Mht Sewa


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Mht Sewa

  1. 1. <ul><li>Presented by: </li></ul><ul><li>PARAKHIYA VASANT </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Research Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Project Undertaken by MHT </li></ul><ul><li>Data Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Findings </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestion </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Gujarat Mahila Housing SEWA Trust (MHT) </li></ul><ul><li>Established in 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing and finalizing house designs in consultation with communities and expert consultants </li></ul><ul><li>Helping the district federations in getting the designs / plans and cost estimates approved by the government </li></ul><ul><li>Technical identification and training of masons, housing construction teams </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Procurement of raw material supply </li></ul><ul><li>Technical inputs, supervision and monitoring of construction, and </li></ul><ul><li>Linking with other technical agencies as and when needed </li></ul><ul><li>MHT has total 2 branches. The head office is in Ahmedabad and the 2 branches are in Vadodara and Surat. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>To improve the housing and infrastructure conditions and overall living environment of SEWA members; </li></ul><ul><li>To create improved access to important services such as shelter finance, legal advice, technical assistance, information on housing market and shelter related income opportunities for poor working women. </li></ul><ul><li>To influence housing and infrastructure related urban and rural development policies and programmes and bring the benefits of these policies within the reach </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Facilitating Access to housing, infrastructure and Environment Up gradation </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitating Access to housing and infrastructure finance </li></ul><ul><li>Research training and documentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy and Networking </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Our basic objectives to choose MHT as a study for our social project were: </li></ul><ul><li>To study how MHT functions. </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the contribution of MHT in development of the society. </li></ul><ul><li>To study the satisfaction level of beneficiary of “MHT”. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Sources of information - Primary data </li></ul><ul><li>- secondary data </li></ul><ul><li>Research approach - Interview of people. </li></ul><ul><li>- Internet </li></ul><ul><li>- Brochures </li></ul><ul><li>Research instrument – Questionnaire. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Sampling method- Convince sampling. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>Sample Size and Area </li></ul><ul><li>Jadiba nagar-Vasna </li></ul><ul><li>Gayatri nagar- Hatkeshwar </li></ul><ul><li>Amraiwadi-near Torrent Power </li></ul><ul><li>Sample Size: 25 </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Parivartan Yojna </li></ul><ul><li>OBJECTIVE: </li></ul><ul><li>To integrate the slums into the main stream of the city by upgrading them with an active partnership of the slum dwellers, industrial houses, NGOS and AMC. . </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Physical Development: </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Water Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Under Ground Sewerage </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Toilets or Pay and use Facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Solid Waste Disposal Service. </li></ul><ul><li>Strom Water Drains. </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Roads and Paving </li></ul><ul><li>Street Lighting. </li></ul><ul><li>Land Scalping. </li></ul>
  12. 12. After Before
  13. 13. <ul><li>A) Objective/Programme Concept: </li></ul><ul><li>The genesis traced back to programs of rural employment, began in 1980. Started in Gujarat in 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Objective to help construction of dwelling units by members SC/ST rural poor below poverty line providing grant-in-aid. </li></ul><ul><li>B) Funding Source: State Government </li></ul><ul><li>C) Implementing Agency: </li></ul><ul><li> Gujarat Mahila Housing SEWA Trust & SEWA </li></ul><ul><li>D) Houses constructed so far : </li></ul><ul><li> Before Earthquake: 203 </li></ul><ul><li> After Earthquake: 560 </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Process : </li></ul>GMHST & SEWA’s influence at Policy Basic Design & Material specified by Govt. SEWA’s proposal for linkages with in-house habitat resource centre Process Ongoing Result: Linkages of in-house building centre with Government schemes Land Allocation & beneficiary Selection District Development Officer Allotment of villages & beneficiaries SEWA’s selection of villages based on max. membership Non-member beneficiaries later taken as SEWA members Fund Flow State Government District Taluka NGO’s ( Initial investment by NGO’s, later reimbursed by Govt.)
