Hindu Students Council (HSC) - NCSU
and MAITRI proudly presents
A Glimpse of India
India-a Diverse Nation
India is a picture of diversity seen in her people,
cultures, colorful festivals, dresses and costumes,
religions, flora and fauna and varying landscapes.
India-a Diverse Nation
India is roughly one third the size of
It has 29 states and 6 union
There are 18 official languages, 114
languages, 216 mother tongues and 900
dialects in India.
Religions of India
Hindu Temple Jain Temple
Sikh Gurudwara Buddhist Pagoda
Four major religions of the world have
originated from India: Hinduism,Jainism,
Sikhism and Buddhism.
Religions of India
Bahai Lotus Temple Parsi Fire Temple Jewish Synagogue
St. Paul's Cathedral Nakhoda Mosque
India-the Largest Democracy
India is the largest democracy in the world,
seventh largest country and the second most
India-an Ancient Civilization
India is one of the oldest continuous civilizations.
The story of civilization begins in India with the
Harrapan civilization which was nurtured by the
Sarasvati and Sindhu rivers in Northwestern India in
Dances of India
The cultural richness of India is
reflected in her numerous classical and
Bharatnatyam is one of the seven major
classical dance forms, which originated
in India. It originated in the state of
Kathakali is one of
the oldest theatre
forms in the world.
It originated in
the area of
now known as the
state of Kerala.
style was born
out of a
It shows deep
Kuchipudi was born
in a remote village
of Andhra Pradesh
from which it
derives its name.
The style portrays
themes in the form
of a dance drama.
Odissi may be the earliest
classical dance style of
India. Natyashastra, the most
ancient and authentic text on
Indian Dance and
It is nurtured in the famous
shrines of Orissa situated at
Puri, Konark and Bhubaneswar.
originated in Manipur.
The love of Lord
Krishna and Radha is
the dominant theme in
this dance form.
The Kathak dance form
originated in the north
and at first was very
similar to the
and Muslim influences
later altered the dance
from a temple ritual to
a courtly entertainment.
The influence of the
Mughal tradition is
evident in this dance
Dandiya - A folk
dance of Gujarat. Its
popularity has spread
all over India.
Bhangra – This folk
dance from Punjab is
Bhangra is a rage in
Bihu is the
folk dance of
Yakshagana is a
folk dance of
Karnataka. It has
Indian classical music has a rich
tradition. The earliest musical
compositions are attributed in the
Samveda more than 4000 years ago. Indian
musical instruments like sitar, tabla
and sarangi are popular throughout the
Yoga originated in
India more than 5000
years ago. It means
union. The part of
Yoga dealing with
Hathayoga, is widely
the world today.
Tiger. Its habitat
is the mangrove
forest of the
Peacock is the
national bird of
Kaziranga is the home
of the one-horned
The Red Panda is found
in the hills of
The Indian elephant
is smaller than its
extensively used in
warfare in ancient
times. They are still
used for various
The Meenakshi temple of
Madurai was built by the
Kulashekhara in the 14th
The Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah
Jahan in the 17th century. It is considered to be
one of the most beautiful constructions in the
The Iron pillar in New
Delhi constructed 1600
years ago by
The Red Fort in Delhi
was built by Shah Jahan
has been a
in the 17th century.
metallurgical wonder by
defying rust and the
vagaries of nature.
The Hawa Mahal of Jaipur was
built by Sawai Pratap Singh
in the 18th century.
Karnataka State Assembly
Statue of Mahavira, at
Ganesha Chaturthi is the most important
festival of Mumbai. It is celebrated every
year around September.
The Durga Puja is celebrated in
Kolkata every year around October.
Diwali-the festival of lights-is the most
popular festival in India. It is celebrated
throughout the country in the month of
Holi–the festival of colors-is celebrated all
over India. The above picture shows Indian
students celebrating Holi at NCSU.
