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PRESENTATION ON VETERINARY INTERNSHIP PROGRAMME 2011-12

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This Presentation is partial document of my internship activities that I have done at different placement during the last ten month out of one year long internship program as fulfillment of five years long DVM course

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PRESENTATION ON VETERINARY INTERNSHIP PROGRAMME 2011-12

  1. 1. FACULTY OF ANIMAL SCIENCE AND VETERINARY MEDICINE PATUAKHALI SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY PRESENTED BY MOHAMMAD ASHRAFUL ALAM INTERN ID NO: 004-0004 REG. NO: 01051 SESSION: 2005-06
  2. 2. This Presentation is partial document of my internship activities that I have done at different placement during the last ten month out of one year long internship program as fulfillment of five years long DVM course
  3. 3. NAME AND DURATION OF PLACEMENT Name of placement Duration (days) 1. Upazilla Livestock Development Center, Kapasia, Gazipur 10-07-11 to 08-12-11 2. District AI Center, Mymensingh 26-12-11 to 22-12-11 3. NGO Placement in Palli Mongal Kormosuchi, Mymensingh 29-01-12 to 28-02-12 4.Brothers Poultry Farm, Kapasia, Gazipur. 04-03-12 to 03-04 12 5. Central Cattle Breeding and Dairy Farm, Savar Dhaka 15-04-12 to 18-04-12 6. Dhaka Zoo, Mirpur, Dhaka 19-04-12 to 24-04-12 7. Livestock Research Institute, Mohakhali, Dhaka 25-04-12 to 01-05-12 8. Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar 02-05-12 to 07-05-12 9.Central Veterinary Hospital 08-05-12 to 09-05-12 10. Central Disease Investigation Laboratory 12-05-12 to 13-05-12 11. Goat Development Farm, Savar, dhaka . 14-05-12 to 20-05-12
  4. 4. PLACEMENT NAME Upazilla Livestock Develovement Center Kapasia , Gazipur TYPES OF PLACEMENT Clinical practice 1st PLACEMENT OBJECTIVES: To learn how to handle, diagnose & treat of disease of poultry and small and large animals Examining fecal samples for parasitic diseases To conduct post mortem examination of birds Correcting surgical affections of different animals Developing interpersonal skills Gaining professional aspects of practice Development of communication skills with the clients Duration: From 10.07.2011 to 08.12.2011
  5. 5. TOTAL NO. OF CASES HANDLE AT THIS PLACEMENT SL NO. SPECIES NO. OF CASES 01 CATTLE 1272 (11%) 02 GOAT 401(3%) 03 POULTRY (CHICKEN, DUCK,PIGEON) 9754 (85%) 04 OTHERS 67(1%) TOTAL 11494 11% 3% 85% 1% Fig:Pie chart cattle Goat poultry Others
  6. 6. VIRAL DISEASESVIRAL DISEASES In ULDC I was found various kinds of diseases in five months of my placement. TheIn ULDC I was found various kinds of diseases in five months of my placement. The diseases are given below-diseases are given below- SL. NO. Diseases Cattle (n) Cattle (%) Goat (n) Goat (%) 1 FMD 53 4.17 - - 2 Rabies. 3 0.24 4 0.38 3 Contagious ecthyma - - 32 5.74 4 Papillomatosis 21 1.65 1 0.25 5 Epimeral fever 25 1.97 - - 6 PPR - - 32 7.98 Total 102 8.02 60 14.96
  7. 7. Con’tCon’t BACTERIAL DISEASESBACTERIAL DISEASES 8 SL. NO. Diseases Cattle (n) Cattle (%) Goat (n) Goat (%) 1 Mastitis 37 2.91 7 1.75 2 Navel ill 15 1.18 7 1.75 3 Anthrax 5 0.39 - 0.00 4 Pneumonia. 25 1.97 14 14.46 5 Abscess. 18 1.42 14 3.49 6 Black quarter 76 5.97 - 0.00 7 Tetanus - 00 1 0.25 8 Foot rot - 00 3 0.75 9 Haemorrhagi c septicemia 7 0.55 12 0.00 10 Colibacillosis 24 1.89 12 2.99 11 Dermatitis 46 3.62 13 3.24 Total 253 19.90 25 28.68
