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This is my presentation related to teachers use of social bookmarking to create their collections, the papers are here:

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  1. 1. <ul><li>Consolidating collections </li></ul><ul><li>of </li></ul><ul><li>learning resources </li></ul><ul><li>using APML </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www. eun .org </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Riina Vuorikari, European Schoolnet </li></ul>
  2. 2. How do K12 teachers search for content in Europe? Replies based on 45 European primary and secondary teachers participating the MELT project
  3. 3. About 40% official sources
  4. 4. About 60% informal sources and user generated content
  5. 5. Is there any interplay between official and informal sources of learning content?
  6. 6. Should there be? <ul><li>Margaryan& Littlejohn (2008) on barriers: curators’ repository-centric perspective leads to introduction of repositories as stand alone tools to users. </li></ul><ul><li>However, repositories are not used in isolation! </li></ul>Margaryan, A., & Littlejohn, A.: Repositories and communities at cross-purposes: Issues in sharing and reuse of digital learning resources. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning (JCAL), 24(4), 333-347 (2008)
  7. 9. How do we know? <ul><li>Exploratory case study on </li></ul><ul><li>How do teachers use it? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of content is there? </li></ul><ul><li>From what sources does the content come from? </li></ul>
  8. 10. Study specs <ul><li>16 teachers who have both MELT and account </li></ul><ul><li>Primary and secondary teachers </li></ul><ul><li>In science, languages, ICTs </li></ul><ul><li>Fi, Et, Hu and Be </li></ul><ul><li>7 are females and 9 males </li></ul><ul><li>1 < 30 years, </li></ul><ul><li>8 30-40 years </li></ul><ul><li>5 40-50 years, </li></ul><ul><li>2 50-60 years </li></ul>
  9. 11. Study specs <ul><li>MELT portal profile information: </li></ul><ul><li>Country </li></ul><ul><li>Languages spoken </li></ul><ul><li>Main areas of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Resources bookmarked and tags </li></ul><ul><li>Delicious: </li></ul><ul><li>100 last bookmarks and tags </li></ul><ul><li>Number of bookmarks, tags, network </li></ul>
  10. 12. Study specs
  11. 13. Study specs
  12. 14. How do teachers use it? <ul><li>This group seems to be serious about using, median amount of posts was 105 </li></ul><ul><li>About 60% above median </li></ul>
  13. 15. What kind of content? <ul><li>We manually analysed the 50 most used distinct tags – almost all of them were related to education! </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. teaching, English, esl, efl, history, interactivity, vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of links to interesting resources! but not necessary CC content </li></ul>
  14. 16. Why consolidate? <ul><li>Make the MELT portal more central to teachers every day life – make other resources available too! (i.e. web 2.0 fatigue) </li></ul><ul><li>Make resources available from other sources too, e.g. user generated content, interesting links found via Google... </li></ul>
  15. 18. User Labor Markup Language (ULML) <ul><li>User labor is the work that people put in to create, improve, and maintain their existence in social web </li></ul><ul><li>generating assets (e.g. user profiles, images, videos, blog posts), </li></ul><ul><li>creating metadata (e.g. tagging, voting, commenting etc.), </li></ul><ul><li>attracting traffic (e.g. incoming views, comments, favourites) </li></ul><ul><li>socialising with other people (e.g. number of friends, social influence) </li></ul>
  16. 19. Profiling LOR based on users' interest <ul><li>This is my APML file. </li></ul>
  17. 21. Got issues? <ul><li>Interoperability of user-generated metadata (e.g. tags, ratings, annotations, …) </li></ul><ul><li>Data-portability </li></ul><ul><li>Attention Profile Markup Language (ampl) </li></ul>
  18. 22. social bookmarks Metadata LOM tags folksonomy social tagging multi-linguality social classification thanks ! for your attention learning resources user communities discover resources and items questions ? teachers social navigation social traces paths , trails flock