Kanchenjungha, the The Thar desert
third highest peak in is located in
the world(8598m), in Rajasthan.
the Himalayas, is the
highest peak of
The backwaters of
Ladakh is one of the
regions of the
India developed her own
supercomputer in the mid
India successfully launched
her Geostationary Satellite
India is the leading nation
in the world in professional
India-the Largest Film Industry
India is the largest film producing nation in
the world. Each year India produces
approximately 1000 movies in 14 different
Cricket is the most
popular sport in
Hockey is the national sport of India.
The game of Polo
Kabaddi is very
popular in the
India: Technology Superpower
Over 100 MNCs have set up R&D facilities in India in the
past five years. These include GE, Bell Labs, Du Pont,
Daimler Chrysler, Eli Lilly, Intel, Monsanto, Texas
Instruments, Caterpillar, Cummins, GM, Microsoft and IBM.
India’s telecom infrastructure between Chennai, Mumbai
and Singapore, provides the largest bandwidth
capacity in the world, with well over 8.5 Terabits
(8.5Tbs) per second.
With more than 250 universities, 1,500 research
institutions and 10,428 higher-education institutes, India
produces 200,000 engineering graduates and
another 300,000 technically trained graduates every year.
Besides, another 2 million other graduates qualify out in
The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) is among the top
A snapshot of Indians at the helm of leading Global
The Co-founder of Sun Microsystems (Vinod Khosla),
Creator of Pentium Chip (Vinod Dahm),
Founder and creator of Hotmail (Sabeer Bhatia),
Chief Executive of McKinsey & Co. (Rajat Gupta)
President and CFO of Pepsi Cola (Indra Nooyi)
President of United Airlines (Rono Dutta)
GM of Hewlett Packard (Rajiv Gupta)
President and CEO of US Airways (Rakesh Gangwal)
Chief Executive of CitiBank (Victor Menezes),
Chief Executives of Standard Chartered Bank (Rana Talwar)
Chief Executive officer of Vodafone (Arun Sarin)
President of AT & T-Bell Labs (Arun Netravali)
Vice-Chairman and founder of Juniper Networks (Pradeep Sindhu)
Founder of Bose Audio (Amar Bose)
Founder, chip designer Cirrus Logic (Suhas Patil )
Chairman and CEO of Computer Associates (Sanjay Kumar)
Head of (HPC WorldWide) of Unilever Plc. (Keki Dadiseth)
Chief Executive Officer of HSBC (Aman Mehta)
Director and member of Executive Board of Goldman Sachs (Girish Reddy)
Chief Economist of the International Monetary Fund (Raghuram Rajan)
Indians in the USA.
Statistics that show:
38% of doctors in the USA,
12% of scientists in the USA,
36% of NASA scientists,
34% of Microsoft employees,
28% of IBM employees,
17% of INTEL scientists,
13% of XEROX employees,
… are Indians. US H1-B Visa
1. India 44%
2. China 9%
3. Britain 5%
Of the 1.5M Indians living in the USA, 1/5 of them live in the
th 4. Philippines
Silicon Valley. 3%
5. Canada 3%
6. Taiwan 2%
35% of Silicon Valley start-ups are by Indians. 7. Japan 2%
Indian students are the largest in number among foreign 2%
students in USA. 9. Pakistan
“IIT = MIT + Princeton” MITCBS ‘60 Minutes’.
“IIT = Harvard +
Harvard + , says + Princeton”
CBS' highly-regarded ‘60 Minutes’, the most widely watched news
programme in the US, told its audience of more than 10 Million viewers that
“IIT may be the most important university you've never heard of."
"The United States imports oil from Saudi Arabia, cars from Japan, TVs
from Korea and Whiskey from Scotland. So what do we import from
India? We import people, really smart people," co-host Leslie Stahl began
while introducing the segment on IIT.
“…the smartest, the most successful, most influential Indians who've
migrated to the US seem to share a common credential: They are
graduates of the IIT.”
“…in science and technology, IIT undergraduates leave their American
counterparts in the dust.”
“Think about that for a minute: A kid from India using an Ivy League
university as a safety school. That's how smart these guys are.”
