Virginia poultry and meat regulations

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Presented to Virginia Farmers Market Managers to educate on state regulations pertaining to meat and poultry sales.

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Virginia poultry and meat regulations

  1. 1. Virginia Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Office of Meat and Poultry Services (OMPS) Barry Jones, OMPS Inspection Manager
  2. 2. OMPS Purpose <ul><li>Ensure the production of safe, wholesome, properly labeled meat and meat products. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure humane handling of animals destined for slaughter. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide information, direction and assistance to interested parties about inspection and processing. </li></ul>
  3. 3. OMPS <ul><li>State program, state employees </li></ul><ul><li>Currently 39 employees make up OMPS </li></ul><ul><li>Provide State and Federal Inspection </li></ul><ul><li>State inspected product can only be sold in Va. </li></ul><ul><li>Federally inspected product can be sold or exported anywhere. </li></ul>
  4. 4. OMPS Inventory <ul><li>Around 50 inspected facilities in Va. (not including Smithfield, Large Poultry plants and a handful of federal plants) </li></ul><ul><li>100 Custom Exempt Operations </li></ul><ul><li>20 Poultry Exempt Operations </li></ul>
  5. 5. Current INSPECTED Slaughter/Processing Possibilities <ul><li>Adams Amissville </li></ul><ul><li>Andes Timberville </li></ul><ul><li>Blue Ridge Pack Hillsville </li></ul><ul><li>Blue Ridge Meats Middleton </li></ul><ul><li>Central Meats Chesapeake </li></ul><ul><li>Crabills Toms Brook </li></ul><ul><li>DeHavens Winchester </li></ul><ul><li>Donalds Lexington </li></ul><ul><li>D&M Meats Mt. Jackson </li></ul><ul><li>Ecofriendly Foods Moneta </li></ul><ul><li>Fauquiers Finest Bealeton </li></ul><ul><li>Gores Edinburg </li></ul><ul><li>Griffiths Luray </li></ul><ul><li>Gunnoes Bedford </li></ul><ul><li>Salitin&Cloud Harrisonburg </li></ul><ul><li>Joines Chilhowie </li></ul><ul><li>Russell Meats Russell Co. </li></ul><ul><li>Smith Valley Rich Creek </li></ul><ul><li>Tribbetts Roanoke </li></ul><ul><li>VPI Blacksburg </li></ul><ul><li>Washington County Bristol </li></ul>
  6. 6. Available Inspected Operations
  7. 7. Inspection is available at no cost to Amenable Species <ul><li>Livestock: Cattle, Swine, Sheep, Goats </li></ul><ul><li>Poultry: Chickens, Turkeys, ducks, geese, guineas, ratites and squabs. </li></ul><ul><li>To sell meat from these animals it must be slaughtered and processed under inspection.** </li></ul>
  8. 8. OMPS Inspects Operations of All Sizes
  9. 13. Inspection provides the opportunity to apply a mark of inspection to meat products
  10. 15. Example Label
  11. 17. Direct Sales / Farmers Mkt. Sales <ul><li>Meat must be slaughtered under inspection (except for birds produced under Poultry Exemption) </li></ul><ul><li>Can be processed under Meat Inspection or Food Inspection. Meat Inspection provides for wholesale or retail sales. Food inspection provides for retail sales (unless a retailer utilizes the Retail Exemption) </li></ul>
  12. 18. Direct Sales / Farmers Mkt. Sales <ul><li>As a general rule sellers should have product with a label that includes an inspection legend. A retail label with everything but an inspection legend (should be able to provide an invoice from the supplier of the meat.) Or finally poultry with a Poultry Exempt label or records that show production is under 1000 birds per year. </li></ul>
  13. 19. Net Weight Declaration <ul><li>Meat is sold by the pound not piece </li></ul><ul><li>Standard packages under four pounds require dual declaration 40 ozs. (2.5 lbs.) </li></ul><ul><li>Random / Catch Weight just pounds or ounces not both </li></ul><ul><li>Items weighing .5 ounce or less can be sold by the piece </li></ul>
  14. 20. Poultry Exemptions
  15. 21. 1000 Bird Exemption <ul><li>No requirements </li></ul><ul><li>No label necessary* </li></ul><ul><li>Sales in Va. Only </li></ul><ul><li>Will stores buy uninspected product? </li></ul><ul><li>1K chickens, 1K turkeys </li></ul><ul><li>You keep records to prove <1000 birds </li></ul>
  16. 22. 20,000 Bird Exemption <ul><li>Allows you to slaughter up to limit with no daily inspection. </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities must be sanitary, potable water, adequate sewage and waste disposal, pest control, inedible material control. </li></ul><ul><li>Packages must be labeled with “Public Law 90-492”. Label includes your PE number. * </li></ul><ul><li>Sell to anyone in VA, Retail or Wholesale </li></ul><ul><li>Will stores buy? </li></ul>
  17. 23. Poultry Exempt Label Example