  8. 8. 9 Con’t PARASITIC DISEASES SL. NO. Disease Cattle (n) Cattle (%) Goat (n) Goat (%) 1. Fascioliasis 302 23.74 77 19.20 2. Paramphistomi asis 158 12.42 25 6.23 3. Hump Sore 15 1.18 - - 4. Myiasis 29 2.28 14 3.49 5 Babesiosis 16 1.16 - - 6 Coccidiosis 6 0.47 10 2.49 7 Tick infestation 90 7.08 12 2.99 8 Lice infestation 76 5.97 18 4.99 TOTAL 114 46.89 156 38.90
  9. 9. Cont’s SYSTEMIC DISORDERS AND OTHER DISEASES IN CATTLE AND GOAT SL. NO. Diseases Cattle Goat No. % No. % 1 Injury 20 1.57 7 1.75 2 Anoestrus 35 2.75 - - 3 Anorexia 27 2.12 - - 4 Diarrhoea/Enteriti s 20 1.57 13 3.24 5 Bloat/ Tympany 25 1.97 - - 6 Dystocia 7 0.55 5 1.25 7 Urolithiasis - - 3 0.75 8 Retained Placenta 15 1.18 2 0.50 9 Corneal opacity 3 0.23 8 1.98 10 Atresia ani 2 0.16 - - 11 Milk fever 29 2.28 - - 12 Abortion 5 0.39 2 0.50 13 Castration - - 25 6.23 14 Uterine Prolapsed 2 0.16 1 0.25 15 Tail Gangrene 6 0.47 - - 16 Abdominal Hernia 2 0.16 - - 17 Alopesia 27 2.12 4 0.99 Total 225 17.68 70 17.45
  10. 10. - NAME OF THE DISEASE CHICKEN DUCK PIGEON 01 New castle Disease 230 - - 02 Infectious Bursal Disease 775 - - 03 Marek`s Disease 105 - - 04 Infectious Bronchitis 975 20 - 04 Avian Leucosis 25 - - 05 Malignant Cancer 75 - - 06 Total 2185 20
  11. 11. SL NO NAME OF THE DISEASES CHICKEN DUCK PIGEON 01 Fowl Cholera 124 - - 02 Coli Enteritis 3300 20 10 03 Colibacillosis 560 - - 04 Necrotic Enteritis 420 - - 05 Salmonellosis 297 - - 06 Total 4701 20 10
  12. 12. SL NO NAME OF THE DISEASES CHICKEN DUCK PIGEON 01 Aspergillosis 105 08 - 02 Mycoplasmosis 540 - - 03 Ascites 250 - - 04 Egg Binding 285 - - 05 Mycotoxicosis 1027 - - 06 Ovarian Cyst 75 - - 07 Physical Death 197 - - 08 Tape Worm infection 15 - 19 09 Se Deficiency 120 - - 10 Total 2614 08 19
  13. 13. Some Important Cases Found in My Placement Foot and Mouth Disease in Cattle C/F- Salivation High temperature Erosion in mouth Treatment – 1.Wash with FMD Cure 2.Inj.Diadin 3.Inj.Antihista vet 4.Inj. Ketovet 5.Pulv.Aptho care Response to treatment – Gap Erosion in mouth
  14. 14. Acute Mastitis in Cow C/F- Hard, Hot, painful enlarged swollen udder high temperature ►►TreatmentTreatment :: Cold water therapy Removal of milk from affected udder  Inj.Genta-10 Inj.Phen vet Inj. Keto Aid vet Response to treatment- Cure but one teat not functional
  15. 15. Dog Biting in Calf  Treatment:  Wash with Soapy water  Suturing of wound  Post operative care:  Inj.Rabisin  Inj.Keto-A Vet  Inj.Otetra vet Response to treatment – Gap
  16. 16. Uterian Prolapse of CowUterian Prolapse of Cow C/S:- -Exposed uterine caruncle after calving. Treatment – Manually corrected. Post operative care: Bol. Metroba vet. Inj. Oxcin Liq.Calvita Follow up: Favourable. Uterine caruncle
  17. 17. Retained Placenta in Cow Treatment:  Manually Remove the placenta from cow Post operative Care:  Admin Bol. Metroba vet per veginum  Inj.Gentipra  Inj.Kopvet  Inj.Hista vet Response to treatment – cure
  18. 18. Vaginal Myiasis in Calf c/s:  Maggot present in vaginal wound Treatment:  Used Hydrogen per-oxide  Removal of maggot by forceps  Pulv . Sumid vet Post operative care:  Inj.SP vet  Inj.Asta vet  Inj.Kopvet Response to treatment – cure
  19. 19. Tail Gangrene in BullTail Gangrene in Bull c/s- -Necrotic tissue was found in tail.  Treatment: Surgically corrected. Post operative care: Inj. Amoxivet- 1gm vial Inj. Phenvet Inj.keto Aid vet Tab. Cevit- 500mg Follow up: Favourable.
