Cybersecurity for Science 
Von Welch 
Director, CACR 
SC14 
November 18th, 2014
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
I love Cyberinfrastructure… 
HPC HTC 
Science 
Gateways 
Big Data 
Di...
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
I Hate the Perception of Cybersecurity… 
HPC HTC 
Science 
Gateways 
...
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
Cybersecurity is an Enabler of 
Cyberinfrastructure and Science
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
Why Cybersecurity Matters to 
Science…
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
Trustworthy Science 
Maintaining the trust of scientists and the 
pub...
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
Do no harm 
CI represents some 
impressive cyber-facilities. 
Being u...
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
Collaboration
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
Identity matters to Science… 
Scott Koranda/LIGO - Oct’11
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
Specific Concerns 
Many science domains, 
communities, and 
projects ...
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
why is cybersecurity for science 
hard?
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
SSccieiennttifificic CCoommmmuunnitityy 
SScciieennccee // CCyybbeerr...
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
Science pushes IT hard! 
HPC HTC 
Science 
Gateways 
Big Data 
Distri...
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
Handling things going wrong at speed….
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
Cybersecurity Historically 
Firewalls, IDS, 
encryption, logs, 
passw...
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
Contemporary Cybersecurity 
Cybersecurity 
supports the 
science miss...
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
So, what am 
I doing about 
the weather?
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
TrustedCI.org: 
Center for Trustworthy Scientific 
Cyberinfrastructur...
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
We rely increasingly on 
our software stacks – both 
the ones we writ...
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
XSIM: Extreme Scale Identity 
Management for Science 
The Virtual Org...
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
Fighting “Identity Management in a closet” 
Managing access to 
data,...
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
Cybersecurity is an enabler 
Science and cyberinfrastructure 
are pus...
Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 
Thank you. 
Von Welch 
vwelch@iu.edu 
cacr.iu.edu
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Cybersecurity for Science

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Presentation at IU Booth during Supercomputing'14.

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  • We are driving IT at high speed. XXX Add different technologies here.
  • We are driving IT at high speed. XXX Add different technologies here.
  • We are driving IT at high speed. XXX Add different technologies here.
  • How fast would you drive a car that didn’t have brakes?
  • OK, so what are we doing about the weather?
  • But with brakes, you can go fast!
    Cybersecurity for CI is analogous to brakes for cars – when done right… it lets us go as fast as we do. It is an enabler for “high-speed” CI.
  • Cybersecurity for Science

    1. 1. Cybersecurity for Science Von Welch Director, CACR SC14 November 18th, 2014
    2. 2. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 I love Cyberinfrastructure… HPC HTC Science Gateways Big Data Distributed Everything Bleeding-edge Networks
    3. 3. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 I Hate the Perception of Cybersecurity… HPC HTC Science Gateways Big Data Distributed Everything International User Communities
    4. 4. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 Cybersecurity is an Enabler of Cyberinfrastructure and Science
    5. 5. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 Why Cybersecurity Matters to Science…
    6. 6. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 Trustworthy Science Maintaining the trust of scientists and the public in the CI, data and science is critical. Bias: Scientists have been managing the ultimate insider threat for a long time. Cybersecurity deals with increasing threats to trustworthy computational science.
    7. 7. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 Do no harm CI represents some impressive cyber-facilities. Being used as a tool to do harm to others would be potentially very damaging to CI’s reputation.
    8. 8. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 Collaboration
    9. 9. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 Identity matters to Science… Scott Koranda/LIGO - Oct’11
    10. 10. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 Specific Concerns Many science domains, communities, and projects will have particular concerns. The risks related to confidentiality, integrity, and availability vary greatly.
    11. 11. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 why is cybersecurity for science hard?
    12. 12. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 SSccieiennttifificic CCoommmmuunnitityy SScciieennccee // CCyybbeerriinnffrraassttrruuccttuurree Multiple Universities and/or Research Multiple Universities and/or Research Orgs Orgs Regional R&E and Commercial Services Regional R&E and Commercial Services Open Source and Scientific Software Open Source and Scientific Software R&E R&E Networks Requirements, Services, Networks … Risks, Policies, Risks
    13. 13. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 Science pushes IT hard! HPC HTC Science Gateways Big Data Distributed Everything Bleeding-edge Networks
    14. 14. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 Handling things going wrong at speed….
    15. 15. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 Cybersecurity Historically Firewalls, IDS, encryption, logs, passwords, etc.
    16. 16. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 Contemporary Cybersecurity Cybersecurity supports the science mission by managing risks to science.
    17. 17. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 So, what am I doing about the weather?
    18. 18. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 TrustedCI.org: Center for Trustworthy Scientific Cyberinfrastructure Providing leadership and addressing cybersecurity challenges for the NSF community.
    19. 19. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 We rely increasingly on our software stacks – both the ones we write and others. Open nature leads to large attack surfaces. Software integrity is critical. A joint effort: Morgridge Institute for Research (lead) University of Illinois Urbana Champaign University of Wisconsin – Madison Indiana University Miron Livny, MIR Jim Basney, UIUC Bart Miller, UW Von Welch, IU https://continuousassurance.org/
    20. 20. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 XSIM: Extreme Scale Identity Management for Science The Virtual Organization (VO) is critical to science. XSIM model enables delegation of identity management from resource provider to VO. Funded by DOE/ASCR Image credit: Ian Bird/CERN
    21. 21. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 Fighting “Identity Management in a closet” Managing access to data, instruments, etc. Authenticating collaborators/commu nity is hard. Effort drawn away from science. Enabling use of campus identities.
    22. 22. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 Cybersecurity is an enabler Science and cyberinfrastructure are pushing IT to new heights. Cybersecurity helps us manage the risks, maintain trust, build collaborations, and do the science most effectively.
    23. 23. Cybersecurity for Science: SC14 November 18th, 2014 Thank you. Von Welch vwelch@iu.edu cacr.iu.edu

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