Qamar-e-Bani Hashim (Moon of the clan of Bani Hashim),
Alam Dar (Standard Bearer)
Saqqa-e-Haram (Water carrier for the women
and children of the house)
Place of Birth: Madina,
Date of Birth: 4th of Shabaan 645 C.E.
Father: Imam Ali b. Abi Talib
Mother: Fatima b. Hazam, popularly known as
Ummul Baneen, mother of 4 sons
Wife: Lubaba, great granddaughter of Abdul
Children: Three sons, eldest being Fazl -so Hazrat
Abbas is also known Abul Fazl
Hazrat Abbas(as) was born as a
fulfillment of a dua by Imam Ali (as)
who wanted a brave and powerful son
who would be of service to Imam
Hussein(as) in kerbala
Imam Ali(as) consulted his brother
Aqeel, an expert on Genealogy , to
find for him a wife who would be able
to bear him a brave son. Aqeel
Fatima from the clan of Kilab-she was
also known as UMMUL BANEEN
• On the birth of Hazrat Abbas Imam
Ali(as), prostrated on the ground as a token
of his humble thanks to God.
• Imam Hussain(as) took the baby in his arms
and recited the Azan and Iqamat (Calls for
Prayers) in his right and left ears respectively.
Then the new born baby opened his eyes to
see the beloved face of Imam Hussain(as).
• Imam Ali (as) brought up Hazrat Abbas(as) and
ably guided him till he was fourteen years old.
• The next ten years were spent under the careful
eye of Imam Hassan(as)
• and the last ten years with Imam Hussain(as).
Thus it was not surprising that Hazrat Abbas(as)
acquired near perfection in so many spheres of life
• His bravery, boldness, and the art of combat and
soldiery were inherited from Imam Ali(as), and this
he proved very well in the battles of Jamal, Siffin
• Imam Hassan(as) taught him patience and
• His Lion-hearted loyalty and self-sacrificing nature
were the result of his association with Imam
Hussain (as)and sayeda Zainab.(as)
• He was also an accomplished scholar.
• During the Battle of Siffin, the
enemy, Muawiya, reached the river before Imam
Ali’s(as) forces arrived. He took control of the river
and denied access to the Imam’s army.
• Imam sent his general, Malik al-Ashtar, to win back
control of the river. He also sent Imam Husain (as)
to help out.. It is reported that Hazrat Abbas (as)
accompanied him. This gave him the opportunity
to learn how to fight for control of the river. This
• experience came in handy in Karbala
When Imam Ali (as) was on his deathbed, he
called Imam Hussain(as) and Hazrat Abbas(as).
He took Imam Hussain’s(as) hand and said
“Hussain, this child (abbas) I am entrusting to
you. He will represent me on the day of your
supreme sacrifice and lay down his life in
defending you and your dear ones, much as I
would have done if alive on that day.”
Now his father turned to Hazrat
Abbas(as) and affectionately told him:
“Abbas, my child, I know your
unbounded love for Husain. Though
you are too young to be told about
it, when that day dawns, consider no
sacrifice too great for Hussain .
• Hazrat Abbas (a.s.) grew up to be a
tall and handsome man. He was so
tall, that when he sat on a horse his
feet touched the ground. He was so
handsome that he was known as
Qamar-e-Bani Hashim, the Moon of
the family of Hashim.
• He was also polite and patient and this was a
reminder of his father"s words that No inheritance
is worthier than politeness.
• Hazrat Abbas(as), who was brought up in such a
friendly atmosphere, but he never sat down
without permission in front of his brothers Imam
Hassan (as)and Imam Hussein (as) Such was his
respect for his brothers
• Hazrat Abbas (a.s.) was also a valiant warrior. It
was said that Muawiya was scared to invade
Madina because of five men who were with
Imam Hussain (a.s.) and could, together with
their Imam, conquer a whole army
• These were;
• Muhammad Hanafia, brother of Imam Hussain (as)
Hazrat Muslim ibn-e-Aqeel (a.s.),
• Abdullah Ibn-e-Jaffer (a.s.), Sayeda Zainab’s husband
• Hazrat Abbas (a.s.)
• and our fourth Imam, Zainul 'Abideen (a.s.).
• Just before Imam Hussain (as) left
Madina, Ummul Baneen (as) summoned
all her four sons and said to them, "My
sons you must remember that while I
love you, Imam Hussain (as) is your
Master. If Imam or his sisters or his
children get injured or hurt while you are
still alive, I will never forgive you.“
• Throughout the journey from Madina to
Mecca and then to Karbala, Hazrat
Abbas(as) was always with Imam
Hussain (as) and followed him like a
• In Karbala, When Yazid's men pulled out
Husayn's(as) tents from the river
bank, Abbas (as) became very angry. He
pulled out his sword and wanted to fight
there and then. Hussain (as) said:
• "My brother Abbas keep your sword in its
place. Don't take your sword out to fight.
We have come to save Islam. Abbas, we
have come to teach true Islam. We will
teach Islam - not with our swords but with
our character. Patience Abbas, patience"
• The battle of Karbala began.
• One-by-one, Hussain (as) companions went to the
battlefield and were martyred.
• Every time a body was brought to the tent, Abbas
(as) went to Hussain (as) and said:
• Master, now allow me to go to the battlefield.
Enough, Master, enough. Let me go and fight those
• Every time, Hussain (as) calmed Abbas down by
• "No Abbas, no! How can I let you go? You are the
commander of my army. You are my right hand
man, Abbas. You are my support, Abbas. Where
would I be without you, Abbas? No Abbas, no."