  20. 20. Peste Des Petitis Ruminants C/S:- -Oculonasal secretion -Diarrhoea -High temperature 105 0 F Treatment:  Inj.Diadin  Inj. Phen-vet Inj.Keto Aid Vet Inj. Cholera saline Response to treatment: Favourable.
  21. 21. Post Mortem of Poultry Fig : Post Mortem of Birds
  22. 22. Infectious Bursal Disease in Broiler Fig.Infectious bursal disease Treatment:  Cipryl solution  IBD Liquid  Electro care plus  Vinegar Follow up: Gap Post Mortem Lesoni Swollen Bursal with haemorrhage Hemorrhage in thigh muscle
  23. 23. Post mortem lesions:  Splenomegaly  Hepatomegaly  Treatment:Treatment:  Pow. Grow well/ liq.Refence Advise: Selling is the best  Response to treatment: Favourable
  24. 24. Post Mortem Finding:- Hemorrhage in the proventriculus. Intestinal ulceration. Treatment: Cipryl soln Liq.Two plus Pow. Orgalyte Pow. Rena-C Follow up: Check 50% mortality
  25. 25. Mycoplasmosis in Poultry Treatment  Pow. Denagard  Oral. Broncho vet Advice:  To be More ventilation supply Post mortem lesion: Hemorrhagic and swollen  Congested lung Air saculitis Congested lung  Follow up: Favourable.
  26. 26. Post mortem lesion- Nodular lesion over the lung. Treatment: Liq.Herba tox Forte Liq.Respiron Follow up: Gap Nodular lesion in lung
  27. 27. Post Mortem Lesion: -Saw dusts material were found on the liver. Treatment:  Pulv.Cepha-coli. Toxi-nil Plus Liquid. Follow up : Favorable.
  28. 28. Post mortem lesion:  Liver became fragile Liver discoloration . Treatment:  Pulv. Neocol Liq.Antox Liq .Hepatovit Follow up: Gap.