There are “cases where students who couldn't get into computer science at
IIT, they have gotten scholarships at MIT, at Princeton, at Caltech.”
Gandhi was once asked what he thought about Western
Civilization. His response was: "I think it would be a
"The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can
be judged by the way its animals are treated.“
“You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an
ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean
does not become dirty.”
“The only devils in this world are those running around
inside our own hearts, and that is where all our battles
should be fought.”
“If all Christians acted like Christ, the whole world would
“Woman, I hold, is the personification of self-sacrifice,
but unfortunately today she does not realize what
Sir C.V. Raman, (1888 – 1970)
1930 - Nobel Laureate in Physics for work on scattering of
light and Raman effect.
Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose, (1858 – 1937)
USA based IEEE has proved what has been a century old
suspicion amongst academics that the pioneer of wireless-
radio communication was Professor Jagdish Chandra
Bose and not Guglielmo Marconi.
Satyendranath Bose, (1894-1974)
Indian Physicist, who solved one of the mysteries of
quantum mechanics, showing that in the quantum world
some particles are indistinguishable. His collaborations with
Albert Einstein led to a new branch on statistical
mechanics know commonly known as the “Einstein-Bose”
Srinivasa Ramanujam,(1887 – 1920):
Great Indian Mathematician, whose interest from
academics at Trinity, College, Cambridge, led him to
collaborate there and postulate and prove well over
Subramanyan Chandrasekhar, (1910-
1983 Nobel Laureate in Physics. His many contributions to
physics, on the structure and evolution of stars including
rotational figures of equilibrium, stellar interiors, black holes,
radiative transfer, hydromagnetic stability, stellar dynamics.
Har Gobind Khorana, (b-1922 ):
1968 - Nobel Laureate in Medicine for work on
interpretation of the genetic code . Currently residing as
professor at MIT.
Amartya Sen, (b-1933):
1998 - The Nobel Prize for Economics for his redefining
work on ethical welfare economics. Currently residing as
Lamont University Professor Emeritus at Harvard, after
stepping down from the prestigious post of Master of Trinity
It is the only society in
the world which has
never known slavery.
India never invaded any
country in her last
India was the years ofcountry on
10,000 richest history.
Earth until the time of the British
in the early 17th Century
Robert Clive’s personal wealth amassed
from the blunder of Bengal during
1750’s was estimated at around
It has been estimated that the total amount of
treasure that the British looted from India had
already reached £1,000,000,000 (£1Billion) by
Taking into consideration interest rates and
A Brief History of Time
Indus & Saraswati Civilizations
Rise of Jainism and Buddhism
Golden Age of Indian Arts & Sciences
The Mughal Empire
The British East-India Company
The British Empire
India's Freedom Struggle
Modern India 2020 Vision
• India invented the Number • Ayurveda is the earliest school
System. Zero was invented by of medicine known to humans.
Aryabhatta. The place value Charaka, the father of medicine
system, the decimal system consolidated Ayurveda 2500
was developed in India in 100 years ago.
• Today Ayurveda is fast regaining
• Aryabhatta was the first to its rightful place in civilization.
explain spherical shape, size
,diameter, rotation and correct • Christopher Columbus was
speed of Earth in 499 AD. attracted India's wealth and was
looking for route to India when
• The World's first university he discovered the American
was established in Takshila in continent by mistake.
700 BC. Students from all over
the World studied more than • The art of Navigation was born in
60 subjects. the river Sindh 6000 years ago.
The word ‘Navigation’ is derived
• The University of Nalanda from the Sanskrit word
built in the 4th century was NAVGATIH. The word navy is also
one of the greatest derived from Sanskrit 'Nou'.
achievements of ancient India
in the field of education. • In Siddhanta Siromani
• Sanskrit is considered the Bhaskaracharya II described
mother of all higher about gravity of earth about 400
languages. Sanskrit is the years before Sir Isaac Newton.
most precise, and therefore He also had some clear notions
Languages of India
Assamese Bengal Gujara
Hindi Kannada Konkani
Tamil Telegu Urdu
The Ancient Vedic Hymns
Rig Veda - Knowledge of Hymns, 10,859 verses
“There is only one truth, only men describe it in different ways.“
Yajur Veda - Knowledge of Liturgy, 3,988 verses
Sama Veda - Knowledge of Classical Music, 1,549 verses
Ayur Veda - Knowledge of Medicine, over 100,000 verses
Jyotisha – Astrology and Astronomy.
