Informational Text Using Primary and Secondary Sources <ul><li>Informational Texts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connecting to the...
Mrs. Jones in “Thank You, M’am” helps a boy who might otherwise end up on the wrong path. In the following primary and sec...
“ Teaching Chess,  and Life” Introducing the Informational Texts “ Community Service  & You” “ Feeding Frenzy”
How did learning to play chess change one young man’s life? “ Teaching Chess, and Life” Introducing the Informational Text...
Have you ever thought about volunteering in your community? Have you ever wondered how you could make a difference?  “ Com...
What happens when a young man decides to devote his time and energy to begin a surplus food-sharing program in  his own sc...
Vocabulary Development mentorship   n.:  advice or lessons from a mentor, or wise teacher intimidating   v.  used as  adj....
Vocabulary Development bureaucratic   adj.:  relating to rigid government routine undaunted   adj.:  not discouraged by a ...
3. All serious __________ require patience and hard work. 4. A newly hired athletic trainer benefits from the __________ o...
Click here to listen to a firsthand account of the championship game. Primary sources are firsthand accounts. Primary Sour...
Primary Sources [End of Section] Primary Sources Autobiographies Letters Interviews Speeches Eyewitness Reports Essays Edi...
Secondary sources are secondhand accounts. Secondary Sources <ul><li>They are often based on more than one viewpoint. </li...
Secondary Sources [End of Section] Secondary Sources Encyclopedia Articles Reference Works Textbooks Newspaper Articles Bi...
Using the sources: Follow these steps to get the most out of your sources. Using Primary and Secondary Sources <ul><li>Ide...
Identify. Analyze. Using Primary and Secondary Sources <ul><li>Is the source a primary or secondary source? </li></ul><ul>...
Is this a primary or secondary source? How do you know? What is the main idea? Using Primary and Secondary Sources Quick C...
Using Primary and Secondary Sources Primary source.  The writer uses the pronoun  I. Quick Check Is this a primary or seco...
Quick Check Using Primary and Secondary Sources What is the main idea? Many kids my age in Washington Heights wind up in g...
Who is the author’s audience? What is the author’s purpose?  Using Primary and Secondary Sources Quick Check Many kids my ...
Using Primary and Secondary Sources The general public. The article appeared in a newspaper. Quick Check Many kids my age ...
Using Primary and Secondary Sources To inform and possibly to persuade others to find a mentor or be a mentor. Quick Check...
Evaluate. Using Primary and Secondary Sources <ul><li>Is the writer presenting objective facts, subjective opinions, or a ...
Do you think the essay will be objective or subjective? Why? Using Primary and Secondary Sources Quick Check Many kids my ...
Using Primary and Secondary Sources Subjective. The writer is telling his story and will give his thoughts, feelings, and ...
Elaborate. Using Primary and Secondary Sources <ul><li>Present your own ideas on the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Do further r...
What lessons about life might someone learn from playing chess? Using Primary and Secondary Sources Quick Check Many kids ...
Using Primary and Secondary Sources Critical thinking. Patience. Self-control. Sportsmanship. Quick Check Many kids my age...
<ul><li>As you read “Teaching Chess, and Life,” “Community Service & You,” and “Feeding Frenzy” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>iden...
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Primary and secondary sources

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Primary and secondary sources

  1. 1. Informational Text Using Primary and Secondary Sources <ul><li>Informational Texts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connecting to the Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introducing the Informational Texts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Informational Reading Focus: Primary and Secondary Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using Primary and Secondary Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assignment </li></ul></ul>Feature Menu
  2. 2. Mrs. Jones in “Thank You, M’am” helps a boy who might otherwise end up on the wrong path. In the following primary and secondary sources, you’ll meet real people who also help others, and you’ll learn about community service in the process. Connecting to the Literature [End of Section]
  3. 3. “ Teaching Chess, and Life” Introducing the Informational Texts “ Community Service & You” “ Feeding Frenzy”
  4. 4. How did learning to play chess change one young man’s life? “ Teaching Chess, and Life” Introducing the Informational Texts To find out, read “Teaching Chess, and Life.”
  5. 5. Have you ever thought about volunteering in your community? Have you ever wondered how you could make a difference? “ Community Service & You” Introducing the Informational Texts Read “Community Service & You” to find out about the various volunteer opportunities for young people.