  29. 29. 2nd PLACEMENT District Artificial Insemination Center, Mymensingh. Duration: 26.12.2011-25.1.2012
  30. 30. Procedure: At first Egg yolk collected from eggs(6 or more) ↓ Egg yolk (20ml) taken in a beaker and mixed with 80 ml buffer solution ↓ Taken On a magnetic stirrer ↓ Heating in water bath to regulate the temperature ↓ Semen dilution ↓ Vialing (1ml dilute semen per vial) ↓ Capping ↓ Dispensing Preparation of liquid semen 14
  31. 31. Collection Of Semen ARTIFICIAL – VAGINA SET
  32. 32. Dilution,vialing,capping and motility testing of Semen
  33. 33. 3rd PLACEMENT PALLI MONGAL KORMOSUCHI, MYMENSINGH SL. NO. OFFICE DURATION 01 PMK, Khagdohar, Mymensingh 29.01.2012-28.02.2012 • Duration: 4 weeks • Member: 3 students • Organized by: Polly Korma Shahayak Foundation (PKSF) • Working schedule:
  34. 34. PALLI MANGAL KORMOSUCHI, MYMENSINGH Objectives of this placement: 1. To observe the microcredit activities. 2. To develop communicative skills. 3. To know about the different developmental works conducting by the PMK. 4. To know the different activities of PMK. 5. To Develop healthy Animal Major activities of PMK  Social empowerment- - Empowering woman - The women's rights programme - Loan Program - Distribution of Anthelmentics 21
  35. 35. 4th PLACEMENT BROTHERS POULTRY FARM KAPASIA, GAZIPUR. Duration: 4 weeks Group members: 01 Working point: Brother’s Poultry Farm. At a glance of layer farm: • Location: Kapasia, Gazipur • Position: East-west direction • Type of farm : Layer • Total no. of birds: 6000 • Strain: ISA BROWN • Age of the birds: 43 to 46 weeks • Rearing system: Cage system
  36. 36. 1. Changing of footbath solution and disinfection of sheds by spraying disinfectant. 2. Washing of the floors daily. 3. Cleaning of feeders and waterers 2 times/week. 4. Maintenance of lighting and ventilation. 5. Feed and water supply. 6. Observing health condition & habits of birds. 7. Collection, checking, washing & transferring of eggs to the hatchery. 8. Administration of vaccines & medication. 9. Postmortem examination and disposal of dead birds. 10. Separation and treatment of sick birds. Routine Activities in The Farm
  37. 37. NUMBER OF WEEKS HOURS 1st 24 2nd 23 3rd 22 4th 21 5th 20 6th 18 7th 16 8th 14 9th 12 10th 14 11th -18th 14.5 19th 15 20th 16 1.In summer season light should be given- 4a.m-morning,evening- 8p.m. 2.In winter season- 5a.m-sunrise , evening-9p.m. Lighting Schedule
  38. 38. Vaccination Schedule For The Farm Age of birds Name of diseases Name of vaccine Route of application 3 days Ranikhet Avinew Eye drop 6 days IBD +ND IBD+ND Killed S/C 10 days Gumboro 228 E Eye drop 13 days Marek’s Kiomarek’s S/C 17 days Gumboro 228 E Eye drop 26 days Ranikhet Avinew Eye drop 32 days Fowl Pox Pox vaccine S/C 8 Weeks Ranikhet + Bronchitis IB+ND Oral drop 11 Weeks Ranikhet Avinew Oral drop 16 Weeks Coryza Hemovax coryza S/C 18 Weeks Ranikhet ND Lasota Oral 18 Weeks(4 days leter) ND+IB+EDS ND+IB+EDS S/C
  39. 39. Medication Schedule For Poultry Rearing:  1st 12 hours of age: Glucose + Electrolyte -----2gm/ Liter of water.  2nd , 3rd , 4th , 5th days of age: i. Probiotics---------1gm/ Liter of water. ii. Aminoacids-------1ml/ Liter of water.  6th , 7th ,8th , 9th days of age: i. Calcium------------1gm/ Liter of water. ii. Vitamin B1 and B2 ------1gm/ Liter of water.  10th , 11th , 12th ,13th days of age: i. Vita ADE ------------1ml/ 3 liters of water. ii. Immunity riser------- 1gm/ Liter of water.  15th ,16th , days of age: i. Anticoccidial drugs------1ml/ Liter of water. 34
  40. 40. con’t  17th , 18th , 19th , 20th days of age: i. Vita ADE ------------1ml/ 3 liters of water. ii. Immunity riser------- 1gm/ Liter of water.  25th , 26th ,27th and 28th days of age: i. Aminoacids-------1ml/ Liter of water. ii. Immunity riser------- 1gm/ Liter of water.  31,32 days of age: Anticoccidial drugs------1ml/ Liter of water.  35 days of age: Anthelmintics---------------- 1gm/ 20 birds.  51, 52, 53 days of age: Anticoccidial drugs------1ml/ Liter of water .  71, 72, 73 days of age: Anticoccidial drugs------1ml/ Liter of water. 35
  41. 41. 5th PLACEMENT Central Cattle Breeding and Dairy Farm (CCBDF) Savar, Dhaka Total area: 800 acre Grass production: 600 acre Dairy cow: 1530 Breed: Local, Sahiwal, Friesian, Brahman Milk production: 1600L/ day
