships between nouns, pronouns and other words.  Commonly used prepositions: see next page for examples.
  9. 9. Prepositions Commonly used prepositions  Aboard behind  About below  Above beneath  Across beside  After between  Against beyond  Along but (except)  Amid by  Among down  Around during  At except  Before for  From throughout  In to  Into toward  Like under  Near underneath  Of until  Off unto  On up  Over upon  Past with  Since within  Through without
  10. 10. Conjunction  Conjunctions connect words, phrases or clauses.  Some conjunctions are and, but, either, or, neither, nor.  Example: They’re planning and building a house.
  11. 11. Article  There are definite and indefinite articles.  Definite articles are ‘a, an.’  The indefinite article is ‘the.’
  12. 12. Interjection  An interjection expresses strong feelings!  Example: Oh, look!
  13. 13. Transition Words  These are words that connect, change and transition ideas.  See the next slides for some transition words.
  14. 14. Transition Words  To add:  And, again, and then, besides, equally important, finally, further, furthermore, nor, too, next, lastly, what’s more, moreover, in addition, first (second, etc.)
  15. 15. Transition Words  To compare:  Whereas, but, yet, on the other hand, however, nevertheless, on the contrary, by comparison, compared to, up against, balanced against, vis-à-vis, although, conversely, meanwhile, after all, in contrast, although this may be true
  16. 16. Transition Words  To prove:  Because, for, since, for the same reason, obviously, evidently, furthermore, moreover, besides, indeed, in fact, in addition, in any case, that is
  17. 17. Transition Words  To show exception:  Yet, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, of course, once in a while, sometimes
  18. 18. Transition Words  To show time:  Immediately, thereafter, soon, after a few hours, finally, then, later, previously, formerly, first (second, etc.), next, and then
  19. 19. Transition Words  To repeat:  In brief, as I have said, as I have noted, as has been noted
  20. 20. Transition Words  To emphasize:  Definitely, extremely, obviously, in fact, indeed, in any case, absolutely, positive, naturally, surprisingly, always, forever, perennially, eternally, never, emphatically, unquestionably, without a doubt, certainly, undeniably, with reservation
  21. 21. Transition Words  To show sequence:  First, second, third, and so forth, A, B, C, next, then, following this, at this time, now, at this point, after, afterward, subsequently, finally, consequently, previously, before this, simultaneously, concurrently, thus, therefore, hence, next and then, soon
  22. 22. Parts of Speech  Each ‘Part of Speech’ is important to all parts of English—our speaking, listening, reading and writing!  Enjoy!
  23. 23.  Dietitians and nutritionists are experts in food and nutrition. They advise people on what to eat in order to lead a healthy lifestyle or achieve a specific health-related goal.