  6. 6. What happens when a young man decides to devote his time and energy to begin a surplus food-sharing program in his own school district? “ Feeding Frenzy” Introducing the Informational Texts Learn how David Levitt overcame bureaucratic red tape to make his dream a reality in “Feeding Frenzy.” [End of Section]
  7. 7. Vocabulary Development mentorship n.: advice or lessons from a mentor, or wise teacher intimidating v. used as adj.: frightening endeavors n.: serious attempts, efforts, or undertakings legislation n.: law or body of laws Vocabulary
  8. 8. Vocabulary Development bureaucratic adj.: relating to rigid government routine undaunted adj.: not discouraged by a difficulty or setback Vocabulary
  9. 9. 3. All serious __________ require patience and hard work. 4. A newly hired athletic trainer benefits from the __________ of an experienced professional. 5. The team persevered, __________ by the disappointing loss. mentorship intimidating endeavors bureaucratic undaunted 1. The barking dogs were __________ to the small child. 2. As town mayor, Nodra had grown tired of the job’s __________ constraints. Vocabulary mentorship intimidating endeavors bureaucratic undaunted Vocabulary Practice F ill in the blanks with Word Bank words. [End of Section]
  10. 10. Click here to listen to a firsthand account of the championship game. Primary sources are firsthand accounts. Primary Sources <ul><li>Writers may reveal their experiences, opinions, and ideas. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Primary Sources [End of Section] Primary Sources Autobiographies Letters Interviews Speeches Eyewitness Reports Essays Editorials Oral Histories Autobiographies Speeches Letters
  12. 12. Secondary sources are secondhand accounts. Secondary Sources <ul><li>They are often based on more than one viewpoint. </li></ul><ul><li>Writers summarize, interpret, or analyze events in which they did not participate. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Secondary Sources [End of Section] Secondary Sources Encyclopedia Articles Reference Works Textbooks Newspaper Articles Biographies Magazine Articles Newspaper Articles Encyclopedias Textbooks
  14. 14. Using the sources: Follow these steps to get the most out of your sources. Using Primary and Secondary Sources <ul><li>Identify </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate </li></ul>
  15. 15. Identify. Analyze. Using Primary and Secondary Sources <ul><li>Is the source a primary or secondary source? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the main idea? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the author support the main idea? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the author’s audience? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the author’s purpose? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Is this a primary or secondary source? How do you know? What is the main idea? Using Primary and Secondary Sources Quick Check Many kids my age in Washington Heights wind up in gangs, as drug dealers, in jail, or dead. I decided long ago that I would not end up in one of those situations because of the consequences I saw others suffer. I have stuck by this decision with help from several important people. One of the most influential people in my life is my former chess coach and current boss, Jeremy Chiappetta, who has taught me a lot about chess and more about life. from “Teaching Chess, and Life” by Carlos Capellan (from an essay adapted by The New York Times, September 3, 2000)
  17. 17. Using Primary and Secondary Sources Primary source. The writer uses the pronoun I. Quick Check Is this a primary or secondary source? How do you know? Many kids my age in Washington Heights wind up in gangs, as drug dealers, in jail, or dead. I decided long ago that I would not end up in one of those situations because of the consequences I saw others suffer. I have stuck by this decision with help from several important people. One of the most influential people in my life is my former chess coach and current boss, Jeremy Chiappetta, who has taught me a lot about chess and more about life. from “Teaching Chess, and Life” by Carlos Capellan (from an essay adapted by The New York Times, September 3, 2000)
  18. 18. Quick Check Using Primary and Secondary Sources What is the main idea? Many kids my age in Washington Heights wind up in gangs, as drug dealers, in jail, or dead. I decided long ago that I would not end up in one of those situations because of the consequences I saw others suffer. I have stuck by this decision with help from several important people. One of the most influential people in my life is my former chess coach and current boss, Jeremy Chiappetta, who has taught me a lot about chess and more about life. from “Teaching Chess, and Life” by Carlos Capellan (from an essay adapted by The New York Times, September 3, 2000)
  19. 19. Who is the author’s audience? What is the author’s purpose? Using Primary and Secondary Sources Quick Check Many kids my age in Washington Heights wind up in gangs, as drug dealers, in jail, or dead. I decided long ago that I would not end up in one of those situations because of the consequences I saw others suffer. I have stuck by this decision with help from several important people. One of the most influential people in my life is my former chess coach and current boss, Jeremy Chiappetta, who has taught me a lot about chess and more about life. from “Teaching Chess, and Life” by Carlos Capellan (from an essay adapted by The New York Times, September 3, 2000)
  20. 20. Using Primary and Secondary Sources The general public. The article appeared in a newspaper. Quick Check Many kids my age in Washington Heights wind up in gangs, as drug dealers, in jail, or dead. I decided long ago that I would not end up in one of those situations because of the consequences I saw others suffer. I have stuck by this decision with help from several important people. One of the most influential people in my life is my former chess coach and current boss, Jeremy Chiappetta, who has taught me a lot about chess and more about life. from “Teaching Chess, and Life” by Carlos Capellan (from an essay adapted by The New York Times, September 3, 2000) Who is the author’s audience?