  15. 15. <ul><li>A) Objective/Programme Concept: </li></ul><ul><li>Reconstruction of housing for Earthquake affected people through beneficiary participatory approach to provide houses along with livelihood. </li></ul><ul><li>B) Funding Source: Donors, Grants from institutions </li></ul><ul><li> ( National & International) </li></ul><ul><li>C) Implementing Agency: </li></ul><ul><li> Gujarat Mahila Housing SEWA Trust & SEWA </li></ul><ul><li>D) Houses planned to be constructed by June 2004: 5000 </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Process : </li></ul>Committee members Purchase & record keeping Land Allocation Own Beneficiary Land. Beneficiary Selection Govt. Packages based on category Limitations in category list –no. of re-surveys Unclear category selection Policy Result in non-provision of scheme to really affected people Fund Flow Total Grant disbursed initially to NGOs Participatory Implementing Approach Design: evolved with beneficiary & local needs Community capacity building through technical & system related Trainings Involvement of local community in whole process Village Head Liasoning with Govt. & beneficiary selection
  17. 17. <ul><li>A) Objective/Programme Concept: </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure availability of safe and legal electricity supply to slum residents with the help of AMC, AEC and NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>To minimize process time for new connection, organize and operate a proper bill recovery system. </li></ul><ul><li>To eliminate unauthorized use of electricity, regularize connections and minimize techno commercial losses. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>B) Funding Source: AEC & SEWA bank </li></ul><ul><li>C) Implementing Agency: Gujarat Mahila Housing SEWA Trust & SEWA </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><ul><li>Meter reading by the CBO at an interval of 15 days </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>A) Objective/Programme Concept: </li></ul><ul><li>To provide skills training for various trades in construction industry to all construction workers with a focus on women workers. </li></ul><ul><li>To provide basic functional literacy to construction workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Testing, evaluation and certification of skilled construction workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Development and promotion of alternative and low cost construction methods and material. </li></ul><ul><li>To carry out distance learning and refresher courses. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>B) Activities: </li></ul><ul><li>MHT established a training center providing skill upgradation training like masonry, plaster pointing and tiling. </li></ul><ul><li>It partnered with the Construction Industry Development Council (CIDC) to undertake testing and certification of trained workers. </li></ul><ul><li>It provided training like masonry; plaster pointing, tiling, carpentry, plumbing and lab technician to unskilled and semi-skilled women construction workers. </li></ul><ul><li>The testing and certification was jointly carried out by CIDC and IGNOU </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Q.1:- Have you ever got benefit of MHT ? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans: Here we selected all people who had got benefit from MHT once. </li></ul><ul><li>Q.2:- How do you come to know about MHT ? </li></ul>No. Particular Frequency % 1 They come to you 20 80 2 Through media 03 12 3 By other any way 02 08 TOTAL 25 100
  23. 24. <ul><li>INTERPRETATION:- </li></ul><ul><li>From the above information we can conclude that 80% beneficiary of MHT know about MHT by MHT’S employee come to their home,12% know from media and 8% know from other way. </li></ul>
  24. 25. SR.NO. Particular Frequency % 1 Positive 20 80 2 Negative 02 08 3 Mixed 03 12 TOTAL 25 100
  25. 26. <ul><li>As per above graph we can interpret that 80% beneficiary get positive response from MHT’S employee, 12% people get mixed response and 8 % get negative response. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  26. 27. Sr. No. Particular Frequency % 1 Ujala Yojna 03 12 2 Parivartan Yojna 05 20 3 Karmika Project 06 24 4 Reconstruction Project 08 32 5 Aawas Yojna 03 12 Total 25 100
  27. 28. <ul><li>From the above information we can see that 12% people are beneficiary of Ujala Yojna, 20% people are beneficiary of Parivartan Yojna, 24% people are beneficiary of Karmika Project , 32% people are beneficiary of Reconstruction Project and 12% people are beneficiary of Aawas Yojna. </li></ul>
  28. 29. INTERPRETATION:- From the above information we can see that 68% of beneficiary of MHT got loan through MHT. Sr. No. Particular Frequency % 1 Yes 17 68 2 No 08 32 Total 25 100
