Flash Based Datacenters
VDI & VSAN with Fusion-io
Apr 2014
Fusion-io Overview
Fusion-io Confidential2
▸ 5,000+ Customers Worldwide
▸ 900+ Employees Worldwide
▸ Deliver >10x improvem...
State of today’s infrastructures (1994 or 2014?)
Fusion-io Confidential3
Milliseconds
Business
impact
Lacks
scalability Ex...
Fusion-io Confidential4
Moore’s law is changing the rules
The number of transistors on integrated circuits doubles approxi...
PERFORMANCE
TIME1980
A new problem demands new ways of thinking
× Add more disksMemory
CPU
× Add more servers
× Add more m...
A simple solution, ioMemory
6
IOMEMORY IS A NEW TIER OF PERSISTENT MEMORY THAT IS
ACCESSED AS A HARDDISK BUT PERFORMS ALMO...
7
11 DISK SHELVES
MILLISECONDS
RESPONSE TIME
165 DISKS
50 TB
COUPLE OF THOUSAND
IOPS
NO REAL ESTATE
MICROSECONDS
RESPONSE ...
Latency is critical for your software
L1-L3
Cache 10 ns
DRAM
100 ns
ioMemory
15 µs
HDD
4 ms
Blink of an eye
1/10 second
Ge...
Servers FC Switches SAN/NAS
Storage
LANUsers
Infrastructure design for the last 20 years
5.000 200
IT FTE: 20
Users
Design at Facebook, Apple iCloud or MS Azure?
10.000.000
FC Switches SAN/NAS
Storage
LANUsers
Design at big Web 2.0 companies?
Servers
10.000.000
X 2.000 X 2.000 X 2.000 X 2.000
I...
Scaling is done with the application/hypervisor
Servers
LANUsers Application/Hyp
ervisor
With the most efficient servers
Servers
LANUsers Application/Hyp
ervisor
Storage functions are now in software
Fusion-io Confidential14
Snapshots
Replication
N+1 Redundancy
Readable clones
Grid
T...
Software is defining the next gen infrastructures
SDDC OR SOFTWARE DEFINED DATACENTERS IS HERE TODAY
Leaders of the Software Defined DC
Fusion-io Confidential16
Fusion-io use-cases
Fusion-io Confidential17
AnalyticsSearch
Messaging
Databases
INFORMIX
Virtualization
KVM
HPC
GPFS
Big ...
Fusion-io deployments
18
Max Performance Control
• Allocate across servers
• Scale independently
• Hybrid and QoS options
...
Fusion-io & stateless VDI
Products
Up to 3.0TB of capacity
per PCIe slot
Up to 2.4TB of capacity
per x8 PCIe slot
Up to 3.2TB of capacity
per PCIe s...
ioDrive2 Specifications
21
ioDrive2 Capacity 400GB SLC 600GB SLC 365GB MLC 785GB MLC* 1.2TB MLC* 3.0TB MLC
Read Bandwidth ...
Storage Tier
SAN
Network
10GbE Switch
Broker Tier
Broker Software
Client Tier
PC
Laptop
Workstation
Hypervisor
Tier
VDI Se...
Storage Tier
SAN/NAS
Network
10GbE Switch
Broker Tier
Broker Software
Client Tier
PC
Laptop
Workstation
Hypervisor
Tier
VD...
Real world VDI density example
HP BL460c gen8, 16 cores,192 GB RAM
with a 1.2 TB IO Accelerator II
Standard office worker,...
• Ultimate desktop performance, happy users
• More desktops per server
• Fully separated from other servers and
applicatio...
Building a high performance & reliable VSAN
Fusion-io Confidential27
VSAN, making the SDDC a reality
Host Host Host
VSAN
VSAN DATASTORE
• Hypervisor embedded Object b...
VSAN Requirements
Cache
SATA/ SAS / PCIe Flash Disks
Data
SAS or SATA
7200 rpm Minimum
10 / 15K rpm recommended
VSAN VMker...
VSAN Flash layer
Cache
SATA/ SAS / PCIe Flash Disks
VMware ESXi
• 30% Write Buffer for all writes
• Synchronous Write cach...
VSAN Simplicity and Savings
Fusion-io Confidential30
SSDs
Not needed
2U 1UServer
Devices for 1.6TB Capacity
Power and Cool...
Let’s do some preliminary math
Fusion-io Confidential31
• HP DL360 G8 1U server
• 3 x 2.500 Euro
• 7.500 Euro total
• HP S...
What did we just build?
Fusion-io Confidential32
• 30.000 Euro hardware
VSAN
• 150 Euro for 300 high
performance desktops
...
Fusion-io Confidential33
ioMemory powered VSAN
• Enterprise grade flash from your server vendor
• Certified by VMware
• Fr...
Thank You
f u s i o n i o. com | S A M E P L A N E T. D IFFE R E N T W OR L D .
