Nafta and env


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Nafta and env

  1. 1. NAFTA and Environment: Effectiveness of NAFTA’s Side Agreement and Contextual Environmental Provisions<br />IPOL 8507 <br />Victoria Powell<br />
  2. 2. Outline of Presentation<br />Problem<br />Background of NAFTA<br />Description of Environmental Provisions<br />Case: Mexico’s <br /> Environment <br />Assessment<br />Recommendation<br />Final Words<br />Questions?<br />
  3. 3. Problem<br />Free Trade Agreements (FTA) can cause pollution havens in areas with lower environmental standards. <br />
  4. 4. NAFTA: Controversial Agreement<br />Signed in 1992<br />Will it cause a race to the bottom?<br />Will the environmental provisions be effective?<br />Addition of Environmental Side Agreement<br />NAAEC<br />
  5. 5. Environmental Provisions<br />Preamble: “undertake each of the preceding (provisions) in a manner consistent with environmental protection and conservation,” and “strengthen the development and enforcement of environmental laws and regulations.” <br />Article 1114 Environment and Investment<br />NAAEC/CEC<br />
  6. 6. CEC<br />Address regional environmental concerns<br />Help prevent potential trade and environmental conflicts<br />Promote the effective enforcement of environmental law<br />Council: oversees and serves as a forum<br />JPAC: advises<br />Secretariat: support<br />
  7. 7. Case: Mexico’s Environment (1985-99)<br />89% Increase in Rural Soil Erosion <br />108% Increase in Municipal Solid Waste <br />29% Increase in Water Pollution by and <br />97% Increase in Urban Air Pollution <br />Financial Cost 10% of GDP ($36 billion annually)<br />Economic Growth $14 billion annually <br />
  8. 8. Assessment<br />NAAEC<br />$9 million annually<br />NABCI and others<br />Articles 14 and 15<br />Lack of power<br />NAFTA Chapter 11<br />“tantamount to expropriation”<br />
  9. 9. Recommendation<br />Re-write NAFTA<br />Modify Chapter 11<br />Add provisions for NAAEC in the text<br />Next Steps<br />Continue to become reputable source of information<br />Improve citizen submission<br />
  10. 10. Final Words <br />Not all environmental problems were caused by NAFTA<br />NAAEC not devised to address all problems<br />
  11. 11. Questions???<br />
  12. 12. Picture References<br />Slide 2:<br />Slide 3:<br />Slide 5:<br />Slide 6:<br />Slide 7:<br />Slide 8:<br />
  13. 13. Other References:<br />