Day 5 social justice and multiculturalism

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Day 5 social justice and multiculturalism

  1. 1. Social Justice and Multiculturalism<br />In relation to Technology Integration<br />
  2. 2. The Buzz Words…<br />
  3. 3. The Digital Divide…<br />
  4. 4. Source: http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/statistics/ict/graphs/internet.jpg<br />
  5. 5. 1 in 5 Households Worldwide has Broadband Internet Access<br /><ul><li>2008 – 382 million households
  6. 6. 2009 – 422 million households
  7. 7. 2013 – 580 million households</li></ul>Source: http://www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=1189323<br />
  8. 8. But it’s more than just access…<br />The Real Access criteria are:<br />(1) Physical access to technology (2) Appropriateness of technology(3) Affordability of technology and technology use(4) Human capacity and training (5) Locally relevant content, applications, and services(6) Integration into daily routines(7) Socio-cultural factors (8) Trust in technology(9) Local economic environment (10) Macro-economic environment (11) Legal and regulatory framework(12) Political will and public support<br />
  9. 9. Of course there’s a new term for this…<br />
  10. 10. Old vs. New<br />
  11. 11. The New Digital Divide<br />
  12. 12. Reasons<br />21st century literacy / social media literacy<br />Access and restrictions<br />Socioeconomic barriers<br />Fear, resistance, privacy, security<br />Awareness, visibility, relevance<br />
  13. 13. Digitally Excluded and ‘E-solated’<br />Digital natives<br />Digital immigrants<br />People lacking opportunities<br />Conscientious objectors<br />
  14. 14. “hidden digital exclusion”<br />Gain little from their engagement with ICTs<br />Individuals drop in and out of ICT engagement at different stages<br />Unequal ways that computers are used<br />Smart use of ICTs<br />Empowered “digital choice”<br />
  15. 15. Some possiblities?<br />Age<br />Socio-economic status<br />Education<br />Family composition<br />Gender<br />Geography<br />Race<br />Futurelab handout with these<br />
  16. 16. Some Research<br />Pew institute<br />Take a look at some stats…key finding, surprises etc?<br />Google search –group + ict digital divide may produce some useful results<br />
  17. 17. Bridging the Gap - Socioeconomic<br />
  18. 18. Internet Statistics <br /><ul><li>79% of American adults used the internet in 2009, up from 67% in Feb. 2005</li></ul>Source: http://www.pewinternet.org/Infographics/Growth-in-Adult-SNS-Use-20052009.aspx<br />
  19. 19. Using the Internet as a Tool<br /><ul><li>Some 69% of all Americans have used the internet to cope with the recession as they hunt for bargains, jobs, ways to upgrade their skills, better investment strategies, housing options, and government benefits. That amounts to 88% of internet users.</li></ul>Source: http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2009/11-The-Internet-and-the-Recession.aspx<br />
  20. 20. Poverty <br /><ul><li>1 in 10 Americans are unemployed
  21. 21. 1 in 5 seniors are poor
  22. 22. These are people that desperately need access to the internet, the ones that would benefit most from the resources available online (e.g. Medicare, Social Security information, job searching …)
  23. 23. Source: http://uspoverty.change.org/blog/view/1_in_5_elderly_are_poor</li></li></ul><li>In practice <br />
  24. 24. E-Government<br />Bridge or barrier?<br />
  25. 25. Internet Access as a Human Right<br />Estonia, France, and most recently Finland have made internet access a human right<br />
  26. 26. Here are some examples of the New Digital Divide …<br />
  27. 27. The Divide Among Digital Natives<br />Access to Technology through Schools<br /><ul><li>Nearly universal in the U.S. </li></ul> • No Child Left Behind <br /> • Telecommunications Act of 1996 <br />Nationwide average of four students per computer in schools<br />
  28. 28. The Divide Among Digital Natives<br />Access to Technology at Home<br />70% of individuals aged 3 – 17 <br /> live in households with internet access. <br /> — U.S. Census Bureau’s 2007 population report (released online in 2009)<br />
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  30. 30. Lack of Home Internet Access<br /><ul><li>Creates a Divide when Using Technology at School</li></ul> “Children who have access to home computers demonstrate more positive attitudes towards computers and show greater ease when using computers than those who do not… <br /> More often than not, those youth who have developed the most comfort with the online world are the ones who dominate classroom use of computers, pushing aside less technically skilled classmates.”<br />(Jenkins 8; 13) <br />
  31. 31. Charter for Change<br />Possible?<br />
  32. 32. The NEW Divide = a Division in Knowledge<br /><ul><li>We must “shift the focus of the conversation about the digital divide from questions of technological access to those of opportunities to participate and to develop the cultural competencies and skills needed for full involvement” in society.