  42. 42. Section of CCBDF: 1.Dairy section 2. Artificial Insemination section 3. Byre section 4.Hospital section 5.Agriculture section 6.Work shop section Activities of dairy section Processing of milk Activities of Artificial Insemination section -Collection of semen -Preparation of frozen semen -Management of bull
  43. 43. Activities of Byre Section • Routine de-worming with broad spectrum anthelmintics. • Routine vaccination with -FMD vaccine 4 month interval -Anthrax yearly -BQ yearly • Routine disinfectant spray once in a week with broad spectrum germicide.eg. –Timsen • Routine exercise – each bull everyday for one hour at morning. Activities of Hospital section • To treat the infected animal Activities of Agriculture section • Grass production viz. Napier, German, Para etc • Making Silage, urea molasses straw
  44. 44. 6th PLACEMENT Dhaka Zoo, Mirpur, Dhaka Total land: 75.53 hectore Established: 1950 Open for visitor: 1973 Species(animal): Species(tree): 114 Manpower: 250 Main section:  Large animal &herbivore section  Small animal &reptile section Carnivore section  Bird section
  45. 45. Objectives of zoo 1. Conservation 2. Animal welfare 3. Research 4. Education 5. Recreation Activities in Dhaka zoo 1. Feeding, rearing, and record keeping of main 4 section. 2. Cleaning the cages of animal. 3. Therapeutic management of diseased animal.
  46. 46. 7th PLACEMENT Livestock Research Institute, Mohakhali, Dhaka Objectives •To know about the procedure of vaccine production. •To know the dose, route of administration & origin of vaccine. • To know transportation and dilation technique of vaccine . •To know the distribution of vaccination. • Lab animal management.
  47. 47. Poultry vaccine produce in LRI Name of Vaccine Master Seed Culture Dose & Route BCRDV Lentogenic F strain Embryonated Egg 1drop, Occular RDV Mukteshar Strain Embryonated Egg 1ml, IM IBD BAU 404 Embryonated Egg 1drop, Eye Fowl Pox Buddett Strain Embryonated Egg Wing Web Pigeon Pox Local Strain Embryonated Egg Wing Web Fowl Cholera Local Strain Bacterial culture media 1 ml, SC Fowl Typhoid Field & 9 R Strain B G agar, S S agar 0.5, ml Duck Plague vaccine Local Strain Embryonated Egg 1ml, IM
  48. 48. Animal Vaccine Produce in LRI Name of vaccine Doses & Route Master seed FMD Cattle-6 ml, S/C A &O Rabies Dog-3 ml, IM Fluary strain HS Cattle-2 ml, S/C Local strain PPR Goat-1 ml, S/C Local strain Anthrax Cattle-1 ml, S/C F-24 strain BQ Cattle-5 ml, S/C Local strain
  49. 49. 8th PLACEMENT Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute(BLRI), Savar, Dhaka Different Division in BLRI: 1. Animal Health Research Division 2. Animal Production Research Division 3. Sheep-Goat Research Division 4. Poultry Production Research Division 5. Research, Planning & Training Division 6. Socio-Economic Research Division 7. Biotechnology Division Activities Introduction with the Animal production & Virology laboratory. Introduction with the cattle ( Pabna cattle & Red Chittagong), goat and buffalo farm in BLRI. 3.Introduction with different fodders cultivated in BLRI, Such as- Napier, Para, German grass,
  50. 50. Activitis in BLRI
  51. 51. 9th PLACEMENT Central Veterinary Hospital (CVH) Activities in CVH  History taking, diagnosis and treatment of various diseases of animals  Handling of animals  Post mortem examination of poultry  Handling of surgical cases  Vaccination of pet animals (dog ,cat).
  52. 52. 10th PLACEMENT Goat Development Farm, Savar, Dhaka. Activities ►Housing , Breeding , Feeding management of goat in Savar goat farm. ►Treatment and prevention of common diseases found in Savar goat farm. ►Gathering knowledge about the economic importance of Black Bengal goat rearing in Bangladesh
  53. 53. Fig: Housing of goat Information of Goat farm  Total no. of goat: 963  Shed:8  150 goat/Shed  45-50 goat culled every 2-3 yrs Feed(concentrate): Corn, Gram, Kheshari, Wheat bran,Soya been meal,DCP, Vitamin, mineral &Salt. Objectives ►To conserve & develop Black Bengal goat . ►To develop high quality buck& supply to the rural people. ►To influence the farmers for Black Bengal rearing.