Kalpa – Rituals and Legal matters.
Siksha – Phonetics.
Aitareya – Creation of the Universe, Man and Evolution.
Chandogya – Reincarnation, Soul.
Kaushitaki – Karma.
Kena – Austerity, Work, and Restraint.
Dharnur Veda – Science of Archery and War.
Mundaka – Discipline, Faith and warning of Ignorance.
Sulba Sutra – Knowledge of Mathematics
Yoga Sutra - Knowledge of Meditation
Kama Sutra - Knowledge of Love and Sex
Sanskrit was the classical language of India, older than
Hebrew and Latin.
It is the oldest, most scientific, systematic language in
the world. It became the language of all cultured people
in India and in the countries that were influenced by
Sanskrit literally means “refined” or “perfected”
Sanskrit word English meaning Sanskrit meaning
pitar papa / father
gyaamti geometry 'measuring the earth’
trikonamiti trigonometry 'measuring triangular forms‘
ma me ‘first person pronoun’
eka equal ‘the same’
Theory of Continued Fraction
Madhavacharya discovered was discovered by Bhaskaracharya
Taylor series of Sine and Cosine II.
function about 250 years before
Taylor. Indians discovered Arithmetic and
Madhavacharya discovered Arithmetic progression is explained
Newton Power series. in Yajurveda.
Madhavacharya discovered Newton Gauss Interpolation
Gregory Leibnitz series for the formula about 1800 years before
Inverse Tangent about 280 years Newton.
Madhavacharya discovered Newton Gauss Backward
Leibnitz power series for pi about Interpolation formula about 1000
300 years before Leibnitz. years before Newton.
Bhaskaracharya calculated the Parameswaracharya discovered
time taken by the earth to orbit Lhuiler’s formula about 400 years
the sun hundreds of years before before Lhuiler.
the astronomer Smart. Time
taken by earth to orbit the sun: Nilakanta discovered Newton’s
(5th century) 365.258756484 Infinite Geometric Progression
days convergent series.
Infinity was well known for Positive and Negative numbers and
ancient Indians. Bhaskaracharya their calculations were explained
II in Beejaganitha(stanza-20) has first by Brahmagupta in his book
given clear explanation with Brahmasputa Siddhanta.
The Surya Siddhanta,
A textbook on astronomy of ancient India,
last compiled in 1000 BC, believed to be handed down
from 3000 BC by aid of complex mnemonic recital
methods still known today.
Showed the Earth's diameter to be 7,840 miles,
compared to modern measurements of 7,926.7 miles.
Showed the distance between the Earth and the Moon
as 253,000 miles,
Compared to modern measurements of 252,710 miles.
The value of "pi" was first Maharshi Sushruta is the
calculated by Boudhayana, father of surgery. 2600
and he explained the concept years ago he and health
of what is known as the scientists of his time
Pythagorean Theorem. He conducted complicated
discovered this in the 6th surgeries like caesareans,
century long before the cataract, artificial limbs,
European mathematicians. fractures, urinary stones and
This was ‘validated’ by even plastic surgery.
British scholars in 1999.
Usage of anaesthesia was
well known in ancient India.
and calculus came from Over 125 surgical
India. Quadratic equations equipments were used.
were propounded by
Sridharacharya in the 11th
century. Detailed knowledge of
The largest numbers the aetiology, embryology,
Greeks and the Romans used digestion, metabolism,
were 106 whereas Hindus genetics and immunity is
used numbers as big as 1053 also found in many texts.
with specific names as early
as 5000 BC during the Vedic When many cultures were
period. Even today, the
Kalarippayat - Origin of
Martial arts – 200 BC
Kerala, South India, guardians of the origins of modern
influenced by Yoga and connected to the ancient Indian
sciences of war (dhanur-veda) and medicine (ayur-
The origin of kung-fu begins with the legend of a monk
named Bodhidharma (also known as Ta Mo) who
travelled from India to China around 500 A.D.
