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Rational Emotive Theory Part 1


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Rational Emotive Theory Part 1

  1. 1. Rational Emotive Therapy Managerial Counseling
  2. 2. Structure of the Presentation A-B-C Process & How RET helps Introduction to RET Difference between RET & Classical Psychoanalysis Albert Ellis
  3. 3. Albert Ellis (1913-2007) • Didn’t have a happy childhood - divorce of parents, illness- introversion, shyness • Refused to be depressed, worked hard, made a determined effort to understand and get on with other people • Original training - family & marriage counseling • In 1955, introduced Rational Emotive Psychotherapy - first of the modern cognitive behavioral approaches
  4. 4. Introduction to RET • People are not inherently good or evil • All emotional problems are caused by our own- 1. Irrational belief systems (faulty thinking) 2. Exaggerated reactions (anxiety, etc) to events
  5. 5. Introduction to RET (Contd..) • People cling tenaciously to outdated feelings of depression, anger, guilt and hostility-not applicable to present situation • Through language, people continue to reinforce their outdated thinking – perpetuate their own suffering • Human Beings are prone to self- doubt and negative self-talk • eg. Rejection, I am worthless, I am good-for-nothing, I am such a fool
  6. 6. Introduction to RET (Contd..) • A person is not ‘stupid’ but actions might be • Actions are separate from the person • Don’t evaluate yourself, evaluate your actions in reference to your goals and/or intentions
  7. 7. RET’s Approach • If disturbance-creating ideas are vigorously disputed by logical/empirical thinking, they can be eliminated or minimized and will ultimately cease to reoccur • Unconditional Self Acceptance (USA): Individuals have worth. They should accept that they make mistakes and that some of their assets and qualities are stronger than others. Individuals’ acts or performances should be criticized, not their personal worth
  8. 8. RET vs. Classical Psychoanalysis o Does not delve into counselee’s childhood to find reasons for his/ her current problems o Psychoanalysis keeps the counselee dependent on their analysts, they are forced neither to take responsibility for their lives nor challenge their irrational beliefs o In RET, there is less stress on empathy. The counsellor’s ability to remain detached, though understanding is preferable.
  9. 9. An Example… E.g. A counselee complains that she is non- assertive and pleases others without pleasing herself
  10. 10. Psychoanalyst RET Practitioner • Will trace the problem back • Uses the technique of direct to her childhood when she confrontation tried too hard to please an • Helps client realize that her irrational, violent, alcoholic non-assertive behavior is parent irrational • The behavior, although • Believes that by identifying unnecessary and the “cause” of her problem, unpleasant, is not she can alleviate the inherently good or bad behavioral pattern and • Rational course of action: become more assertive Change the irrational belief
  11. 11. RET as A-B-C process A- Activating Event Occurrence due to which the person becomes upset E.g. Man asks a woman out for a date, she turns him down B- Belief System Rational Beliefs e.g. “Its unfortunate that she said no” Irrational Beliefs e.g. “I’m so stupid for asking her out anyway, I’ll never be able to get anyone go out with me”
  12. 12. RET as A-B-C process (Contd.) o Reactions become irrational only when they are generalized, and reinforce overall feelings of self-doubt or inadequacy o “Should”, “must”, “always”, “never” represent irrational thinking Nobody has the power to make another person angry, sad, or guilty…We upset ourselves by responding in an irrational manner
  13. 13. RET as A-B-C process (Contd.) Seven most common irrational beliefs: 1. One must win love or at least approval from all others who play a significant role in one’s life 2. One continually must be a competent achiever in order to be valuable and worthwhile 3. Some people are inherently bad or evil and should be punished accordingly
  14. 14. RET as A-B-C process (Contd.) 4. Life is terrible when it is not just as one would like it to be 5. Other people or circumstances are the cause of one’s unhappiness , & one has no control over one’s unhappiness 6. Life is easier if one avoids one’s responsibilities & problems rather than facing them 7. One’s past determines one’s future. Events that happened in the past will continue to have an effect throughout one’s life
  15. 15. RET as A-B-C process (Contd.) C- Consequences Rational E.g. Feels unfortunate to have his invitation rejected, analyzes why it was rejected and plans to alter his approach Irrational E.g. Disabled by irrational beliefs, suffers from uncontrollable anger, depression, dejection
  16. 16. The A-B-C Process The emotional and behavioral consequences do not stem primarily from the activating events (A) of our lives, but from our belief systems (B) A C A C B
  17. 17. The A-B-C Process Unpleasant A Irrational Beliefs (B) Difficult Emotional & Behavioral Consequences (C)
  18. 18. How RET helps? “People can choose how they will respond to activating agents, but only when they have identified the self-destructive beliefs which are the cause of emotional disturbance and unhappiness” RET practitioners help identify these irrational beliefs and changing these by means of vigorous persuasion.
  19. 19. Must Read Literature on RET • The Road to Tolerance: The Philosophy of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy- By Albert Ellis • Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy: It Works for Me - It Can Work for You - By Albert Ellis
  20. 20. Must See Videos on RET • • ature=related • • ature=related - Audio recording of Albert Ellis participating in a live audio conference • e=related • wTzoQZ_s&feature=related – Ellis’ Original Video (1/4)
  21. 21. Thank You