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AE Atmospheric Energy Storage Made in Ontario


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Practical Solutions for Storing Energy when needed.

Presentation for the Ministry of Energy Ontario
Senior Policy Advisors/Minister Staff March 17, 09
by Volker Thomsen & Ron Tolmie

Published in: Technology
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AE Atmospheric Energy Storage Made in Ontario

  1. 1. AE Atmospheric Energy Storage Made in Ontario: Practical Solutions for Storing Energy when needed Presentation for the Ministry of Energy March 17/09 by Volker Thomsen & Ron Tolmie
  2. 2. Globally millions of homes/building are heated and cooled with AE Atmospheric Energy directly or from stored sources <ul><li>Applications have to be modified to local conditions : </li></ul><ul><li>Two good examp les in Ontario: </li></ul><ul><li>Enwave Toronto </li></ul><ul><li>Thomsen House Kingston </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cooling Large Buildings Example: City-operated cooling facility (similar to Toronto's Enwave)
  4. 4. Ministry of Energy March 17 2009 AE Atmospheric Energy and The One House Revolution AE Atmospheric Energy and The One House Revolution
  5. 5. Converting the existing Thomsen House <ul><li>We want to prove to ourselves that it is financially feasible to convert an existing home to total self-sufficiency </li></ul><ul><li>It is actually an attractive investment even if the rate of return is low. We lock in our cost, avoid dependence we don’t use tax paid income to purchase energy </li></ul><ul><li>Through the winter garden we increase the year round quality of our life and have our own subtropical island </li></ul><ul><li>We help to safe emissions and to clean up the universe </li></ul><ul><li>We are proud about it and feel good about it </li></ul>
  6. 6. Floor plan including winter garden
  7. 7. Thomsen house front
  8. 8. Thomsen House Side View
  9. 9. Thomsen House Front Picture
  10. 10. Thomsen House Garage Front
  11. 11. Solar PV Inst. At Thomsen House
  12. 12. Thomsen House conversion to fully self-contained including year round vegetable growing <ul><li>Electricity through 5 KW Solar PV </li></ul><ul><li>Heating through in ground heat and cold storage & heat pump </li></ul><ul><li>Waste water management by Fast biological sewage treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous winter spring harvest in wintergarden growing space 500 sq.ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Summer and fall harvest in raised garden beds 1000 sq ft </li></ul><ul><li>All equipment and lights energy efficient </li></ul><ul><li>All new insulation R 40 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Seasonal Storage of Heat or Cold (1) Principles: <ul><li>Heat (or cold) is injected into the center of the borehole array using a sealed loop heat exchanger fluid </li></ul><ul><li>The heat takes nearly six months to reach the periphery, where it is extracted for use </li></ul><ul><li>The diameter of the array is adjusted according to the thermal conductivity to achieve the desired delay </li></ul><ul><li>The peripheral holes are in a slightly elliptical pattern to provide control for annual variations </li></ul><ul><li>Three (or more) of the outer rings are connected in series to provide counter current heat exchange </li></ul><ul><li>The injection is designed to provide a small vertical temperature gradient for constant heat uptake/m </li></ul><ul><li>The source of heat can be from a co-generator (hot), air conditioner (moderate) or air heat exchanger (warm) </li></ul><ul><li>The ground provides a relatively cold heat sink for the air conditioner heat pump, hence good efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>The AC heat is put to good use instead of being wasted </li></ul><ul><li>Community systems can use very high efficiency heat pumps, are comparatively easy to install </li></ul>
  14. 14. Plan Drawing of Heat Store for 40 to 50 homes (100 apartments/200 hotelrooms The borehole array can have as few as 28 boreholes (as shown 30 m diameter space) but more normally it has 72 boreholes to provide for sufficient heat exchanger surface area. The number of heat pumps is determined by engineering needs.
  15. 15. Thomsen House with two centre injection holes 60 ft deep 6 inches diameter (red area)‏ and four heat extraction holes 60 ft deep and 6 inches diameter (blue area )‏
  16. 16. Two Injection holes (blue) Four extraction holes (red)‏
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  18. 18.
  19. 19. Thomsen House AE installation
  20. 20. Solar PV overprized in Canada Lack of a real feed in tariff, lack of local production and lack of competition prevents successful broad based implementation of the SOP <ul><li>For the Thomsen House I received for PV 3 quotes </li></ul><ul><li>a) Complete and installed 5KW $ 76.000 </li></ul><ul><li>b) Complete and installed 5 KW $ 64.000 </li></ul><ul><li>c) Complete and installed 5 KW $ 49.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Purchased directly from the only Canadian Manufacturer inclusive consultation by an independent consultant, drawings and installation by a local Kingston Electrician </li></ul><ul><li>complete and installed 5 KW $ 30.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion:The above difference makes PV very attractive </li></ul>
