Utopia

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Utopia

  1. 1. a presentation by Esra, Sibel, Volkan and Fatih
  2. 2.  Meaning of „Utopia“  Biography: Sir Thomas More  Summary of the book „Utopia“  Utopia-Dystopia  Meaning and importance today
  3. 3.  Utopia  Book written by Sir Thomas More  Year: 1516  Written in Latin  „utopia“ from Greek:  „u“  not „no-place land“ or  „tópos“  place „good-place land“
  4. 4.  Utopia  name for an ideal community  Sometimes pejoratively used  Impossible to achieve  Also: synonyme for  an ideal concept or  an unrealistic vision
  5. 5.  Types of utopias:  Social Utopia ▪ egalitarian distribution / no money / …  Religious Utopia ▪ „Gardens of Delight“ / existence free from worry / …  Scientific and technological utopia ▪ absence of death, suffering, diseases, …
  6. 6.  Flying machines of the previous century
  7. 7.  Born: February 7th, 1478  in London  Died: July 6th, 1535  also London  Time of Humanism and Renaissance
  8. 8.  Portrait by Hans Holbein the Younger (1527)
  9. 9.  Humanism  Tolerance  Nonviolence  Importance of individual  Renaissance  from “re-” (again) and “nascere” (be born)  Revive of ancient world (Antike)
  10. 10.  Son of a Judge  Visits Latin school in London  Later: studies Latin and Greek  Becomes succesfull lawyer and jurist  1504: Member of Parliament  Disagrees with King Henry VII
  11. 11.  King Henry VII
  12. 12.  26 Years: Marries Joan Colt  5 children  32 Years: Marries Alice Middleton  1 child  1516: Writes first Utopia-book  1517: Work for King HenryVIII  1521: Becomes a knight
  13. 13.  Family More
  14. 14.  Political Success:  1523: Speaker of Parliament  1529: Lord Chancellor (= Prime Minister)  1534: Did not accept King  Arrested in Tower of London  Executed on July 6th 1535
  15. 15.  Tower of London
  16. 16.  Thomas More was:  Very succesful advocate  Christian Believer and supporter of Vatican  Humanist / Fighted für human rights  Most important work:  Utopia  vision of tolerant and good world
  17. 17.  Cover Page of edition from 1516
  18. 18.  2 Parts of book  1st: Criticism of political and social system  2nd: Description of the Island Utopia  Narrations of a sailor  Utopia: Happy and harmonic families  Collective dining
  19. 19.  Democratic System  No personal property  Daily work: 6hours  School attendance for children  Public / scientific lectures  very popular
  20. 20.  Map of „Utopia“
  21. 21.  Criminals bought from foreign countries  Have to do forced labor or  have to fight in wars  Religious Tolerance  Important Decisions: Popular Votes
  22. 22.  Ironic elements:  Question in beginning of the book: Does Utopia exist?  No-Place or Good-Place Land  Thomas More: Utopia is  “desirable but impossible“
  23. 23.  Dystopia  contrary to Utopia  from Greek: anti-utopia  Pessimistic view/attitude to future  Negative or bad conditions
  24. 24. Utopia Dystopia Society Equality of all people Classes, caste system View on future Optimistic, upbeat Pessimistic, downbeat Form of government Democracy Regime Equal and advancing Education Propaganda education No money, equal Rich and poor people, no Economy distribution of goods middle class Unfair and excessive Legislation Fair system of punishment punishment Unfortunate, unlucky Atmosphere Happy, harmonic families people
  25. 25.  Problems of Dystopia:  Regime  Corruption  Inforcement and violence  Diseases, poorness and lack of goods Breakdown of the system
  26. 26. UTOPIA not only but also Book Generally definition was so formative that „Utopia“ became a
  27. 27.  Films  Logan‘s Run (1976)  Fahrenheit 451 (1966)  …  Utopian/Dystopian Novelles  The New Atlantis (Francis Bacon | 1627)  He, She and It (Marge Piercy | 1991)  …
  28. 28.  Logan‘s Run (1976)  Nobody lives past the age of 35  There are no old people  People who reach the age ▪  painlessly done away with
  29. 29.  Fahrenheit 451 (1966)  Books are banned  Nobody is allowed to read  Fire brigade burns books  Prescribed life   Group of people which illegally read books
  30. 30.  The New Atlantis (Francis Bacon | 1627)  Vision of an ideal country  Education and lots of knowledge  Plan and organization of an ideal college  „Solomon‘s House“  Modern technology and science
  31. 31.  He, She and It (Marge Piercy| 1991)  Science-Fiction-Novel  Creating Illegal Cyborgs  World controlled by computers and technology
  32. 32. a presentation by Esra Köse Sibel Karataş Volkan Demirel and Fatih Acar  Thanks for listening.

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