  18. 24. Poultry Exempt Label Example
  19. 25. Poultry Exempt Label Example
  20. 26. Poultry Exempt Label Example
  21. 27. Poultry Exempt <ul><li>Products are required to display the CORRECT Safe Handling Label </li></ul>
  22. 28. Safe Handling Labels Inspected and Uninspected Versions
  23. 29. Remember there is no LIVESTOCK exemption, ONLY poultry!
  24. 30. Custom Exemption <ul><li>Allows a business to slaughter and process animals for their owners. </li></ul><ul><li>Must have a permit issued by OMPS. </li></ul><ul><li>Everything produced there must be marked “NOT FOR SALE” </li></ul><ul><li>This meat CANNOT be SOLD! </li></ul><ul><li>No inspector present during slaughter. </li></ul>
  25. 32. Retail Exemption <ul><li>Allows limited sales from retailers to wholesale buyers. (an example would be a retail butcher shop supplying meat to a restaurant, or hotel where it will be prepared and served). </li></ul>
  26. 33. Retail Exemption <ul><li>Animal must be inspected at slaughter </li></ul><ul><li>Allows sales of meat processed in retail facilities to hotels, restaurants and other institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Dollar limitations: Meat $60,200, Poultry $50,200. (Period of 12 months) </li></ul><ul><li>Sales can’t exceed 25% of retail sales (to end use consumer). ($100,000 sales out the door to consumers allows you to sell $25,000 of sales to wholesale outlets) </li></ul><ul><li>For livestock; excludes curing, cooking, smoking or canning operations. </li></ul><ul><li>For poultry; excludes canning. </li></ul>
  27. 34. Buffalo and Rabbits <ul><li>Not amenable to inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t have to be inspected in order to sell meat.**** </li></ul><ul><li>Slaughter, process, sell and not worry about breaking any laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Most stores won’t purchase for product liability reasons. </li></ul>
  28. 35. VA. Dept. of Health Food Laws <ul><li>12 VAC 5-421-330. Game animals . </li></ul><ul><li>If game animals are received for sale or service they shall be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercially raised for food and: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raised, slaughtered, and processed under Raised, slaughtered, and processed according to: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laws governing meat and poultry as determined by the agency, and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements that are developed by the agency that has animal health jurisdiction and the agency that conducts the inspection program with consideration of factors such as the need for antemortem and postmortem examination by an approved veterinarian or veterinarian's designee; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Under a voluntary inspection program administered by the USDA for game animals such as exotic animals including animals (reindeer, elk, deer, antelope, water buffalo, or bison) that are “inspected and approved” in accordance with 9 CFR Part 352, Voluntary Exotic Animal Program, or rabbits that are “inspected and certified” in accordance with 9 CFR Part 354, Rabbit Inspection Program; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As allowed by law, wild game animals that are live-caught are: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Under a routine inspection program conducted by a regulatory agency such as the agency that has animal health jurisdiction, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slaughtered and processed according to: a voluntary inspection program that is conducted by the agency that has animal health jurisdiction, or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Under a routine inspection program conducted by a </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>regulatory agency other than the agency that has animal health jurisdiction, and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laws governing meat and poultry as determined by the agency that has animal health jurisdiction and the agency that conducts the inspection program, and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements that are developed by the agency that has animal health jurisdiction and the agency that conducts the inspection program with consideration of factors such as the need for antemortem and postmortem examination by an approved veterinarian or veterinarian’s designee; or… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Visit: http://www.vda.virginia.gov/pdfdocs/FoodRegulations2007.pdf </li></ul>
  29. 36. Questions / Clarification Barry Jones 434-947-6731
  30. 37. Suspicions / Concerns Tom Hall, Compliance Officer 804-786-1495 434-947-6731

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