  21. 21. Cost and business case <ul><li>5 KW Solar PV Installed cost $ 30,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Heat pump & in ground heat & cold storage 30,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrade and insulation of Thomsen House 90,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Total installed cost 150,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Total installed cost without winter garden </li></ul><ul><li>but energy self sufficiency 100.000 </li></ul><ul><li>Annual cost 4% interest and 4 % depreciation 12,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Annual savings fuel cost 4,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Annual savings electricity cost 4,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Annual savings vegetables 2,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Added cost for electricity, heating cooling and winter garden 2,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Total contribution from electricity, heating & cooling 2,000 </li></ul><ul><li>without winter garden </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits: In conclusion very little extra cost for the wintergarden space (respectively small contribution without it) ,locked in energy cost guarantied prices for clean and free Healthy and organic food </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningful activity that brings the family together in an active and uniting way </li></ul>
  22. 22. Business Case for AE <ul><ul><ul><li>Average drilling cost of 6 wells/15 m 90x 60 = $ 5.600 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loop installation with 4 lines per well $ 6.000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heat injection box $ 3.000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In building installation $12.000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Miscellaneous $ 3.000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>For a total investment of $30.000 a saving of $ 5,000 heating and cooling cost is a very attractive return on the investment. </li></ul><ul><li>This Price is based on a technical developed installation process and on averages. </li></ul><ul><li>Presently as documented in the case of Solar PV there is very little equipment produced in Ontario and not sufficient capacity build yet. Therefore it will take some effort within policy making to encourage and inspire to join the USA and European dynamics. It should also lead to manufacturing of the equipment in Ontario. </li></ul>
  23. 23. AE Atmospheric Energy and Economic Development in Ontario <ul><li>The AE Thomsen House modell implemented in 100.000 homes Buildings per year over 10 years will trigger AE output and energy savings of a minimum of $ 5.000/year per building. For 100.000 buildings = $ 500 million </li></ul><ul><li>This in return will generate investments of $ 30 Billion just on AE and 5 times that on the whole project = $ 150 billion </li></ul><ul><li>If all 4 million Ontario buildings will be equipped accordingly the AE model would result in $120 billion and on the whole project scope/Thomsen House of $ 600 billion. Based on the 100.000 home/building modell per year the estimated time for this would be 40 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Just like at the beginning of the electricity and oil age when every house that was build received water, heating and electricity. This will, based on a much larger population, create a boom of a dimension never dreamed of. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Employment development in AE and renewable energy in general <ul><li>All renewable energy technologies offer a huge unique sustainable employment creation. </li></ul><ul><li>AE is particularly attractive because of all the local involvement with various trades in each small or large community. </li></ul><ul><li>With each one billion $ invested around 50 % can and should be wages and local services and products. </li></ul><ul><li>At an annual average gross income of $ 50.000 each an AE investment into 100.000 homes/buildings will create a minimum of 10.000 permanent jobs as long as you add 100.000 homes/buildings each year. At this speed you will not be able to introduce this technology fast enough. If you figure an average life cycle of 20-25 years you will have to reach a permanent employment for the AE implementation in Ontario of between 20 and 25.000 jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>Fully Implementing the Thomsen House scope we are talking about 100.000 to 125.000 permanent jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>AE fully supports the Ontario Governments goal to create 50.000 new jobs within green energy. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Value of the Energy recovered Impact on Power Generation Impact on Power Generation <ul><li>For the average AE system you recover annually a minimum of $ 5000 in energy. </li></ul><ul><li>For each 100.000 buildings you are recovering $ 500.000.000. For 4 million buildings $ 20 billion annually. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the almost 100% efficient conversion of wind or solar electricity into stored energy when it is produced the CO2 emission reduction would come from coal, oil and gas and would be dramatic. </li></ul><ul><li>During nights the nuclear/hydro electricity surplus nighttime baseload can be utilized efficiently to convert this into stored energy and cold. </li></ul><ul><li>To accomplish all this it will be helpful to have smart meters and an intelligent management of the grid!! </li></ul>
  26. 26. In conclusion: In Ontario we can do it!!! Find our own Safe Dream in Sustainable Solutions