Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

This is my presy at Eminent. Lots of same stuff, how social tagging is implemented in MELT, but also the definition of travel well resources and tags is introduced.

Published in: Technology


  1. 1. Social tagging of open educational resources in the MELT Project Riina Vuorikari European Schoolnet
  2. 2. Social tagging of open educational resources WHAT? Give me an example! - Let's look into bookmarks
  3. 3. Social tagging of open educational resources And what is there for teachers? - Can it really help them to find digital resources?
  4. 4. Bookmarks  Readily available at your browser  A good way to get back to what you once found  and organise your life according to folders..
  5. 5. .. if you remember in which folder it was stored in?
  6. 6. Proliferation of web-based services for sharing digital items
  7. 7. Proliferation of web-based services for sharing digital items
  8. 8. ...times are changing
  9. 9. Sharing digital items through tags and a tag cloud
  10. 10. Cues and trails from other users
  11. 11. Social tagging of resources in multilingual Europe  Addition to the traditional LOM  By users interacting with the portal, resources and other users  Four main tools: – social bookmarking and tags in multiple languages – ratings of usefulness – pedagogical annotations (used in learning events) – levels of user engagement when interacting with the system (what is viewed, how many times,..)
  12. 12. Social bookmarking  To store, organise, share and search bookmarks of web pages. Keep found things found!  Users organise bookmarks with informal tags (instead of the traditional folders)  Bookmarks are usually public and shared  Find like-minded users with similar interest.
  13. 13. What is a tag?  Metadata externally applied to an item  Can be used for sorting or managing  A hook for aggregating  Provides identifier and/or description  Personal marker to help associate with the resource by partly Thomas Vander Wal
  14. 14. Bookmark is a triple (user, resource, {tags})
  15. 15. A great navigational aid to discover resources!
  16. 16. Digital traces to follow!
  17. 17. More ways for social navigation Discover resources through tags in multiple languages
  18. 18. “Social” makes trails visible.. by Stiphy
  19. 19. and shows where to do go
  20. 20. Can tags and bookmarks be used to connect users cross national and language borders?
  21. 21. Social bookmarking in multi-lingual environment
  22. 22. .. allows new ways to discover both resources and people!
  23. 23. “Travel well” learning resources  item bookmarked is of different language than user's mother tongue and/or  item has tags in different language(s) than that of the item language and/or  item is from a different country than from where the user is from
  24. 24. Are tags found useful? Vuorikari, R., Ochoa, X., Duval, E. Analysis of User Behavior on MultilingualTagging of Learning Resources. In Workshop proceedings of the EC-TEL conference: SIRTEL07 (EC-TEL ’07) (Crete, Greece, September 17-20, 2007)
  25. 25. Are tags found useful? Tags, produced with no outlay, show an encouraging and potential gain in overall usefulness! Vuorikari, R., Ochoa, X., Duval, E. Analysis of User Behavior on MultilingualTagging of Learning Resources. In Workshop proceedings of the EC-TEL conference: SIRTEL07 (EC-TEL ’07) (Crete, Greece, September 17-20, 2007)
  26. 26. Does the language matter?  Need for better ways to identify the language – Give rules (if the user first preferred languages is.., then..) – Automate the recognition of languages – Out-source it to users
  27. 27. “Travel well” tags  About 15% of tags contain a general term, a name, place, etc. that is easily understood without translation  e.g. AIDS, software, EU, Euroopa, Europa, europe, Evropa, geograafia, Pythagoras, algebra, arhitektura, astronomie, Austrálie, bakterie, biotechnologie, dinozaurai, drama, formules, fotosyntéza, ..
  28. 28. What's the point of travel well tags?  If those tags need no translation or language filtering to be understood, and  ..if they can be identified:  We can be sure to show at least some tags to users – whose language preferences we don't know, and – in whose language there are no tags or keywords available.
  29. 29. Benefits of social tagging and content enrichment  Will offer a richer view on how resources are used (viewed, tagged, shared, used)  Who interacts with resources cross (inter)national and linguistic borders  How resources are taken up and how do users enrich your content
  30. 30. User engaging with resources Steps taken: - views page - views metadata - bookmarks and tags - rates Shareable with others through Contextual Attention Metadata framework!
  31. 31. How do users tag?  Most posts consisted Percent of tags/posting of only one tag Onetag 79% 2 tags 15% 3 tags 4% 4 tags 1% 5 tags 0.39%  More than half of 6 tags 0.23% tags were used just 7 tags 0.08% once (54%) No guided tagging in this  Only about 10% of pilot! tags were reused more than twise This may change.
  32. 32. Semantic analysis of tags  Factual tags 63% (Golder: item topics, kinds of item, category refinements)  Subjective tags 29% ( Golder: item qualities)  Personal tags 3% (Golder: item ownership, self-reference, tasks organisation)  5% other  Sen et al. (2006).
  33. 33. Why tag categories?  In Sen et al. (2006) it was found that tags of different categories can be useful for different tasks  In our case it is too early to say anything, but ...we'll have an eye on it!
  34. 34. Metadata LOM tags social bookmarks folksonomy social tagging multi-linguality social classification thanks! for your attention learning resources user communities discover resources and items questions? teachers social navigation social traces paths, trails flock