Health At A Glance Focus On Usa

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Health At A Glance Focus On Usa

  1. 1. USA Healthat a Glance<br />Highlightsfrom the OECD report<br />Disclaimer:Thefollowingpresentationis not published by the OECD and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Organisation or of the governments of its member countries<br />
  2. 2. Main characteristics<br />The USA society isfacingspecifichealth challenges.<br />The system isexpensive. <br />The system isuniquelyfinanced.<br />The outcomes are close to OECD average. <br />
  3. 3. HEALTH OF THE AMERICANS: the SOCIO-CULTURAL CONTEXT<br />
  4. 4. American children<br />do not drink, do not smoke, and exercise.<br />
  5. 5. American children<br />However, they are more affected by weight issues.<br />
  6. 6. Alcohol, tobacco and weight<br />Similarly, adults drink and smokesignificantlyless, but are more likely to beaffected by obesity.<br />
  7. 7. Costs of the health system<br />
  8. 8. The USA system is the mostexpensive in the OECD<br />In 2007, the USA spent 7290 USD per capita on health<br />
  9. 9. The USA system is the mostexpensive in the OECD<br />That represents 16% of their GDP. <br />
  10. 10. The USA system is the mostexpensive in the OECD<br />If USA expenditure on health in terms of GDP were consistent withthose of otherOECD countries, itwouldspend $3000 less by year.<br />
  11. 11. FINANCING AMERICAN HEALTH CARE<br />
  12. 12. The main source of healthfinancingisprivate<br />In contrastwithmost OECD countries where ¾ of healthfinancingis public, in the USA, the public shareislessthan 50%. <br />
  13. 13. The role of privatehealthinsurance<br />The USA is the country where the share of privatehealthinsuranceis the highest.<br />
  14. 14. Sources of healthfinancing<br />However, itonlyrepresents a third of all healthexpenditure.<br />
  15. 15. The share of out-of-pocketexpenditure<br />In the USA, the share out-of-pockethealthspendingsisbelowaverage.<br />
  16. 16. Exposure to large out-of-pocketexpenditures<br />Still, manyAmericans have to pay over USD 1,000 per year, and few don’tpay out-of-pocketexpensesat all.<br />
  17. 17. Catastrophicexpenditures<br />Catastrophicexpenditures are defined as thoseexceeding 40% of the income of a household, aftersubsistenceneeds are met. One American household out of 200 isconcerned.<br />
  18. 18. Unmethealth care needs<br />In the USA, 52% of the population belowaverageincomedid not accesshealthcare whentheyneeded to because of costs.<br />
  19. 19. OUTCOMES OF THE SYSTEM<br />
  20. 20. Life expectancy<br />Life expectancy in the USA isvery close to OECD average. <br />
  21. 21. Life expectancy as a return on healthexpenditure<br />But compared to the cost of theirhealth system, Americanscouldexpect to live 5 years longer. <br />
  22. 22. Premature mortality<br />Prematuremortality, whichismeasured by the collective numbers of yearsthatwould have been lived if people whodiedbefore 70 hadlived up to thatage, isslightlyabove the OECD average.<br />
  23. 23. Subjective perception of health<br />Almost 90% of the American population considersthemselveshealthy. <br />This is an excellent figure compared to other OECD countries.<br />

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