• HazratAbbas‘(as) three brothers went to the
battlefield and were martyred.
• Aun and- Mohammed went to the battlefield and
• Qasim went. His body was trampled and torn to
• Hazrat Abbas(as) became very restless and could
not take it anymore. Somehow, he must get
• Just then, little Sakina, with her mashk, came to
Abbas(as). "Uncle Abbas, look at my mashk. It is
very dry. AL-ATASH, uncle. Sakina is very
thirsty, uncle Abbas."
• Abbas(as) thought of a way to get permission from
Imam Hussain (as) .
• He picked up little Sakina and went to Imam
Hussain (as) tent.
• Hazrat Abbas(as) sat in front of the imam , with
Sakina on his lap.
• Abbas didn’t have to say anything-Imam Hussain
(as) looked at Abbas and then at Sakina and her
• Hussain (as) understood Abbas' expression.
• "Abbas, how can I say no, now? You have brought
Sakina with you. Go Abbas, go. Go and fill Sakina’s
mashk with water.”
• Abbas (as) put Sakina's Mashk on the
Standard (Alam), mounted his horse and rode
up to Imam Hussain (as). He said "I have come
to say goodbye
• ." Imam Hussain (as) said "My brother, come
and embrace me." Abbas (as) dismounted his
horse. There were tears in Imam's eyes. As
Abbas (as) prepared to mount his horse, Imam
Hussain (pbuh) said, "My brother, I want a gift
from you. I want your sword." Abbas
(pbuh), without uttering a word, gave Imam
Hussain (pbuh) his sword and rode into the
battlefield, armed only with a spear and
holding the Alam (Flag).
• As Abbas (as) prepared to mount his
horse, Imam Hussain (pbuh) said, "My
brother, I want a gift from you. I want your
sword." Abbas (as), without uttering a
word, gave Imam Hussain (as) his sword.
Hazrat Abbas (as) kissed Sakina and. said:
"Sakina, pray for me, pray that I get
water for you."
Hazrat Abbas (as) then went to Sayeda
"Sister Zainab, give me permission to go to the
Zainab(as) replied with tears in her eyes
"Brother Abbas, I used to hear that my hijab
would be looted. Abbas, I used to say, how
dare could anyone snatch my hijab when I
have you. Now Abbas, that you are going, I
believe that my hijab will really be looted."
Hazrat Abbas(as) went to the
In one hand he carried the Alam of
Hussain's (as)army and in the other he
held a spear and Sakina's mashk. He
had no sword to fight but had a spear
for protection. He headed for the River
When Yazid's soldiers saw Abbas (as)
coming. They were petrified and
started running away. They had seen
Abbas(as) fight and knew he was a
lion like his father, Imam Ali(as).
The few who dared to attack Abbas
were killed by his spear and kicks.
Abbas(as) reached the river and filled
He took a cup full of water in his
hands, looked at it, turned to the
direction of The tents and threw the water
He must have said “how can I drink water
when my Master and little Sakina and Ali
Asghar are thirsty?”
His faithful horse also refused to drink
Abbas, with his Alam in one hand and
his spear and Sakina's water-filled
mashk in the other, rode back.
Umar ibn Saad, Yazid's
commander, ordered his men to stop
Abbas taking water to Hussain's tents
at all costs.
They began throwing rocks, spears
HazratAbbas (as) was bleeding.
Just then, a soldier came from behind a
tree and struck his sword on Abbas'
shoulder. Abbas gripped the mashk with
his teeth, as his arm and spear fell to the
Another soldier came and struck his
sword into Abbas' other shoulder. The
Alam and the other arm fell to the
Imagine, Abbas (as)on his horse - No
arms - holding Sakina's mashk between
But the Water must reach Sakina!!
Abbas(as), still had the strength to go on.
Sakina’s mashk is still filled with water.
An arrow was shot. It hit Sakina's mashk.
The water began to pour out.
Hazrat Abbas (as) lost all his strength
as the water poured out from Sakina's
mashk.He turned away from the
direction of the tents and rode
towards the river. The enemies began
to encircle him and hit him.
He fell from his horse and cried out:
"Master, come to me. Master let me
see you for the last time."
Hussain (as) heard Abbas(as). He was
heartbroken. With his hands on his
back he cried out:
Imagine how Imam Hussain(as) felt when
he saw his brother lying on the ground covered with blood, both arms severed.
He placed Abbas' head on his lap. And
“My brother, Abbas! You are leaving me
too?. Abbas, what will I do without you?
My support, Abbas, I am finished without
you. My brother Abbas, can I do anything
Abbas replied"Yes, Master. When I
came to this world, I saw your face
first. Now, as I am going from this
world, Master, I would like to see your
face for the last time, but blood is
covering my eyes"
Imam Hussain(as) cleaned Abbas‘(as)
eyes. Abbas (as) gazed at Hussain(as).
Abbas, I have a wish too. All your life you have
called me Master. Once, brother Abbas, just
once, call me brother."
"Hussain, my brother, do not take my body to
the tents. I am ashamed of myself. I cannot
face Sakina. I don't want my sisters Kulthoom
and Zainab to see me like this.
Abbas(as) took his last breath and died on
ImamHussain(as) picked up the Alam and
tied Sakina's mashk to it.
Sakina saw the Alam coming. She
"Children, come children. My uncle Abbas
is coming with water. I will give all of you
water. Come children, come."
Imam Hussain(as) reached the tent. He
“Zainab Help me!, Zainab…….The Alam
has come……But the Alamdar has not…"