States of Matter       ChemistryThe Four States of Matter        Chumbler - Properties of Matter   1
States of MatterThe Four States of Matter          Four StatesSolidLiquidGasPlasma          Chumbler - Properties of M...
States of Matter  The Four States of Matter  Basis of Classification of the Four TypesBased upon particle arrangementBas...
States of Matter                  SolidsParticles of solids are tightly packed,vibrating about a fixed position.Solids h...
States of Matter              SolidsParticle Movement                Examples          Chumbler - Properties of Matter   5
States of Matter                LiquidsParticles of liquids are tightly packed,but are far enough apart to slide overone ...
States of Matter            LiquidsParticle Movement                Examples          Chumbler - Properties of Matter   7
States of Matter               GasesParticles of gases are very far apartand move freely.Gases have an indefinite shape ...
States of Matter             GasesParticle Movement                    Examples          Chumbler - Properties of Matter  ...
States of Matter                  PlasmaA plasma   is an ionized gas.A plasma    is a very good conductor ofelectricity ...
States of Matter                     Plasma                      ParticlesThe negatively charged electrons (yellow) are fr...
States of Matter         Plasma         Examples      Chumbler - Properties of Matter   12
States of MatterMicroscopic Explanation for Properties of SolidsSolids have a definite shape and a definite volumebecause...
States of MatterMicroscopic Explanation for Properties of LiquidsLiquids have an indefinite shape because theparticles ca...
States of MatterMicroscopic Explanation for Properties of GasesGases have an indefinite shape and an indefinitevolume bec...
States of MatterMicroscopic Explanation for Properties of PlasmasPlasmas have an indefinite shape and anindefinite volume...
States of Matter   The Four States of Matter The Classification and Properties of Matter   Depend Upon Microscopic Structu...
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States of matter 1

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  • Matter can be defined as anything that takes up space, has mass, and has inertia. Chemistry is the study of matter and its interactions. This is an introduction to the most basic categories of matter.
  • The most basic classification scheme of matter is based on the states of solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. Of these the least discussed in most texts is plasma even though it is the most abundant of all states. 99% of all matter in the universe is plasma.
  • The different states of matter are categorized by the arrangement and energy of the particles at normal temperatures and pressures. The state of matter can be altered by adding or removing energy and/or pressure which can affect the arrangement and energy of the particles.
  • Particles of a gas move randomly and must be contained from all surfaces.
  • In a plasma the electrons have been stripped away from the central nucleus. Therefore, a plasma consists of a sea of ions and electrons and is a very good conductor of electricity and is affected by magnetic fields. Electrons are separated from their respective nucleus when enough heat is applied. In a controlled thermonuclear fusion research, plasmas are heated to over 100 million degrees.
  • The negatively charged electrons (yellow) are freely streaming through the positively charged ions (blue).
  • Plasma can be found in stars, fluorescent light bulbs, Cathode Ray Tubes, neon signs, and lightening.
  • In a plasma the electrons have been stripped away from the central nucleus. Therefore, a plasma consists of a sea of ions and electrons and is a very good conductor of electricity and is affected by magnetic fields. Electrons are separated from their respective nucleus when enough heat is applied. In a controlled thermonuclear fusion research, plasmas are heated to over 100 million degrees.
  • The different states of matter are categorized by the arrangement and energy of the particles at normal temperatures and pressures. The state of matter can be altered by adding or removing energy and/or pressure which can affect the arrangement and energy of the particles.
  • States of matter 1

    1. 1. States of Matter ChemistryThe Four States of Matter Chumbler - Properties of Matter 1
    2. 2. States of MatterThe Four States of Matter Four StatesSolidLiquidGasPlasma Chumbler - Properties of Matter 2
    3. 3. States of Matter The Four States of Matter Basis of Classification of the Four TypesBased upon particle arrangementBased upon energy of particlesBased upon distance between particles Chumbler - Properties of Matter 3
    4. 4. States of Matter SolidsParticles of solids are tightly packed,vibrating about a fixed position.Solids have a definite shape and adefinite volume.Solids have an infinite number of freesurfaces. Chumbler - Properties of Matter 4
    5. 5. States of Matter SolidsParticle Movement Examples Chumbler - Properties of Matter 5
    6. 6. States of Matter LiquidsParticles of liquids are tightly packed,but are far enough apart to slide overone another.Liquids have an indefinite shape anda definite volume.Liquids have one free surface. Chumbler - Properties of Matter 6
    7. 7. States of Matter LiquidsParticle Movement Examples Chumbler - Properties of Matter 7
    8. 8. States of Matter GasesParticles of gases are very far apartand move freely.Gases have an indefinite shape andan indefinite volume.Gases have no free surfaces. Chumbler - Properties of Matter 8
    9. 9. States of Matter GasesParticle Movement Examples Chumbler - Properties of Matter 9
    10. 10. States of Matter PlasmaA plasma is an ionized gas.A plasma is a very good conductor ofelectricity and is affected by magnetic fields.Plasma,like gases have an indefiniteshape and an indefinite volume. Chumbler - Properties of Matter 10
    11. 11. States of Matter Plasma ParticlesThe negatively charged electrons (yellow) are freely streaming through the positively charged ions (blue). Chumbler - Properties of Matter 11
    12. 12. States of Matter Plasma Examples Chumbler - Properties of Matter 12
    13. 13. States of MatterMicroscopic Explanation for Properties of SolidsSolids have a definite shape and a definite volumebecause the particles are locked into placeSolids are not easily compressible because thereis little free space between particlesSolids do not flow easily because the particlescannot move/slide past one another Chumbler - Properties of Matter 13
    14. 14. States of MatterMicroscopic Explanation for Properties of LiquidsLiquids have an indefinite shape because theparticles can slide past one another.Liquids are not easily compressible and have adefinite volume because there is little free spacebetween particles.Liquids flow easily because the particles canmove/slide past one another. Chumbler - Properties of Matter 14
    15. 15. States of MatterMicroscopic Explanation for Properties of GasesGases have an indefinite shape and an indefinitevolume because the particles can move past oneanother.Gases are easily compressible because there is agreat deal of free space between particles.Gases flow very easily because the particlesrandomly move past one another. Chumbler - Properties of Matter 15
    16. 16. States of MatterMicroscopic Explanation for Properties of PlasmasPlasmas have an indefinite shape and anindefinite volume because the particles can movepast one another.Plasmas are easily compressible because there isa great deal of free space between particles.Plasmas are good conductors of electricity and areaffected by magnetic fields because they arecomposed of ions (negatively charged electronsand positively charged nuclei). Chumbler - Properties of Matter 16
    17. 17. States of Matter The Four States of Matter The Classification and Properties of Matter Depend Upon Microscopic StructureParticle arrangementParticle energyParticle to particle distance Chumbler - Properties of Matter 17

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