Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Biodiversity Aichi Targets

71 views

Published on

This presentation is about Biodiversity Aichi Targets. Each target is detailed with examples from India. There are few video clips as examples

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Biodiversity Aichi Targets

  1. 1. BIODIVERSITY AICHI TARGETS M A K I N G G L O B A L E C O N O M Y R E S P O N S I B L E F O R P L A N E T E A RT H By: Dr.V. Shubhalaxmi Founder & Managing Director
  2. 2. GLOBAL WATCH DOG The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the leading global environmental authority that sets the global environmental agenda, promotes the coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the United Nations system, and serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment.
  3. 3. CONVENTION OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY • Signed by 150 government leaders at the 1992 Rio Earth Summit, the Convention on Biological Diversity is dedicated to promoting sustainable development. • Conceived as a practical tool for translating the principles of Agenda 21 into reality, the Convention recognizes that biological diversity is about more than plants, animals and micro organisms and their ecosystems – it is about people and our need for food security, medicines, fresh air and water, shelter, and a clean and healthy environment in which to live. • For more visit www.cbt.int
  4. 4. W H AT A R E A I C H I TA R G E T S • The Parties (Countries) under Convention of Biodiversity (CBD), meet at regular interval. • These meetings are called Conference of Parties (COP) • 10th such meeting was held at Aichi precinct (district) of Nagoya, Japan. • This COP-10 gave birth to two things • Nagoya Protocol on Genetic Resources • Aichi Targets for biodiversity
  5. 5. AICHI TARGETS= 20 TARGETS, 5 SECTIONS Address the causes of biodiversity loss Reduce the direct pressure on biodiversity and promote sustainable use To improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building
  6. 6. Guiding questions for setting national targets • What is the current level of biodiversity awareness? • What awareness raising activities are already ongoing? • What are the main channels or opportunities for awareness raising? • What additional resources (financial, human and technical) will be required to reach the national target that is set?
  7. 7. • What are the most important ecosystem services in the country? • Is biodiversity valuation being used to inform policy-making? • What are the opportunities and constraints in integrating biodiversity into national planning processes? • What are the opportunities and constraints in integrating biodiversity into local (sub-national) planning processes? • Who are the stakeholders that may be
  8. 8. PLAY VIDEO CIP
  9. 9. • What subsidies harmful to biodiversity exist in the country? • What other harmful incentives exist in the country? How do they affect biodiversity? • What are the opportunities and constraints to removing, reforming or phasing out harmful incentives? • What biodiversity related problems could be addressed with the help of biodiversity friendly incentives?
  10. 10. • What are the main production sectors in the country? • What is the natural resource demand in the country (ecological footprint)? Is it sustainable? • What processes are in place to encourage less resource consumption? • What plans for sustainable consumption and production are already in place? What sectors are not covered by production or consumption plans?
  11. 11. PLAY VIDEO CLIP
  12. 12. What are the major habitats in the country? What is the condition of the natural habitats in the country? What are the current rates of loss for each habitat? What are the main causes of habitat loss? What are the opportunities and constraints in reducing habitat loss, generally and by habitat? Who are the stakeholders that may be affected by efforts to reduce habitat loss?
  13. 13. • Which fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are harvested in the country? • What are the main fishing and harvesting techniques used in the country? • What management plans are already in place? • What fisheries subsidies are in place?What effect are these having? • What are the opportunities and constraints in reducing overexploitation of marine resources? • Who are the stakeholders that may be affected by efforts to reduce overexploitation?
  14. 14. • What are the opportunities and constraints to enhancing sustainable management? • What biodiversity related problems could be addressed through sustainable management? • Who are the stakeholders that may be affected? How can they be involved and their needs addressed?
  15. 15. • What ecosystems are being affected by pollution, including excess nutrients? • What are the main sources of pollution in the country? • What pollution control measures are already in place in the country? • What are the main channels or opportunities for bringing pollution, including from excess nutrients, to levels that are not detrimental to biodiversity? • What additional resources (financial, human and technical) will be required to reach the national target that is set?
  16. 16. • What invasive alien species are currently in the country? • What invasive alien species control or eradication programmes are underway in the country? • What are the main pathways for the introduction of invasive alien species in the country? • What additional resources (financial, human and technical) will be required to reach the national target that is set? • • What are the opportunities and constraints for controlling or eradicating invasive alien species and managing their pathways?
  17. 17. PLAY VIDEO CLIP
  18. 18. • What ecosystems in the country are vulnerable to climate change or ocean acidification? What ecosystems are affected by both pressures? • What additional anthropogenic pressures are affecting those ecosystems vulnerable to climate change or ocean acidification? • What are the opportunities and constraints in addressing the additional anthropogenic pressures affecting ecosystems vulnerable to climate change or ocean acidification? • Who are the stakeholders that may be affected by efforts to reduce additional anthropogenic pressures? • What additional resources (financial, human and technical) will be required to reach the national target that is set?
