Itechlaw Asia Commercial Copyleft (19 02 2009)

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This is my presentation for the Innovative Technology Trends panel of the ITECHLAW Asia 5th annual conference 19-20 February 2009 in New Delhi

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Itechlaw Asia Commercial Copyleft (19 02 2009)

  1. 1. Using the Copyleft Model in a Commercial Business Set-up Advokat Martin von Haller Groenbaek Partner, Bender von Haller Dragsted ITECHLAW-ASIA, New Delhi, 19-20 February 2009 torsdag den 19. februar 2009 1
  2. 2. Personalia IT-Lawyer, partner at Bender von Haller Dragsted Co-founder of Danish eBusiness Association (FDIH), Danish Open Source Vendors Association (OSL), Danish Chapter of Internet Society (ISOC DK), DK- Hostsmaster A/S and the like Board member of several Scandinavian SME IT companies Legal counsel to OSS developers and public institutions (even works with Microsoft) torsdag den 19. februar 2009 2
  3. 3. Great times for open source law From fringe to almost mainstream Tell us why we shouldn’t be afraid Now, show us the money Licensing becomes fun! torsdag den 19. februar 2009 3
  4. 4. Agenda Copyleft INTRO CASE: MySQL (Software company) CASE: LEGO (The private business) CASE: Danish NITA (eGovernment) torsdag den 19. februar 2009 4
  5. 5. All OS licenses The licensee has the right to run, access, modify and distribute the code The licensor gives no guarantees and waives all liability The licensor - the copyright holder - can release code under several licenses torsdag den 19. februar 2009 5
  6. 6. Need to know about Copyleft OS licenses gives you the right to modify the code You have copyright with respect to your modifications Permissive licenses gives you the right to choose your own license terms Copyleft forces you to license modification under the original OS license, if you distribute your modifications torsdag den 19. februar 2009 6
  7. 7. Key copyleft issues not dealt with here What is a modification? What constitutes distribution? “Weak” or “Strong” copyleft GPL v.2 vs. GPL v.3 torsdag den 19. februar 2009 7
  8. 8. CASE: MySQL Dual-licensing The software company perspective The same code is licensed under two different licences: MySQL Community Server: GPL v.2 with FOSS exception MySQL Enterprise: Commercial license torsdag den 19. februar 2009 8
  9. 9. Copyright and control MySQL has exclusive copyright to the code MySQL controls and certifies the code The GPL does not give any rights to use MySQLs trademarks torsdag den 19. februar 2009 9
  10. 10. Why pay? Certification of the code Warranties Maintenance and support Copyleft exemption torsdag den 19. februar 2009 10
  11. 11. Still not convinced? MySQL AB was in 2008 bought by Sun Microsystem, Inc. for approximately USD $1 billion in total consideration torsdag den 19. februar 2009 11
  12. 12. The Mindstorm story torsdag den 19. februar 2009 12
  13. 13. LEGO goes open source 1 May 2006. LEGO press release Hackers, Get Ready! LEGO Group Announces Open Source Firmware, Developer Kits for LEGO® MINDSTORMS® NXT Consu mer - directe d robotics experience creation to enter “NXT” phase with open firmware, Software, Hardware and Bluetooth Developer Kits to launch in August torsdag den 19. februar 2009 13
  14. 14. Background Mindstorms robots launched in 1998 ● The best-selling LEGO product ever ● Huge Mindstorm community ● LEGO was and is not a software ● company Only minor upgrades to the ● firmware Several parallel Mindstorms OS’s ● torsdag den 19. februar 2009 14
  15. 15. Challenges LEGO was not comfortable with ● “openess” LEGO has been and is extremely reliant ● on strong IPRs ”You don't give away IPRs for free” ● Turbulent period for LEGO in general ● Third party software included ● torsdag den 19. februar 2009 15
  16. 16. Solution Embrace User driven innovation ● Open source as the enabler ● Third party permission for redistribution ● under an OS license Choice of license ● − ”Genuine” open source licence − Permissive (Academic) or Copyleft (reciprocal license) torsdag den 19. februar 2009 16
  17. 17. The OS license choice Mozilla Public license v. 1.1 ● Weak copyleft ● Modification is limited altering the ● files “I did not understand GPL v.2” ● LEGO was only concerned with ● modifications of the actual files torsdag den 19. februar 2009 17
  18. 18. The “beauty” of the solution! Huge press coverage and goodwill Large number of downloads of code Much more “intelligence” in the bricks Convincing strategy towards competitors Option to “close” the code again Many more bricks sold! torsdag den 19. februar 2009 18
  19. 19. CASE: NITA Danish National IT and Telecom Agency eFaktura (eInvoice) Electronic invoices to, from and between public agencies Core service: UDDI registry for webservice to identify senders and receivers torsdag den 19. februar 2009 19
  20. 20. Challenges Two applications provided by NITA to user (e.g. ERP vendors) API between users’ ERPs and UDDI WS Reference implementation integrating API with ERP NITA wanted to release the application under an OS license torsdag den 19. februar 2009 20
  21. 21. Goals Satisfying the politicians Wide adoption of UDDI Community based improvement of the API Many vendors should integrate API into their ERP torsdag den 19. februar 2009 21
  22. 22. Solutions API Copyleft Mozilla public license v. 1.1 (maybe EUPL v. 1.1) Reference implementation Permissive licence FreeBSD license torsdag den 19. februar 2009 22
  23. 23. Thanks for the attention! mhg@bvhd.dk martin@groenbaek.net http://www.bvhd.dk http://suse.groenbaek.net/openlife Slides available at http://www.slideshare.net/vonhaller torsdag den 19. februar 2009 23

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