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Women in Islam and Christianity- a comparison

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Women in Islam and Christianity- a comparison

  1. 1. Comparison b/wIslam and Christianity Women By Wadood Ahmed
  2. 2. At Birth Christianity IslamThe Bible states that the period of the “When news is brought to one of them of the birth ofmother’s ritual impurity is twice as long a female child, his face darkens and he is filledif a girl is born than if a boy is (Lev. with inward grief. With shame does he hide12:2-5). himself from his people because of the bad news he has had! Shall he retain her on contempt or bury her in the dust? Ah! what an evil they decide on?” (16:59).“Your daughter is headstrong? Keep a “He who is involved in bringing upsharp look-out that she does not make daughters, and accords benevolent treatmentyou the laughing stock of your towards them, they will be protection for himenemies, the talk of the town, the against Hell-Fire” (Bukhari and Muslim).object of common gossip, and put youto public shame” (Ecclesiasticus 42:11).
  3. 3. Can she ask?Christianity Islam“As in all the congregations of the Allah has heard and accepted thesaints, women should remain silent in statement of the woman who pleadsthe churches. They are not allowed to with you (the Prophet) concerningspeak, but must be in submission as her husband and carries herthe law says. If they want to inquire complaint to Allah, and Allah hearsabout something, they should ask the arguments between both of youtheir own husbands at home; for it is for Allah hears and sees all things….”disgraceful for a woman to speak in (58:1).the church.” (I Corinthians 14:34-35) A woman in the Quranic conception has the right to argue even with the Prophet of Islam himself. There are several examples in Hadiths.
  4. 4. Women pure or impure? Christianity IslamWhen a woman has her regular flow of blood, The Quran adjoins Muslims to keep awaythe impurity of her monthly period will last from women (2:223) i.e. they must abstainseven days, and anyone who touches her will from conjugal relationship.be unclean till evening. Anything she lies on But it does not at any point says that youduring her period will be unclean, and cannot touch her as Bible says. We can findanything she sits on will be unclean. Whoever clear examples of the Holy Prophet (pbuh)touches her bed must wash his clothes and treating her wives during their menstruationbathe with water, and he will be unclean till cycle in the same manner as he would haveevening. Whoever touches anything she sits on done other wise. In short Islam does notmust wash his clothes and bathe with water, consider a menstruating woman to possessand he will be unclean till evening. Whether it any kind of “contagious uncleanness”. She isis the bed or anything she was sitting on, neither “untouchable” nor “cursed.” Shewhen anyone touches it, he will be unclean till practices her normal life with only oneevening” (Lev. 15:19-23). restriction: A married couple are not allowed to have sexual intercourse during the period of menstruation.
  5. 5. Women—who’s property? Christianity Islam The Bible only considers the extramarital affair  Adultery, according to the Quran, is of a married woman as adultery (Leviticus 20:10, the involvement of a married man or a Deuteronomy 22:22, Proverbs 6:20-7:27). married woman in an extramarital affair. The crime of adultery is committed only when a man, whether married or single, sleeps with a  “ And among His signs is that He married woman. created for you mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in Why was it? According to Encyclopedia Judaica, tranquility with them and He has put the wife was considered to be the husband’s love and mercy between your hearts: possession and adultery constituted a violation verily in that are signs for those who of the husband’s exclusive right to her; the wife reflect” (30:21). as the husband’s possession had no such right to him. 15 That is, if a man had sexual intercourse  This is the Quranic conception of with a married woman, he would be violating the marriage: love, mercy, and tranquility, property of another man and, thus, he should be not possession and double standards. punished.
  6. 6. Women’s vowChristianity IslamA woman’s vow is not necessarily “He [God] will call you to account forbinding on her. It has to be approved your deliberate oaths: for expiation,by her father, if she is living in his feed ten indigent persons, on a scalehouse, or by her husband, if she is of the average for the food of yourmarried. If a father/husband does families; Or clothe them; or give anot endorse his daughter’s/wife’s slave his freedom. If that is beyondvows, all pledges made by her become your means, fast for three days. Thatnull and void(Num. 30:2-15) is the expiation for the oaths you haveWhy is it that a woman’s word is not sworn. But keep your oaths” (5:89).binding per se ? The answer is simple: It means that in Islam, the vow ofbecause she is owned by her father, every Muslim, male or female, isbefore marriage, or by her husband binding on him/her. No one has theafter marriage. power to repudiate the pledges of anyone else.
  7. 7. Inheritance Christianity Islam The Biblical rules of inheritance are outlined in  Muslim Numbers 27:1-11. A wife is given no share in her mothers, wives, daughters, an husband’s estate, while he is her first heir, even d sisters had received before her sons. A daughter can inherit only if inheritance rights thirteen no male heirs exist. A mother is not an heir at hundred years before Europe all while the father is. Widows and daughters, in recognized that these rights case male children remained, were at the mercy even existed. The division of of the male heirs for provision. That is why inheritance is a vast subject widows and orphan girls were among the most with an enormous amount of destitute members of the Jewish society. details (4:7,11,12,176). Christianity has followed suit for long time. Both the ecclesiastical and civil laws of Christendom barred daughters from sharing with their brothers in the father’s patrimony. Besides, wives were deprived of any inheritance rights. These iniquitous laws survived till late in the last century.

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