The Encyclopaedia Britannica says:
"Man must have an original cradle land whence the
the earth was brought about by migration.
As to man’s cradle land, there have been many
theories but the
weight of evidence is in favour of Indo-Malaysia.”
"If there is a country on earth which can justly
claim the honour of having been the cradle of
the Human race or at least the scene of primitive
civilization, the successive developments of which
carried into all parts of the ancient world and even
beyond, the blessings of knowledge which is the
second life of man, that country is assuredly
"In India today,
we have a lady born a Catholic (Sonia
stepping aside so a Sikh (Manmohan
could be sworn in by a Muslim
president (Abdul Kalam)
to lead a nation that's 82% Hindu.
I defy anyone to cite another country
Goldman Sachs Report of 1 October, 2003 –
"Dreaming with BRICs: The path to 2050"
India's GDP will reach $ 1 trillion by 2011,
$ 2 trillion by 2020,
$ 3 trillion by 2025,
$ 6 trillion by 2032,
$ 10 trillion by 2038, and
$ 27 trillion by 2050,
becoming the 3rd largest economy after USA and
In terms of GDP, India will overtake Italy by the
year 2016, France by 2019, UK by 2022,
Germany by 2023, and Japan by 2032.
Progress during the last 20 years
1980s 1990s 2000
44% 36% 26%
Education (literacy rate)
1980s 1990s 2000
44% 52% 65%
Health (life expectancy)
1980s 1990s 2000
56 60 69
Source: World Bank (2003)
Sri Atal Bihari Vajpayee
A treaty was signed on 6 January, 2004, establishing a
South Asian Free Trade Area among the seven
SAARC countries (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh,
Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Maldives) in the
India committed to a South Asian Union as the ultimate
objective, with mutual security cooperation, open
borders and a single currency in Southern Asia in
the long run.
"The bonds of ethnicity and culture which hold
together the peoples of this region are more
enduring than the barriers of political
prejudice that have been erected quite
”….Friends, India is ready to do everything that
Dr Abdul Kalam, President of India,
father of India’s space, missile and satellite programme and author of
“India 2020 Vision”.
“I have three visions for India.”
“ In 3000 years of our history people from all over the world have
come and invaded us, captured our lands, conquered our minds. From
Alexander onwards. The Greeks, the Turks, the Moguls, the Portuguese,
the British, the French, the Dutch, all of them came and looted us, took
over what was ours.
Yet we have not done this to any other nation. We have not conquered
anyone. We have not grabbed their land, their culture, their history and
tried to enforce our way of life on them.
Because we respect the freedom of others. That is why my first vision is
that of FREEDOM.
I believe that India got its first vision of this in 1857, when we started
the war of independence. It is this freedom that we must protect and
nurture and build on. If we are not free, no one will respect us. “
My second vision for India is DEVELOPMENT. For fifty years we have
been a developing nation. It is time we see ourselves as a developed
nation. We are among top 5 nations of the world in terms of GDP. We
have 10% growth rate in most areas. Our poverty levels are falling. Our
achievements are being globally recognized today. Yet we lack the self-
confidence to see ourselves as
a developed nation, self-reliant and self-assured.
I have a THIRD vision. India must stand up to the world. Because I
India’s population to be the largest in the world
India is set to overtake China as the world's most populous
nation by 2050.
India’s population is expected to grow from 1.08bn to
1.63bn people, overtaking China, which is forecast to
reach 1.44bn from 1.3bn currently.
India, will also have the highest working population in the
World — 700 million people out of 1.1 billion people are
young; the young population will continue till 2050.
Hindu Students Council (HSC) – NCSU and Maitri