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Day Of Caring Safety 2004


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Day Of Caring Safety 2004

  1. 1. Day of Caring Safety Training for Project Leaders Berlin, Connecticut August 31, 2004 Bernard J. Silkowski, CSP Northeast Utilities Occupational Safety & Health Department
  2. 2. Today’s Agenda <ul><li>Safety Means Good Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Safety & Industrial Hygiene Specifics </li></ul><ul><li>Job Safety Analysis </li></ul>
  3. 3. Planning
  4. 4. Planning Ahead -- I <ul><li>Scope out the work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visit the work site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk with the agency contact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identify tools & materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who brings what </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conduct hazard assessment </li></ul>
  5. 5. Planning Ahead -- II <ul><li>Order tools, PPE, materials </li></ul><ul><li>Organize work procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Update team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Briefing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructions/expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emergency Preparedness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First aid kit/Fire extinguishers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>911/other emergency number -- cell phone </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Day of the Day of Caring <ul><li>Pre-job safety briefing (Tailboard) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan for it -- Allow time for it! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involve everyone -- interactive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review all hazards & precautions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If job scope changes: STOP & regroup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time out! without prejudice: STOP & regroup </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Observe for safety throughout day </li></ul><ul><li>Debriefing </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hazard Assessment
  8. 8. Exercise <ul><li>What hazards will you and your crew face? </li></ul><ul><li>In what ways can your workers get injured on their Day of Caring project? </li></ul>
  9. 9. What is a hazard assessment? <ul><li>identifying and evaluating all the actual and potential hazards of a job, and taking steps to protect against these hazards </li></ul><ul><li>When? </li></ul><ul><li>before the job starts, and </li></ul><ul><li>whenever something changes </li></ul>
  10. 10. How to do a hazard assessment <ul><li>survey the work area for “in-place” hazards (actual and potential) </li></ul><ul><li>break the job into steps, looking for hazards (actual and potential) </li></ul><ul><li>identify these hazards and their consequences </li></ul><ul><li>put protections and precautions in place </li></ul>
  11. 11. Types of Hazards <ul><li>Electrical </li></ul><ul><li>Motion - linear </li></ul><ul><li>Motion - rotational </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity - falls &drops </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity - cranes & lifts </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals & Gases </li></ul><ul><li>Heat & Cold </li></ul><ul><li>Stored energy (springs, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Workplace layout </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Light & Radiation </li></ul><ul><li>Flammables </li></ul><ul><li>Corrosives </li></ul><ul><li>Explosives </li></ul><ul><li>Toxics & Pathogens </li></ul><ul><li>Oxygen deficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Work activities </li></ul><ul><li>Location of coworkers </li></ul><ul><li>Noise </li></ul>
  12. 12. What is a potential hazard? <ul><li>a hazard that could be created if </li></ul><ul><ul><li>something goes wrong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a precaution isn’t taken or a safeguard fails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a step is overlooked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>someone is distracted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a tool, device, or piece of equipment breaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>something changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in short, if things don’t go according to plan! </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Hierarchy of Hazard Control <ul><li>1. Engineering controls (does not rely on humans) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eliminate the hazard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>isolate the hazard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provide safety devices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Administrative controls (relies on human interaction) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provide warning devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>develop safe procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provide training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>others: maintenance, housekeeping, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. PPE (relies on human cooperation and behavior) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Pitfalls of hazard assessments or How to conduct hazardous assessments <ul><li>that’s never happened to me before (Maybe you’ve been lucky) </li></ul><ul><li>we’ve been doing it that way for years and nothing’s ever happened (Maybe no one’s admitted it) </li></ul><ul><li>it’s been like that for 60 years and no one’s ever gotten hurt (How do you know what didn’t happen 60 years ago?) </li></ul><ul><li>that’ll never happen (How do you know?) </li></ul>
  15. 15. More pitfalls <ul><li>the chances of that happening are pretty slim (Remember Murphy’s Law!) </li></ul><ul><li>nobody would do a thing like that (...Nobody?) </li></ul><ul><li>that’s common sense (To most people, maybe) </li></ul><ul><li>that’s not a hazard - we use it everyday (But have you looked at it with a critical eye?) </li></ul><ul><li>that’s the way it came from the factory (But factories aren’t always required to add safety features unless you specify it) </li></ul>
  16. 16. If something changes or doesn’t look right ... <ul><li>call a Time Out! </li></ul><ul><li>regroup </li></ul><ul><li>talk it over </li></ul><ul><li>reassess the situation </li></ul><ul><li>if necessary, take additional precautions </li></ul><ul><li>if not, thank the person who called the Time Out! </li></ul>
  17. 17. Safety & Industrial Hygiene Specifics
  18. 18. Safety Specifics <ul><li>Ladders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t stand on chairs and tables </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extension cords/GFCIs </li></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mowers & string trimmers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fall Protection/Climbing </li></ul>
  19. 19. Ladder Safety??