  54. 54. CLINICAL REPORT Objectives 1. To find out the clinical prevalence of diseases and disorders in Cattle and goats at the Upazilla Livestock Development Centre, Kapasia, Gazipur. 2. To find out the general clinical findings of major diseases in selected area. 3.To find out the seasonal influence on the clinical incidence of diseases and disorders in Cattle and goats. 4.Comparative study of diseases and disorders of male vs. female and young vs. adult and local vs. cross breed in Cattle and goats at the Upazilla Livestock Development Centre, Kapasia, Gazipur. THE DISEASES AND DISORDERS OF CATTLE AND GOAT AT UPAZILLA LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT CENTER, KAPASIA, GAZIPUR
  55. 55. Abstract: A total 1673 animals were examined where cattle and goat were 1272 and 401 in my study area. In cattle among the bacterial diseases mastitis 37(2.91%), navel ill 15(1.18%), Anthrax 5 (0.39%), Abscess 18(1.42%),Blackquarter 76(5.97%), Heamorrhagic septicemia 7(0.55%) Darmatitid 46(3.62%) were recorded.In goat Pneumonia 7(1.75%), Mastitis 7 (1.75%), Foot rot 3 (1.24%), Abscess 14 (3.49%), Dermatitis 13(3.24%), Colibacillosis 12(2.99%) and Tetanus 1(0.25%); were recorded. In cattle FMD 53 (4.17%), Rabies 3 (0.24%) Papillomatosis 25(1.97%) ,and Ephemeral Fever 25(1.97%) were recorded. Among the viral diseases in goat Rabies 4 (0.38%), Contagious ecthyma 32(5.74%), PPR 46 (19.08%) and Papillomatosis 1(0.25%) were recorded.In cattle, Among the Systemic disorders and other diseases Injury 20(1.57%), Anoestrus 35 (2.75%), Dystokia 7(0.55%), Anorexia 27 (2.12%), Diarrhoea 20(1.75%), Tympany 25(1.97%), Retained placenta 15 (1.18%), Corneal opacity 3(0.23%), Milk fever 29 (2.28%) , and Alopesia 27(2.12%) recorded in cattle. In Goat Injury 7(1.75%), Dystokia 5(1.25%), Diarrhoea 13(3.24%), Urolithiasis 3(0.75%), Retained placenta 2 (0.50%), Corneal opacity 8(1.98%), Abortion 2(0.50%), Uterian prolapsed 1(0.25%) and Alopecia 4(0.99%) were recorded during study period. The duration of my study period is not sufficient to conduct such type of study and the equipments and opportunities in the upazilla hospital are not enough to complete the study accurately. So, further research should be required to determine the accurate prevalence of disease and disorders in cattle and goat. Proper planning and program should be undertaken to prevent and control diseases and disorders of cattle and goat in the study area. Overview of clinical report
  56. 56. Materials and method Study area The study was conducted at Upazilla Livestock Development Centre, Kapasia, Gazipur. Duration July 10, 2011 to December 08, 2011 Study population . A total 1673 animals were examined where cattle and goat were 1272 and 401. Clinical examination Clinical examination of cattle and goats were conducted on the basis of diseases history and owner’s complaint, clinical sign, physical examination of patient(inspection, palpation and percussion). Data analysis Data was analyzed by normal tabular method.
