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Scvmm Technical Overview.Son Vu


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Scvmm Technical Overview.Son Vu

  1. 1. Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2008 R2: Technical Overview<br />Vu Nguyen Cao Son<br />EPG Technical Specialist<br /><br />
  2. 2. Virtualization<br />{<br />}<br />“Virtualization without good management is more dangerous than not usingvirtualization in the first place.”<br />– Tom Bittman, Gartner VP AND Analyst, 9 May, 2007<br />Virtualization Will Drive Major Change in IT Infrastructure and Operations in the Next Three Years, Tom Bittman, May 8, 2007<br />
  3. 3. AgendaSession Overview<br />Overview of Microsoft Virtualization and System Center<br />VMM 2008 Interface and New Features<br />Core VMM features<br />High Availability and VMware management deep dives are covered in SVR303 Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2008: Advanced Features <br />
  4. 4. Microsoft Virtualization: From the Datacenter to the Desktop<br />User State<br />Virtualization<br />Document redirection<br />Offline files<br />Server<br />Virtualization<br />Presentation<br />Virtualization<br />Application<br />Virtualization<br />Desktop<br />Virtualization<br />
  5. 5. Microsoft Virtualization<br />Data center to desktop<br />Physical & VirtualManagement <br />Best TCO/ROI<br />It’s the Platform you know<br />Full range of products & solutions<br />1/3 the price up front<br />Physical and Logical & Cross-hypervisor<br />Key feature of platform<br />Lower ongoing costs<br />Tools you know<br />Large partner eco-system<br />Interoperability<br />
  6. 6. What&apos;s New in Microsoft Virtualization<br />Held our getVIRTUALnow Virtualization Launch event in Bellevue, Washington on September 8th, 2008<br />Over 100 additional getVIRTUALnow events worldwide to showcaseMicrosoft virtualization<br />Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V RTM is available now via Windows Update. <br />Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2008 is now available for download<br />System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2008 RTM is now available<br />App-V 4.5 and Configuration Manager 2007 R2 also available<br />Announced 24 core support with new Intel 6-core processors<br />Announced changes in licensing for many Microsoft server applications, removing the restrictions on VM mobility<br />Announced support for many Microsoft server applications, running in Virtual Machines, on certified Hypervisors (including VMware ESX 3.5u2)<br />
  7. 7. Managing The Server Lifecycle <br />Hardware Provisioning<br />Backup<br /> Live host level virtual machine backup<br /> In guest consistency<br /> Rapid recovery<br />Patch management and deployment<br />OS and application configuration management<br />Software upgrades<br />Server Management Suite Enterprise<br />Virtual Workload Provisioning<br />Disaster Recovery<br />End to end service management<br />Server and application health monitoring & management<br />Performance reporting and analysis<br />Virtual machine management<br />Server consolidation and resource utilization optimization<br />Conversions: P2V and V2V<br />OS / Software Deploy, Patching and State Mgmt<br />Performance and Health Monitoring<br />
  8. 8. A centralized, heterogeneous management solution for the virtual datacenter<br />Maximize Resources<br />Centralized virtual machine deployment and management for Hyper-V, Virtual Server, and VMware ESX servers<br />Intelligent placement of Virtual Machines<br />Fast and reliable P2V and V2V conversion<br />Comprehensive application and service-level monitoring with Operations Manager<br />Integrated Performance and Resource Optimization (PRO) of VMs<br />Increase Agility<br />Rapid provisioning of new and virtual machines with templates<br />Centralized library of infrastructure components<br />Leverage and extend existing storage infrastructure and clusters<br />Allow for delegated management and access of VMs<br />Leverage Skills<br />Familiar interface, common foundation <br />Monitor physical and virtual machines from one console <br />Fully scriptable using Windows PowerShell<br />
  9. 9. System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2008<br />VirtualMachines<br />VirtualServer<br />VMwareCluster<br />Context <br />Sensitive <br />Actions<br />Hyper-VCluster<br />Filters<br />Live <br />Thumbnail<br />VMInformation<br />ManagementSelection<br />
  10. 10. VMM Overview<br />demo<br />
  11. 11. Self Service Web Portal<br />Administrator’s Console<br />Operator’s Console<br />Web Console<br />Windows PowerShell<br />Windows® PowerShell<br />Connector<br />Virtual Machine Manager <br />Server<br />Operations Manager <br />Server<br />Management Interfaces<br />Virtual Server Host<br />VMM Library <br />Server<br />VMware VI3<br />Virtual Center Server<br />ESX Host<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />Template<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />VM<br />ISO<br />Script<br />VHD<br />SAN Storage<br />VMM 2008 Architecture<br />