  20. 20. Safety Specifics <ul><li>Work area protection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjacent work activity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Working with non-NU persons </li></ul>
  21. 21. Personal Protective Equipment <ul><li>PPE </li></ul><ul><li>Safety glasses </li></ul><ul><li>Hardhats </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Safety shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Gloves </li></ul><ul><li>Clothing </li></ul>
  22. 22. Industrial Hygiene Specifics <ul><li>Lead (paint) </li></ul><ul><li>Scraping and sanding painted surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Painting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ventilation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Asbestos and other fibrous materials </li></ul>
  23. 23. Industrial Hygiene Specifics <ul><li>Chemicals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MSDS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical compatibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solvents </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Safety Specifics <ul><li>Lifting and Handling </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-job stretching </li></ul><ul><li>Get help </li></ul><ul><li>Position of strength </li></ul><ul><li>Use mechanical aids </li></ul>
  25. 25. Safety Specifics <ul><li>Wheeled carts </li></ul><ul><li>String trimmers </li></ul><ul><li>Chainsaws </li></ul><ul><li>Ticks </li></ul><ul><li>Demolition </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting injuries/investigations </li></ul><ul><li>Others? </li></ul>
  26. 26. Job Safety Analysis (JSA), aka Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)
  27. 27. How to do a JSA <ul><li>1. Break job into steps </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Start with preparation & set up </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>End with clean up </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Identify all hazards for each step </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Actual </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Potential </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3. List all precautions & actions needed to eliminate or control each hazard </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use Hierarchy of Hazard Control </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. JSA -- An example <ul><li>Job: Painting a Porch </li></ul><ul><li>Step </li></ul><ul><li>1. Set up, gather tools and materials </li></ul><ul><li>2. Set up and climb ladder </li></ul><ul><li>3. Prepare surface </li></ul><ul><li>4. Paint porch </li></ul><ul><li>5. Clean worksite & stow tools </li></ul>
  29. 29. JSA -- An Example <ul><li>Job: Painting a Porch </li></ul><ul><li>Step Hazards Controls </li></ul><ul><li>2. Set up & climb Falling off ladder Inspect ladder ladder Ladder 4:1 angle Tie off ladder Belt buckle rule </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical contact Stay 10’ from wire Fiberglas ladder Call utility </li></ul><ul><li>Others hitting Barricade ladder ladder Set cones Tie off ladder </li></ul>
  30. 30. JSA -- An Example (Cont.) <ul><li>Job: Painting a Porch </li></ul><ul><li>Step Hazards Controls </li></ul><ul><li>3. Preparing Falling off ladder Belt buckle rule surface Dropping Scraper Use lanyard Barricade drop zone </li></ul><ul><li>Lead Paint Test paint N95 respirator Canvas gloves Disposable coveralls Wash hands No eating, smoking Tarp </li></ul>
  31. 31. The JSA is completed -- Now what? <ul><li>Have others review it and approve it </li></ul><ul><li>Go over it with all workers </li></ul><ul><li>File it </li></ul><ul><li>Work crew reviews it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-job planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-job safety briefing (Tailboard) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Share it with other work groups who do similar work </li></ul>
  32. 32. Tips for a useful JSA <ul><li>Steps -- Number the steps (#1, #2, . . . ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start with set up, end with clean up </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hazards -- Be specific, not generic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slips from dripping oil , not just Slips </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Controls -- Be specific, not generic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leather gauntlet gloves , not just Gloves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Hierarchy of Hazard Control </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Overall -- Write JSA as if leaving written safety instructions for a friend </li></ul>
  33. 33. Exercise <ul><li>Add to hazard list </li></ul><ul><li>List hazard controls -- how will you protect against them? </li></ul>
  34. 34. Day of Caring Safely <ul><li>Questions? Call OS&H </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bernie Silkowski - Berlin x3054 (860-665-3054) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark Trotochaud (IH) – Berlin x5438 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your local S&H Administrator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General number – Berlin x5593 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or press ZERO </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have a Fun and Safe Day! </li></ul>
  35. 35. Routine job? Done it a million times?