  57. 57. Conclusion This study was conducted to detect the present situation of clinical diseases and disorders in the study area. From the study, it was observed that both cattle and goats were most susceptible to parasitic infestation. This may be due to hilly and low land area and marshy grazing field and the farmers are not aware about the anthelmentic treatment of animals. Cattle are more susceptible (54.41%) to parasitic infestation than goat (38.92%). Because cattle are reared mostly on extensive system and allowed to graze on low land area than goats. Parasitic infestation causes heavy economic losses in every year. So, regular anthelmentic treatment should be given to control the parasitic diseases. The viral diseases like FMD (4.17%) and PPR (7.98%) were frequently outbreaks in cattle and goat respectively. This may be due to; these two diseases are contagious, my study period was after the Eid Ul Fitar and Eid Ul Azaha then these two diseases may be spreaded from the cattle market and goat market of Eid. So, restriction of movement and frontier vaccination is necessary to control these types of diseases. Black Quarter was recorded 76(5.97%) in cattle due to heavy rainfall occurred that time. The duration of my study period is not sufficient to conduct such type of study and the equipments and opportunities in the upazilla hospital are not enough to complete the study accurately. So, further research should be required to determine the accurate prevalence of disease and disorders in cattle and goat. Proper planning and program should be undertaken to prevent and control diseases and disorders of cattle and goat in the study area.
  58. 58. PRODUCTION REPORT Objectives 1) To know the managerial procedures of a commercial layer farm. 2) To find out the production performance of ISA brown layer strain under farming condition. 3) To compare the performance of ISA Brown under farming condition with the standard performance given by the company. PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF ISA BROWN STRAIN AT BROTHERS POULTRY FARM, KAPASIA, GAZIPUR
  59. 59. Overview of Production Report ABSTRACT The study was conducted from the period of March 4, 2012 to April 3, 2012 in Brothers Poultry Farm, Kapasia, Gazipur. The objective of the present study was to observe the management strategies as well as the egg production performance of the famous layer strain “ISA-Brown” in cage system of rearing. The birds came at production in 19th weeks. The average feed intake of the study was 116.68 gm/day; whereas the recommended level of Hendrix Genetics Ltd was 115.85gm/day. The average hen day egg production calculated 77.71% and the recommended level of Hendrix Genetic Company was 89.74%. The peak production was 90% at the early stage of laying in Hendrix Genetic Company. The age respectively 23-50 weeks, but the estimated peak production was 89.48% at the age ranged from 41-50 weeks. So, It is interesting thing to find that the time to gain the peak production in later stage of ISA-brown layer strain in my present study. This is due to various reasons. The first possible reason is the optimum utilization of feed was not satisfactory in the observing farm. The feed storage room was not proper design and not well decorated. The second reason, the farm owner used on farm formulated ration and the available ingredients used for ration formulation are not so good. Although the studied farm does not reached to peak egg production level at recommended time. This may be due to some environmental effect, disease and managerial default.
  60. 60. Study location and duration The study was conducted from the period of March 4, 2012 to April 3, 2012 in Brothers Poultry Farm, Kapasia, Gazipur. Data collection and analysis Data were collected by direct observation and from the record book of Brothers poultry Farm, Kapasia, Gazipur. The following data were recorded during the whole period of study. Collected data were analysed using Microsoft Excel. Simple statistical methods (mean, percentage) were applied. Materials and method
  61. 61. Conclusion The present study was conducted to estimate the production performance of ISA-Brown layer strain in Brothers poultry Farm, Kapasia, Gazipur. A total 6000 birds was considered for the study and they were reared in intensive housing of cage management system. The birds were offered manually prepared concentrate mixture feed. The average feed intake per bird was 116.68 g/d. They were not good egg production and of average hen day egg production was 77.71% with an average egg size of 50.38. The result found in the farm shows some deviation from the standard recommended values. Moreover, the level of egg production, egg weight and feed consumption were not similar to the recommended value. Because of unhygienic condition improper lighting, inadequate feed supply, disease occurrence and unskilled management system etc which affected the hen day egg production, average feed intake and for this it was not same as the recommended one .A thorough knowledge about management system, bio-security etc. is very much important for poultry farming. So proper training is required for newcomer farm labor. Strict bio-security & vaccination program must be followed. The duration of my study period was not sufficient to conduct such type of study and the equipments and opportunities in the Layer farm are not enough to complete the study accurately. So, further research should be required to determine the accurate production performance of ISA-brown. Proper planning and program should be undertaken for increasing the production, management system and finally to prevent and control of diseases and disorders of layer bird in the study layer farm.

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