STEFANO@FUSIONIO.COM
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Fusion-IO - Building a High Performance and Reliable VSAN Environment

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VMUGIT User Conference 2014
Building a High Performance and Reliable VSAN Environment
FusionIO

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Fusion-IO - Building a High Performance and Reliable VSAN Environment

  1. 1. Flash Based Datacenters VDI & VSAN with Fusion-io Apr 2014
  2. 2. Fusion-io Overview Fusion-io Confidential2 ▸ 5,000+ Customers Worldwide ▸ 900+ Employees Worldwide ▸ Deliver >10x improvement in application performance ▸ Market leader in end-to-end flash memory application acceleration ▸ OEM Partnerships with Dell, HP, IBM, Cisco, Fujitsu & Supermicro
  3. 3. State of today’s infrastructures (1994 or 2014?) Fusion-io Confidential3 Milliseconds Business impact Lacks scalability Expensive Complex Environmental issues Performance deterioration
  4. 4. Fusion-io Confidential4 Moore’s law is changing the rules The number of transistors on integrated circuits doubles approximately every 2 years
  5. 5. PERFORMANCE TIME1980 A new problem demands new ways of thinking × Add more disksMemory CPU × Add more servers × Add more memory × Optimize the application THE LEGACY APPROACH Performance increases approx 60% per year Performance increases approx. 10% per year  Leads to increased complexity and costs Storage Storage capacity doubles approx every 24 months, yet performance improvement is near 0
  6. 6. A simple solution, ioMemory 6 IOMEMORY IS A NEW TIER OF PERSISTENT MEMORY THAT IS ACCESSED AS A HARDDISK BUT PERFORMS ALMOST LIKE MEMORY
  7. 7. 7 11 DISK SHELVES MILLISECONDS RESPONSE TIME 165 DISKS 50 TB COUPLE OF THOUSAND IOPS NO REAL ESTATE MICROSECONDS RESPONSE TIME UP TO 3.2 TB COUPLE OF HUNDRED THOUSANDIOPS Traditional storage vs ioMemory
  8. 8. Latency is critical for your software L1-L3 Cache 10 ns DRAM 100 ns ioMemory 15 µs HDD 4 ms Blink of an eye 1/10 second Get Coffee 2,5 minutes Fly to Australia 12 hours Heartbeat 1 second Multiplier is 10.000.000
  9. 9. Servers FC Switches SAN/NAS Storage LANUsers Infrastructure design for the last 20 years 5.000 200 IT FTE: 20
  10. 10. Users Design at Facebook, Apple iCloud or MS Azure? 10.000.000
  11. 11. FC Switches SAN/NAS Storage LANUsers Design at big Web 2.0 companies? Servers 10.000.000 X 2.000 X 2.000 X 2.000 X 2.000 IT FTE: 40.000?X 2.000
  12. 12. Scaling is done with the application/hypervisor Servers LANUsers Application/Hyp ervisor
  13. 13. With the most efficient servers Servers LANUsers Application/Hyp ervisor
  14. 14. Storage functions are now in software Fusion-io Confidential14 Snapshots Replication N+1 Redundancy Readable clones Grid Tiering Caching Shared connections
  15. 15. Software is defining the next gen infrastructures SDDC OR SOFTWARE DEFINED DATACENTERS IS HERE TODAY
  16. 16. Leaders of the Software Defined DC Fusion-io Confidential16
  17. 17. Fusion-io use-cases Fusion-io Confidential17 AnalyticsSearch Messaging Databases INFORMIX Virtualization KVM HPC GPFS Big Data Security/Logging Collaboration Lotus Medical Web LAMP CachingWorkstation
  18. 18. Fusion-io deployments 18 Max Performance Control • Allocate across servers • Scale independently • Hybrid and QoS options Max Acceleration • Closest to CPU • Fastest deployment • Scale with servers Max Interoperability • Virtualize more • Consolidate servers • Offload SAN Shared VirtualizedDirect Fusion-io Confidential
  19. 19. Fusion-io & stateless VDI
  20. 20. Products Up to 3.0TB of capacity per PCIe slot Up to 2.4TB of capacity per x8 PCIe slot Up to 3.2TB of capacity per PCIe slot Up to 1.2 TB of capacity per slot for maximum performance density MEZZANINE
