Construction Truck Crane 2009


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  • was loaded beyond the rated capacity and/or safe working load as follows: Item 1. At about 1:20 PM the crane was put into service to lift a 44,775 pound reel of cable with: the load side outriggers fully retracted; the rear outriggers fully extended; 7,000 lbs of crane counter weight; a boom length of 54-feet 9.5 inches; a boom angle of 73.29 degrees; and a load radius of 15-feet 9-inches. In this configuration the maximum rated load for the crane identified on page 75 of the manufacture's load charts is 14,000 lbs. Based on the manufactures load rating, the crane was overloaded by 30,775 lbs. The crane tipped toward the load and the rear outriggers raised off the ground about 3-feet. 2. Item 2 At about 1:21 PM The crane was put back into service in the presence of management with the same configuration identified above in item number 1, beyond the safe working load of the crane that was apparent when the crane tipped on the first pick attempt. When the operator lifted the load the second time, the crane tipped again and fell over toward the load side, crushing the crane cab against the lowboy trailer and fatally injuring the operator.
  • Employee #1 was working as an oilier. On the day of the accident, a coworker was operating a Grove Hydraulic truck crane. After setting the crane and the outriggers half way on the 4-ft by 4-ft pads, they pulled the truck with the counter weights adjacent to the crane and proceeded to unload. The coworker made two picks from the truck and unloaded weights onto the crane deck. According to the coworker, Employee #1 took the synthetic fiber sling "choker" off the hook and set it on the front outrigger beam. He then signaled to Employee #1 with his hand that he was going to swing the crane left due to the obstruction created by a tree. During this operation, the coworker heard a noise, stepped out of the cab, and found Employee #1 caught and crushed between the rotating tail-swing superstructure and the counterweights of the crane.
  • May 31, 2005, Employee #1 was dismounting from a truck crane, when he slipped and fell, catching his left foot between the outrigger and the curb. Employee #1 sustained a compound fracture of his left ankle.
  • Our website is approaching a billion hits since inception WE contribute to the quicktakes which has 50K subscribers. Some articles have been where our CSHOs have stopped on imminent dangers on powerlines and steep roofs. CASs are the key since they meet with the public most
  • Construction Truck Crane 2009

    1. 1. Construction Truck Crane Safety John Newquist August 2009
    2. 2. Most Likely Accidents <ul><li>Contract Powerlines </li></ul><ul><li>Flip Crane </li></ul><ul><li>Crane Buckles the Ground </li></ul><ul><li>Drop Load </li></ul><ul><li>Component Breaks </li></ul><ul><li>Crush in Swing radius </li></ul>
    3. 3. Accidents <ul><li>June 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Two employees had finished loading a trench box onto the bed of a truck crane. </li></ul><ul><li>The deceased was in the process of securing the trench box with a chain when the boom contacted a 7620 volt power line, causing him to be electrocuted. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Accidents <ul><li>On May 12, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Crane used to lift and move a hub and spindle assembly of a rear axle (approximately 7,500 lbs), </li></ul><ul><li>As the employee was lifting the unit, the hub and spindle separated, causing the spindle to fall from the crane and striking the employee in the upper region of his body. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Accidents <ul><li>October 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>The truck crane onsite was staged above an unleaded tank. </li></ul><ul><li>The crane broke through the asphalt below the right rear outrigger. </li></ul><ul><li>This resulted in the crane leaning to the side and the telescoping boom to fatally strike the spotter on the walkway. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Accidents <ul><li>June 22, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Crane was loaded beyond the rated capacity. </li></ul><ul><li>44,775 pound reel of cable </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum rated load for the crane was 14,000lbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Crane fell over toward the load side, crushing the crane cab against the lowboy trailer and fatally injuring the operator. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Accidents <ul><li>January 28, 2004, </li></ul><ul><li>Caught between counterweight and fixed object. </li></ul><ul><li>If the counterweight extends beyond the crane turntable, precautions must be taken such as marking or barricading the swing radius. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Accidents <ul><li>May 31, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Employee #1 was dismounting from a truck crane, when he slipped and fell, catching his left foot between the outrigger and the curb. Employee #1 sustained a compound fracture of his left ankle. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Accidents Cranes cannot swim.
    10. 10. Accidents Even though people may not get hurt in some crane tipping accidents, the property damage costs can be expensive.
    11. 11. Accidents Cranes tipping accidents can be prevented by ensuring the crane is level, lifting within capacity, and proper outrigger padding is used.
    12. 12. Accidents Many accidents occur because the crane buckles the hollow space or soft ground underneath it.
    13. 13. Accidents Water affects the soil compressive strength. Manufacturer specified padding/cribbing must be used.
