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Nuclear 12651350118683-phpapp02(2)


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Nuclear deal between India and USA

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Nuclear 12651350118683-phpapp02(2)

  1. 1. Presented by:Sumanth Indo-US Nuclear Deal Impact on India
  2. 2. Sources of Energy Hydro coal Nuclear Solar and others Electricity
  3. 3. Nuclear Energy <ul><li>How is it produced ? </li></ul>Uranium&Radactive material Nuclear reactor Enriched Uranium
  4. 4. The Nuclear Deal Imbroglio What is the Indo - US nuclear deal? What is 123 agreement? What will be the impact of the deal on India?
  5. 5. What is the nuclear deal? <ul><li>Nuclear agreement between India and the U.S.A. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is ‘123’ agreement <ul><li>The section restricts: </li></ul><ul><li>The transfer of nuclear technology to other countries that do not set up their nuclear reactors under the control of IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) </li></ul>A section of the Atomic Energy Act – 1954
  7. 7. The Indo-US deal process IAEA INDIA US NSG An authorized nuclear supplies group 45 countries 22 Reactors(14 under safeguards)
  8. 8. Current status of nuclear capacity of INDIA <ul><li>Total electricity production – 1,45,000 MW </li></ul><ul><li>By using Nuclear energy : </li></ul><ul><li>Expected 7-9 percent of total electricity production </li></ul><ul><li>Current production :3-4 percent of total electricity generation </li></ul><ul><li>Expected to achieve 25% of electricity generation through nuclear energy by 2050. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Impact of the deal on India <ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><li>~Energy produced from </li></ul><ul><li>1kg of Uranium = 1500 tons of coal </li></ul><ul><li>~Enables India to access nuclear technology and fuel from NSG </li></ul><ul><li>~Less pollution </li></ul><ul><li>~Strong business tie-ups with the US </li></ul><ul><li>~Global recognition </li></ul>
  10. 10. Impact of deal on India <ul><li>Disadvantages of the deal to India: </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated expenditure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For 20,000 MW production – 4 lac crores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Per unit cost: Rs 5.50 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The deal is not ratified by Indian Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>Insecure transportation, </li></ul><ul><li>Logistics management implementation </li></ul><ul><li>problem </li></ul>
  11. 11. Other Important Issues <ul><li>More discussion is needed on this treaty </li></ul><ul><li>Our R&D work will be slowed </li></ul><ul><li>More understanding and consent of all sectors should have been taken </li></ul><ul><li>What is the procedure to use energy waste? </li></ul><ul><li>It will take 2 to 3 years to get the approval from IAEA </li></ul>
  12. 12. Conclusion USA INDIA