  21. 21. ioDrive2 Specifications 21 ioDrive2 Capacity 400GB SLC 600GB SLC 365GB MLC 785GB MLC* 1.2TB MLC* 3.0TB MLC Read Bandwidth - 1MB 1.4 GB/s 1.5 GB/s 910 MB/s 1.5 GB/s 1.5 GB/s 1.5 GB/s Write Bandwidth - 1MB 1.3 GB/s 1.3 GB/s 590 MB/s 1.1 GB/s 1.3 GB/s 1.3 GB/s Ran. Read IOPS - 512B 360,000 365,000 137,000 270,000 275,000 143,000 Ran. Write IOPS - 512B 800,000 800,000 535,000 800,000 800,000 535,000 Ran. Read IOPS - 4K 270,000 290,000 110,000 215,000 245,000 136,000 Ran. Write IOPS - 4K 270,000 270,000 140,000 230,000 250,000 242,000 Read Access Latency 47µs 47µs 68µs 68µs 68µs 68µs Write Access Latency 15µs 15µs 15µs 15µs 15µs 15µs Bus Interface PCI Express 2.0 Weight 6.6 ounces 9.5 ounces Form Factor HH x HL FH x HL Warranty 5 years or maximum endurance used Supported Operating Systems Microsoft Windows 64-bit Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003 Linux RHEL 5/6; SLES 10/11; OEL 5/6; CentOS 5/6; Debian Squeeze; Fedora 16/17; openSUSE 12; Ubuntu 10/11/12 UNIX Solaris 10/11 x64; OpenSolaris 2009.06 x64; OSX 10.6/10.7/10.8 Hypervisors VMware ESX 4.0/4.1/ESXi 4.1/5.0/5.1, Windows 2008 R2 with Hyper-V, Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 Fusion-io Confidential
  22. 22. Storage Tier SAN Network 10GbE Switch Broker Tier Broker Software Client Tier PC Laptop Workstation Hypervisor Tier VDI Servers 10GbE 1GbE 22 Virtual desktops without ioMemory
  23. 23. Storage Tier SAN/NAS Network 10GbE Switch Broker Tier Broker Software Client Tier PC Laptop Workstation Hypervisor Tier VDI Servers Clones & Image 23 10GbE 1GbE Virtual desktops with ioMemory
  24. 24. Real world VDI density example HP BL460c gen8, 16 cores,192 GB RAM with a 1.2 TB IO Accelerator II Standard office worker, 6 GB space, 1 GB RAM: +/- 175 desktops per blade 16 x 175 = 2800 desktops in a 10U chassis With 3 c7000s over 8.000 super desktops in 1 rack
  25. 25. • Ultimate desktop performance, happy users • More desktops per server • Fully separated from other servers and applications • Pricing scales linear forever • Performance scales linear forever • No expensive upfront SAN costs • 10x lower power, cooling, space Business benefits for virtual desktops
  26. 26. Building a high performance & reliable VSAN
  27. 27. Fusion-io Confidential27 VSAN, making the SDDC a reality Host Host Host VSAN VSAN DATASTORE • Hypervisor embedded Object based storage system • Flash based r/w cache tier • Scalable architecture, 3 hosts minimum, No Hardware RAID • Single VSAN Datastore per cluster
  28. 28. VSAN Requirements Cache SATA/ SAS / PCIe Flash Disks Data SAS or SATA 7200 rpm Minimum 10 / 15K rpm recommended VSAN VMkernel 1Gb / 10Gb Recommended VMware ESXi Storage Controller Passthrough / NON RAID Mode Specific HCLfor VSAN to cover • RAID Controllers • Flash based Disks for cache • Harddisks for capacity
  29. 29. VSAN Flash layer Cache SATA/ SAS / PCIe Flash Disks VMware ESXi • 30% Write Buffer for all writes • Synchronous Write caching over multiple hosts • 70% Read Cache for most popular blocks of HDD tier • Recommended 10-20% of HDD tier
  30. 30. VSAN Simplicity and Savings Fusion-io Confidential30 SSDs Not needed 2U 1UServer Devices for 1.6TB Capacity Power and Cooling RAID Controller Management Tools ioScale Extends Flash Benefits Beyond SSDs for VSAN
  31. 31. Let’s do some preliminary math Fusion-io Confidential31 • HP DL360 G8 1U server • 3 x 2.500 Euro • 7.500 Euro total • HP SAS 2 TB 2.5 inch HDD • 15 x 500 Euro • 7.500 Euro total • ioScale 1.6 TB • 3 x 5.000 Euro • 15.000 Euro total Horizon View + VSAN license +/- 50 Euro per VM (estimate)
  32. 32. What did we just build? Fusion-io Confidential32 • 30.000 Euro hardware VSAN • 150 Euro for 300 high performance desktops • 15 x 2 TB = 30 TB capacity • +/- 12.5 TB usable datastore • 50.000 IOPS • No SPOF • 15.000 Euro software • 3u rackspace • Scale out linear
  33. 33. Fusion-io Confidential33 ioMemory powered VSAN • Enterprise grade flash from your server vendor • Certified by VMware • From 365 GB up to 3.2 TB per device • Guaranteed >300% daily write endurance for 5 years • Simple, 1 part design • No occupied 2.5 inch slots, just PCIe or Mezzanine • Lowest read and write latency possible • Central vCenter plugin for management & monitoring
  34. 34. Thank You f u s i o n i o. com | S A M E P L A N E T. D IFFE R E N T W OR L D . STEFANO@FUSIONIO.COM

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