    14. 14. Electrical <ul><li>Powerline distance is 10 feet for voltages under 50kV. It increases as voltages go up. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Powerlines <ul><li>Placement of loads or materials under near lines is a common scenario that precedes a powerline contact. </li></ul><ul><li>Inspect the area under the power lines to ensure nothing is stored underneath them. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Power lines <ul><li>Many companies mark off spots/approach distance on ground </li></ul><ul><li>Spotters are another option </li></ul><ul><li>This crane had hit the powerline. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Hoisting Personnel <ul><li>1926.550(g) has extensive rules to follow when lifting people. </li></ul><ul><li>It must be a last option. </li></ul><ul><li>Aerial lifts can often be used in lieu of a personnel platform. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Lifting <ul><li>No one should be under loads when lifting. </li></ul><ul><li>This will require good communication. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Lifting <ul><li>Lifting steel beams into an obstructed area is very hazardous. </li></ul><ul><li>Taglines and good communication is necessary. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Critical Lifts <ul><li>No standard definition in ANSI B30.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Many use load exceeds 75% of load chart for crane, multiple cranes will lift object, or special hoisting / rigging equipment will be utilized. </li></ul><ul><li>Many use detailed critical lifting checklists with calculations and review by multiple people. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Rigging <ul><li>Many accidents occur to failure of rigging and not understanding how the configurations and angles of the hitches used affect capacity. A rigging class should be taken by anyone inspecting cranes and rigging. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Crane Flagger <ul><li>A flagger is needed to land material on high roofs because the operator cannot see where the load is going. </li></ul><ul><li>Fall Protection for the landing operation needs to be provided. </li></ul>
    23. 23. Outriggers <ul><li>Most cranes when lifting on outriggers will lift the crane’s wheels off ground </li></ul><ul><li>The photo shows on partially off for two wheels. It probably is not level. </li></ul>
    24. 24. Boom angle indicator <ul><li>Boom angle indicator are necessary to verify the correct load chart angle is used. </li></ul><ul><li>It is required to be readable from the operators cab. </li></ul>
    25. 25. Boom Length Indicator <ul><li>The load chart to the right has different capacities depending on the length of boom used. </li></ul><ul><li>The operator should be able to show you the length of boom extended on telescoping booms </li></ul>
    26. 26. Drums <ul><li>Wire rope should wrap evenly on the drum. </li></ul>
    27. 27. Is the Crane Level? <ul><li>If the crane is not level, the load charts will not work. </li></ul><ul><li>All cranes should have a leveling device like a bubble indicator. </li></ul><ul><li>The headache ball should be in the center of the crane if level in all directions. </li></ul>
    28. 28. Crane Load Chart <ul><li>Many Factors affect the ability to lift. </li></ul><ul><li>Load Radius </li></ul><ul><li>Jib or no job. </li></ul><ul><li>On tires </li></ul><ul><li>Outriggers extended or not </li></ul><ul><li>Length of Boom </li></ul><ul><li>An operator should be able to explain his last lift on the chart. </li></ul><ul><li>Capacities can differ depending on lifting from the front, side, or rear. </li></ul>
    29. 29. Sheaves <ul><li>Sheaves are sized for a certain size wire rope. </li></ul><ul><li>A Sheave gauge as shown can show wear. </li></ul>
    30. 30. Sheaves
    31. 31. Wire Rope <ul><li>Wire Rope should be in good shape. The crane standards and manufacturers have guidance on how many broken wires are allowed on a wire rope lay. </li></ul>
    32. 32. Outriggers <ul><li>Nearly all manufacturers prohibit the metal pad being placed on the ground directly. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no universal pad/cribbing requirement so manufacturer manual must be referenced. </li></ul>
    33. 33. Outriggers <ul><li>Leaking Hydraulic is a problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Mark or watch the spot to see if it actually leaking vs. wet from spilled fluid. </li></ul>
    34. 34. Outriggers <ul><li>Outriggers not fully extended. </li></ul><ul><li>The on wheels/tire chart would have to be used if they cannot extend the full distances. </li></ul><ul><li>Many times a crane used on a roadway cannot extend the outriggers fully. </li></ul>
    35. 35. Lifting <ul><li>Slab/similar items stuck flat to ground can create a suction effect on cranes that adds additional weight beyond the weight of the item being lifted. </li></ul><ul><li>A load moment Indicator will be needed. </li></ul>
    36. 36. Load Moment Indicator <ul><li>Load Moment Indicator tells the operator the weight the crane perceives that is being lifted. </li></ul><ul><li>It can tell length of boom extended and angle of the boom. </li></ul>
    37. 37. Inspections <ul><li>What is the daily pre-inspection? </li></ul><ul><li>When was the thorough inspection? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are the inspection records? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the qualification of the person conduction inspections? </li></ul><ul><li>Are they following the recommended inspection criteria set by the manufacturer? </li></ul><ul><li>There are annual and monthly inspections requirements. </li></ul>
    38. 38. Crane Operators <ul><li>How long as an operator of this specific crane? </li></ul><ul><li>What training did he/she receive? </li></ul><ul><li>Who does the inspection before use? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the operator a contractor? </li></ul>
    39. 39. Quiz <ul><li>How often does a crane have to be inspected? __________ </li></ul><ul><li>Name way to tell if the crane is level? _______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>A 7200 volt line requires ____ feet of clearance from truck crane? </li></ul><ul><li>Name three issues to be inspected for out riggers. ________, _________, _________________. </li></ul><ul><li>Name one way to prevent getting hit by the counterweight on an truck crane? ____________ </li></ul>
    40. 40. Resources <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>ANSI B30.5-2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Managing Mobile Cranes Hazard Workbook from </li></ul><ul><li>Handbook of Rigging </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> for idea on operator certification </li></ul><ul><li>Comments or Corrections go to John Newquist </li></ul>