  19. 19. • What is the current extent of protected areas on land and in marine areas, (1) overall, and (2) by ecoregion? • What areas of importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services are not currently protected? • How effective are existing protected areas? How can management effectiveness be improved? • Who are the stakeholders, including indigenous and local communities, that may be affected? • What additional resources (financial, human and technical) will be required to reach the national target that is set? A network of 668 Protected Areas (PAs) comprising 102 National Parks, 515 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 47 Conservation Reserves and 4 Community Reserves.
  20. 20. • Where are threatened species located in my county? • What are the main threats to the threatened species? • What are the opportunities and constraints in preventing species from becoming extinct? • Who are the stakeholders that may be affected? • What additional resources (financial, human and technical) will be required to reach the national target that is set?
  21. 21. • What plans or strategies are in place to maintain the genetic diversity in situ and ex situ • What are the opportunities and constraints in maintaining genetic diversity? • Who are the stakeholders that may be affected by efforts to maintain genetic diversity? • What additional resources (financial, institutional, human and technical) will be required to reach the national target that is set?
  22. 22. • What are the major ecosystems in the country? • What is the condition of important ecosystems in the country? • What are the main pressures on the ecosystems that provide services essential for human wellbeing? • What are the opportunities and constraints in restoring or safeguarding ecosystems that provide essential services, generally and by ecosystem? • Who are the stakeholders that may be affected by efforts to restore or safeguard ecosystems? • What additional resources (financial, human and technical) will be required to reach the national target that is set?
  23. 23. • What habitats in the country are degraded? • What are the opportunities and constraints in enhancing ecosystem resilience/undertaking ecosystem restoration, generally and by habitat? • Who are the stakeholders that may be affected by efforts to enhance resilience? • •What additional resources (financial, human and technical) will be required to reach the national target that is set?
  24. 24. • The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources is one of the three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity. • The Protocol covers genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, as well as the benefits arising from their utilization by setting out core obligations for its contracting Parties to take measures in relation to access, benefit-sharing and compliance
  25. 25. • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans are the principal instruments for implementing the Convention at the national level. • In order to fulfill the Strategic Plan by 2020 NBSAPs must be in place by 2015 at the latest as they are the main national mechanism through which the Strategic Plan will be implemented. • Further the target for 2015 implies that, not only are NBSAPs developed through a participatory approach, but that they are used as effective tools for mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society
  26. 26. • Who are the indigenous, local or traditional communities in the country? • How has traditional knowledge been integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention? • Has there been full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, with regards to the integration of their knowledge in the implementation of the Convention? • Who are the stakeholders that may be affected by efforts to respect traditional knowledge and integrate it into the implementation of the Convention?
  27. 27. PEOPLE’S BIODIVERSITY REGISTER • The best way of making people aware of science is to get them to practice it. • An excellent opportunity of taking the practice of science right down to the grass-roots has recently opened up with the passage of the biological diversity act. • This act provides for the establishment of biodiversity management committees in all local bodies, whether panchayats or municipalities throughout the country. • It stipulates that “the main function of the BMC is to prepare people's biodiversity register in consultation with local people. The register shall contain comprehensive information on availability and knowledge of local biological resources, their medicinal or any other use or any other traditional knowledge associated with them. • ” Preparation of “people's biodiversity registers (PBR)” will be a rather unusual scientific activity. But it will be an activity that is very much appropriate to our biodiversity rich country, and very much timely in the current era of rapid technological developments.
  28. 28. • What biodiversity information is available on the country? • What programmes are in place to generate information on biodiversity in the country? • What mechanisms are in place in the country to share biodiversity information and technologies? • How is biodiversity information being used to support policy decision in the country? • What are the opportunities and constraints in improving biodiversity information and technologies and sharing them? • Who are the stakeholders that may be affected?
  29. 29. • What is the current amount of biodiversity financing available in the country? • What are the main sources of biodiversity financing in the country? • What financial resources will be required to implement the Strategic Plan nationally?
  30. 30. Contact Dr. V. Shubhalaxmi iNaturewatch Foundation www.inaturewatch.org info@inaturewatch.org 9987013144 Thank you

×