  12. 12. System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2008<br />
  13. 13. VMware Management<br />Driven by customer demand <br />Unified management experience<br />Physical and Virtual<br />Hyper-V and VMware<br />Full virtual machine management <br />VMotion, Resource Pools, etc.<br />Enhanced capabilities<br />Intelligent Placement<br />Library<br />Powershell<br />PRO application aware calibration<br />
  14. 14. Unified Management<br />Powerful Cross Platform Virtualization Management<br />Support for VMware VI3<br />Single management console across Virtual Server, Hyper-V and VI3<br />Manage and integrate multiple VMware environments<br />Streamline and automate all tasks using VMM<br />You decide where workloads should run across your environment<br />
  15. 15. Architecture Details<br />Integrate with Virtual Center VI3 Web Services Interfaces<br />Virtual Machine Manager manages multiple Virtual Center instances<br />Co-exists with Virtual Center<br />Updates made in Virtual Center reflected in VMM in real-time and vice-versa<br />
  16. 16. VM Provisioning and Server Consolidation<br />Wizard based approach for creating VMs<br />VM templates - Syspreped VMs and hardware profile<br />Clone existing VMs<br />Resource limits per platform<br />x64, Virtual SMP, etc.<br />Discovery of virtualization candidates<br />Convert existing workloads<br />
  17. 17. Host Configuration<br />Wizard based experience for adding hosts<br />Remote installation and configuration of virtualization software and management interfaces<br />Remotely enable the Hyper-V role<br />Easy management of Hyper-V host clusters<br />Add entire Hyper-V host cluster in a single step<br />Automatic detection of node additions/removals<br />Management of Windows Server 2008 Failover clusters for Hyper-V<br />Specify number of node failures you want to sustain but still have all your HA VMs running<br />Intelligent Placement ensures that new HA VM creation will not overcommit the cluster<br />Node failures automatically trigger overcommit re-calculation<br />
  18. 18. Can the cluster sustain 1 node failure?<br />Cluster reserve = 1 node<br />Place the VM<br />Placement and Cluster Reserve<br />YES<br />Clustered Host 1<br />Clustered Host 2<br />Clustered Host 3<br />
  19. 19. Placement and Cluster Reserve<br />Can the cluster sustain 1 node failure?<br />NO<br />Cluster reserve = 1 node<br />Don’t place the VM<br />Clustered Host 1<br />Clustered Host 2<br />Clustered Host 3<br />
  20. 20. Conversions: P2V and V2V<br />Intuitive and easy to use tools provide:<br />Core feature of VMM, no additional infrastructure or costs per conversion <br />Wizard based experience<br />Reconfigure storage, memory, CPU, etc.<br />Efficient disk copy <br />Preserves network settings and MAC addresses<br />Automatable through PowerShell<br />Supported platforms:<br />Live - Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, and Windows Server 2008<br />Offline - Windows 2000 Server<br />SMP and x64 sources<br />
  21. 21. Delegation and Self Service<br />Administrators control access through policies which designate capabilities<br />Delegated Administrators <br />Manage a scoped environment<br />Self service user<br />Web user interface <br />Manage their own VMs<br />Quota to limit VMs<br />Scripting through PowerShell<br />
  22. 22. Library<br />Repository for all VM building blocks<br />VHDs<br />Offline VMs<br />ISOs<br />Sysprep Answer Files<br />PowerShell Scripts with Run option<br />Templates<br />Use centralized or distributed Windows files servers as libraries<br />Move/copy/delete/modify files directly in the file system<br />VMM tracks changes and provides physical and logical view<br />VMM stamps objects with a ID to uniquely track the object<br />
  23. 23. Intelligent Placement<br />Capacity planning technology ensures best resource utilization<br />Star rated results for easy decision making<br />Customizable algorithm to achieve your goals<br />Applicable to both Microsoft and VMware hosts<br />
  24. 24. Intelligent Placement Details<br />Host Performance <br />and Configuration<br />Physical Disk <br />and Memory Requirements<br />Result of <br />Disk Capacity and Memory Check<br />Disk Capacity and <br />Memory Check<br />Rating<br />Function<br />Configuration<br />Existing Load<br />VM<br />CPU, Network,<br />and Disk Load<br />Normalized <br />Host + VM Load<br />Capacity Planning<br />Technology<br /> Configuration<br />
  25. 25. Placement - Host Ratings Calculation<br />Host Rating = (Free CPU * CPU Weight) + (Free Memory * Memory Weight) + <br /> (Free Disk * Disk Weight) + (Free Network * Network Weight)<br />Host Rating equal 0 if any of the thresholds have been violated.<br />