  33. 33. “Access to today’s participatory culture functions as a new form of the hidden curriculum, shaping which youth will succeed and which will be left behind as they enter school and the workplace.” </li></ul>(Jenkins 3) <br />
  34. 34. Media Literacy - knowledge<br />Media Literacy Education<br /> All states have adopted educational standards detailing what students should know and be able to do with technology. <br />But… <br />(Hightower)<br />
  35. 35. Media Literacy - knowledge<br /><ul><li>Only 5 states actually test students’ knowledge and skills with technology (Hightower).
  36. 36. The focus of technology education must shift to the “new media literacies: a set of skills that young people need in the new media landscape…The new literacies almost all involve social skills developed through collaboration and networking” (Jenkins 4). </li></li></ul><li>Participatory Culture<br /><ul><li>A study conducted by the Pew Internet and American Life Project suggests that “we are moving away from a world in which some produce and many consume media, toward one in which everyone has a more active stake in the culture that is produced” </li></ul>(Lenhardt & Madden)<br />
  37. 37. Participatory Divide<br /><ul><li>More than half of American teens could be considered media creators</li></ul>Created a blog or webpage<br />Posted original artwork, photos, stories, videos<br />Remixed online content into a new creation<br />What about the other half ? ? ?<br />(Lenhardt & Madden)<br />
  38. 38. Participatory Culture<br />The New Literacies<br />How are they addressed in your life? In your classroom?<br />
  39. 39. Awareness and Relevance<br /> “Pew survey indicates that about 65 million Americans don’t go online. Of this group, only five percent cite money as the reason; 39 percent say only that they’re not interested or it’s a waste of time.”<br />Source: http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1395/1313<br />
  40. 40. Fear – Privacy – Security <br /> “It is often fear, however, as much as absence of opportunity that holds people back.”<br />Source: http://www.guardian.co.uk/culture/2009/oct/25/internet-uk-martha-lane-fox<br />
  41. 41. The “Conscientious Objectors (COs)”<br /><ul><li>Of the nearly 65 million Americans who don’t go online, 39% say they’re “not interested.” –Pew Internet Life Statistics, qtd. in Green.
  42. 42. Why?</li></ul>Learning habits<br />Demonization of technology<br />Ideas about technology users/early adopters<br />Nonusers’ social networks are narrow<br />Sources: Green, R. Michelle. “Unpacking ‘I Don’t Want It’” – why novices and non-users don’t use the Internet.” First Monday 11(9). 9 September 2006. Via http://firstmonday.org/htbin/<br />cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1395/1313<br />
  43. 43. COs: An Intergenerational Perspective<br />Boomers: <br />Learning new literacies takes too much time<br />Feel guilty using social media at work<br />Embarrassed to ask Millennials for help <br />Gen X:<br />Uncomfortable with homogenization<br />Technological burnout<br />Time demands<br />Sources: Lynne Lancaster, “Social Media: Jumping In or Opting Out?” Twin Cities Business Magazine via http://tinyurl.com/yfn6mkb<br />Michael Martin, “’Refuseniks’ Say They’ll Pass on Facebook, Twitter” National Public Radio Interview. Via http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=113928457<br />
  44. 44. COs: An Intergenerational Perspective, Continued<br />Millennials:<br />View overlapping social media as “redundant”<br />Disdain a “me, me, me” mentality<br />Josh Friedman, “Twitter for Business? Call Me Dr. Jekyll…” Central Desktop Blog via http://tinyurl.com/yh22fp4<br />
  45. 45. So now we get to the other buzz words…<br />
  46. 46. Futurelab<br />Explore a little about Digital Inclusion<br />http://www.futurelab.org.uk/themes/digital-inclusion<br />Designing educational technologies for social justice<br />
  47. 47. More than access…digital literacy<br />Skills and knowledge to access and use a variety of digital media software applications and hardware devices<br />Ablity to critically understand digital media content and applications<br />Knowledge and capacity to create with digital technology<br />
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  49. 49. Sources: Framework for 21st Century Learning, P21 (2009); National Education Technology Standards for Students, ISTE (2007)<br />
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  60. 60. Why bother?<br />Increase consumer confidence and trust in the online marketplace<br />Support Canada’s capacityt o innovate with digital technology in the workplace, healthcare and education<br />Support growth of Canada’s ICT industries<br />Support the development of Canadian digital media content<br />
  61. 61. Benefits of Digital Literacy<br />Jigsaw Read<br />
  62. 62. Barriers<br />Read article excerpt…how do we as educators fit in?<br />
  63. 63. Actions, Targets Timelines<br />Realistic?<br />
  64. 64. But everybody else is doing it<br />
  65. 65. Digital Britain<br />
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  68. 68. So........<br />

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