  21. 21. Using Primary and Secondary Sources To inform and possibly to persuade others to find a mentor or be a mentor. Quick Check Many kids my age in Washington Heights wind up in gangs, as drug dealers, in jail, or dead. I decided long ago that I would not end up in one of those situations because of the consequences I saw others suffer. I have stuck by this decision with help from several important people. One of the most influential people in my life is my former chess coach and current boss, Jeremy Chiappetta, who has taught me a lot about chess and more about life. from “Teaching Chess, and Life” by Carlos Capellan (from an essay adapted by The New York Times, September 3, 2000) What is the author’s purpose?
  22. 22. Evaluate. Using Primary and Secondary Sources <ul><li>Is the writer presenting objective facts, subjective opinions, or a mix of both? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the factual information accurate? (If in doubt, check the accuracy by reading other sources.) </li></ul><ul><li>Are the author’s opinions supported by evidence and logical reasoning? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you agree with the author’s message? </li></ul>
  23. 23. Do you think the essay will be objective or subjective? Why? Using Primary and Secondary Sources Quick Check Many kids my age in Washington Heights wind up in gangs, as drug dealers, in jail, or dead. I decided long ago that I would not end up in one of those situations because of the consequences I saw others suffer. I have stuck by this decision with help from several important people. One of the most influential people in my life is my former chess coach and current boss, Jeremy Chiappetta, who has taught me a lot about chess and more about life. from “Teaching Chess, and Life” by Carlos Capellan (from an essay adapted by The New York Times, September 3, 2000)
  24. 24. Using Primary and Secondary Sources Subjective. The writer is telling his story and will give his thoughts, feelings, and opinions. Quick Check Many kids my age in Washington Heights wind up in gangs, as drug dealers, in jail, or dead. I decided long ago that I would not end up in one of those situations because of the consequences I saw others suffer. I have stuck by this decision with help from several important people. One of the most influential people in my life is my former chess coach and current boss, Jeremy Chiappetta, who has taught me a lot about chess and more about life. from “Teaching Chess, and Life” by Carlos Capellan (from an essay adapted by The New York Times, September 3, 2000) Do you think the essay will be objective or subjective? Why?
  25. 25. Elaborate. Using Primary and Secondary Sources <ul><li>Present your own ideas on the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Do further research. </li></ul><ul><li>Check to see if a secondary source has a bibliography or a list of works cited. These contain other useful sources of information. </li></ul>
  26. 26. What lessons about life might someone learn from playing chess? Using Primary and Secondary Sources Quick Check Many kids my age in Washington Heights wind up in gangs, as drug dealers, in jail, or dead. I decided long ago that I would not end up in one of those situations because of the consequences I saw others suffer. I have stuck by this decision with help from several important people. One of the most influential people in my life is my former chess coach and current boss, Jeremy Chiappetta, who has taught me a lot about chess and more about life. from “Teaching Chess, and Life” by Carlos Capellan (from an essay adapted by The New York Times, September 3, 2000) [End of Section]
  27. 27. Using Primary and Secondary Sources Critical thinking. Patience. Self-control. Sportsmanship. Quick Check Many kids my age in Washington Heights wind up in gangs, as drug dealers, in jail, or dead. I decided long ago that I would not end up in one of those situations because of the consequences I saw others suffer. I have stuck by this decision with help from several important people. One of the most influential people in my life is my former chess coach and current boss, Jeremy Chiappetta, who has taught me a lot about chess and more about life. from “Teaching Chess, and Life” by Carlos Capellan (from an essay adapted by The New York Times, September 3, 2000) What lessons about life might someone learn from playing chess?
  28. 28. <ul><li>As you read “Teaching Chess, and Life,” “Community Service & You,” and “Feeding Frenzy” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>identify each text as either a primary or a secondary source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>analyze each text and identify the main idea and purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>elaborate on ideas presented in these texts </li></ul></ul>Assignment [End of Section]
  29. 29. The End

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