  29. 30. SR.NO. Particular Frequency % 1 Go to bank for paying 03 18 2 MHT’S emp. Come for collecting 14 82 3 By other way 00 00 TOTAL 17 100
  30. 31. <ul><li>As per above graph we can interpret that most of the loan taker pay installment through MHT’s employee </li></ul>
  31. 32. INTERPRETATION:- From above information we can see that MHT’S employee give proper guide line to the people. Sr. No. Particular Frequency % 1 Yes 24 96 2 No 01 04 Total 25 100
  32. 33. INTERPRETATION:- From above information we can see that beneficiary of MHT feel that MHT’S services are very helpful them. Sr. No. Particular Frequency % 1 Yes 25 100 2 No 00 00 Total 25 100
  33. 34. Sr. No. Particular Frequency % 1 Fully satisfied 16 64 2 satisfied 08 32 3 Moderate satisfied 01 04 4 Dissatisfied 00 00 5 Fully Dissatisfied 00 00 Total 25 100
  34. 35. <ul><li>As per above graph we can interpret that 64% beneficiary are fully satisfied with MHT’S service, 32% beneficiary are fully satisfied with MHT’S servise,4% beneficiary are fully satisfied with MHT’S service and no one told that he/she is not dissatisfied with MHT’S service. satisfaction level is very high in MHT’s beneficiary. </li></ul>
  35. 36. SR.NO. Particular Frequency % 1 Insurance 15 60 2 Savings/Current A/c 7 28 3 Labor Union 3 12 TOTAL 25 100
  36. 37. <ul><li>The demand for Insurance services are promptly required by the Slum dwellers. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  37. 38. <ul><ul><li>Findings from Secondary Data:   </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MHT is the mediator between the slum dwellers and the Govt. Bodies </li></ul><ul><li>It is also in the construction sector by providing training to women (Karmika project). </li></ul><ul><li>MHT also provides employment to women by including them as Spearhead leaders. </li></ul><ul><li>MHT also recommends Sewa bank for providing loan to the slum dwellers. </li></ul>
  38. 39. <ul><ul><li>Findings from Primary Data : </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The Beneficiaries are happy with the Loan imbursements method. </li></ul><ul><li>The Reconstruction Project is the most preferred scheme as per our survey. </li></ul><ul><li>At least 8% of people are still not satisfied by the functioning of MHT. </li></ul><ul><li>The beneficiaries want that the MHT should also start other facilities like….. </li></ul><ul><li>Life Insurance and Health care </li></ul><ul><li>Savings/Current A/c facility </li></ul><ul><li>Help in development of Labor Union </li></ul><ul><li>The Door-to-Door collection helps it reducing the NPA level of the Sewa Bank. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  39. 40. <ul><li>MHT should not only be the Mediator but should also develop it self as a leader. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Should help the Slum Dwellers in the legal activities and should provide Legal support in Developing of Labor Union. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Should collaborate with an Insurance agency to provide facilities like Life insurance and other insurance schemes. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Should motivate the Slum Dwellers towards savings. </li></ul>
  40. 41. <ul><li>MHT as a sister organization of SEWA is working on various projects whose main aim is development of lower income group of the society  It works for their upliftment and to improve their standard of living in the society as a whole. It has improved the housing and infrastructure conditions and overall living environment of SEWA members It has provided safe and legal electricity supply to slum residents with the help of AMC, AEC and NGOs . It also involves slum dwellers in the supply and payment of dues through CBOs (community based org.) </li></ul>
  41. 42. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  42. 43. <ul><li>- Asnani P. U., Slum Networking Project – Ahmedabad Good Urban Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Campaign – India Launch; Learning from One Another, Page # 308 – 331, September-2001  </li></ul><ul><li>- Bhatt Bijal, Ahmedabad Parivartan Programme, Good Urban Governance Campaign – </li></ul><ul><li>India Launch; Learning from One Another, Page # 285 – 290, September 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>- Wealth Creation & Well Being Impacts of Slum Up gradation & Improved Service </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery to the poor – WSP – SA - Bhatt Bijal, Good Governance Through Partnership: Ahmedabad – Parivartan Programme </li></ul><ul><li>Shelter – Volume IV, No. 2, Page # 22 – 27, April 2001,  </li></ul><ul><li>- Parivartan & Its Impact: A Partnership Programme of Infrastructure Development in </li></ul><ul><li>Slums of Ahmedabad City – Gujarat Mahila Housing SEWA Trust </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>