  26. 26. VMM Scripting Through PowerShell<br />Microsoft’s command shell for scripting and development<br />Consistent scripting syntax<br />Encapsulate platform differences<br />VMM PowerShell Snap-in<br />170+ command-line functions<br />Foundation for VMM administrator’s console and Self Service Portal<br />All PowerShell operations are logged and audited<br />
  27. 27. PowerShell - Command Line Interface <br />PS C:&gt; Get-VMMServer Server1<br />PS C:&gt; Get-help Get-VM –Examples<br />EXAMPLE 1: Get all virtual machines and display <br />complete information about each one.<br />C:PS&gt; Get-VM -VMMServer<br />Gets all objects that represent virtual machines. This command retrieves virtual machine objects from the Virtual Machine Manager database on VMMServer1, which is located in the domain, and displays information about these virtual machines to the user.<br />PS C:&gt; Get-VM –VMMServer server1 | select name, processortype,<br />memory<br />Name ProcessorType Memory<br />---- ------------- ------<br />Print Server 1-processor 1.00 GHz Pe... 512<br />LOB Server 1 1-processor 1.00 GHz Pe... 512<br />Dev Server 1-processor 1.00 GHz Pe... 1024<br />Test Server 1-processor 1.00 GHz Pe... 512<br />
  28. 28. Monitoring and Reporting<br />Discovery of Hosts, Virtual Machines and Virtual Machine Manager components<br />Performance and Health Monitoring, Reports, etc.<br />Application awareness<br />Performance and resource calibration and optimization<br />
  29. 29. Performance and Resource Optimization (PRO) <br />Workload and application aware resource optimization<br />Extensible through the Operations Manager 2007 MP framework <br />Create policies that VMM acts upon tips automatically or manually<br />Minimize downtime and accelerating time to resolution. <br />Enables partners to deliver value add to our mutual customers<br />
  30. 30. Performance and Resource Optimization<br />
  31. 31. PRO Partners<br />
  32. 32. Brocade Management Pack for Microsoft System CenterScenario - Link Congestion alerts<br />Virtualization Servers<br />(3 + 1 Servers)<br />VMs migrate based on Pro Tip<br />Implement PRO remediation<br />Domain<br />Controller<br />Brocade <br />VMM PRO Tip<br /> Initiated<br />VMM intelligent placement indicates optimum host<br />What does this mean for my Virtual Machines??<br />Link Congestion<br />Opportunity to automate as needed<br />Ethernet<br />Specific advice for the VM administrator!<br />Fabric alerts sent to System Center Operations Manager<br />VHDs Reside<br />On SAN<br />Legend<br />Green Arrows = 1GbE<br />Black = 8 Gb/FC<br />
  33. 33. Offline Virtual Machine Servicing Tool Solution Accelerator<br />Automating patching of virtual machine libraries <br />Integration and automation with VMM, ConfigMgr, WSUS<br />Real time status reporting<br />Installation and use guide<br />Available now for VMM 2007<br />Update for VMM 2008 coming<br />Identify<br />Identify the offline VM’s to patch in VMM library<br />Assess<br />Assess the capacity of the maintenance hosts<br />Patch<br />Use ConfgMgr/WSUS to patch<br />Report<br />Report real time servicing status<br />
  34. 34. Offline VM Patching<br />
  35. 35. Server Management Suite Enterprise<br />Provides comprehensive management for physical and Windows Server and storage environments and includes:<br />System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2008<br />System Center Operations Manager 2007 Enterprise Edition<br />System Center Data Protection Manager 2007 Enterprise Edition<br />System Center Configuration Manager 2007<br />Provides the rights to manage an unlimited number of operating system environments (“OSEs”) on a physical host server<br />Provides end to end Server Lifecycle management, both Physical and Virtual<br />VMM 2008 will also be available in standalone version upon release<br />
  36. 36. Unlimited Virtualization with Datacenter<br />Virtual Sessions<br />Per License<br />Unlimited<br /> ..<br /> 32<br /> 16<br /> 8<br /> 4<br /> 1<br />Standard Enterprise Datacenter<br />Includes host OS: YES YESYES<br />Datacenter Edition makes licensing Windows Server for Virtual Machines easy.<br />Simply license the processors. No need to count, track, or license the virtual machines.<br />
  37. 37. Microsoft Server Virtualization Solution<br />Enabling Key Scenarios<br />Server consolidation<br />Business continuity<br />Dynamic provisioning<br />Manage virtual & physical and into applications from one toolset<br />Integrate virtualization into existing environments and processes<br />At 1/2th the cost of VMware in EMEA<br />VMware<br />Microsoft<br />
  38. 38. Virtualization Road Map<br />Future<br />Now<br />VMM 2008<br />Windows Server 2008 R2<br />VMM vNext<br />RTM<br />Windows Server 2008 R2Hyper-V<br />RTM<br />MDOP w/App-V 4.5<br />MDOP update w/ MED-V<br />