ict and constructivism


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ict and constructivism

  2. 2. <ul><li>Course: Educational media and technology </li></ul><ul><li>Course coordinator: Mr. Kilala, E </li></ul><ul><li>Seminar group: 1, Monday 1200 – 1300 hrs </li></ul><ul><li>Participants </li></ul><ul><li>Asheri , Nehemia 2008/1533 </li></ul><ul><li>Kangwe, Yohana R 2008/1502 </li></ul><ul><li>Ntauka, John J 2008/1387 </li></ul><ul><li>Mganga, Edgar 2008/1353 </li></ul><ul><li>Ringi, Mashaka 2008/0130 </li></ul><ul><li>Yonazi, Thobias 2008/1429 </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Concepts of Key terms </li></ul><ul><li>-ICT </li></ul><ul><li>-Constructivism </li></ul><ul><li>Background of ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Types of ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Linkage of ICT to Constructivism </li></ul><ul><li>Applicability of ICT and Constructivism in Tanzania Education Settings </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of ICT and Constructivism in Tanzania Education Settings </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges facing ICT and Constructivism in Tanzanian Context </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendation </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>ICT as a diverse set of technological tools and resources used to communicate, and to create, disseminate, store, and manage information (Tinio, 2000). </li></ul><ul><li>These technology includes computers, the internet, broadcasting technologies (Radios and Television), and Telephony. </li></ul><ul><li>Constructivism theory views learning as a process in which individuals construct meaning basing on prior knowledge and experience (Carnoy, 2001). </li></ul><ul><li>Experience enables individuals to build mental schemas, which in turn provide meaning and organization to subsequence. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>ICT advanced in Tanzania since the end of 20 th century </li></ul><ul><li>It led to multiple emergence of content, computing, telecommunication and broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li>They brought changes in the areas particularly in knowledge management and human resources management. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>There are three types of ICT in education </li></ul><ul><li>- Interactive Whiteboard </li></ul><ul><li>Large board placed in front of the classroom connected to PC and projector and interact via keyboard, mouse and other peripheral devices </li></ul><ul><li>-Mobile Phones </li></ul><ul><li>An electronic device that is portable and wireless used for communication via voice calls, email, Bluetooth, infrared, SMS, fax and MMS </li></ul><ul><li>-Video conference, involves transimition f visual and sound to separate locations. Cameras, Monitors, Speakers and Microphones are used for this purpose. </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Generates new ways of teaching and learning through computers </li></ul><ul><li>It constitutes a shift from Teacher centered to Learner centered pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>It decreases memorization and rote learning </li></ul><ul><li>It increases critical thinking for learners </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>ICT encourages activities in small groups of learners, also the pace of these activities are determined by learners. </li></ul><ul><li>ICT encourages interaction and cooperation among students, teachers and expertise regardless of where they are. </li></ul><ul><li>ICT enhances integrative learning, that is transforming theories to practice. </li></ul><ul><li>ICT encourages evaluative learning through enhancement of students directives and diagnostics. </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>The use of ICT in Tanzania education is minimal </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly used in private schools due to availabity of hardware, software, funds, ICT housing and experts </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal use in government schools, due to lack of funds, hardware and software, poor infrastructures </li></ul><ul><li>Highly used in higher learning institutions. </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>Helps the learners to learn with absence of the teachers </li></ul><ul><li>It allows active participation in learning process </li></ul><ul><li>It prepare the children in modern world </li></ul><ul><li>Help learners to make research on their studies by using wide range of sources </li></ul><ul><li>Computer triggers constructivism learning by helping learner to adopt, explore and practice </li></ul><ul><li>It help learners to access education through online distance learning </li></ul><ul><li>Giving the teachers chance to plan shortly, timely, tightly in focus activities </li></ul>
  11. 15. <ul><li>Shortage of well - qualified professional of ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Expensiveness of the ICT devices </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity for training are mostly limited to few urban center </li></ul><ul><li>Shortage of infrastructures for example electricity, internet connection and ICT housing. </li></ul><ul><li>Syllabus is out of date with respect to the evolution of technology. For example there is no current version of ICT syllabus, existing syllabus was updated in 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Poor implementation of government policy </li></ul><ul><li>Tanzania lacks cheaper and highly capacity connection to the global network. </li></ul>
  12. 16. <ul><li>The government should invest more in ICT and education should start from lower level to higher level. </li></ul><ul><li>Also infrastructures should be constructed and improved so as to trigger global interaction. </li></ul><ul><li>Government should train more qualified trainers, subsiding the ICT devices and software so that all people can access the global network. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusively, the ICT with constructivism is a very useful for the betterment of education matters in Tanzania because it allows access to remote sources of information, training and removing the sense of isolation, also it leads to learner centered environment. </li></ul>
  13. 17. <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_and_communication_technologies Retrieved 27th January 2011 at 1400 hrs </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ictliteracy.info/ Retrieved 27th January 2011 at 1500 hrs </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.learnerstogether.net/role-of-ict-in-constructivist-teaching-of-thinking-skills/15 Retrieved 28th January 2011 at 1900 hrs </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bucks.edu/IDlab/Beyond_constructivism.pdf Retrieved 28th January 2011 at 2000 hrs </li></ul><ul><li>http://lrnlab.edfac.usyd.edu.au/undergrad/ict-integration-resources/resources/integrating-ict-into-teaching-and-learning-examples-of-good-practice/constructivism Retrieved 2nd February 2011 at 2200 hrs </li></ul>